Why do you rebel? Why do you rebel against your parents? Why do you rebel against your teachers? How...
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Why do you rebel?• Why do you rebel against your parents?
• Why do you rebel against your teachers?
• How do you do this?
Create a Video Presentation• Create a video using the following prompts.• • You can use this powerpoint & your text book to help you. (Page 170 – 173)
• Create a script, film yourself, and I’ll choose the best one to upload so we can use for revision.
• You must include the following information -
• What was the most popular music in Australia during the 1940’s and 1950’s & 1960’s – why did it change?
• What genres helped to create rock and roll? What were the origins?
• What did rock and roll represent for Aussie youth? Why did they rebel?
• How did changes in technology mean music had a new, unconventional sound and teenagers could make their own choices about what they listened to?
• What were some of the bands from the “British Invasion”?
• When did “Beatlemainia” kick off in Australia?
• If you have enough time, then I’ll help you upload to Zaption & we’ll create some assessment for you.
POP CULTUREWhat does Pop Culture mean?
What does Pop Culture mean?
• Popular culture refers to the beliefs, attitudes and lifestyle shared by a group of people. These are reflected in their actions and in the products they choose to consume.
Post WWII• After World War II, improvements to communications
technology created a direct connection between the mass media (newspaper, television and radio) and their target audience, many of whom were teenagers.
• By analysing popular film, music, television, sport and fashion, we can better understand the sorts of things that have preoccupied, motivated and inspired people during this tumultuous period.
Pop Culture - Post WWII
• The period after World War II was a time of social turmoil in Australia, as people began to challenge the status quo.
• We can draw on many primary sources produced by people who lived through the events, including photos, songs, film, books, letters, newspaper and magazine articles, and interviews
• Because we are considering recent history, many members of our community have lived through and remember this period, making these people a rich source of first-hand information.
• The late 1940s and early 1950s were part of the golden age of radio in Australia.
• Television had not yet been introduced, so radio was the main form of home entertainment that became an important
outlet for popular culture.
• In 1955, 97 per cent of households had at least one radio that families would gather around in the evenings to listen
to the daily news, music, popular game shows, drama serials, comedies or children’s shows.
• By the mid 1960s, Australian wages and living conditions were better than ever. In the suburbs, men went to work, while most women stayed at home and looked after the children.
• However, as the first of the baby boomers became teenagers, many who had not directly experienced the hardships faced by their parents began to crave independence and new experiences.
• As they searched for inspiration, many teenagers would gaze outward, at the fads and fashions originating in America and, to a lesser extent, England.
• Thanks to the invention of television, teenagers often had to look only as far as their own living room.
Teenage Culture• In the years following World War II, teenage culture found new and sometimes
challenging forms of expression.
• When rock 'n' roll arrived in Australia in the mid-1950s, the concept of 'teenagers' arrived with it.
• These teenagers thrilled to what was considered the rebellious music of Bill Haley and the Comets, whose hits were soon followed by the much wilder music of Elvis Presley, Little Richard and others, including Australia's own Johnny O'Keefe.
• Teenagers adopted rock 'n' roll music as their own and met in milk bars, dance halls and other places that were soon blamed for rising 'juvenile delinquency'.
• What’s changed?
The Age of Youth• The 1960s were the age of youth. Because of the post-war baby boom after
World War II, there was an unprecedented number of teenagers and young adults in the 1960s.
• Their parents were economically prosperous middle aged men and women with plenty of resources to satisfy their children’s wishes.
• However, a large movement of the 1960s was the conservative backlash, which was generated primarily by young adults against their parents’ generation.
The Age of Youth• No longer content to portray the image that a generation
ahead of them represented, the youth of the 1960s wanted change.
• Ambitious and original, they were the new heroes and heroines who helped propagate a new market of music, clothing, house furnishings, make-up, and even state-of-the-art toys.
The Age of Youth• They rebelled and attacked not only traditional
entertainment and lifestyles, but also the values and traditions their parents had embraced:
• Authority, good work ethic, religion, marital fidelity, patriotism and, whatever "the establishment" represented.
A generation gap?
• Commercial and social factors contributed to a widening of the moral and lifestyle gap between post-war teenagers and their parents.
• Even though such 'generation gaps' have always existed, this one was particularly notable because teenagers were identified as a distinct economic group.
• They had become a valuable new market for television and the latest fads in music, clothes and hairstyles.
• Has anything changed?
Your music• Who is your favourite band or singer?
• When did you first see them? Hear them?
• What style of music is it?
• Do your parents like your taste in music?
Bing Crosby – what their parents were listening to
The Rock’n’roll Revolution• In the late 1950’s and 1960’s, teenagers were looking for
a sound that was riskier and more ‘authentic’ than the music their parents were looking to.
The Rock’n’roll Revolution• They found it with Rock’n’Roll
• Rock’n’Roll was broadcast on radio and television and promoted through live Rock’n’Roll shows featuring the best artists from overseas.
• Changes in technology meant music had a new, unconventional sound and teenagers could make their own choices about what they listened to …
The Rock & Roll Revolution
The first rock 'n' roll record to achieve national popularity was "Rock Around the Clock" made by Bill Haley and the Comets in 1955.
Haley succeeded in creating a music that appealed to youth because of its exciting back beat, its urgent call to dance, and the action of its lyrics.
The melody was clearly laid down by electric guitar; the lyrics were earthy and simple.
Haley abruptly ended the ascendancy of the bland and sentimental ballads popular in the 1940s and early 50s.
He also succeeded in translating black rhythm and blues into a form that adolescent white audiences could understand.
Bill Hayley• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgdufzXvjqw
• With simple, repetitive and often rebellious lyrics, sung by performers with unconventional
clothing, hairstyles and dance moves, rock ‘n’ roll was condemned by many of the older generation
as offensive and sexually suggestive
Australian Teenagers• For Australian Teenagers, Rock’n’Roll represented
new-found freedom an an opportunity to break away from what they saw as the old fashioned values of their parents.
The Rock’n’Roll Revolution
Rock 'n' roll was for and about teenagers.
Its lyrics articulated teenage problems: school, cars, summer vacation, parents, and, most important, young love.
The primary instruments of early rock 'n' roll were guitar, bass, piano, drums, and saxophone.
All aspects of the music—its heavy beat, loudness, self-absorbed lyrics, and raving delivery—indicated a teenage defiance of adult values and authority.
Influential performers of the 1950s include Chuck Berry ( "Johnny B. Goode" ), Little Richard ( "Good Golly Miss Molly" ), Sam Cooke ( "You Send Me" ), Buddy Holly ( "Peggy Sue" ), Jerry Lee Lewis ( "Great Balls of Fire" ), and Carl Perkins ( "Blue Suede Shoes" ).
Fads & Fashions of the 60’s• Due to the rising popularity of television and live-music
programs aimed at teenagers such as ‘Johnny O’Keefe’s Six O’Clock Rock’ a number of rock’n’roll inspired dance fads swept across the country during the 60’s
• In 1960, Australian Teenagers adopted ‘The Twist’
How do you dance?• Show me your best dance moves.
Why do teenagers rebel?• As Australian teenagers rebelled against what they
viewed as the conservative lifestyle and values of their parents, their clothes and hair changed to replicate the looks of their favourite stars of stage and screen.
• For girls, this marked a move away from the sensible dresses of the 50’s towards the risque miniskirt.
• For boys, they were emulating the clean cut boy bands of the 50’s, but the Beatles quickly changed that, hair grew longer, ties grew thinner and pants grew tighter.
Pop Culture Continually Evolves
• Popular Culture is continually evolving; that is, it changes over time.
• Its dynamic nature can be because of generational change, as one generation
challenges the practices and beliefs of previous generations.
• For that reason, popular culture is often associated with ‘youth culture’.
• Ask your parent / guardian what their favourite band / singer was when they were teenagers.
• Ask them why they liked this band / singer
• What did this music mean to them?
• Did they rebel against their parents?