Week13 final

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Lecture13Information, Computer and Communication Ethics1What are ethics? Why needed?Islamic code of ethicsNetwork etiquette (8 broad rules)Brief overview of ACM code of ethicsHow to acquire good ethics?Todays lecture outline2EthicsEthics is a major branch of philosophy, encompassing right conduct and good life.

Wikipedia articleBe they men or women those who believe and do what is right, We shall surely endow with a good life: We shall reward them according to their noblest actions (16:97).3Need: Good life--- Be they men or women those who believe and do what is right, We shall surely endow with a good life; We shall reward them according to their noblest actions.

Surah An-Nahl (16:97) (16:97).4Islamic law (Shariah)Related links: http://www.theikhlaas.com/resources/articles/beliefs/the%20five%20branches%20of%20islam.html

By Muamalat we mean affairs which have a monetary aspect to them, such as, business transactions, debt, contract, service and labor, and the other term.

Muasharat, is applied to the behavior we give countenance to in our dealings with those with whom we come into contact either permanently, as with parents, husbands, children, brothers, sisters and other relatives, and neighbors or temporarily, as, for instance, fellow travelers in the course of a journey, or office or business colleagues and partners.

A Tradition of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: Some people will take with them from here a large stock of virtue earned through deeds like prayer fasting, charity and alms-giving, but their conduct in relation to social and monetary affairs will be poor they will have aggressed against someones rights, wounded the feelings of somebody, indulged in back biting and, so on. When they will arrive at the place of Reckoning, on the last day, those against whom they have been guilty of those transgressions will rise up in petition and appeal to God for justice. The Almighty God will them do justice and deliver his Judgement : their good deeds will be taken away from them and transferred to the aggrieved parties, and when these will not suffice, the sins of the aggrieved parties will be forced down upon them and, ultimately, they will be thrown into the hell.

Source: http://www.darululoomkhi.edu.pk/fiqh/faith&practice/socialconduct.html

The studying of Muamalat is called Fiqh al Muamalat. 5

What is Islam?Islamic law (Shariah)Overlooked aspect of ShareeahRelated links: http://www.theikhlaas.com/resources/articles/beliefs/the%20five%20branches%20of%20islam.html

By Muamalat we mean affairs which have a monetary aspect to them, such as, business transactions, debt, contract, service and labor, and the other term.

Muasharat, is applied to the behavior we give countenance to in our dealings with those with whom we come into contact either permanently, as with parents, husbands, children, brothers, sisters and other relatives, and neighbors or temporarily, as, for instance, fellow travelers in the course of a journey, or office or business colleagues and partners.

A Tradition of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) says: Some people will take with them from here a large stock of virtue earned through deeds like prayer fasting, charity and alms-giving, but their conduct in relation to social and monetary affairs will be poor they will have aggressed against someones rights, wounded the feelings of somebody, indulged in back biting and, so on. When they will arrive at the place of Reckoning, on the last day, those against whom they have been guilty of those transgressions will rise up in petition and appeal to God for justice. The Almighty God will them do justice and deliver his Judgement : their good deeds will be taken away from them and transferred to the aggrieved parties, and when these will not suffice, the sins of the aggrieved parties will be forced down upon them and, ultimately, they will be thrown into the hell.

Source: http://www.darululoomkhi.edu.pk/fiqh/faith&practice/socialconduct.html

The studying of Muamalat is called Fiqh al Muamalat. 7

No harm or reciprocating harmBasic principle for social conduct

For detailed commentary on this Hadith, see http://fortyhadith.iiu.edu.my/hadith32.htm

Another maxim is: Harm must be eliminated (Ad-dararu yuzal)

Similarly, Ibn Omar related that he heard Muhammad saying: A Muslim who worships in moderation reaches by means of his good manners and noble nature the rank of a person who fasts and recites the holy Quran in the night prayers. [Imam Ahmed]

8PersonalHonor/ integrityTime; PrivacyEconomical, EquipmentNetwork Network bandwidthNetwork availabilityPotential ICT related harm9Network Etiquette =

Netiquette10NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette1From: http://www.albion.com/netiquette/corerules.htmlRemember the humanCommunication on the Internet does not replace/ substitute normal contact.11NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette2Dont abuse your new found anonymityAdhere to the same standards of behavior online that you follow in real life.Avoid flamewars12Spying and BackbitingEthics and NetiquetteO you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother?

Surah Al-Hujuraat (49:12)Dhann-as-soo (suspicions); Tajassus (spying); Gheeba (backbiting)

Zain: ZaitoonDhan: AadhaanDha: DhannDaad: Ziaaa

6. O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done. (49:6)

13Netiquette3Respect people's time and bandwidthAvoid chain emails; large attachments;Use a subject that defines your email; Always read FAQs (discussion lists).Before forwarding the next chain letter, check at www.snopes.com if its a hoax14Relaying of unfounded informationEthics and NetiquetteO you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done.

Surah Al-Hujuraat (49:6)Dhann-as-soo (suspicions); Tajassus (spying); Gheeba (backbiting)

15NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette4Avoid sloppy language/ grammarDont use ALL CAPS (which denotes shouting)Easy on the exclamation marks!!!!Avoid using short forms in formal communication16Respect OwnershipEthics and Netiquette5Respect/ acknowledge intellectual property17Using someones property unjustlyEthics and NetiquetteO you who believe! Do not consume your property among yourselves unjustly unless it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. Surah An-Nisaa (4:29)18Copy/ share/ modify/ sell rightsEthics and Netiquette

All Rights Reserved

Some Rights ReservedCreative Commons19Creative CommonsEthics and Netiquette

(by: Attribution)(sa: Share-alike) (nd: No derivates)(nc: Non-commercial) 20NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette6From: http://www.albion.com/netiquette/corerules.htmlRespect other people's privacyDont write in an email what you will not put on a post card

21Privacy and ConfidentialityO ye who believe! Enter not houses other than your own without first announcing your presence and invoking peace upon the folk thereof. That is better for you, that ye may be heedful.

Surah An-Noor (24:27)22NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette7From: http://www.albion.com/netiquette/corerules.htmlDont abuse the power entrusted to you23Fulfilling trustO ye that believe! betray not the trust of Allah and the Messenger, nor misappropriate knowingly things entrusted to you. Surah Al-Anfal (8:27).. and fulfill your covenant; verily, the covenant will be asked about.

Surah Al-Israa (17:34)Also, the characteristics or believers is described as:

Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants. Surah Al-Muminoon (23:8)

24NetiquetteEthics and Netiquette8Protect your Haya (modesty)See no evil, hear no evil, do no evil

Live an online life of Taqwa!

Taqwa (parable): protecting ones self on a thorny pathHarm must be eliminated (Ad-dararu yuzal)

25Man is accountable Verily the hearing, the sight, and the heart---all of them, they will be questioned

Surah Al-Israa (17:36)26

Code of EthicsHarm must be eliminated (Ad-dararu yuzal)

27Contribute to society and human well-being. Avoid harm to others.Be honest and trustworthy.Be fair and take action not to discriminate.Honor property rights including copyrights and patent.Give proper credit for intellectual property.Respect the privacy of others.Honor confidentiality.General Moral ImperativesThere are other details as well, that can be seen at: http://www.acm.org/about/code-of-ethics28How to acquire good ethics???Harm must be eliminated (Ad-dararu yuzal)

291. Learning about knowledge Can those who know and those who do not know become equal? It is only people of understanding who are receptive of the advice

Surah Al-Zumar (39:9)30What is true knowledge Only those of His slaves fear Allah who are knowledgeable

Surah Al-Fatir (35:28)True knowledge is that knowledge that leads to Khashiya (fear of some one due to its greatness) of Allah (SWT)312) Company of pious people () O you who believe, fear Allah, and be in the company of the truthful (Sadiqeen)

Surah At-Taubah (9:119)32Todays lecture summaryWhy act ethically? Intention.Islamic code of ethicsNetwork etiquetteBrief overview of ACM code of ethicsHow to acquire good ethics?

Your role model is Rasul-Allah (Sallalahu Alahi Wassalam);

Learn and follow his exampleRemember that your example is Rasool Allah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam).

33???Questions/ Confusions?Credits/ Acknowledgement can be found at the course website: ht