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Getting Started Implementing Team-Based Learning

Getting Started Implementing Team-Based LearningSome thoughts after week 1

Our two week online discussion was designed to allow you to extend your learning beyond the TBL WebEx from Larry Michaelsen so you could get started implementing TBL in your classes. It was my hope that you would dive a little deeper into some of the TBL literature and resources, experience the readiness assurance process and a group activity. As a result, you would be ready to design a group activity for one of your classes and determine the next steps in your TBL journey.

2Dive Deeper into the TBL LiteratureMichaelsen L. K. (2004). Getting started with team learning. In L. Michaelsen, AB Knight, LD Fink (Eds.), Team based learning: A transformative use of small groups (pp. 27-52). Sterling, VA. First Stylus. Retrieved from https://www.med.illinois.edu/FacultyDev/Classroom/InteractiveMethods/Michaelson.pdf

Michaelsen, L. K. (1998). Three keys to using learning groups effectively. Adapted from the Professional and Organizational Development Network Essay Series Teaching Excellence: Toward the Best in the Academy, Vol. 9, 1997-1998. POD Network, Ames, IA, 1998.

Michaelsen, L. K., Fink, D., & Knight, A (1999). Designing effective group activities. The National Teaching & Learning Forum, Vol. 8, (No. 6). Retrieved from http://www.ntlf.com/html/pi/9910/toc.htm

Michaelsen, L. K. & Sweet, M. (2008) Backward design. Excerpt from Chapter 2 of Michaelsen, L. K., Parmalee, D., Levine, R. & McMahon, K. Team-Based Learning for Health Professions Education: A Guide to Using Small Groups for Improving Learning. Stylus Publishing, LLC: Sterling, VA.

I originally wanted to offer a book discussion around on of the books on TBL, Team-Based Learning: Small Group Learnings Next Big Step. (with M. Sweet and D. Parmalee). New Directions in Teaching and Learning (January 2009). Buying a book may have been a barrier for some to participate so I elected to go with several articles. You may want to consider one of the books I have listed in the syllabus as you plan your next steps.

3Experience the readiness assurance process and a group activityOnline I wanted you to have a chance to experience the RAP and a group activity for yourself. Designing and facilitating this experienece in an online environment added another new twist to my TBL learning curve. I was excited to give it a try and appreciate your patience as I was doing this for the first time. The online environment is a little different so I hope my design gave you enough of a feel so you could take this strategy into your class. In other words, I hope my newness resulted in a positive experience for you. Lets talk about the iRAT and tRAY process.4Some lessons learned so far:Orientation to TBL at beginning of classTeam-building activity.More time for the tRATAdd an appeals process.Provide the following information to teams: attendance, iRAT scores, tRAT scores and other assignment info.Your feedback has been invaluable to my learning.

If I were teaching a longer class, I would design a RAP based on the syllabus as a first exposure to the process.I would build in some sort of team-building activity so people could get to know each other.I need to provide more time for groups to process after the iRAT.I would definitely build in an appeals process.The literature suggests using team folders and posting: attendance, iRAT scores, tRAT scores and other assignment info.Your feedback has been invaluable to my learning.

5Our TBL RAP Team ATeam BTeam C80%80%80%The iRAT produced an 80% Mean, Median and Mode. The range of scores was 100% - 60%I think the short time frame effected the outcome of the team RAT. Four people actually did better than 80%. Michaelsen does talk about the transformational process. It takes time for small groups to become powerful cohesive learning teams. Despite the short amount of time, there were some great discussions about key course concepts. I saw people really diving into the content.63.What is the primary reason for Team-Based Learning effectiveness?

Assignments focus on process (decisions) and not lengthy productsFocuses on teaching students how to work in teamsBuilt-in penalties for teams and individuals that fail to perform adequatelyAll of the Above

There are cautions about using All of the above. questions. There were two of these that caused problems. In this one the question asks for the primary reason for TBL effectiveness. Though students do learn how to work in teams, that is not the primary focus. It really is all about learning the content. Team skills is a great added value. It is true that you need to develop a grading system that includes individual and team works as well as pee feedback but that is not the primary reason for the TBL effectiveness. The development of effective assignments is key to TBL success.76. What is the purpose of the Readiness Assurance Process?

Provides individual accountability for individual preparationPrepares students for Problem-Solving and Application Activities that followsLets instructor know what topics student are having difficulty withAll of the above

In this case all of the above was the correct answer. The RAP is designed to accomplish all three. 88/10. Which statement most accurately describes the Application Activity Phase of Team-Based Learning?

Modules end with a capstone Application Activity that integrates the previous lecture material.Application Activities must be constructed around the 3 Ss (same problem, specific choices, simultaneous report)Application Activities are best done individually to ensure equality of effort.Application Activities make the best use of instructor expertise, since they can oversee application attempts by students and provide prompt focused feedback.The phrase Application Activity Phase in the stem of this question caused confusion. It was not prominent in the readings. The 3 Ss was a rather picky distractor. There are four Ss as you all know by now, significant problem was missing.910/9. . What two factors together enable the more reticent students in a class to become more engaged?

Teams stay together long-term AND assignment as team recorder for reticent studentsPeer Feedback AND simultaneous reportingTeams stay together long-term AND grade weighting for team productivity Peer Feedback AND grade weighting for individual work

The peer feedback process is an important TBL element. I am in the process of investigating some of the strategies suggested on the TBL site. I am looking for a way to process this exchange of information quickly because timeliness is important. There are a variety of different strategies for team to report simultaneously. The simultaneous reporting is one of the challenges in implementing TBL on line.

10Response to MargaretTeam Application Exercise

Group Activity #1All 4 SsGroup Activity #2Missing same problemGroup Activity #3

I found creating this team application exercise to be one of the most challenging part of the course design. This is where you really have to be clear in your mind what it is you are trying to accomplish. That being said, you never really know how successful you will be until you implement the activity.

In this case you all eliminated #2 right away and then debated the merits of #1 and #3. I think the process that Group #3 used to select an instructional problem to solve may have resulted in a more significant problem to address than in #1 where the problem was given to them. The problem with executing # 3 is that you then cant set up the activity for the teams to make a specific choice. It was interesting that no team talked about that aspect of the activity. I did see how the elaborate problem selection process distracted some from the other aspects of the activity. Your discussion revealed ways for me to improve the activity and I thank you for that. All that being said, I think #1 best represents that 4 Ss.11 Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.William Butler Yeats

I cant thank you enough for being a part of this class. I have learned so much from this experience with you.12