Water Pollution/Oil Spills

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Water pollution (California coast oil spill 2015) Santa Barbara County Refugio beach Elizabeth Morales Lien Thi geography 110

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  1. 1. Water pollution (California coast oil spill 2015) Santa Barbara County Refugio beach Elizabeth Morales Lien Thi geography 110
  2. 2. The addition of harmful chemicals to natural water. Sources of water pollution in the United States include: industrial waste, (any parts that a company has no use for) run-off from fields treated with chemical fertilizers, and run-off from areas that have been mined. Contributions to water pollution: >shampoo >face cleansers dictionary.reference.com/browse/water+pollution WATER POLLUTION
  3. 3. PLAINS ALL AMERICAN PIPELINE http://www.sbcountyplanning.org/energy/projects/images/projectAre asMap/PlainsPipeline.gif
  4. 4. 105,000 gallons of crude oil spilled 21,000 gallons reached the sea More than 6,000 gallons have been collected Crude oil/unrefined petroleum- not processed into a pure or usable form. http://www.independent.com/news/2015/may/21/whos-watching-man-whos-watching-pipeline/ ESTIMATE OF OIL SPILL
  5. 5. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Officials say that, the pipeline had been regulated by the Cal State Marshall until 2 years ago, when budget issues forced the agency to transfer responsibility to the U.S Department of Transportation. There was an inspection two weeks before the spill, however they had not reviewed the information yet when the spill occurred. http://kcbx.org/post/santa-barbara-countys-refugio-beach-and-campground-closed- following-oil-spill
  6. 6. When the pipeline was first under the ownership of the All American Pipeline the Santa Barbara County wanted to have privileges to inspect the pipeline. However, according to an article from the Santa Barbara County- Planning and Development Energy Division, before the transfer of ownership (which the county approved on June 3, 2003), All American Pipeline and the SBC settled out of court. Giving the SBC restriction in the its legal authority to inspect X-rays of the pipelines weld shad, and only giving them permission to inspect the land above the pipes. Plains All American Pipeline is the only one in all of Santa Barbara County that does not have an automatic shut-off valve. Therefore, the pipeline has to be shut down manually in case of an emergency like this one. FUN FACT
  7. 7. http://sandiegofreepress.org/2015/05/hundreds-will-rally-as-oil-spill-fouls-santa-barbara-marine-protected-areas/
  8. 8. The oil spilled into a culvert running under the 101 highway and into a storm drain that emptied into the Pacific Ocean. It was a mile up the coast from Refugio Beach. It was detected by a near-by resident around noon and it was not contained until three hours later. It was estimated that about 50,400-55,000 gallons were spilled per hour across a nine mile radius. There are some discrepancies in which year the pipe was built. However it was in the late 1900s. According to an article written by Adam Nagourney, Richard Prez-Pea and Clifford Krauss from the New York Times, it was installed in 1987 and estimated that the pipe has a 25 year life span. If that were true the pipe is now three years above its code date. HOW IT HAPPENED
  9. 9. EFFECT ON MARINE LIFE https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CFi_UI4VAAAtnqt.jpg
  10. 10. Although the representatives from Plains All American Pipeline had denied any damage done to the marine life; many photos surfaced on the internet showing residents, spectators and marine biologists rescuing animals, covered in oil. As of June 9, 2015, the Oiled Wildlife Care Network reported 161 dead birds and 87 dead marine mammals, with 60 oiled birds and 46 oiled marine mammals rescued and that are currently undergoing treatment and care. EFFECT ON MARINE LIFE
  11. 11. In 1969, after a blowout on an offshore oil platform, workers tried to clean up Santa Barbaras coastline. The spill shocked the public and is widely credited with launching the U.S. environmental movement and new laws. Estimated at 4 million gallons, it is now the third largest spill in U.S. history. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/content/dam/news/2015/05/20/sboilspill/03sboilspill.adapt.676.1.jpg
  12. 12. Not only does the oil affect our natural habitat but we are greatly dependent on it. ISSUES http://www.ceoe.udel.edu/oilspill/images/barell.jpg
  13. 13. Become energy efficient Less dependent on petroleum Buy/use items that do not require oil REMEDIES http://static4.consumerreportscdn.org/content/dam/cro/news_articles/cars/EV-Survey-2013-cost-to-fuel-new.jpg
  14. 14. (Solar/Wind Energy) 1. Carpool, cycle or use public transportation to go to work. 2. Choose, when possible, products packaged without plastic and recycle or re-use containers. 3. Buy organic fruits and vegetables (fertilizers and pesticides are based on oil more often than not). 4. Buy beauty products (shampoo, soap, make-up) based on natural ingredients, not oil. 5. Choose when possible locally produced, seasonal products (less transport involved). 6. Buy clothes made out of organic cotton or hemp - not from oil compounds. 7. Use non-disposable items in picnics and summer festivals. 8. Quit bottled water. 9. Fly less 10. Demand that your government encourage renewable energy instead of subsidizing oil. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/campaigns/climate-change/10-simple-ways-to-use-less-oil/blog/12883/ ALTERNATIVES TO OIL
  15. 15. ALICIA CHANG, AP Science Writer. "APNewsBreak: Cost of California Oil Spill Cleanup Reaches $69 Million so Far, Official Says." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 10 June 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. Craig Welch. "Santa Barbara Beaches Slicked With Oil After Pipeline Breach." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 20 May 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. Dan Bacher. "San Diego Free Press." Hundreds Will Rally As Oil Spill Fouls Santa Barbara Marine Protected Areas. San Diego Free Press, 30 May 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. "How Do You Clean up an Oil Spill?" How Do You Clean up an Oil Spill? Presented by the University of Delaware Sea Grant Program, June 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. JulietteH. "10 Simple Ways to Use Less Oil." Greenpeace International. Blogpost, 6 July 2010. Web. 21 June 2015. Nagourney, Adam, Richard Prez-peNa, and Clifford Krauss. "Oil Again Fouling California Coast Near Site of Historic Spill." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 May 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. Nick Welsh. "Huge Oversight Gap on Refugio Pipeline." Huge Oversight Gap on Refugio Pipeline. Santa Barbara Independent, May-June 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. "Oil Spill Response and Marine Mammals." The Marine Mammal Center :. Oiled Wildlife Care Network, 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. "Plains All American Pipeline | Midstream Energy Company." Plains All American Pipeline | Midstream Energy Company. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 June 2015. "Plains Pipeline, L.P." County of SB : Energy Division. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 June 2015. "Santa Barbara County Planning and Development." Santa Barbara County Planning and Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 June 2015. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. "Oil Slicks Spread 9 Miles Off California, Foul Beaches, Air." The New York Times. The New York Times, 19 May 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. "TOM CLARK." : Crude. N.p., 22 May 2015. Web. 21 June 2015. SOURCES