Walk worksurfaces

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  • 1. OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 1

2. Introduction Slips, trips and falls cause: the majority of general industry accidents 15 percent of all accidental deaths more fatalities than all other causes but motorvehicles OSHAs standards for walking and workingsurfaces apply to all permanent places ofemployment, except where only domestic,mining, or agricultural work is performed OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 2 3. General RequirementsHousekeeping Workplaces must be kept clean, orderly, and sanitary Workroom floors must be maintained as clean and dry as possibleOSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 3 4. General RequirementsAisles and Passageways Keep clear and moveobstructions that couldcreate a hazard Mark permanent aislesand passageways Aisles must besufficiently wide wheremechanical handlingequipment is used OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 4 5. General RequirementsCovers and Guardrails Provide covers and/or guardrails to protect workers from the hazards of open pits, tanks, vats, ditches, and the like.OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 5 6. General RequirementsFloor Loading Protection Load ratings must bemarked on plates and beconspicuously posted Do not exceed the loadrating limit OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 6 7. Floor OpeningAn opening measuring 12 inches or more in itsleast dimension in a floor, platform, pavement,or yard, through which persons may fall.OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 7 8. Guarding Floor OpeningsDefinitions Standard railing. Consists of top rail, mid rail, and posts. Height from the upper surface of top rail to floor level is 42 inches. Mid rail height is 21 inches. Standard toeboard. 4 inches high, with not more than -inch clearance above the floor. OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 8 9. Stairway Floor OpeningsMust be guarded by a standard railing onall exposed sides (except at entrance).OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 9 10. Ladderway Floor Openings Guard with a standardrailing with toeboard on allexposed sides (exceptentrance) Guard the passage throughthe railing with a swinginggate or offset it to preventsomeone from walking intothe opening OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 10 11. Floor Hole An opening measuring lessthan 12 in. but more than 1 in.in its least dimension, in afloor, platform, pavement oryard, through which materialsbut not persons may fall Every floor hole into whichpersons can accidentally walkmust be guarded by either: standard railing with toeboard cover OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 11 12. Wall Openings Opening at least 30 in.high and 18 in. wide,in a wall or partition,through which personsmay fall Wall openings fromwhich there is a dropof more than 4 feetmust be guarded OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 12 13. Open-Sided Floors and Platforms Open-sided floors or platforms 4 feetor more above adjacent floor orground level must be guarded by astandard railing (or equivalent) on allopen sides, except where there is anentrance to a ramp, stairway, or fixedladder A toeboard is required when, beneaththe open sides: persons can pass,Unguarded Platform there is moving machinery, or there is equipment with which falling materials could create a hazardOSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA13 14. Open-Sided Floors, Walkways, Platforms,and RunwaysRegardless of height, a standard railing andtoeboard must be used to guard:- open-sided floors- walkways- platforms, or- runwaysabove or adjacent to dangerous equipment,pickling or galvanizing tanks, degreasingunits, and similar hazards.OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 14 15. Stairways Flights of stairs with four or more risers must have standard stair railings or handrails.OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 15 16. Fixed Industrial Stairs Treads must be slipresistant with uniformrise height and treadwidth Must be able to carry 5times expected load;minimum of 1000pounds Violation here several Minimum width of 22steps bent and damagedinches OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 16 17. Portable Ladders Ladders used to gain access to a roofor other area must extend at least 3feet above the point of support Withdraw defective ladders fromservice and tag or mark "Dangerous,Do Not Use Never use ladders in a horizontalposition as scaffolds or work platforms Never use metal ladders near electricalequipmentOSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 17 18. Ladder AnglePortable Rung and Cleat LaddersUse at angle where thehorizontal distance from thetop support to the foot of theladder is the working lengthof the ladder (length alongladder between the foot andtop support).OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 18 19. Fixed Ladders Permanently attached to astructure, building orequipment Cages or wells required iflonger than 20 ft. to amaximum unbroken length of30 ft. Ladder safety devices maybe used on tower, water tankand chimney ladders over 20ft. in unbroken length insteadof cage protectionOSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 19 20. ScaffoldingGeneral Requirements Must be capable of supporting fourtimes the maximum intended load Do not alter or move while in use Protect workers on scaffolds fromoverhead hazards If higher than 10 ft., use guardrails,midrails and toeboards Use wire mesh between thetoeboard and guardrail if peoplework or pass underneath Must be equipped with accessladder or equivalent OSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 20 21. Summary Slips, trips, and falls constitute themajority of general industry accidents OSHAs standards for walking andworking surfaces include requirementsfor housekeeping, guarding floor andwall openings and holes, industrial stairsand ladders Keeping working surfaces clean, dry,and uncluttered can prevent manyworkplace accidentsOSHAX.org - The Unofficial Guide to the OSHA 21