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GLENCOE LANGUAGE ARTS

VOCABULARY POWERT EACHER A NNOTATED E DITION G RADE 8

Glencoe/McGraw-HillCopyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, Ohio 43240 ISBN 0-07-826229-1 Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 024 05 04 03 02 01

CONTENTSTeaching and Assessing Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v Student Progress Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii Scoring Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii

Unit 1Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Review Test Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Word Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Word Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 Using Reference SkillsUsing a Dictionary Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Recognizing Base Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Prefixes That Mean not or the opposite of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Using Reading SkillsLearning from Context: Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Prefixes That Tell Where . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Greek Word Roots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Suffixes That Form Nouns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Using Reference SkillsUsing a Thesaurus: Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Using Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Prefixes That Tell When . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Using Reading SkillsLearning from Context: Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Using Context Clues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Latin Word Roots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Suffixes That Form Adjectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Using Reading SkillsLearning from Context: Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

Unit 2Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Review Test

Unit 3Lesson 10 Lesson 11 Lesson 12 Lesson 13 Lesson 14 Review Test

Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Unit 4Lesson 15 Lesson 16 Lesson 17 Lesson 18 Review Test

Unit 5Lesson 19 Lesson 20 Lesson 21 Lesson 22 Lesson 23 Review Test

Unit 6Lesson 24 Lesson 25 Lesson 26 Lesson 27 Lesson 28 Review Test Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Words from Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Using Synonyms and Antonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Number Prefixes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 Using Reading SkillsUsing a Dictionary: Multiple-Meaning Words . . . . . . . .65 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Suffixes That Form Verbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71 Compound Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 Using Reading SkillsLearning from Context: Comparison and Contrast . . .75 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 Using Synonyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Homophones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Borrowed Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 Using Test-Taking SkillsAnalogies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87

Unit 7Lesson 29 Lesson 30 Lesson 31 Lesson 32 Review Test

Unit 8Lesson 33 Lesson 34 Lesson 35 Lesson 36 Review Test

Pronunciation Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

TEACHING AND ASSESSING VOCABULARYResearch shows that reading comprehension improves when students have a strong oral and print vocabulary. By providing students with word-study opportunities, you can encourage students to develop a love of language and an ongoing curiosity about words, their origins, and their multiple meanings and usages. The vocabulary word lists, skills-practice exercises, reviews, and tests provided in this Vocabulary Power workbook may be used for systematic vocabulary instruction, enabling students to expand their vocabularies, develop a deeper understanding of language, and improve their reading comprehension. The vocabulary teaching, word lists, and exercise types in Vocabulary Power have been carefully selected on the basis of current research in word study. Sources such as Teaching Reading Vocabulary by Dale D. Johnson and P. David Pearson; Teaching Vocabulary to Improve Reading Comprehension by William E. Nagy; The Living Word, a national vocabulary inventory by Dale Edgar and Joseph ORourke; and various articles from the Journal of Reading have been used to help determine the course of instruction and to identify vocabulary words that students should know at each grade level. Therefore, the words selected for study in this workbook are developmentally appropriate and reflect the varied interests and vocabulary of todays students.

Lesson StructureEach vocabulary lesson begins with a brief introduction focusing on a single vocabulary concept or principle or on a theme that ties together the words intended for study. In most lessons, the introduction is followed by a Word Bank, a list of vocabulary words that illustrate the introductions main idea. (An alphabetized pronunciation guide for all vocabulary words may be found at the end of this workbook.) Since students build vocabulary with repeated encounters with new words, a set of exercises follows the Word Bank. These exercises give students opportunities to learn the words by predicting meaning and then searching for definitions in the dictionary; by analyzing context clues (such as synonyms, antonyms, definitions, and examples) and then using the words in context; and by unlocking the meanings of words through structural analysis of word parts (such as prefixes, suffixes, and roots).

AssessmentFrequent assessment is an integral part of vocabulary instruction. If you evaluate students abilities before, during, and after a lesso