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  • VMware vCloud ® Architecture Toolkit

    Architecting a VMware vCloud

    Version 3.1

    January 2013

  • © 2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Page 2 of 159

    © 2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. This product is covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/download/patents.html.

    VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.

    VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Ave Palo Alto, CA 94304 www.vmware.com

    http://www.vmware.com/download/patents.html http://www.vmware.com/

  • VMware vCloud Architecture Toolkit Architecting a VMware vCloud

    © 2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Page 3 of 159

    Contents

    1. Overview ........................................................................................ 11

    1.1 Audience ...................................................................................................................... 11

    1.2 Scope ........................................................................................................................... 11

    1.3 Document Topics ......................................................................................................... 12

    2. vCloud Architecture ........................................................................ 13

    2.1 Technology Mapping .................................................................................................... 13

    2.2 vCloud Suite Components ........................................................................................... 14

    2.3 vCloud Infrastructure Logical Design ........................................................................... 16

    3. vCloud Management Architecture .................................................. 19

    3.1 Management Cluster .................................................................................................... 19

    3.2 Compute Layer............................................................................................................. 22

    3.3 Network Layer .............................................................................................................. 22

    3.4 Storage Layer............................................................................................................... 23

    3.5 vCenter Linked Mode ................................................................................................... 23

    3.6 Cell Load Balancing ..................................................................................................... 23

    3.7 vCenter Operations Manager ....................................................................................... 24

    4. Resource Group Architecture ......................................................... 25

    4.1 Compute Resources .................................................................................................... 25

    4.2 Network Resources ...................................................................................................... 26

    4.3 Storage Resources ...................................................................................................... 29

    4.4 vCloud Resource Sizing ............................................................................................... 34

    5. vCloud Resource Design ............................................................... 38

    5.1 vCloud Director Constructs .......................................................................................... 38

    5.2 Organizations ............................................................................................................... 40

    5.3 Provider Virtual Datacenter .......................................................................................... 41

    5.4 Organization Virtual Datacenters ................................................................................. 44

    5.5 vCloud Networking ....................................................................................................... 52

    5.6 Networking – Public vCloud Example .......................................................................... 65

    5.7 Networking – Private vCloud Example ........................................................................ 68

    5.8 vApp ............................................................................................................................. 70

    5.9 Snapshots .................................................................................................................... 72

    5.10 Storage Independent of Virtual Machines .................................................................... 75

  • VMware vCloud Architecture Toolkit Architecting a VMware vCloud

    © 2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Page 4 of 159

    5.11 vApp Load Balancing ................................................................................................... 76

    6. vCloud Metering ............................................................................. 81

    6.1 vCenter Chargeback Manager ..................................................................................... 81

    6.2 Maximums .................................................................................................................... 83

    6.3 Cost Calculation ........................................................................................................... 84

    7. Orchestration and Extension .......................................................... 86

    7.1 vCloud API ................................................................................................................... 86

    7.2 Cloud Provisioning with vFabric Application Director .................................................. 87

    7.3 vCloud Messages......................................................................................................... 90

    7.4 vCenter Orchestrator ................................................................................................... 91

    7.5 vCenter Orchestrator Examples ................................................................................... 97

    8. Multisite Considerations ............................................................... 100

    8.1 Multisite Availability Considerations ........................................................................... 101

    8.2 Distributed Cloud Deployments Use Cases ............................................................... 101

    8.3 Multisite Terminology ................................................................................................. 102

    8.4 Deployment Options .................................................................................................. 104

    8.5 Supportability Considerations for Single Site Deployments ...................................... 108

    8.6 Multisite Supportability Considerations ...................................................................... 109

    9. Hybrid vCloud Considerations ...................................................... 111

    9.1 vCloud Connector ...................................................................................................... 111

    10. References .............................................................................. 117

    Appendix A: Availability Considerations .............................................. 119

    vCloud Director Cell Load Balancing ................................................................................. 123

    Appendix B: Security........................................................................... 126

    VMware Security Certifications .......................................................................................... 126

    Network Access Security .................................................................................................... 127

    Secure Certificates ............................................................................................................. 131

    Single Sign-On ................................................................................................................... 134

    DMZ Considerations ........................................................................................................... 142

    Port Requirements ............................................................................................................. 143

    Appendix C: vCloud Suite Disaster Recovery ..................................... 146

    Using VXLAN to Simplify vCloud Disaster Recovery ......................................................... 147

    Background ........................................................................................................................ 147

  • VMware vCloud Architecture Toolkit Architecting a VMware vCloud

    © 2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Page 5 of 159

    Appendix D: vCloud Director Upgrade Considerations ........................ 151

    Background .............................................................................................................