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  • VMware Integrated OpenStackInstallation and Configuration Guide

    VMware Integrated OpenStack 2.0

    This document supports the version of each product listed andsupports all subsequent versions until the document isreplaced by a new edition. To check for more recent editionsof this document, see http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.



  • VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide

    2 VMware, Inc.

    You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at:


    The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates.

    If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to:


    Copyright 2016 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information.

    VMware, Inc.3401 Hillview Ave.Palo Alto, CA 94304www.vmware.com


  • Contents

    About This Guide 5

    Updated Information 7

    1 About VMware Integrated OpenStack 9

    OpenStack Foundation Compliance 9VMware Integrated OpenStack Architecture 9Unicode UTF-8 and Special Character Support 10NSX and VDS Feature Comparison 11The VMware Customer Experience Improvement Program 11

    2 VMware Integrated OpenStack Deployments with NSX 13

    Architectural Overview of NSX Deployments 13VMware Integrated OpenStack System Requirements 16Physical NSX Network 17

    3 VMware Integrated OpenStack Deployments with VDS 19

    Limitations of VDS Networking 19Architectural Overview of VDS Deployments 19VMware Integrated OpenStack System Requirements 22Physical VDS Network Overview 23

    4 Preparing the Dedicated vCenter Instance 25

    Prepare the vCenter Instance for VDS Deployment 25Prepare the vCenter Instance for NSX -Based Deployment 26

    5 Installing VMware Integrated OpenStack 29

    Deploy the VMware Integrated OpenStack OVA in the vSphere Web Client 29Register the Integrated OpenStack Manager vApp 30Deploy a New OpenStack Instance by Using the Integrated OpenStack Manager 31

    6 Adding OpenStack Components and Features 43

    Adding the Object Storage Component 43Configure the Ceilometer Component 50Configuring and Enabling LBaaS Using the CLI 51

    7 Adding Capacity in vSphere Web Client 55

    Add a New Compute Cluster 55

    Index 57

    VMware, Inc. 3

  • VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide

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  • About This Guide

    VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide explains the process of deploying a workinginstance of standard OpenStack in your vCenter environment.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide also describes the prerequisites forpreparing a dedicated vCenter instance, deploying the VMware Integrated OpenStack plug-in, andinstalling and configuring your VMware Integrated OpenStack cloud management infrastructure.

    Intended AudienceThis guide is for system administrators and developers who want to integrate their VMware vSphere

    deployment with OpenStack services by installing VMware Integrated OpenStack. To do so successfully,you should be familiar with VMware vSphere and the OpenStack components and functions. If you aredeploying VMware Integrated OpenStack with VMware NSX for vSphere (NSX), you should be familiarwith NSX administration. See the VMware technical documentation at https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/nsx_pubs.html.

    VMware Technical Publications GlossaryVMware Technical Publications provides a glossary of terms that might be unfamiliar to you. For definitionsof terms as they are used in VMware technical documentation, go to http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.

    VMware, Inc. 5


  • VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide

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  • Updated Information

    This VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide is updated with each release of theproduct or when necessary.

    This table provides the update history of the VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and ConfigurationGuide.

    Revision Description

    1880-01 n Updated the software requirements for NSX deployments to include a link to the VMware ProductInteroperability Matrix and with additional supported versions of vSphere and ESXi hosts. See SoftwareRequirements for NSX Deployments, on page 17.

    n Updated the software requirements for VDS deployments with additional supported versions of vSphereand ESXi hosts. See Software Requirements for VDS Deployments, on page 23.

    n Expanded the VDS configuration options for NSX deployments. See Prepare the vCenter Instance forNSX-Based Deployment, on page 26.

    n Corrected inaccurate link to the plugin registration page. See Register the Integrated OpenStackManager vApp, on page 30.

    1880-00 Initial release.

    VMware, Inc. 7

  • VMware Integrated OpenStack Installation and Configuration Guide

    8 VMware, Inc.

  • About VMware Integrated OpenStack 1With VMware Integrated OpenStack, you can implement OpenStack services on your existing VMwarevSphere implementation.

    You deploy VMware Integrated OpenStack through the Integrated OpenStack Manager vApp in vCenter.

    The Integrated OpenStack Manager provides a workflow that guides you through and completes theVMware Integrated OpenStack deployment process. With Integrated OpenStack Manager, you can specifyyour management and compute clusters, configure networking, and add resources. Post-deployment, youcan use Integrated OpenStack Manager to add components or otherwise modify the configuration of yourVMware Integrated OpenStack cloud infrastructure.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack 2.0 is based on the Kilo release of OpenStack. (Version 1.0 was based on theIcehouse release.)

    This chapter includes the following topics:

    n OpenStack Foundation Compliance, on page 9

    n VMware Integrated OpenStack Architecture, on page 9

    n Unicode UTF-8 and Special Character Support, on page 10

    n NSX and VDS Feature Comparison, on page 11

    n The VMware Customer Experience Improvement Program, on page 11

    OpenStack Foundation ComplianceVMware Integrated OpenStack complies with the 2015.03, 2015.04, and 2015.05 Guidelines created by theOpenStack Foundation DefCore Committee. In addition, VMware Integrated OpenStack is the first productto achieve verified compliance with the most recent Guideline, version 2015.07.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack is designated as an OpenStack Powered Platform product and thereforeprovides proven interoperability with all other OpenStack Powered products.

    For more information, go to http://www.openstack.org/brand/interop/.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack ArchitectureThe VMware Integrated OpenStack architecture connects vSphere resources to the OpenStack Compute,Networking, Block Storage, Image Service, Identity Service, and Orchestration components.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack is implemented as compute and management clusters in your vSphereenvironment.

    VMware, Inc. 9

  • The compute cluster handles all tenant workloads. Your VMware Integrated OpenStack deployment canhave multiple compute clusters. Integrated OpenStack Manager creates one Compute driver instance in themanagement cluster for each compute cluster.

    The management cluster contains the VMs that comprise your OpenStack cloud deployment. It also containsthe memory cache (memcache), message queue (RabbitMQ), load balancing, DHCP, and database services.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack deployments can use NSX for the Networking component. You will requirean additional cluster for the NSX Edge nodes.

    Figure 11. VMware Integrated OpenStack with NSX in the SDDC contextVMware Integrated OpenStack

    VMware OptimizedOpenStack Install


    OpenStack Services

    VMware SDDC Infrastructure

    vCenter Server NSX Controller

    Virtual DistributedSwitch

    Virtual SANvSphere DatastoresESXi

    VCenter Server


    Log Insight


    vCenter Driver



    VMDK Driver



    VMDK Driver


    NSX Driver

    Horizon(Web Portal


    Heat(App Templates)

    Unicode UTF-8 and Special Character SupportVMware Integrated OpenStack supports internationalization (I18N) level 3. However, there are resourcesyou specify that do not provide UTF-8 support. You can use only ASCII attribute names consisting ofalphanumeric characters and underscores (_) for these resources.

    VMware Integrated OpenStack Supports Unicode UTF-8vCenter Server resources you specify using both the CLI and vSphere Web Client can be expressed withunderscore (_), hyphen (-), blank spaces, and all letters and numbers from any language. For example, youcan specify resources such as datastores labeled using non-English characters.

    When using a Linux operating system, you should configure the system for use with UTF-8 encodingspecific to your locale. For example, to use U.S. English, specify the following locale encoding: en_US.UTF-8.See your vendor's documentation for information on configuring UTF-8 encoding for your Linuxenvironment.

    Resources Excluded From Unicode UTF-8 SupportThe following resource names are excluded from UTF-8 support:

    n VMware Integrated OpenStack manager name

    n datacenter names

    n cluster names

    n networking port group names (both Standard vSwitch and VD