Violent Jihad Not Islamic Jihad “Blowback” or “Clash of Civilizations”?

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Transcript of Violent Jihad Not Islamic Jihad “Blowback” or “Clash of Civilizations”?

  • Slide 1
  • Violent Jihad Not Islamic Jihad Blowback or Clash of Civilizations?
  • Slide 2
  • What are the causes of Radical Terror? (In the name of Islam) Since September 11 th 2001, there have been 107 incidents of Islamic terrorism worldwide claiming 2000 more victims Since September 11 th 2001, there have been 107 incidents of Islamic terrorism worldwide claiming 2000 more victims
  • Slide 3
  • Why Jihad? Poverty and lack of opportunity in the Muslim World Poverty and lack of opportunity in the Muslim World The Presence of foreign troops in the Middle East, in particular the Holy cities The Presence of foreign troops in the Middle East, in particular the Holy cities The intractable Israeli- Palestinian dispute The intractable Israeli- Palestinian dispute U.S. Foreign Policy towards Islamic states U.S. Foreign Policy towards Islamic states Blowback Blowback Clash of civilizations Clash of civilizations
  • Slide 4
  • How can we fight terrorism? Intellgence & Military operations Intellgence & Military operations Eradicate Poverty Eradicate Poverty Peace in Palestine Peace in Palestine Prevention of continued recruitment of Jihadists Prevention of continued recruitment of Jihadists
  • Slide 5
  • Clash of Civilizations Samuel P. Huntington Clash of Civilizations Foreign Affairs 1993 Samuel P. Huntington Clash of Civilizations Foreign Affairs 1993 The Book appeared in 1998 The Book appeared in 1998
  • Slide 6
  • The History of Warfare since 1648 The wars between princes and monarchs The wars between princes and monarchs Wars between nations and peoples Wars between nations and peoples Conflicts of ideologies & the Cold War Conflicts of ideologies & the Cold War
  • Slide 7
  • Huntingtons Civilizations
  • Slide 8
  • Why Civilizations Will Clash Divisions are basic & Real Divisions are basic & Real The World is becoming smaller The World is becoming smaller Globalization separates people from local identities Globalization separates people from local identities
  • Slide 9
  • Why Civilizations Will Clash The current global power of western civilization The current global power of western civilization Cultural differences are less mutable Cultural differences are less mutable Economic regionalism is growing Economic regionalism is growing
  • Slide 10
  • The West Versus Islam US support for Israel US support for Israel Desert Shield - Desert Storm Desert Shield - Desert Storm Initial failure to protect Bosnia Initial failure to protect Bosnia Russian destruction of Chechnya Russian destruction of Chechnya
  • Slide 11
  • The West Versus Islam Iranian Nuclear ambitions Iranian Nuclear ambitions Iraq War II Iraq War II Pope Benedicts comments Pope Benedicts comments The Cartoon Furor The Cartoon Furor Ethiopia/Somalia Ethiopia/Somalia The recent London car bombings The recent London car bombings
  • Slide 12
  • What is Jihad? Three Forms Three Forms SelfSelf Within the UlamaWithin the Ulama Enemies of IslamEnemies of Islam
  • Slide 13
  • The Rise of Jihad 600 The Sunni-Shia Split 600 The Sunni-Shia Split 1300 Ibn Tamiyyah justifies revolt against Ottoman rulers 1300 Ibn Tamiyyah justifies revolt against Ottoman rulers 1700 Muhammed ibn Abd al-Wahab condemns Shiites, founds Wahabism 1700 Muhammed ibn Abd al-Wahab condemns Shiites, founds Wahabism 1916 British and French division of the Ottoman Empire 1916 British and French division of the Ottoman Empire 1928 Egyptian activist found Muslim brotherhood 1928 Egyptian activist found Muslim brotherhood
  • Slide 14
  • The Rise of Jihad 1948 Founding of Israel approved by UN 1948 Founding of Israel approved by UN 1952 Col. Nasser coup in Egypt 1952 Col. Nasser coup in Egypt 1966 Nasser executes Sayyid Qutb and outlaws Muslim Brotherhood 1966 Nasser executes Sayyid Qutb and outlaws Muslim Brotherhood 1967 Israel crushes Arab armies in the Six-Day War 1967 Israel crushes Arab armies in the Six-Day War 1973 Arab Oil embargo finances Islamic missionary campaign 1973 Arab Oil embargo finances Islamic missionary campaign
  • Slide 15
  • The Rise of Jihad 1979 Islamic Revolution replaces Shah in Iran with Ayatollah Khomeini 1979 Islamic Revolution replaces Shah in Iran with Ayatollah Khomeini 1979 Jihad begins against Soviet occupied Afghanistan financed by US 1979 Jihad begins against Soviet occupied Afghanistan financed by US 1981 Jihadist soldiers assassinate Egyptian President Anwar Sadat for 1979 peace treaty with Israel 1981 Jihadist soldiers assassinate Egyptian President Anwar Sadat for 1979 peace treaty with Israel 1985 exiled Saudi construction millionaire Osama bin Laden lay groundwork for al Qaeda in Afghanistan 1985 exiled Saudi construction millionaire Osama bin Laden lay groundwork for al Qaeda in Afghanistan
  • Slide 16
  • The Rise of Jihad 1993 1 st World Trade Center Bombing by Ramsi Yousef 1993 1 st World Trade Center Bombing by Ramsi Yousef 1998 Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri issue fatwa calling on followers to kill Americans 1998 Bin Laden and al-Zawahiri issue fatwa calling on followers to kill Americans 1998 Al Qaeda bombing of embassies in Tanzania and Kenya 1998 Al Qaeda bombing of embassies in Tanzania and Kenya 2000 Al Qaeda bombing of USS Cole in Yemen 2000 Al Qaeda bombing of USS Cole in Yemen
  • Slide 17
  • The Rise of Jihad 2001 9/11 kills nearly 3000 in New York, at the Pentagon, and in rural Pennsylvania 2001 9/11 kills nearly 3000 in New York, at the Pentagon, and in rural Pennsylvania 2002 Car bombs linked to Jemaah Islamiya kill 202 in Bali 2002 Car bombs linked to Jemaah Islamiya kill 202 in Bali 2003 Khalid Sheik Mohammed, mastermind of 9/11 arrested in Pakistan 2003 Khalid Sheik Mohammed, mastermind of 9/11 arrested in Pakistan 2004 Madrid train bombings kill 191 2004 Madrid train bombings kill 191 2005 London bombs kill 52 commuters 2005 London bombs kill 52 commuters 2006 al-Zarqawi killed in Iraq 2006 al-Zarqawi killed in Iraq 2006 Mumbai Train bombings, 7 bombs kill 209 2006 Mumbai Train bombings, 7 bombs kill 209
  • Slide 18
  • The Rise of Jihad 2007 Qahtaniya bombings kill 800 member of Iraqs Yazidi sect 2007 Qahtaniya bombings kill 800 member of Iraqs Yazidi sect 2008 Ahmedabad bombings in India, 21 bombs kill 56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings in India, 21 bombs kill 56 2008 Mumbai coordinated attacks kill 174 at hotel, synagogue and train station attacks 2008 Mumbai coordinated attacks kill 174 at hotel, synagogue and train station attacks 2009 Two suicide vehicles kill 155 in and around Green Zone in Baghdad. 2009 Two suicide vehicles kill 155 in and around Green Zone in Baghdad. 2009 Jordanian double agent kills 9 at Camp Chapman in Afghanistan including 7 CIA agenst 2009 Jordanian double agent kills 9 at Camp Chapman in Afghanistan including 7 CIA agenst
  • Slide 19
  • What Can/Did We Do? Homeland Security Homeland Security Patriot Act Patriot Act Airport Security Airport Security Invade Iraq Invade Iraq Invade Afghanistan Invade Afghanistan Intelligence Sharing Intelligence Sharing
  • Slide 20
  • Obama got Osama The GWOT is over SEAL Team Six attack in Abbottabad May 2 nd 2011 killed Osama bin Laden Withdrawal from Iraq December 2011 Withdrawal from Iraq December 2011 Taliban dont have international agenda Taliban dont have international agenda Arab Spring Arab Spring Osama demonstrated the divine mandate of Jihad: morale will suffer Osama demonstrated the divine mandate of Jihad: morale will suffer
  • Slide 21
  • Obama got Osama The GWOT is not over The threat remains viable -Ayman al Zawahiri The threat remains viable -Ayman al Zawahiri Al Qaeda still operates openly in FATA/Waziristan region of Pakistan Al Qaeda still operates openly in FATA/Waziristan region of Pakistan Osamas leadership was only symbolic Osamas leadership was only symbolic Haqqani network is more dangerous to the US than Osama Haqqani network is more dangerous to the US than Osama LeT, Jem, JaI provide similar threat LeT, Jem, JaI provide similar threat
  • Slide 22
  • ISIS/ ISIL/ IS/ Daesh