Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

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Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs David Matkin, PhD Assistant Professor Askew School of Public Administration & Policy Florida State University Research Fellow LeRoy Collins Institute October 27, 2011

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Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs. David Matkin, PhD Assistant Professor Askew School of Public Administration & Policy Florida State University Research Fellow LeRoy Collins Institute October 27, 2011. Reports in Process. Status of Pension Plans in FY2009 Target: November - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

Page 1: Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

David Matkin, PhDAssistant Professor

Askew School of Public Administration & PolicyFlorida State University

Research FellowLeRoy Collins Institute

October 27, 2011

Page 2: Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

Reports in Process

• Status of Pension Plans in FY2009 – Target: November

• “Best Practices” in Municipal Pensions – Target: End of Year

• Status of County and Municipal OPEBs– Target: Early 2012

• Trends in Municipal Pension Plans– Target: Early 2012

Page 3: Update on Municipal Pension Plans & OPEBs

Trends in Pension Funding

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FY2009 Status Report

• Florida Local Governments– Largest 100 Cities (populations > 20,000)– 208 Unique Defined Benefit Plans

• Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports– Fiscal Year 2009

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TABLE 1: GRADING SUMMARY

GRADE PERCENT FUNDED NUMBER OF CITIES

RECEIVING

PERCENTAGE OF CITIES RECEIVING

A

More than 90% funded

30

14%

B 80 to 90% funded 48 23% C 70 to 80% funded 63 30% D 60 to 70% funded 36 17% F

Less than 60% funded 31 15%

Pension Plan Grades

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Grades & Participant Type

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Plan Costs by Grades

TABLE 4: ANNUAL COSTS OF PLANS BY GRADE

GRADE MEDIAN COST PER PARTICIPANT

A $ 5,784 B $ 12,666 C $ 12,410 D $ 18,886 F $ 26,305

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Plan Costs by Participant Type

TABLE 5: ANNUAL COSTS OF PLANS BY PARTICIPANT

MEDIAN COST PER PARTICIPANT Elected Officials $ 50,773 Police & Firefighters $ 21,738 Firefighters Only $ 17,819 Police Only $ 15,245 General Only $ 9,297

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COUNTY AND CITY OPEB PLANS

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The OPEB Concept

• Other Post-Employment Benefits– Retirement insurance subsidies (primarily healthcare)

• Explicit and Implicit Benefits

• Actuarial Liabilities– Benefit policies (qualifications & subsidy calculation)– Actuarial method– Assumptions (e.g., discount rate, payroll trends, trends in

healthcare costs)

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Accounting Standards

• Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB)

• Statements No. 43 & 45

• Timeline:– Exposure Drafts in 1989, 2003 & 2004– Statements issued in 2004– Implemented in three phases (~FY’s 2008 – 2010)

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Data

• Florida Local Governments– All 67 Counties– Largest 100 Cities (populations > 20,000)

• Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports– Fiscal years 2008 – 2010– Basic Financial Statements– Notes to the Financial Statements– Required Supplemental Information

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What Explains Liability Size?

• Consistent and Substantive Effects– Explicit v. Implicit benefits– Payroll Size– Actuarial Method– Household Income Levels

• Inconsistent Effects– Actuarial Assumptions– Form of Government– Public Safety Spending Per Capita– Republican/Democrat– Labor Unions

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What did governments do?

Increase Benefits?

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What did governments do?

Decrease Benefits

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What did governments do?

• Fund the Liability

– Explicit Benefits (n=67)• Pay-as-you-go = 45• Prefund (Non-GAAP qualified) = 4• Prefund (GAAP qualified) = 18

– Implicit Benefits (n=83)• Pay-as-you-go = 76• Prefund (Non-GAAP qualified) = 2• Prefund (GAAP qualified) = 5

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What did governments do?

• Explicit Benefits, FY2010

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What did governments do?

• Implicit Benefits, FY2010

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Thank You & Questions