UNIT 4 Chapter 17 – European Renaissance & Reformation THE RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION

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Transcript of UNIT 4 Chapter 17 – European Renaissance & Reformation THE RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION

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  • UNIT 4 Chapter 17 European Renaissance & Reformation THE RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION
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  • OBJECTIVES CORE OBJECTIVE: Explain the conditions in Europe that brought upon the Renaissance and the Reformation. Objective 4.2 : Describe the artistic breakthroughs and achievements of Renaissance artists and writers. Objective 4.3: Trace the development and impact of the Northern Renaissance. THEME: Two movements, the Renaissance and the Reformation, usher in dramatic social and cultural changes in Europe.
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  • CHAPTER 17: European Renaissance and Reformation, 13001600 Two movements, the Renaissance and the Reformation, usher in dramatic social and cultural changes in Europe. SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3 SECTION 4 Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance The Northern Renaissance Luther Leads the Reformation The Reformation Continues
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  • The Northern Renaissance CHAPTER 17 SECTION 2 In the 1400s, the ideas of the Italian Renaissance begin to spread to Northern Europe.
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  • THESIS EXAMPLE LEONARDO DA VINCI Leonardo da Vinci was the greatest artist of the Renaissance because of his interest in classical culture, belief in human potential; and influence on future artists Main Supporting Points #1 Classical Culture (Greece & Rome) #2 Belief in human potential (science & invention) #3 Influence upon history
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  • RENAISSANCE IDEAS SPREAD Spirit of Renaissance Italy impresses visitors from northern Europe The Renaissance spreads for 3 reasons #1 Hundred Years War ends (1453), cities grow #2 Merchants in northern cities sponsor artists #3 English & French monarchs are art patrons
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  • NORTHERN RENAISSANCE ART Artists, writers move to northern Europe fleeing war in Italy (1494) Northern Renaissance artists interested in realism Albrecht Drers woodcuts and engravings emphasize realism (Germany) Hans Holbein the Younger paints portraits, often of English royalty Flemish Painters Flanders is the artistic center of northern Europe Jan van Eyck, pioneer in oil-based painting, uses layers of paint Van Eycks paintings are realistic and reveal subjects personality Pieter Bruegel captures scenes of peasant life with realistic details
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  • Northern Renaissance Art
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  • The Younger
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  • WRITERS WANT REFORM Northern Humanists Criticize the Catholic Church, start Christian humanism Want to reform society and promote education, particularly for women Womens Reforms Christine de Pizan, one of the first women writers She promotes education, equal treatment for boys and girls Christian Humanists Desiderius Erasmus of Holland is best-known Christian humanist Erasmuss book, The Praise of Folly, pokes fun at merchants and priests Thomas More of England creates a model society in his book Utopia
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  • THE ELIZABETHAN AGE Queen Elizabeth I Renaissance spreads to England in mid-1500s English 1500s known as the Elizabethan Age, after Queen Elizabeth I She was a strong patron of arts, especially theatre Elizabeth reigns from 1558 to 1603 William Shakespeare Shakespeare is often regarded as the greatest playwright, from England Born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564 Plays performed at Londons Globe Theater Famous works: Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, A Midsummer Nights Dream
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  • THE PRINTING PRESS Around 1440 Johann Gutenberg of Germany develops printing press Printing press allows for quick, cheap book production What was the first book printed with movable type in 1455?
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  • The Renaissance Crash Course Was it a Thing? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vufba_ZcoR 0&index=22&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vufba_ZcoR 0&index=22&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9