Unit 3 Pre Civil War

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Unit 3 Pre Civil War. Land Settlements Louisiana Purchase Missouri Compromise Land of Cotton Industrial Revolution. Louisiana Purchase. New ruler of France Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to build and expand a French empire Hoped to regain French land in North America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Unit 3 Pre Civil War

Unit 3 Pre Civil War

Unit 3 Pre Civil WarLand SettlementsLouisiana PurchaseMissouri Compromise Land of CottonIndustrial RevolutionLouisiana PurchaseNew ruler of France Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to build and expand a French empireHoped to regain French land in North America In 1800 in a secret treaty was signed giving Louisiana and New Orleans back to France Access to New Orleans was vital to American commerceFarmers in the west needed to ship their goods down the river 1802, port of New Orleans was closed to American shipping

Lewis and Clark ExpeditionLewis and Clark Expedition Americans knew very little about the people and land of this new territory Didnt even know the exact size and boundaries they purchased Jefferson also wanted to see if there was a river route to the Pacific OceanLewis and Clark Jefferson sent Meriwether Lewis was Jeffersons secretary and William Clark was an experience frontiersman Main Goal was to reach the Pacific Ocean Left St Louis May 1804- returned September 106Along the way they acquired a valuable guide: a young Shoshone woman, SacagaweaAble to document survey of the land, rivers, plants, animals and people


Missouri CompromiseMissouri Compromise 1819 Missouri applied to join the Union, but there were 22 states already in the Union: 11 free states and 11 slave states In the North slavery was illegal and in the South slavery was legal Adding Missouri would make it uneven Compromise Missouri added as a slave state, Maine added as a free state Banned slavery in the Northern part of the Louisiana Territory north of 36 30 parallel

Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution-replacement of human power with machine powerBegan in Great Britains textile industry(clothing industry)Late 1700s a series of machines were invented that used power from running water and steam engines to spin and weave clothBritish made it illegal for anyone with knowledge of industrial machines to leave the country

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Efq-aNBkvcSamuel Slater Worked at a textile mill in Great Britain and boarded a ship dressed as a farm laborer Known as the father of the Industrial Revolution Built a textile mill on a river which became the first US textile mill Urbanization Industrialization leads to urbanization People left the farm for the cities to work in mills and factories

Transportation RevolutionTransportation and Communication Roads and Canals National Road was built in 1811: 800 miles from Cumberland Maryland to Vandalia IllinoisErie Canal-1825363 mile long canal connected the Great lakes to the Hudson River and to the Atlantic Ocean Cost of shipping and the shipping time decreasedLed to New York City becoming a gateway for domestic and foreign trade

Steamboat 1807 Robert Fulton started the first steamboat service with his steamboat the ClermontRailroads 1840 there were 3,000 miles of track in the country Led to the decline in the canal craze Telegraph 1840 Samuel Morse patented the first telegraph-sends messages through electricity in wires Telegraph wires would soon crisscross the nation Industrial Revolution was accompanied by a transportation revolution and a communication revolution

King Cotton King Cotton Cotton gin: invented by Eli Whitney allowed a worker to clean 50 times more cotton than by hand Demand for cotton was high in the south both at home and abroadWith the textile industries booming in the North cotton was needed Combination of the new cotton gin and the huge demand for cotton encouraged farmers to begin growing more and more cotton Growing cotton was a way to get rich very quickly Such a huge part of the economy in the South it was known as King Cotton

Spread of Slavery Growing cotton was a very labor intensive enterprise Farmers turned to enslaved African Americans to raise and pick the cotton As the farmers became wealthier, the size of their plantation grew as well and so was the need for labor Planters knew that the more slaves they used, the more cotton they could grow and the more money they make, making it a powerful incentive to maintain slavery in the South

Differences in the North and South Northern economy was centered around the Industrial Revolution and trade while the South focused on agriculture Urbanization spread much more rapidly in the North Southerners saw little need for labor saving devices Largest difference was about slavery Vital part of the Southern Economy Northerners viewed it as an evil