UNESCO in Slovakia

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Slovakia has 7 sights inscribed in the World Heritage List – 5 cultural and 2 natural.Banská Štiavnica (a former major mining town) and tajchy (ancient water reservoirs around the town)Bardejov (a historic town)Levoča, Spiš Castle and associated cultural monumentsLevočaSpiš Castlea medieval ecclesiastical town Spišská Kapitulafrescos in a medieval church in ŽehraSpišské PodhradieVlkolínec (folk architecture)Caves in the Slovak Karst:Dobšinská Ice CaveDomica CaveGombasek CaveJasovská CaveOchtinská Aragonite CavePrimeval beech forests in Poloniny National Park and Vihorlat Mountains (localities: Havešová, Stužica, Rožok and Kyjovský Forest)Wooden churches in central and eastern Slovakia (in Hervartov, Tvrdošín, Kežmarok, Leštiny, Hronsek, Bodružal, Ladomírová, Ruská Bystrá)In 1993, the first three places mentioned in the list were all cultural Banská Štiavnica, Spišský Castle and Vlkolínec. Then in 1995, Jaskyňa Slovenského a Aggtelekského Krasu (Caves of Slovak and Aggtelek Karst) – a Slovak-Hungarian project was the first Slovak natural Heritage Sight. In the year of 2000, the historic heart of the city Bardejov became fifth UNESCO’s sight of Slovakia. Bukovské Vrchy (Bukovec Mountains) and Vihorlatské Vrchy (Vihorlat Mountains) in the eastern part of the mountain Karpaty (Carpathian Mountains) was inscribed in 2007. The last one is a cultural sight and in UNESCO from 2008 – Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area.

Transcript of UNESCO in Slovakia

  • 1. UNESCOIN SLOVAKIA

2. Little Big Country 3. There are many beautiful and interesting things in the world.Slovakia might be a small country but that cannot be said about theimportance and the number of interesting sights found here.Slovakia is endowed with a diverse natural beauty, rangingfrom the fertile valleys running towards the foothills of tall rockymountains to the scenic caves hiding inside them. Our ancestorshave left present generations a whole spectrum of monumentsranging from mighty castles and parks in bloom to scientic andcultural artefacts. It is not only the tangible heritage that hasbeen preserved; it is also the customs, the music and the storiesthat make up our national identity. Some of these gems wererecognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientic andCultural Organization UNESCO and they were inscribed on itsWorld Cultural and Natural Heritage List. 4. Slovak Karst Zdie ska CanyonSlovak KarstDomica CaveBeauty is not to be found only on the outside, it often remains concealed;and for us to admire it, we need to go deep under the surface.The beautiful caves of the Slovak Karst mountains are a proof that to ndbeauty we need to undertake such a journey. 5. Slovensk krasDomica BRATISLAVAOchtinsk Aragonite Cave Jasovsk CaveSlovak caves, which are part of the World Heritage List, areof varied origins and are found with different shaped andcoloured formations. The Ochtinsk Aragonite Cave representsa unique natural phenomenon attracting interest due to therichness of its aragonite ornamentation. The iron owers andbushes are the most well-known. Jasovsk cave is famous forits calcite formations and rocks of different shapes. The stonesand rocks are complemented by the occurence of several kindsof bats that live there. Dobinsk ice cave with its locationat low altitude is among the most important ice caves in theworld. It is a much visited cave due to the beauty of its icepillars, waterfalls and lakes. 6. The Spi CastleOn a limestone hill towering at 200 m The rocky hill, on which the castle stands, was already settled in theearly Stone age and a massive fortication was built here at the turnabove the surrounding area, theof the rst millenium AD. Later on in the 11th century, the fortress hadSpi Castle reigns supreme over the started to resemble a mediaeval fortied castle and subsequentlySpisk basin. Its size, spreading over a provosts castle was built here. Gradually the towers were added, andfour hectares, is recognized as one ofmore buildings continued to be built, initially in the Romanesque styleand later in the Gothic and Renaissance styles.the largest and best preserved castleThe castle had, over time, several important aristocratic, as well ascomplexes in Central Europe.royal owners. They all left a trace in the form of various architectural 7. ILINASpisk hrad PREOVTRENN BANSKKOICE BYSTRICA TRNAVANITRABRATISLAVArenovations of the castle, for example the building of a delightfulGothic chapel. Part of the Spisk Podhradie area is Spisk Kapitulawith its dominant late-Romanesque St. Martins Cathedral dating fromthe 13th century, with the characteristic two towers. The tabernacleand nave were expanded by several Gothic additions. The Cathedralsinterior is particularly valuable, especially for its Gothic altars, statues,gravestones, tombs, chalices, bells and frescoes. The Spi Castle hasbeen inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1993. 8. VlkolnecThe conservation reserve site ofVlkolnec (vlk means wolf in Slovak) is a small and hilly villagewhose inhabitants were mostly farmers and worked on theVlkolnec is a preserved village withsurrounding elds and meadows. For such a small village, theretypical wooden architecture and were a lot of families in the iron business which helped developfarmstead yards. It was named after the hamlet. It entered the annals of history by participating inan ancient myth and the abundance a dispute with the town of Ruomberok in the 14th century. Thetypical architecture found in mountainous regions marries theof wolves living in Liptov woods atsimplicity of wood and the yearning for beauty in the form ofthe time. 9. ILINA Vlkolnec PREOVTRENN BANSKKOICE BYSTRICA TRNAVANITRABRATISLAVAthe pastel colours of the walls. Until today, distinctive periodThe village has about 35 permanent residents living therebuildings have been preserved here. The most famous ones arethroughout the year and the number rises, especially in summer,the two-oor wooden belfry, the village well, and the stone when cottage owners from the city or neighbouring towns joinchurch of The Visitation of theVirgin Mary. In the village, it is them, together with visitors from around the globe. Vlkolnecpossible to visit the Farmers house, where one can see a typical was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993.household with period objects.Traditionally, a lot of tourists visit especially in the summerThere are many preserved hay-lofts and other farm buildings inmonths when lots of tourist-friendly events are organized here.the villages vicinity. 10. Bardejov the Town Hall SquareBardejovThe historical centre of Bardejov is unique in the number of exceptionally well-preserved burgher houses encompassing the market square which has beenthe centre of activity in the region since the Middle Ages. The town was themediaeval centre of trade and thanks to its famous markets it became thedestination for many merchants of the time. 11. ILINA Bardejov PREOVTRENN BANSK KOICE BYSTRICA TRNAVANITRABRATISLAVABardejov the Town Hall SquareA lack of arable land in the towns vicinity led to its orientationSeveral sacral buildings have been preserved from the mediaevaltowards craft production and trade. During the golden age of times, most notably the Basilica of St. Egdius (St. Giles). Its 11the town in the 14th and 15th centuries, one could count up to 64Gothic winged altars with board paintings are unique in Europe.artisan specializations and 50 different guilds. The Bardejov masters The walk through the historical centre of Bardejov is undoubtedlyproducts were sold far and wide beyond the regions borders anda powerful experience and thanks to this it was inscribed on thebrought lots of development and wealth to the town. Many disputesUNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.took place between the Polish and Hungarian rulers as they foughtfor this wealthy and blossoming town. 12. Bansk tiavnica the New ChateauBansk tiavnicaFrom time immemorial, gold and silver were considered the symbols of wealth andpower. The thrones of Hungarian kings were supported by the royal mining townswhich produced these precious metals. A walk through Bansk tiavnica will remindus of their former glory. 13. ILINA PREOV TRENNBANSKKOICEBYSTRICATRNAVA NITRA Bansk tiavnica BRATISLAVASt. Catherines ChurchSquare of the Holy TrinityBansk tiavnica is the golden treasure of mediaeval mining in Centralwith well-preserved period buildings will give an idea of the way of lifeEurope. The spirit of the past glory of this town is present oat everyin the town and surrounding area in the times of its greatest miningstep. There is a large collection of mining artefacts in the historic partglory. The tour guides, dressed in period mining costumes, will acquaintof the Mining Museum. Among the most interesting objects are theyou with the history of the tough job of mining. During the tours,measuring equipment, functioning models of water pump machines, the the visitors are provided with miners helmets and lamps for a moreoriginal ceremonial mining coats dating from the 18th century and the authentic experience. Bansk tiavnica has been on the UNESCO Worldminers insignia. Heritage List since 1993 and it welcomes more than 40 000 visitorsAnother interesting piece is the vast collection of minerals located at the every year.old site of the Mining Ofce. You might be interested in paying visitsto the Old and New Chateaux where many period objects have beenpreserved. A tour of the mining galleries and a unique open-air museum 14. Beech forestsThe Carpathian primeval forests contain within a small area an extraordinarynumber of trees, plants and fungi. They are home to rare species ofanimals, mainly endangered bird species. This pristine natural beauty givesus a chance to see the forest as it used to be, centuries ago before humanintervention. 15. ILINA PREOVBukovlesyTRENN KOICEBANSKBYSTRICATRNAVA NITRABRATISLAVAThe Carpathian primeval beech forests are unique in the wayfungi that grow here. Fauna is abundant, too many rare birdsthey create a chain of islands of the original natural forest from such as the red-breasted ycatcher, the Ural owl or the white-the lowest vegetation level of the lowlands to the highest forestbacked woodpecker found refuge here. Many protected speciesvegetation level in the highlands. It is a unique example of forestwhich are either endangered or have died out elsewhere, arevegetation including a wide array of primeval forest samples instill in existence here.a relatively small area. There are centuries-old pines, beeches,maples and plenty of dead wood which feeds the thousands of 16. Miro aWooden churchesWooden churches are to be found in countries where wood was the basicbuilding material. What makes the Slovak wooden churches unique is theirauthenticity, precision of work, the preservation of most of the external andinternal elements and the fact that they are still used for religious purposes. 17. ILINAPREOVTRENNBANSK BYSTRICA KOICE TRNAVANITRABRATISLAVAKemarokInovceThe protected wooden churches can be found in the ilina,period decorated altars, paintings, masterfully carved pulpitsBansk Bystrica, Koice and Preov regions. From the religious or confessional booths and other religious artefacts. Apart frompoint of view, they serve the Roman Catholic Church, Greek the nine of the protected churches which were inscribed on theCatholic and Protestant Churches. M