UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK REDUCTION FOR THE EBOLA VIRUS UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK REDUCTION FOR...

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  • UNDERSTANDING RISK AND RISK REDUCTION FOR THE EBOLA VIRUS

    Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA

  • APPLYING WHAT WE KNOW INNOVATIVELY AND STRATEGICALLY TO ACHIEVE SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITYA FRAMEWORK FOR LIVING WITH THE INSTABILITIES CAUSED BY THE ONSET OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES,ENVIRONMENTAL EXTREMES, AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

  • THE VISION ISSUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN EVERY COMMUNITY

  • BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives On Science, Policy, And Change

  • EDUCATION PERSON-ALIZEACTPERIOD OF INTEGRATIONWINDOW OF OPPORTUNITYPERIOD OF IMPLEMENTATION

  • EDUCATION GOAL: SOCIETAL SUSTANABILITYPRIVATE SECTORPUBLIC SECTORACADEMIAFUNCTIONAL NETWORKING CHANNELSINFORMATION NETWORKING CHANNELSORGANIZATION NETWORKING CHANNELSINNOVATIONCOMMUNITY STAKEHOLDERS

  • YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

  • EVERY COMMUNITY IS AT RISK AND HAS AN URGENT NEED FOR PUBLIC POLICIES AND STRATEGIC PLANS TO MONITOR, PREVENT, MITIGATE, AND PREPARE FOR THE INEVITABLE

  • ALL PUBLIC POLICIES SHOULD BE BASED ON AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT CAN HAPPEN AND AN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN TO KEEP IT FROM HAPPENING AND CAUSING A DISASTER.

  • A DISASTER IMPACTS ALL SOCIETAL ELEMENTS

  • INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITYGOAL: TO FIND THE COMMON AGENDA(CA) OF TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONSTECHNICAL SOLUTIONS

  • OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM INFECTIOUS DISEASES

    WATER-BORNE DISEASESAIR-BORNE DISEASES PEOPLE-BORNE DISEASESETC.

  • SURPRISE!THE EBOLA VIRUS IS ONE OF THE INFECTIOUS DISEASES THAT THE WORLD IS NOW URGENTLY CONCERNED ABOUTAT PRESENT, NO KNOWN CURE EXISTS

  • ELECTRON MICROGRAPH OFTHE EBOLA-ZAIRE VIRUS

  • ELEMENTS OF RISKRISK

  • FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS OF THE 5 FORMS OF THE EBOLA VIRUSFever,Vomiting, Muscle pain,Bleeding.

  • LOCATION: AFRICA WITH ITS PROBLEMS AND HAZARDSPOLITICAL INSTABILITYFLOODSDROUGHTSENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ON AIR, WATER, AND SOILENDANGERED SPECIESHEALTH CONCERNS

  • Ebola emerged in Guinea in March and has since spread to Sierra Leone and Liberia, with a suspected cluster in Nigeria.

  • EBOLA LOCATION

  • The current Ebola outbreak is the largest and longest ever recorded for the disease, which has a death rate of about 50 percent and has so far killed at least 961 people, according to the U.N. health agency.

  • Scientists say the disease can only be spread through direct contact with bodily fluids.

  • VULNERABILITIES The virus is spread by contact with a stricken persons fluids: blood, sweat, tears, and diarrhea.

  • FIGHTING EBOLA

  • FIGHTING NATURAL HAZARDS

  • COMMON AGENDA FOR SOCIETAL SUSTAINABILITY MONITOR (REAL-TIME KNOWEDGE OF WHAT IS HAPPENING IN SPACE AND TIME)

    PREVENTION (CONTROL THE SOURCE)

  • COMMON AGENDA FOR SOCIETAL SUSTAUNABILITYMITIGATION (REDUCE SOCIETAL IMPACTS)PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE AND THE UN-THINKABLE)

  • OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM ENVIRONMENTAL EXTREMESFLOODSSEVERE WINDSTORMSEARTHQUAKESTSUNAMIS

  • BUILDING IN FLOOD PLAINFLOODSINUNDATION AND SCOURINTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EFFECTS OF WATER ON STRUCTURE & CONTENTSINCREASED POTENTIAL FOR HEALTH PROBLEMS, INJURIES, AND DEATHLOSS OF FUNCTION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREVULNERABILITY OF NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPESEVEREWINDSTORMSUPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWSSTORM SURGE AND HEAVY PRECIPITATIONIRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN

    POOR WORKMANSHIPIGNORING NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKINGEARTHQUAKESSOIL AMPLIFICATIONPERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SOIL FAILURE AND SURFACE FAULTING )IRREGULARITIES IN MASS, STRENGTH, AND STIFFNESS FLOODING FROM TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP AND SEICHE

    POOR DETAILING OF STRUCTURALSYSTEM IGNORING NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS CAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • HIGH VELOCITY IMPACT OF INCOMING WAVESTSUNAMIS INLAND DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUPVERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUPINADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS FLOODING

    NO WARNING, OR INADEQUATE WARNING PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI CAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM ENVIRONMENTAL EXTREMES

    DROUGHTSVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSLANDSLIDESWILDFIRES

  • PROLONGED LACK OF PRECIPITATIONDROUGHTS LOSS OF SOIL MOSTURE LOSS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITYDEPLETION/POLLUTION OF GROUND WATER LOSS OF VEGETATION

    INSECT INFESTATION PROGRESSIVE LOSS OF LAND BY DESERTIFICATIONCAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • PROXIMITY TO LATERAL BLAST VOLCANICERUPTIONSIN PATH OF PYROCLASTIC FLOWSIN PATH OF FLYING DEBRIS (TEPHRA)IN PATH OF VOLCANIC ASH (AVIATION)IN PATH OF LAVA FLOWS

    IN PATH OF LAHARS IGNORING WARNING TO EVACUATECAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • BUILDING ON UNSTABLE SLOPESLANDSLIDESSOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO FALLSSOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO TOPPLESSOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO SPREADSSOIL AND ROCK SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLOWS

    EXCESSIVE PRECIPITATION OR GROUND SHAKINGBARE, OVERSTEEPENED SLOPESCAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • LIGHTNING STRIKESWILDFIRESMANMADE FIRES PROXIMITY OF URBAN-WILDLANDS INTERFACE WIND DIRECTION AND SPEED DEFORESTATION

    DENUDED SLOPES HOT, DRY WEATHER CAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES

  • MEDITERRANEAN REGIONS HAZARDS EARTHQUAKESFLOODSDROUGHTSLANDSLIDESTSUNAMISVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

  • EUROPES HAZARDS FLOODSGLOBAL CHANGESEVERE WINDSTORMSEARTHQUAKESENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

  • LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN BASINS HAZARDS HURRICANESEARTHQUAKES/TSU-NAMISFLOODSGLOBAL CHANGELANDSLIDESVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

  • SOUTH AMERICA/CARIBBEAN BASINS HAZARDS HURRICANESEARTHQUAKES/TSU-NAMISFLOODSGLOBAL CHANGELANDSLIDESVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

  • PACIFIC REGIONS HAZARDSSEVERE WINDSTORMSFLOODSEARTHQUAKES/TSU-NAMISWILDFIRES

  • ASIAS HAZARDS FLOODSEARTHQUAKESTSUNAMISCYCLONES/TYPHOONSVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSLANDSLIDESDROUGHTSENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

  • INDIAN OCEAN AREAS HAZARDS FLOODSEARTHQUAKESTSUNAMISCYCLONES/TYPHOONSVOLCANIC ERUPTIONSLANDSLIDESDROUGHTSENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION

  • INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI: 26 DECEMBER 2004

  • NORTH AMERICAS HAZARDS FLOODSHURRICANESEARTHQUAKESTORNADOESICE STORMS VOLCANIC ERUPTIONSLANDSLIDES

  • EASTERN NORTH AMERICAS HAZARDS FLOODSHURRICANESEARTHQUAKESTORNADOESICE STORMS LANDSLIDES

  • OUR WORLD IS AT RISK FROM GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

    UNNATURAL GREENHOUSE EFFECTS

    lecture by Walter HaysUploading date:August 11, 2014 Last Update on August 12, 2014 More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm PPT original - http://www.pitt.edu/~super7/52011-53001/52361.ppt

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