Umrah guide brief

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Common man's compilation of essentials of Umrah

Transcript of Umrah guide brief

  • Umrah Saifudeen Noohukannu Labba Compiled by Professor and Head, Dept. of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Kerala Agricultural University, College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram 695522 [email protected]
  • Once you have decided to perform Umrah, prepare for it; physically, mentally, & spiritually. You are going for a life-changing pilgrimage, to the house of Allah, as a sinful person for repentance .... which would result in a spiritual uplifting Insha Allah.
  • How to prepare well? And to perform well? Follow the best pilgrim and the best worshipper of Allah: Our beloved Prophet: Muhammad (S) If you are in a group, your leader (Ameer) will explain the rituals of Umrah as directed by Rasulullah (S).
  • The act of Umrah is known to cleanse ones soul from past committed sins. Performing Umrah protects one from poverty. Umrah is an act in which Allah considers the pilgrim to be answering His call and so, He loves you! In the blessed month of Ramadan, the reward of performing Umrah is equal to that of performing Hajj with the Prophet (S). Another absolutely breathtaking virtue of Umrah is that if one passes away in their journey of Umrah, the reward for them is Jannah. Some Virtues of Umrah
  • A. Entering the state of Ihram B. Tawaf around Kabah C. Saey between the hills of Safa and Marwah D. Shaving or clipping of the hair (Tahal-Lul) THE RITUALS OF UMRAH The four rites of Umrah are:
  • A. IHRAM Ihram is a state of purity and holiness; a state of mind and body, one is in, while performing Umrah. The two sheets that a pilgrim wears are also figuratively known as Ihram but the real Ihram is its Niyyah & Talbiyah. Entering into the state of Ihram is the beginning of complete transformation. We must enter into absolute dedication to Allah, deciding that there is no reason we do Umrah; except for the pure worship of our Creator. A man in Ihram is called Muhrim; a woman is called Muhrima.
  • Procedure for Ihram: 1. Cleaning yourself: Trim and comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your mustache, cut your nails, and remove unwanted body hair. 2. Purification of body and mind: Take a lavish bath with profuse use of scented soap, shampoo, perfumes etc with the intention of Ihram otherwise do wudu. For internal purification, do sincere repentance on your sins. Say something like this: "O Allah, I sincerely repent on my sins and seek your forgiveness."
  • 3. Wear Ihram dress: Men garb themselves in a white, seamless, two-piece garment, one around the waist (Izaar) and cover the upper body with the other sheet (Ridaa'). Women's ordinary clothes are their Ihram. Both should wear flip-flops (hawai chappal) so that the middle bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered. Procedure for Ihram:
  • Procedure for Ihram: 4. Nafl Salah: Offer two rakahs of nafl for Ihram by covering your head. In the niyyah (intention), say that you are offering two rakahs of nafls for Ihram. Recite Qul ya ayya hal kafroon- "Al-Kafiroon" [109] - in the first rakah and Qulhu wallah - Al-lkhlaas [112] - in the second rakah. Note: you are still not in the status of ihram because you haven't done the main thing yet, i.e., intention and Talbiyah which is done at or before the Miqat. Do items 1 to 4 above, at your convenience. These should be done in sequence but not necessarily together, continuously.
  • THE MIQATS There are five places some distance from the Holy City of Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a state of Ihram (unless they live within the area between Miqat and the Haram). These points or stations are called Miqats. 5. Intention and Talbiyah: If you are flying with a group, follow instructions of the group leader. You may do Intention and Talbiyah during your flight or even at an airport, before you reach the Miqat.
  • 5. Intention and Talbiyah: Uncover your head and declare your intention: "O Allah! I intend to perform Umrahand so, I am entering into Ihram. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me. Amen." Immediately after that, utter the words of Talbiyah or its translation in any language, three times, in a loud voice by men and in a subdued voice by women.
  • "Labbayk, Allahumma Labbayk. Labbayk. La shareeka laka. Labbayk. Innal-hamda wan-n'imata laka wal-mulk. La shareeka lak." ( Here we come, O Allah, here we come ! Here we come. No partner have You. Here we come! Praise indeed, and blessings, are Yours, the Kingdom too! No partner have You!) TALBIYAH 6. Du'a: After this recite Salawat and supplicate to Allah Almighty any du'a in Arabic or in your own language.
  • Prohibitions on conduct during Ihram: The literal meaning of Ihram is to make haraam (forbidden). When a pilgrim pronounces the Niyyah (intention) of Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain halaal (permissible) things become haraam for him. A Muhrim / Muhrima must not do these: Covering head (men), covering face (women) Covering the middle bone of the upper part of the feet Shaving / cutting hair Cutting nails or skin Using or even touching perfume Wearing stitched clothing (men) / (Women can wear their ordinary clothes). Both, men and women are permitted to wear watch and spectacles.
  • Hunting / killing or hurting animals / birds, except those can harm people Sex Getting married or asking for someone's hand in marriage Fighting or quarreling, arguing, slandering, acting without humility and decency, and harming others with the hands or tongue. Washing hair with shampoo Wearing gloves or socks (Men) Cutting/uprooting plants or trees Those who do these knowingly or unknowingly have to pay a penalty that varies according to the kind of violation. Prohibitions on conduct during Ihram:
  • Early morning at Jeddah North Terminal.. Long delay in emigration clearance.. Journey towards Makkah:
  • To the Holy City of Makkah with lots of Talbiyah
  • Enter the city very humbly, ensuring Ihram and with great fondness, still reciting Talbiyah.
  • Proceeded to Haram After arranging your residence and getting fresh, proceed to the Masjid al-Haram The pilgrim is allowed to bathe and use the washroom as they require; so the Ihram may be removed and put back on for such circumstances.
  • No.1 Gate; The King Abdul Azeez Gate!! Entering Masjid al-Haram: While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haram
  • Haram expressing humility and gratitude to the blessings Allah Almighty, conferred upon you.
  • Remove chappals and enter with right foot
  • View; inside out
  • Inside. Supplicate to Allah and proceed towards Kabah
  • After walking for a few yards step down 10 steps and walk along.. Further 7 steps down and walk for a few yards inside the Masjid. You reach the spot under the ceiling, noted by arrow!!
  • The first look at Kaabah. Propitious time to offer prayers to the Almighty "Allahu Akbar" three times "La ilaha illa'Llah" three times Salawat on the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) Prayers to Allah: whatever you wish
  • Further 10 steps down and a few steps forward; You reach Matawaf (The Thawaf Floor!!) while uttering Talbiyah go to the green light in the direction of Hajar al-Aswad!! to prepare for the Tawaf
  • HATEEM: TAWAF OF UMRAH Tawaf means circling (moving around) Kabah seven times with extreme love and devotion. The circuits must begin from Hajar al-Aswad and end at it, keeping the Kabah on left, counter-clockwise, around the Kabah and Hateem, which was originally a part of Kabah
  • Being in a state of serenity, concentration, and humbleness, the pilgrim should avoid harming others and should also refrain from talking to others unless it is necessary. Ramal: For the first three circuits of Tawaf, men are required to move their shoulders and walk with quick, short steps. This is called Ramal and is Sunnah. Do not try this if there is rush of people around. Walk normally during the remaining four circuits.
  • TAWAF OF UMRAH Make intention for Tawaf Cleanliness with Wudu as for prayer Covering Awrah for both men and women Tawaaf should be inside al-Masjid al-Haraam The number of rounds should be exactly seven, beginning from Hajar al-Aswad, and ending at it These rounds s