turku - Finland

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1. Turku is an old city, going back as far as the 13th century. Located between Sweden and Russia, Finland also borders the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland. Finland's area, at 337,030 square kilometers (130,127 square miles). 2. Turku, Finlands oldest city and its former capital, is dominated by its winding Aura river, the reason for its existence as a port. 3. The population of Turku was 177 606 in the year 2010, which makes it the fifth largest city in Finland by population. There were roughly 303 500 inhabitants living in the Turku sub-region in the year 2007, which makes it the third largest urban area in Finland after the Greater Helsinki area and Tampere sub-region. 4. Turku is the main city in its region as well as the cultural and economic centre of Western Finland. The citys profile has changed significantly in recent decades. The city has expanded by building residential areas around the old city. The city was rebuilt according to a grid pattern of rectangular blocks in which the relatively broad streets should prevent raging fires. 5. The citys most famous attraction near the mouth of the river is its well-preserved medieval castle, dating back to the days when Sweden ruled Finland in the 13th century. 6. The present physical structure of the inner city is strongly determined by the great city of 1827 that destroyed the predominantly wooden buildings of the old city almost completely. The rebuilt wooden Within the grid by houses have been building and blocks of replaced nowadays. stone and concrete. 7. Medieval CastleThe outer walls are painted white with stark, black-framed windows, while inside is an older medieval part with rough stone walls. Behind the castles thick stone walls, interlocking corridors and courtyards offer hints of its glory days in the mid-16th century, when the castle served as the sumptuous court of the Duke of Finland. 8. Turku City Library in Turku, Finland by JKMM Architects Located at the historical centre of the city. The new building is the latest summation to a complex with the old library. 9. European Oak are widely used in the interior wall furnishing and furniture. Building structure was constructed from concrete cast on site, which was left exposed as an significant part of the interior design. Glass was given a seminal role both in the outer architecture and the interior world. 10. The major sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the city. 11. Green logistic Downsize vehicle fleets and infrastructure in the city centre and upgrade vehicles to zero emission technologyTraffic management Encourage P&R, guide drivers to the best parking places, charge for entry to congested areas, and car and bike sharing.Biogas The gas can be piped for use directly as a burnable fuel or used to power an electricity generator.Building control and management Enable energy efficiency in new buildings and renovations 12. This 2 project very attractive but need substantial work and funding. These longer term solutions would build on the immediate opportunities to create a sustainable transport and energy infrastructure. Light rail transport (1 2) Smart Grid : Brings together the electricity and communications infrastructure to help match supply and demand. 13. Geothermal/ground heat : Using heat stored in soil, rock or water systems, transferred to a water-based heating system using a heat pump. Heat machines and chillers : Capture heat that would otherwise be wasted, either from cooling equipment or heat production in boilers or power plants, and use it to warm water for district heating or other purposes. 14. Public lighting : Technical and operational options can cut energy use, including sodium-vapor lamps instead of mercury, LED technology and improved control systems. Micro combined heat and power (CHP) :small-scale power generation producing electricity from heat at low temperatures using a fluid such as silicon oil instead of water. Smart parking: using parking regulation to encourage lower emissions vehicles and co-modality. 15. A way to improve air quality and diminish environmental impact by reducing CO2 and pollutant emissions via traffic reduction and optimization.Light rail gives also an opportunity to reshape, harmonize and develop a cityAn opportunity for Turku to take the path towards a sustainable transportation system and a wealthy and livable environment.The integrated light rail solution is the result of both the implementation of the light rail and a set of targeted policies aiming at favouring green transportation as well as triggering city development. 16. Trunk bus network will be implemented in Turku urban region 2011 to 2014, covering suburban Turku and centres of neighbouring Trunk bus lines to villages are municipalities defined : Sknetrafiken Pendeln a good example Centres and periphery of the villages . Fast and effective public transport lines serve the centres every day from morning to night Public transport lines can be extended over Centres of separate villages function the centre to the periphery as intermodal interchanges between public transport, walking and cycling 17. Edges of central area (e.g. Varissuo-Littoinen) Cycling and public transport should continue to the edge and be competitive with car Local services reachable by walkingOutside built-up areas It should be possible to connect to public transport by car or bicycle at the nearest built-up areas.Separate built-up areas (e.g Masku, Nousiainen, Mynm It should be possible to walk or cycle all trips within the area all year round There should be an attractive cycling and public transport connection to the centre. From the central areas Important recreational sites, workplaces and services should be reachable by cycling or public transport, possibly depending on the seasonTo the central areas Transports into the central areas should not congest the main nodes into the City of Turku or in the regional road network It must be possible to connect to the public transport at the edges of the congested area 18. Mobility management means promotion of: Walking and cycling Public transport Sustainable car use 19. It is the cooperation with the city of Turku and Siemens. The study evaluated the effects a light rail network would have on Turku from an ecological and economic point of view. An integrated light rail solution would reduce carbon emission by 11 percent by 2035. Properties value alongside the network would increase by an estimated total of 480 to 850 million euro in conservative scenario. 20. Increase in the use of public transport can reduce the gas emissions. The integrated light rail solution would increase the number of public transport trips in Turku by 40 percent before 2035. A third of the residents of Turku will live along the planned light rail system in 2035. 21. It is estimated that CO2 emissions from vehicle traffic in Turku will rise by 25 percent, 130,000 tons by 2035. Approximately 88 percent of emissions come from cars and 12 percent from buses. The integrated light rail solution would reduce CO2 from vehicles by 11 percent by year 2035. Corresponding to an emission level of 110,000 tons. 22. The integrated light rail solution would reduce NOx by an additional 12 percent to about 250 tons in 2035. One light rail carriage is equivalent to 40 cars and two buses. 23. The study shows that property values will rise in areas that are within walking distance of the light rail system The price increase is expected to occur in 800 meter buffer zone along the planned light rail lines. The value estimated would rise about 480 to 850 million euros in 2035.