Traveling Westward

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Traveling Westward
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Traveling Westward. Traveling Westward. Introduction Traveling West Why move westward How? Conclusion. Bellwork. Why would someone want to move into the newly acquired western territories. Westward Expansion. Who? How? Why?. Who. Commercial Farmers Plantation Farmers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Westward Expansion

Traveling WestwardTraveling WestwardIntroductionTraveling WestWhy move westwardHow?ConclusionBellworkWhy would someone want to move into the newly acquired western territories.

Westward ExpansionWho?How?Why?

WhoCommercial FarmersPlantation FarmersNative AmericansEmpresarioMormons49ers

Who?Where to?Why?Commercial Farmers (p.256-262)Plantation Farmers (p 256 262)Native Americans (p. 259 261)

Empresario (p. 387)

Mormons (p.301 - 303)

California Gold Rushers(49ers) (p.401 404)

How?Routes:RoadsWaterwaysCanalWagonRail RoadSteamboatTrainHow - Road

How - TrainHow - Canal

How - TrailsTravel Via SeaShips would travel around the tip of South America to West CoastLand routesBetween 1840-1860 approx. 300,000 made the journeyCalifornia = 200,000Oregon = 53,000Utah = 30,000Length of trip 4-6 monthsCost of Transportation$400 for wagon and gearDeath rate of journey 5%

How - Trail

April, 1846 April, 1847

Dangers of the Trail: The Donner Party13Donner Party

James Reed & Wife Margaret Patrick John Breen Breen BreenOf the 83 members of the Donner Party, only 45 survived to get to California!14Check Up!List the major routes people are taking to travel westward.Why Westward?ReligionMormons

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)FoundationJoseph SmithPublished Book of Mormon in 1830Eventually settled with many followers in Illinois

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)FoundationJoseph SmithPublished Book of Mormon in 1830Eventually settled with many followers in IllinoisIn 1844 Smith was jailed and then murdered by a mob

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)New leaderBrigham YoungGoal: Freedom from religious persecutionMigration to Utah began in 1847By 1848 5,000 settlers had migrated to UtahUtah became a state in 1896

Why Westward?ReligionMormonsFree Land

Donation Land Claim Act1850Free land in Oregon CountryWhite, male citizens over 18 could receive 320 acres of landMarried couples 640 acresLand had to be occupied for four years and improved2.5 million acres were given out to 7,000 people

The Oregon Trail Albert Bierstadt, 1869

The Oregon Trail Game23Why Westward?ReligionMormonsFree LandGold

California Gold Rush

1848 Gold discovered outside of SacramentoPopulation explosion1848 14,0001852 225,000 California Gold RushProspectors initially worked alone49ers could earn $50 dayTwo months wages in a northern factory95% of prospectors were maleProspectors came from all over the WorldMid-1850s = 20% of prospectors were from China

Check Up!How did manifest destiny change the United States?Match the corresponding who, where and whyWho?Commercial Farmers

2. Plantation Farmers

3. Native Americans

4. Empresario

5. Mormons

6. 49ers

Where to?Old Southwest (Louisiana, Miss., Al.)

B. Utah

C. California

D. Old Northwest (Mich., Il, Mich., Wis., Ohio) and OregonE. Texas

F. Oklahoma Territory

Why?U. Religious freedom

V. Free land granted by Mexican government

W. Gold and booming economy

X. Grow cotton with slave labor

Y. Grow surplus food for profit

Z. Indian Removal Act

LinksBrigham YoungGold RushOregon TrailOregon Trail (National Park Service)

Sourcehttp://college.cengage.com/history/lecturepoints/index.html