Transportation Conformity in North Carolina

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Transportation Conformity in North Carolina
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Transportation Conformity in North Carolina. Transportation Planning Framework. 20-30 Year Comprehensive Transportation Plan. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Transportation Conformity in North Carolina

  • Transportation ConformityinNorth Carolina

  • Transportation Planning FrameworkRequired by NCGS 13666.2. In MPOs, includes 20 year fiscally constrained LRTP and any additional projects (illustrative or vision) required to address transportation deficienciesDeveloped by MPOs and submitted to FHWA, includes fiscal constraint. Transportation conformity is demonstrated on the LRTP20-30 YearComprehensiveTransportation Plan20-Year MPOLong Range Transportation Plan10-Year Program& Resource Plan (5 Year Plan & STIP)4-YearSTIP/TIPApproved by FedsFHWA Approval of STIP (including MPO TIPs) and conformity determinations for non-attainment areasNCDOT Adoption, including all projects, programs and services (and full STIP)

  • The Clean Air Act (CAA)Sets the framework and goals for improving air quality to protect public health

    Sets provisions for the attainment and maintenance of National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)In North Carolina, the pollutants of concern are Ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM2.5)

    Ensures that the State Implementation Plan (SIP) meets goals to protect human health, coordinates transportation and air quality planning processes and improves data and planning assumptions

  • Conformity Basics

  • What is Transportation Conformity?A process that ensures that Federal funding and approval goes to transportation projects that are consistent with air quality goals

    It applies in areas where transportation-related pollutants:Are currently violating the NAAQSHave violated the NAAQS in the past

    Its a way to meet CAA requirements and ensure that transportation plans, programs and projects do not:Create new violations of the NAAQSIncrease the frequency or severity of NAAQS violationsDelay timely attainment of the NAAQS

  • Transportation ConformityConnects air quality and transportation planningSIPTransportationPlan&TIP

  • Transportation ConformityApplies to Long Range Transportation Plans (LRTPs)

    Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs)

    Projects funded by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) or Federal Transit Administration (FTA) in nonattainment or maintenance areas

  • Conformity Determination FrequencyFor existing nonattainment or maintenance areas:Every four years Whenever an LRTP or TIP is updated

    For newly designated areas:Within one year after the effective date of designation

  • Who Makes a Conformity Determination?Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) In metropolitan areasNorth Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT)Areas outside of MPOs called Donut AreasFederal Highway Administration Eastern Federal Lands Highway DivisionFederal Lands such as the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

  • Who Else is Involved in the Conformity Process?Interagency consultation process involves many groups:Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)Federal Transit Administration (FTA)NC Department of Transportation (NCDOT)Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs)Rural Planning Organizations (RPOs)NC Division of Air Quality (NCDAQ)Other Local Transportation or Air Quality Agencies

  • How is conformity determined?Regional emissions analysis Performed to show that the transportation plans/TIPs are consistent with the SIP motor vehicle emissions budgetsMust include all regionally significant projects and Federally-funded projects

  • How is conformity determined?Regionally significant projects Transportation projects that serve regional transportation needsMajor activity centersMajor planned developmentsNew retail mallsSports complexesTransportation terminalsPrincipal arterialsAll fixed guide way transit facilities

    The MPO/RPO/NCDOT determines what projects are regionally significant

    The interagency consultation partners review the list and negotiate agreement on list of regionally significant projects

  • What if conformity determination cannot be made?The use of Federal aid funds is stoppedImpacts design work, right-of-way acquisition, construction, permitting and approval of environmental documents

  • What initiates the need for a conformity determination?Designation of a new non-attainment areaMust be made within one year after designation

    Adoption or amendment of a LRTP

    Adoption or amendment of a local TIP or Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP)

    Modification to the SIP

    End of the four-year required update clock

  • When Do The Requirements for Transportation Conformity End?After a nonattainment area is redesignated to a maintenance area ANDmaintenance area has successfully performed conformity for a minimum 20 year period

  • Maintenance Areas in NC8-Hour OzoneMetrolina: Cabarrus, Gaston, Iredell(p), Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Rowan, Union

    Triangle: Chatham(p), Durham, Franklin, Granville, Johnston, Orange, Person, Wake

    Rocky Mount: Edgecombe and Nash

    Great Smoky Mountain National Park: National Park Boundary of Haywood and Swain

  • Maintenance Areas in NCCOMetrolina: MecklenburgTriangle: Durham and WakeTriad: Forsyth

    PM 2.5Triad: Guilford and Davidson Hickory: Catawba

  • Conformity Process

  • Long Range Transportation PlanDeveloped by the MPO (2 to 4 year process)Transportation Advisory Committee endorsement of LRTP pending conformity determinationConformity work begins at year 3 of this process

  • Interagency Consultation MeetingLead by MPO/NCDOT/FHWA

    MPO, RPO, Local AQ Agency, NCDOT, NCDAQ, FHWA, EPA, FTAConsensus Plan documents conformity parametersLRTP horizon years, conformity analysis years, Motor Vehicle Emission Budgets, mobile model, Travel Demand Model, non-modeled area analysis, etc.Conformity schedule

  • Transportation ModelingModel run by MPO and/or NCDOT70 DaysTravel Demand Model (TDM)Extract Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) and SpeedsUsed to develop emission factors

  • Emission Factor DevelopmentMobile Model Run by NCDAQ 15 Days

  • Draft Conformity Determination Report (CDR)Report is drafted by MPO and NCDOTReport Generation takes approx. 10 Days

  • Review and Comment of Draft CDRNCDAQ Reviews the report 21 Days Mandated by State LawDocument is also reviewed by EPA, FHWA, FTA, Local Air Quality Agency, RPO and NCDOTMajor conformity issues addressed/resolved

  • Final Conformity Determination ReportInteragency Consultation Meeting between FHWA, NCDOT, and MPODiscuss review comments and agency responsesIssue resolutionClean review letter provided by NCDAQ Final CDR is written by MPO and NCDOT Adds about 5 Days to the schedule

  • Final CDR Public Review and Comment PeriodHosted by MPO and RPO30 Day MinimumAddress comments and document responsesInteragency Consultation Meeting (if necessary) (MPO/NCDOT/FHWA)MPO TAC makes conformity determination and adopts LRTP/TIP (MPO/NCDOT)

  • Federal Review of Final CDR and LRTPReviewed by FHWA, EPA, and FTA30 DaysClean Review Letter (EPA)USDOT Conformity Determination (FTA/FHWA)Process Complete9 to 12 months