Toilet for physically challenged
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Toilet for physically challenged
Toilet for physically challengedBYNILESH KRISHNAAROHIT
RESTROOM FUNCTIONSRestrooms should allow individuals in wheelchairs to enter , close the door, use the fixtures , reopen the door ,and exit the room .Restrooms should also include an unobstructed turning space, either a 5 (1524mm) diameter circle or a T shaped clear area , at one location within the room.Accessible fixtures within restrooms should be on accessible routes
ENTRY Accessible restrooms should be identified with a graphic symbol located on the door or an adjacent wall. Restroom doors should be at least 3 (914.4mm) wide with hardware that is easy to grasp. Maneuvering room should be provided for door operation ,particularly where screen walls are provide for privacy. If doors are equipped with closers , screen walls should be a minimum 4-6 from the corridor wall . transition strips between floor finishes should be as flush as possible . Where tile floors are provided , nonskid finish is recommended.
VANITIES AND LAVATORIES The top of vanity counter or lavatories should be no higher than 2- 10 above the floor . Knee space 25 high ,15 deep ,26 wide should be provided directly below the basin . Hot water or drain pipes that abut the knee space should be protected .A clear area 26 wide by 40 long should be provided in front of accessible sinks or vanities
BASIN Should be no deeper than 6 . In vanities , oval bowls are recommended to reduce the horizontal reach to the faucets and controls. Faucets should be easy to grasp and operate . Single lever controls are recommended . Water temperature should be clearly indicated with graphics , colors or symbols. Automatic units should remain open for a minimum of ten seconds .
MIRRORS AND ACCESSORIES Restroom mirrors and accessories should serve all guests .the top edge of the reflecting surface of mirrors should be a minimum of 62 above the floor . For children and guests in wheelchairs , the lower edge should be no higher than 3 4 , although a lower mounting height is preferred. This can be provided even with a 4 splash back above the vanity . A wall mounted ,full length mirror is also recommended
LIGHTING It is particularly important at the vanity . The light level does not need to be as high as the guest bathroom but should allow guests to make minor adjustments for grooming or to touch- up makeup (minimum 50 foot- candles recommended) . Light at the mirror should be baffled and diffused to reduce glare . The lighting level in other areas of the room should balance the level at the vanity . Light fixtures at the toilet stalls should be located to provide appropriate light levels within each stall (minimum foot candles recommended)
SOAP DISPENSERS It should be mounted within convenient horizontal reach in location such as the side wall or vanity top at the rear edge of bowl . Dispensers should be easy to operate with wet or soapy hands
HOT AIR DRYERS They are difficult to locate in close proximity to the basin and , therefore ,are not usually recommended . If air dryers are used,they should be mounted in locations that provide an adjacent clear area 26 wide by 40 long .the nozzle should be adjustable and approximately 30 above the floor .
PAPER TOWEL DISPENSERS It should also be within convenient reach , so guests can dry their hands and face while positioned in front of the basin .if a wheel chair must be repositioned to reach the towel dispenser, the guests wet hands pick up dirt from the chairs rear wheels. Towel advance mechanisms should be simple to operate with one hand and no higher than 4 6 above the floor . Wall - mounted trash receptacles that project more than 4 from the wall should extend to a minimum height of 23 above the floor .
TOILET STALLS At least one toilet stall in each restroom should accommodate guests with restricted mobility .
DOORIn toilets partitions should provide a 28 clear opening which typically requires a 2 -10 wide door . The arrangements of stall doors should provide maneuvering clearances for the anticipated direction of approach . Door stops projecting from the strike side of the partition should be rounded to avoid injuries or catching loose clothing . Door latches should be easy to operate ,even with poor hand function . Pulls are recommended on both sides of partition doors so that it is not necessary to use the latch to pull the door closed .clothes hooks should be mounted no higher than 46 which is near eye level for many guests . Therefore , hooks should be mounted on fixed partitions or carefully located to avoid injuries as the door swings.
WATER CLOSETS Its should be mounted with the top of the seat at a height between 17 and 19 (17 recommended).grab bars should be provided as illustrated to aid balanced and transfer . Grab bar anchorage should meet the requirements. Toilet paper dispensers , toilet seat cover dispensers ,sanitary napkin disposals , and other accessories should be located within convenient reach of seated guests .flush controls should be automatic or hand operated , mounted on the widest side of the stall , no higher than 3 -8 above the floor
URINAL Urinals should be either stall type or wall hung with an elongated rim projecting at lest 12 from the wall . Urinals should be mounted with the rim not higher than 1-5 above the floor . A clear area 2 6 wide by 4-0 long should be provided in front of each accessible urinal .if privacy screens project beyond the front of the urinal riim ,they should be at least 26 apart . Controls for urinals may be automatic or hand operated , and mounted no higher than 38.