Tobacco: Your Life Up In Smoke

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Tobacco: Your Life Up In Smoke. The Single Most Preventable Cause Of Death In America Today Sophomore Health Paul G. Blazer Senior High School. Curiosity To Be Cool Peer Pressure Parents/Family Smokes Addiction Advertising Media Influences. Tastes Good Look mature/impress others - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Tobacco: Your Life Up In Smoke

  • Tobacco: Your Life Up In SmokeThe Single Most Preventable Cause Of Death In America Today

    Sophomore HealthPaul G. Blazer Senior High School

  • Why Do People Smoke?CuriosityTo Be CoolPeer PressureParents/Family SmokesAddictionAdvertisingMedia InfluencesTastes GoodLook mature/impress othersGet attention/rebellionTo relaxBoredomWeight ControlHandling An Object

  • The Major Substances Found In Tobacco SmokeNicotine: an addicting drug. It stimulates the heart and raises blood pressure.Tar: a sticky, particulate matter found in smoke. It irritates and clogs the respiratory system. It is a carcinogen.Over 400 other chemicals including formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, ammonia, cyanide, carbon dioxide, and phenol.

  • Addiction To TobaccoPhysical Addiction:The body requires nicotine in order to function properly. If the addict does not get nicotine every 20 to 40 minutes, they will go through withdrawal symptoms.Psychological Addiction:The person thinks that they need the nicotine. Tobacco becomes a major part of their habits, lifestyle, routine and daily life.

  • Effects of Nicotine On The BrainPleasure, then sedation. It stimulates the pleasure centers in the brain, creating pleasure and alertness.It stimulates, then sedates and tranquilizes the brain.Brain Alteration: nicotine affects, alters, and takes control of the receptor cells in the brain responsible for regulating well being, mood, and memory.

  • Effects Of Nicotine On The BrainThe drug remains active 20 to 40 minutes, then withdrawal symptoms begin. Mood changes, the person becomes irritable, anxious, and discomfort becomes more severe stimulating intense cravings for more nicotine. Regular and long term use leads to addiction.

  • Effects On The Central Nervous SystemNicotine stimulates adrenalin production.The heart rate goes up 15 to 20 beats per minute.Increases blood pressure.Constricts blood vessels.Reduces sex drive.Inhibits urine productionDepresses hungerReduces anxiety and pain.Irritates the throat and mouth.

  • Effects On The Lungs and Respiratory SystemSmoking causes progressive limitation of air flow in and out of the lungs.It causes Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)It damages and destroys the tiny air sacs of the lung reducing the lungs ability to bring in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. This is called Emphysema.

  • Effects On The Lungs And Respiratory System IIIt causes Chronic Bronchitis: the bronchial tubes are inflammed, thickened, and full of mucous, resulting in narrowing of the bronchial passages.Tar and other particulate matter settles in the bronchial tubes, causing lung cancer.Tar and smoke destroy tiny cells that cleanse, protect, and remove foreign particles from the lungs.

  • Effects On The HeartNicotine raises the heart rate, increases blood pressure, and constricts blood vessels.Carbon monoxide decreases oxygen delivery to the heart, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.It causes weakening of the heart muscles ability to pump blood, leading to death.It causes aortic aneurysms and pulmonary heart disease.

  • Effects On The Blood VesselsNicotine causes the blood vessels to constrict and get narrower, increasing the blood pressure and the risk of heart attack.

  • Effects On The MouthIt dulls taste buds, irritates the membranes of the mouth, causes bleeding and receding gums, gum disease, foul breath, and numbness.It stains teeth, causes tooth decay, and loss of teeth.It causes cancer of the mouth.

  • Effects On The ThroatIt irritates the membranes of the throat.It irritates the vocal cords, sometimes changing the voice.It causes cancer of the larynx.It causes cancer of the esophagus.

  • Effects On The Stomach, Duodenum, Liver, And KidneysIt causes stomach and duodenal ulcers, leading to burning pain and reflux.It can cause and/or contribute to cirrhosis of the liver.It reduces the kidneys ability to process fluids and waste, inhibiting formulation of urine.It can cause stomach and kidney cancer.

  • Effects On The Bladder And Adrenal GlandsIt causes cancer of the bladder.It stimulates adrenalin production, speeding up the heart and increasing blood pressure.

  • Effects On The Bones and VertebraeIt increases the risk of early onset of osteoporosis (weakening, softening, and thinning of the bones)It increases the risk of vertebral cancer.

  • Effects On The Reproductive SystemIn males and females, it decreases sex drive and increases the risk of impotence. (the system doesnt work)In females there is an increased risk of cervical cancer, and the female may be less fertile.It brings on menopause earlier in females.

  • Effects On Pregnancy And Unborn BabiesSmoking increases the chance of miscarriage, pregnancy complications, bleeding, and premature delivery.Smoking during pregnancy may cause impairment of the unborn babies growth, intelligence, and emotional development.There is an increase risk for low birth weight babies and for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after birth.

  • Other Negative Aspects Of Smoking IBurns on skin, clothing, cars, property.Air and land pollution (butts, ashes, packages, smoke)Violating Non-Smokers Rights.It is illegal in many public places.It is against school rules.It is illegal for someone under 18 to purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products.

  • Other Negative Aspects Of Smoking IIIt is banned or regulated in most work places.It is very expensive.People miss work and school due to illnesses.It is more difficult to play sports or do physical activity because of circulatory and respiratory system damage.

  • Other Negative Aspects Of Smoking IIISide stream, second hand, and environmental tobacco smoke puts non-smokers health at risk.It makes your house and car stink and get stained, especially if the smoke gets into the air conditioning system.Non-smokers do not want to kiss or be affectionate with someone who smells and tastes like smoke. The smokers tastes like and ashtray.

  • Tobacco Statistics IIn the year 2000, 948,535 teens started smoking. 303,531 of them will die as a direct result of their addiction.In the year 2000, tobacco affected 4.5 million more teens than AIDS and HIV did.

  • Tobacco Statistics II22% of high school seniors smoke at least 1 cigarette a day.82% of adults who smoke started as teens.Deaths Per Year: Cocaine 1500, Heroin 5000, Marijuana 1200, Alcohol 2500 (not including drunk driving), Tobacco 1 million deaths.

  • Tobacco Statistics IIIThe number of tobacco related deaths in the United States each year is equivalent to 3 - 747 airliner crashes every day for a year.In 45 States smoking is banned in public buildings.Smoking is banned on all US airline flights.Every year smoking kills more people than AIDS, alcohol, drug abuse, car crashes, murders, suicides, and fires combined.

  • Tobacco Statistics IVTobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death in the US, causing more than 400,000 deaths each year and resulting in an annual cost of more than $50 billion in direct medical costs.Nationally, smoking results in more than 5 million years of potential life lost each year.

  • Tobacco Statistics VApproximately 80% of adult smokers started smoking before the age of 18.Every day 3000 young people under the age of 18 become regular smokers.More than 5 million children living today will die prematurely because of a decision they will make as adolescents the decision to smoke cigarettes.

  • Tobacco Statistics VIThe percentage of smokers by State was highest in Kentucky (32.6%), followed by Alaska (29.4%), West Virginia (28.4%), Tennessee (27.8%) and Indiana (27.7%)The States/Territories with the lowest percentage of smokers were US Virgin Islands (9.5%), Utah (12.7%), Puerto Rico (13.2%), and California (16.4%)

  • Tobacco Statistics VII52% of smokers in the United States have tried to quit smoking at least once in the last year.

    An average of 72% of smokers have said that a doctor has advised them to stop smoking at least once.

  • $$$$$$ Up In SmokeCigarettes cost an average of $2.75 per pack2 packs a day average x 7 days =$38.50 per week.That is $154 per month, $1848 per year, $7392 over 4 years, $18,480 over 10 years, $36,960 over 20 years, $55, 440 over 30 years, and $110,880 over 60 years of smoking.

  • The Non-Smokers Bill of RightsI. The right to breathe clean air. Non-smokers have the right to breathe clean air free from harmful, irritating smoke. This right supercedes the right to smoke when the two conflict.II. The right to speak out. Non-smokers have the right to express firmly, but politely their discomfort and adverse reactions to tobacco smoke.

  • Non-Smokers Bill Of RightsIII. The right to speak out: part 2. Non-smokers have the right to voice their objections when smokers light up without permission.III. The right to act. Non-smokers have the right to work to get laws changed and to implement social pressure to keep smokers from polluting the atmosphere, and to seek the restriction of smoking in public places.

  • Secondhand Smoke ISecondhand smoke is also referred to as involuntary smoking, environmental smoke and passive smoking.Secondhand Smoke is a known cause of lung cancer, heart disease, bronchitis, asthma, and low birth weight babies in non-smokers.

  • Secondhand Smoke IIOver 1 million children in the US are exposed to secondhand smoke.Annually there are over 38,000 deaths caused by exposure to secondhand smoke.Over 2000 new cases of SIDS are caused each year by secondhand smoke.Over 8000 new cases of asthma in children each year are caused by secondhand smoke.

  • Secondhand Smoke IIIInvoluntary smoking is a caus