The War Years Notes 3

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  • 1. The Great War The War Years Chapter 25 Pages 854-858

2. Topics

  • Total War
  • The Russian Revolution
  • U.S. Enters the War

3.

  • Total War
  • An Industrial War
  • New Weapons
  • Government involvement
  • Role of Civilians
  • Propaganda
  • Battles and Casualties

4. A. An Industrial War

  • Every aspect of society was mobilized for total War
    • Draft
    • Labor
    • Resources
    • Manufacturing

5. B. New Weapons.

  • Machine Guns
  • U Boats
  • Chemical Weapons
  • Planes
  • Tanks

6. Machines Guns 7. 8. Poison Gas 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Shell torn forrest 18. French at Argonne 19. A French city 20. German at the Somme 21. French Cemetery 22. Germans at Flanders 23. A French Regiment 24. No mans land 25. 26. 27. C. Government involvement

  • Increased government involvement in the economy.
    • Government planning.
    • Emphasis on military goods.
    • Workers were assigned to industries.
  • Consumer goods were limited.
    • Rationing of many goods.

28. D. Role of Civilians

  • Society was mobilized for the war
    • Civilians were drafted into the army.
    • Millions of woman replaced men in the workforce.
  • Industries retooled for war materials.
    • War materials were needed.
    • Few consumer goods.

29. E. Propaganda

  • Increase home support for the war.
  • Encourage desired behavior of citizens.
  • Demonize the enemy.

30. Germany 31. British 32. French 33. U.S.A. 34. F. Battles and Casualties

  • Battle of the Marne ( 2 battles)
  • Battle of the Somme
  • Verdun
  • The Ardennes
  • France
    • Population 41 million, 20 million men
    • 8.4 million mobilized
    • 6 million killed, wounded, captured or missing

35. Total casualties 36. II. The Russian Revolution

  • Nicholas II
  • The Provisional Government
  • Lenin and Bolsheviks
  • Dictatorship and Civil War

37. A. Nicholas II

  • Weak and Incompetent
    • A German Czarina and Rasputin
  • Poor decisions
    • Russo Japanese War
    • Revolution of 1905
  • Russia was backwards
    • Massive casualties
    • Massive starvation

38. Russian mass Grave 39. B. The Provisional Government

  • The Duma seized power in March 1917
    • Dominated by Constitutional Democrats
  • The Provisional Government was threatened by more radical groups
    • Socialists
    • Mensheviks
    • Bolsheviks
  • The conservatives stay in the war

40. C. Lenin and Bolsheviks

  • Germany smuggled Lenin into Russia.
  • Plan was to have Lenin start a revolution
    • End war in East
  • Lenin is successful
    • October revolution
    • Signs the Treaty of Brest Litovsk.
    • Germany now faces a one front war.
    • West bitter towards Russia.

41. 42. D. Dictatorship and Civil War

  • Bolsheviks call for elections
    • Social Revolutionaries win
    • Bolsheviks seize power
  • Civil War breaks out
    • Red Army: the Army of Revolution
    • White Army: Conservatives and monarchists
  • Horrible bloodshed

43. III. U.S. Enters the War

  • The War at Sea
  • Zimmerman Telegram
  • Unrestricted Submarine warfare
  • U.S. enters the war

44. A. The War at Sea

  • Wilson advocated neutrality and freedom of the seas
  • Britain and France blockaded trade into the central powers
  • German U-boats attacked shipping going to Britain
    • Isolate Britain from colonies and U.S. supplies
    • Began unrestricted submarine warfare
    • The Lusitania(1915) 128 Americans killed
    • Germans promise to give warnings

45. B. Zimmerman Telegram

  • German request for Mexico to attack the U.S.
    • History of Poor relations
    • Mexican American War
    • U.S. sent troops across border
    • Really upset Americans and Wilson

46. 47. C. Unrestricted Submarine warfare

  • 1917 Germany concerned about supplies reaching Britain
  • Germany renews Unrestricted submarine warfare by U boats.
    • Germany hoped to cut supplies to the Allies.
    • U boats were seen as dirty, sneaky and immoral

48. D. U.S.Enters the war

  • Wilson was a moralist
    • A war to save democracy
    • Remember Russia is out
  • Convoys vs. the U-Boats
    • 250,000 troops per month
  • The Great Industrial War
    • U.S. was an industrial monster

49. What we know???

  • How is the Great war a total War
  • The impact of the Industrial Revolution
  • Why did the Russian Revolution occur?
  • Why did the U.S. Enter and what was the impact