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Transcript of The uptake of PDUs in France from a national point of view · The uptake of PDUs in France from a...

  • Thomas DURLINCerema and ENDURANCE Project

    Bruxelles, 25 February 2016

    Endurance workshop : SUMPs and national frameworks

    The uptake of PDUs in France from a national point of view

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-252

    Content

    Mobility plans in France : legal framework, sort of plans

    Monitoring from the national level

    Enforcement ?

    Impacts on mobility behaviour

    Perspectives for mobility planning

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-253

    20 years of PDU legal framework

    PDU createdNot mandatoryMore rational

    use of car

    PDU mandatory in large urban

    areasObjectives, content and

    process defined

    Better integration between land-use

    and transportMore obligations on parking and

    freight

    Accessibility to the mobility

    chain for all (people with

    reduced mobility)

    PDU and climateElectro-mobility

    Car-sharingMerging between

    PDU and land-use

    LOTI LAURE SRU Law Disability Law Grenelle Law ALUR Law

    1982 ... 1996 2000 2004 2005 2010 2014 20151982 ... 1996 2000 2004 2005 2010 2014 2015

    Environmental assessment

    Improvements in the merging between PDU and the land-

    use plan

    Local authority for mobility

    Local pollutantsMandatory MM for enterprise

    (> 100)

    6 objectives

    MAPTAM / NOTRe / TECV

    11 objectives

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-254

    Mandatory for cities in urban areas over 100,000 inhabitants

    11 mandatory objectives

    Evaluation a priori and every 5 years

    Mandatory stakeholder involvement process Institutional cooperation : government, region, dpartement On request consultation of associations : environmental, of transport users, of

    people with disabilities Public enquiry

    Mandatory consistency with other plans at regional scale or on other thematics : urban planning, environment, intermodality,

    Legal effects on local urban planning, local mobility measures, ...

    The current French PDU

    Sustainable development, mobility for all, safety, car use decreasing, public transport, intermodality, active modes, road network management and sharing, parking, freight, mobility management, electromobility

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-255

    Local plan for urbanism integrating housing and mobility (PLUi-D) Can replace a mandatory PDU A single document with a shared vision for an area Content and process of the PDU New process, still complex but gaining momentum

    Voluntary plans for voluntary cities (outside urban areas > 100,000 inhab.)

    PDU / PLUi-D : within the same framework as larger cities (requirements, effects) Global mobility policy (PGD) :

    no defined content, no defined process 1 mandatory objective : control of car use But no legal effect

    But also other mobility plans for cities

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-256

    Monitoring and support from national level

    Cities

    National levelGlobal monitoring

    PDU progress and mobility behaviours * Guidance

    laws requirements, methods, measures, ...

    Innovations, needs

    expectations

    * Consistent household travel studies since 1976 !

    Training

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-257

    Monitoring at national level

    65

    130

    3

    35 Compulsory planning PDUCompulsory planning PLUi-DVoluntary planning PDUVoluntary planning PLUi-DVoluntary planning PGD

    134 approved mobility plans

    compulsory : 66 / voluntary : 68

    Approved plan(a)

    Up-date in

    progress

    1rst plan(b)

    Total(a+b)

    L.A. without

    planning

    Compulsory planning

    PDU 65 30 976 19

    PLUi-D 1 13 1

    Voluntary planning

    PDU 30 13 9

    95 140PLUi-D 3 8 5PGD 35 14 13

    Total 134 78 37 171 159

    Population covered by approved urban mobility plans

    (Mhab - 2011)

    Mandatory plans 39,7

    Voluntary plans 3,0

    Without a mandatory plan 1,1

    2/3 of the French population covered by a mobility plan

    1/2 local authorities engaged in mobility planning

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-258

    Monitoring at national levelFrom laws to plans : a slow dynamic

    Cities need consistancy over time and clear directions

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-259

    Enforceability ?

    Law says : Mandatory PDU for cities over 100,000 inhabitants Sanctions ?

    No direct sanctions for outlaw cities... Indirect incentives : Financial support for public transport projects

    (infrastructures or not) requires a mobility plan Facts :

    All major French cities are engaged in mobility planning Elaborating an efficient PDU is a complex process that requires a real

    engagement Otherwise, risk of having useless documents

    Support and incentive > Sanction ?

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2510

    Mandatory PDU for local authorities intersecting urban areas over 100.000 inhabitants

    local authorities reality vs geographical and demographical dynamics

    Having clear rules...

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2511

    Impact on mobility behaviour

    A slow but widespread trend reversal

    Modal split rates in several French citiesBicycle

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2512

    Impact on mobility behaviour

    A slow but widespread trend reversal

    But contrasted results between city-centers / peri-urban areas, or large / medium cities

    Modal split rates in several French citiesCars

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2513

    Perspectives for mobility planning1. Urbanism and mobility

    Development of land use / mobility plans (PLUi-D) : Making the urban and mobility

    communities working together Support with guidance

    Operational merging of urban and mobility projects Transit-oriented development or French

    contrat d'axe A project approach : time / space,

    governance, financial commitment, ...

    http://www.certu-catalogue.fr/integrating-urban-planning-and-transport-french-contrats-d-axe-in-the-light-of-transit-oriented-development-tod.html
  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2514

    Perspectives for mobility planning2. Links between Local / Regional / National scales and between thematic plans

    Environnemental plansSRCAE : regional plan for climate, air and energy [region]PPA : plan for air protection [cities > 250,000]PCAET : territorial plan for climate, air and energy [cities > 50,000]

    Land use plansSCoT : plan for territorial consistency [public body on a population catchment area]PLU : local urban masterplan [city/cities]DTADD : territorial directive for land planning and sustainable development [ministry]

    Mobility plansPDU : urban mobility plan [local authority]SRI : regional plan for intermodality [region]SRIT : regional plan for transport infrastructures [region] is compatible with

    takes into account

  • ENDURANCE workshop - SUMPs and national frameworks2015-02-2515

    Perspectives for mobility planning3. Small cities and rural areas

    Cities over 100,000 are well covered Available planning tools, support, ... Involvement from big cities

    Small cities and rural areas have : Real needs for mobility planning Specificities : constraints (technical and human

    ressources), objectives and levers for action A rural mobility plan introduced by law in

    2015 with guidance on progress A light PDU is being investigated

    Giving small cities a dedicated framework for mobility

    Making PDU mandatory for cities over 50,000 ?

    How to cover the blank area ?

  • For more informationCerema websiteENDURANCE French page

    ContactsThomas DURLIN [email protected]

    Thank you

    Centre d'tudes et d'expertise sur les risques, l'environnement, la mobilit et l'amnagement - www.cerema.frDirection technique Territoires et ville - 2 rue Antoine Charial - 69426 LYON Cedex 03 - Tl. : +33 (0)4 72 74 58 00Sige social : Cit des mobilits - 25 avenue Franois Mitterrand - 69674 BRON Cedex - Tl. : +33 (0)4 72 14 30 30

    http://www.territoires-ville.cerema.fr/pdu-the-french-sustainable-urban-mobility-plan-a1454.htmlhttp://www.epomm.eu/endurance/index.php?id=2809&country=frmailto:[email protected] 1Diapo 2Diapo 3Diapo 4Diapo 5Diapo 6Diapo 7Diapo 8Diapo 9Diapo 10Diapo 11Diapo 12Diapo 13Diapo 14Diapo 15Diapo 16