THE PRESENT SIMPLE. Tense Present Tense Past tense Future Tense

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    22-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    393
  • download

    26

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of THE PRESENT SIMPLE. Tense Present Tense Past tense Future Tense

  • Slide 1
  • THE PRESENT SIMPLE
  • Slide 2
  • Tense Present Tense Past tense Future Tense
  • Slide 3
  • Present tense is further divided into four parts Present Tense Present indefinite Present continuous Present perfect conituous Simple
  • Slide 4
  • Present SimpleTense We use simple present tense to talk about things in general. We use simple present tense to talk about things in general. Ex: Nurses look after the patients in hospitals. Ex: Nurses look after the patients in hospitals. Children like ice-cream Children like ice-cream We use it to say that something happens repeatedly or for habitual actions or daily activities We use it to say that something happens repeatedly or for habitual actions or daily activities I usually go to the market at weekends. I usually go to the market at weekends. Paul wakes up at 5 in the morning. Paul wakes up at 5 in the morning. We use it to say that something is true in general. We use it to say that something is true in general. The earth goes round the sun. The earth goes round the sun.
  • Slide 5
  • THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) Peter works on his basket every day (He).
  • Slide 6
  • The present simple affirmative Children like ice-cream very much (They). Children like ice-cream very much (They).
  • Slide 7
  • See the table for further clarification we use subject+base form of verb in affirmative sentences. sub 1 st form of verb. IDrive. youDrive. WeDrive. They Drive. *He/she/it Drives.
  • Slide 8
  • Present simple More examples I go to school every day. She speaks English fluently. The sun rises in the east. (It) Paper burns easily. (It) Water boils at 100 degrees celcius. (It) My parents work in a hospital (They)
  • Slide 9
  • Points to remember Remember that we say Remember that we say I work, but he works. I work, but he works. They teach but my sister (She) teaches. They teach but my sister (She) teaches. We sing but Rihanna (She) sings. We sing but Rihanna (She) sings. Dont forget the s in 3 rd person singular Dont forget the s in 3 rd person singular (e.g., he, she, it, Peter, Jane, My father, etc)
  • Slide 10
  • THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR? DOES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR? YES, HE DOES
  • Slide 11
  • Do they watch T.V together? Do they watch T.V together?
  • Slide 12
  • Interrogative sentences We have discussed affirmative sentences earlier, now will discuss Interrogative sentences. We have discussed affirmative sentences earlier, now will discuss Interrogative sentences. We use Do/Does to make questions. We use Do/Does to make questions. Ex: Do You drive? Ex: Do You drive? Does she sing? Etc. Does she sing? Etc.
  • Slide 13
  • we use do/does +subject+base form of verb for interrogative sentences DoSub Base form of verb DoYouWork? DoWeWork? DotheyWork? Does *He/she Work ? Not works Does *It Work? Not works
  • Slide 14
  • THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) SHE DOESNT WORK AS A DOCTOR, SHE WORKS AS A TEACHER. SHE DOESNT WORK AS A DOCTOR, SHE WORKS AS A TEACHER.
  • Slide 15
  • We use sub+do/does+not+base form of verb for negative sentences SubDo/doesnt Base form of verb I Dont Work. we Work. You Work. They Work. He/she Doesnt Work. Not works It Doesnt Work. Not works
  • Slide 16
  • Negative sentences We use do/does to make negative sentences. We use do/does to make negative sentences. Ex: I dont go to the market in the evening. Ex: I dont go to the market in the evening. Sally doesnt take sugar in her coffee. (She). Sally doesnt take sugar in her coffee. (She).
  • Slide 17
  • Remember We use the present simple to talk about regular, repeated activities or situations Susan goes to school every day things that are generally or always true The River Ebro flows into the Mediterranean sea
  • Slide 18
  • Remember In the third person singular affirmative the verb has a final -s/-es She goes to school everyday In the third person singular affirmative the verb has a final -s/-es She goes to school everyday We form the negative with dont (doesnt in the 3 rd person singular). They dont like sweets/ She doesnt live in Madrid We form the negative with dont (doesnt in the 3 rd person singular). They dont like sweets/ She doesnt live in Madrid We form questions with Do?(Does ?in the 3 rd person singular). Does she eat sweets? Do you like football? We form questions with Do?(Does ?in the 3 rd person singular). Does she eat sweets? Do you like football?
  • Slide 19
  • Some more use of Present simple We use present simple with ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY when we say how often we do things We use present simple with ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY when we say how often we do things For ex: In the summer John USUALLY plays tennis. NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN USUALLY ALWAYS NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN USUALLY ALWAYS
  • Slide 20
  • Pattern: subject + ADVERB + verb Thomas and Philip ALWAYS begin their day at 7 oclock. She USUALLY plays basketball on Mondays. Peter OFTEN watches TV at breakfast. They NEVER go home on weekdays. We SOMETIMES play football. With the verb TO BE we use a different pattern With the verb TO BE we use a different pattern Pattern: subject + am/is/are+ ADVERB Pattern: subject + am/is/are+ ADVERB Thomas and Philip are ALWAYS busy at school. They are NEVER late for their activities. He is USUALLY ready for breakfast at 7 oclock. We are OFTEN in the music room during the breaks. James is SOMETIMES tired at the end of the day.
  • Slide 21
  • Lets do some Exercises Complete these sentences with the correct Forms of verb (simple Present)
  • Slide 22
  • Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak, live, open, drink, close Speak, live, open, drink, close 1.Ann____German very well. 2.The swimming pool_____at 9 oclock and ______at 6 p.m. 3.My parents _____in a very small flat. 4.we_____coffee in the evening.
  • Slide 23
  • Complete the sentences using one of the following verbs Speak, live, open, drink, close Speak, live, open, drink, close 1.Ann speaks German very well. (She) 2.The swimming pool opens at 9 oclock and closes at 6 p.m. (It) 3.My parents live in a very small flat. (They) 4.We drink coffee in the evening.
  • Slide 24
  • Exercise Personal questions Complete each question, using the correct form of the present simple, and give short answers. You/watch/T.V? Yes,______. You/watch/T.V? Yes,______. You and your friends/play/much sport? No_______ You and your friends/play/much sport? No_______ The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes________ The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes________ She/speak/Hindi? No, _________ She/speak/Hindi? No, _________
  • Slide 25
  • Exercise Personal questions Complete each question, using the correct form of the present simple, and give short answers. You/watch/T.V? Yes,______. You/watch/T.V? Yes,______. Do you watch t.v? Yes, I do Do you watch t.v? Yes, I do You and your friends/play/much sport? No, _______ You and your friends/play/much sport? No, _______ Do you and your friends play much sport? No we dont The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes The place where you live /have/a shopping mall? Yes Does the place where you live have a shopping mall? Yes it does She/speak/Hindi? No, _________ She/speak/Hindi? No, _________ Does she speak Hindi? No, she doesnt
  • Slide 26
  • Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1.Jane _____(not/drink) tea very often. 2.What time ____ (the bank/close) in Britain? 3.What ______(you/do) in the evening? 4.I ____(not/play) tennis very well.
  • Slide 27
  • Make negative and Interrogative sentences using the correct form of verb 1.Jane doesnt drink (not/drink) tea very often. 2.What time does the bank close (the bank/close) in Britain? 3.What do you do (you/do) in the evening? 4.I dont play (not/play) tennis very well.
  • Slide 28
  • Exercise Complete the conversation Ria:____ English? Ria:____ English? Tina: yes, little. Tina: yes, little. Ria:Where _____come______? Ria:Where _____come______? Tina: From Srilanka. Tina: From Srilanka. Ria: ___ ___ like India? Ria: ___ ___ like India? Tina: Yes, ___ ____. Tina: Yes, ___ ____.
  • Slide 29
  • Exercise Complete the conversation Ria: Do you speak English? Ria: Do you speak English? Tina: yes, little. Tina: yes, little. Ria:Where do you come from? Ria:Where do you come from? Tina: From Srilanka. Tina: From Srilanka. Ria: Do you like India? Ria: Do you like India? Tina: Yes, I do. Tina: Yes, I do.
  • Slide 30
  • Answer the following I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m._______ My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m._______ We (watch) T.V every evening.________ We (watch) T.V every evening.________ My father (watch) a lot films.__________ My father (watch) a lot films.__________ Paul (play) football every day._________ Paul (play) football every day._________
  • Slide 31
  • Answer the following I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ I (get up) at 7.30 a.m.__________ I get up at 7.30 a.m I get up at 7.30 a.m My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m. My sister (get up ) at 7.45 a.m. My sister gets up at 7.45 a.