The Present: An Enlightened Approach

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A presentation on the third chapter of Brown, Teaching by Principles, which deals with the background of SLT and the current Communicative Language Approach.

Transcript of The Present: An Enlightened Approach

Chapter 3

Chapter 3The Present: An Informed Approach

1

CONTENTSIntroductionAn Enlightened, Eclectic ApproachCommunicative Language TeachingCLT Concepts (Terms)

Introduction

1970s1980s2015

Introduction

1970s1980s2015Well-established method

Introduction

1970s1980s2015

Well-established method

Introduction

1970s1980s2015

1990sEnough research on learning and teachingIntegrated Approach to Language Teaching Practices

Introduction

1970s1980s2015

1990sPrevious methods

APPROACHEFFECTIVETasksTechniques

?

1963

Edward M. AnthonyApproach

Method

Technique

1963

Edward M. AnthonyApproachA set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language teaching and learning.

1963

Edward M. AnthonyMethodAn overall plan for the orderly presentation of language material, no part of which, and all of which is based upon the selected approach.

1963

Edward M. AnthonyTechniqueIt is implementional in that it takes places in a classroom, and it is a particular trick, stratagem, or contrivance used to accomplish an immediate objective.

ECLECTICBLENDOFTASKS

An Enlightened, Eclectic Approach

Enlighted | EclecticPossible methodologicaloptions for tailoring classesto particular contexts

YOURApproachTheoretically well informed global understanding of the process of learning and teaching

An Enlightened, Eclectic Approach

Enlighted | EclecticPossible methodologicaloptions for tailoring classesto particular contexts

YOURApproach inspired byCLASSROOM

YOURApproachIt includesIt shouldIn other words

Potential choices for lesson designLanguage classes should focus onMeaningGrammarStudents learn best by using plenty of AnalysisIntuitionIt is better for a student toThink directly in the L2Use translations from L2Language learners needImmediate rewardsLong-term rewardsWith new language learners, teacher needs to beTough and demandingGentle and empatheticA teachers feedback to the student should be givenFrequentlyInfrequently, so Ss will develop autonomyA communicative class should give special attention toAccuracyFluency

YOURApproachIs guided by1Experience as a learner2Experience as a teacher3Observations4Books5Previous courses

Which side of a continuum of possibilities would you generally lean toward?Why would you lean that way?What contextual variables might influence a change away from your general inclination?

but it depends on

Enlightened approach

YOURApproachIt will differ from others for the two following reasons: An approach is the result of ones observation and experience Research in SLA always yields non-conclusive findings that are subject to interpretation