The Official Guide for GMAT Quantitative Review 2015 with ... · PDF file 1.2 GMAT® Test...

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Transcript of The Official Guide for GMAT Quantitative Review 2015 with ... · PDF file 1.2 GMAT® Test...

  • Contents Chapter 1: What Is the GMAT®

    1.1 Why Take the GMAT® Test? 1.2 GMAT® Test Format 1.3 What Is the Content of the Test Like? 1.4 Quantitative Section 1.5 Verbal Section 1.6 What Computer Skills Will I Need? 1.7 What Are the Test Centers Like? 1.8 How Are Scores Calculated? 1.9 Analytical Writing Assessment Scores 1.10 Test Development Process

    Chapter 2: How to Prepare 2.1 How Can I Best Prepare to Take the Test? 2.2 What About Practice Tests? 2.3 Where Can I Get Additional Practice? 2.4 General Test-Taking Suggestions

    Chapter 3: Math Review 3.1 Arithmetic 3.2 Algebra 3.3 Geometry 3.4 Word Problems

    Chapter 4: Problem Solving 4.1 Test-Taking Strategies 4.2 The Directions 4.3 Sample Questions 4.4 Answer Key 4.5 Answer Explanations

    Chapter 5: Data Sufficiency 5.1 Test-Taking Strategies 5.2 The Directions 5.3 Sample Questions 5.4 Answer Key 5.5 Answer Explanations

    Appendix A: Percentile Ranking Tables Appendix B: Answer Sheets

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  • THE OFFICIAL GUIDE FOR GMAT® QUANTITATIVE REVIEW 2015

  • FROM THE GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSION COUNCIL®

  • THE OFFICIAL GUIDE FOR GMAT® QUANTITATIVE REVIEW 2015 Copyright © 2014 by the Graduate Management Admission Council. All rights reserved. Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600, or on the Web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748- 6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising here from. The fact that an organization or Web site is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Web site may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Web sites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, and related trademarks are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates. The GMAC and GMAT logos, GMAC®, GMASS®, GMAT®, GMAT CAT®, Graduate Management Admission Council®, and Graduate Management Admission Test® are registered trademarks of the Graduate Management Admission Council® (GMAC®) in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (877) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. For more information about Wiley products, please visit our Web site at www.wiley.com. ISBN: 978-1-118-91414-4 (pbk); ISBN 978-1-118-91416-8 (ePDF); ISBN 978-1-118-91415-1 (ePub) Updates to this book are available on the Downloads tab at this site: http://www.wiley.com/go/gmat2015updates.

    http://www.copyright.com http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions http://www.wiley.com http://www.wiley.com/go/gmat2015updates

  • Visit gmat.wiley.com to access web-based supplemental features available in the print book as well. There you can access a question bank with customizable practice sets and answer explanations using 300 Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency questions and review topics like Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, and Word Problems. Watch exclusive videos stressing the importance of big data skills in the real world and offering insight into math skills necessary to be successful on the Quantitative section of the exam.

    http://gmat.wiley.com

  • Chapter 1: What Is the GMAT®? The Graduate Management Admission Test® (GMAT®) is a standardized, three- part test delivered in English. The test was designed to help admissions officers evaluate how suitable individual applicants are for their graduate business and management programs. It measures basic verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills that a test taker has developed over a long period of time through education and work. The GMAT test does not measure a person’s knowledge of specific fields of study. Graduate business and management programs enroll people from many different undergraduate and work backgrounds, so rather than test your mastery of any particular subject area, the GMAT test will assess your acquired skills. Your GMAT score will give admissions officers a statistically reliable measure of how well you are likely to perform academically in the core curriculum of a graduate business program. Of course, there are many other qualifications that can help people succeed in business school and in their careers—for instance, job experience, leadership ability, motivation, and interpersonal skills. The GMAT test does not gauge these qualities. That is why your GMAT score is intended to be used as one standard admissions criterion among other, more subjective, criteria, such as admissions essays and interviews.

  • 1.1 Why Take the GMAT® Test? GMAT scores are used by admissions officers in roughly 1,800 graduate business and management programs worldwide. Schools that require prospective students to submit GMAT scores in the application process are generally interested in admitting the best-qualified applicants for their programs, which means that you may find a more beneficial learning environment at schools that require GMAT scores as part of your application.

    Myth -vs-FACT

    M – If I don’t score in the 90th percentile, I won’t get into any school I choose. F – Very few people get very high scores.

    Fewer than 50 of the more than 200,000 people taking the GMAT test each year et a perfect score of 800. Thus, while you may be exceptionally capable, the odds are against your achieving a perfect score. Also, the GMAT test is just one piece of your application packet. Admissions officers use GMAT scores in conjunction with undergraduate records, application essays, interviews, letters of recommendation, and other information when deciding whom to accept into their programs.

    Because the GMAT test gauges skills that are important to successful study of business and management at the graduate level, your scores will give you a good indication of how well prepared you are to succeed academically in a graduate management program; how well you do on the test may also help you choose the business schools to which you apply. Furthermore, the percentile table you receive with your scores will tell you how your performance on the test compares to the performance of other test takers, giving you one way to gauge your competition for admission to business school. Schools consider many different aspects of an application before making an admissions decision, so even if you score well on the GMAT test, you should contact the schools that interest you to learn more about them and to ask about how they use GMAT scores and other admissions criteria (such as your undergraduate grades, essays, and letters of recommendation) to evaluate candidates for admission. School admissions offices, school Web sites, and materials published by the school are the best sources for you to tap when you are doing research about where you might want to go to business school. For more information about how schools should use GMAT scores in admissions decisions, please read Appendix A of this book. For more information on the GMAT, registering to take the test, sending your scores to schools, and applying to business school, please visit our Web site at www.mba.com.

    http://www.mba.com

  • 1.2 GMAT® Test Format The GMAT test consists of four separately timed sections (see the table on the next page). You start the test with two 30-minute Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) questions that require you to type your responses using the computer keyboard. The writing section is followed by two 75-minute, multiple-choice sections: the Quantitative and Verbal sections of the test.

    Myth -vs-FACT

    M – Getting an easier question means I answere