The Minor Prophets

The Minor Prophets


Old Testament. The Minor Prophets. The Minor Prophets. Short on Words, Long on Truth. Hosea. God’s Covenant Marriage. Overview of Hosea. Hosea 4-13. Hosea 14. Hosea 1-3. Hosea’s Message. Gomer’s… Unfaithfulness Discipline Restoration. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The Minor Prophets

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The Minor Prophets

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Short on Words,Long on Truth

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HoseaGod’s Covenant Marriage

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Hosea 1-3

Hosea’s Marriage

Hosea 4-13 Hosea 14

Hosea’s Message

Gomer’s…• Unfaithfulness• Discipline• Restoration

The case of God’s covenant lawsuit is set forth, showing

how Israel has been the unfaithful bride

Ultimate restoration

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Hosea 6:6-76 For I delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice,And in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.7 But like Adam they have transgressed the covenant;There they have dealt treacherously against Me.

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Hosea 14:1-21 Return, O Israel, to the LORD your God,For you have stumbled because of your iniquity.2 Take words with you and return to the LORD.Say to Him, “Take away all iniquity,And receive us graciously,That we may present the fruit of our lips.”

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Hosea 14:4-64 I will heal their apostasy,I will love them freely,For My anger has turned away from them.5 I will be like the dew to Israel;He will blossom like the lily,And he will take root like the cedars of Lebanon.6 His shoots will sprout,And his beauty will be like the olive tree,And his fragrance like the cedars of Lebanon.

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Hosea 14:77 Those who live in his shadowWill again raise grain,And they will blossom like the vine.His renown will be like the wine of Lebanon.

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The Day of the Lord

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Outline of Joel

1:1 2:1 2:12 2:28 3:1 3:17

Locusts Lord’s Army Lord’s Spirit Judgment Promise

Judah Nations

Present Imminent Future Ultimate


Call to Repentance


Book Begins: Mourning over Present Desolation

Book Ends: Rejoicing over Future Deliverance

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And it will come about after this (2:28).

I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind (2:28).

Your sons and daughters will prophesy (2:28).

Your old men will dream dreams (2:28).

Your young men will see visions (2:28).

And even on the male and female servants (2:29).

I will pour out My Spirit (2:29).

In those days (2:29).

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Joel 2:30-3130 And I will display wonders in the

sky and on the earth,Blood, fire, and columns of smoke.31 The sun will be turned into

darkness,And the moon into blood,Before the great and awesome day

of the LORD comes.

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Prophecy & Fulfillment• God’s Spirit to

be poured out• Sons and

daughters to prophesy

• Dreams and visions

• Blood and fire, and vapor of smoke

• Sun darkened, moon into blood

• God’s Spirit was poured out

• Men and women prophesied

• Dreams and visions given

• Blood of Jesus shed and tongues of fire given

• Sun darkened at crucifixion

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The Prophet of Social Injustice

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Then Amos answered and said to Amaziah, “I am not a prophet, nor am I the son of a prophet; for I am a herdsman and a grower of sycamore figs. 15 But the LORD took me from following the flock and the LORD said to me, ‘Go prophesy to My people Israel.’

Amos 7:14-15

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Chapters 1-2

• Damascus• Gaza• Tyre• Edom• Ammon• Moab• Judah• Israel

Chapters 3-6 Chapters 7 - 9:10


• You were God’s chosen people (3)

• Against the women (4)

• Seek me that you may live (5)

• Against the men (6)

For three transgressions and for four… • Locusts

• Fire• Plumb line• Ripe Fruit• Lord by the


Five Visions of Judgment

Judgments against Israel

• Of Israel• Of the

nations• Forever

Promise of Restoration…

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Hear this word which the LORD has spoken against you, sons of Israel, against the entire family which He brought up from the land of Egypt, 2 you only have I chosen among all the families of the earth; therefore, I will punish you for all your iniquities."

Amos 3:1-2

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The Lord God has sworn by His holiness, "Behold, the days are coming upon you When they will take you away with meat hooks, And the last of you with fish hooks.” (Amos 4:2).

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11 "In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David,And wall up its breaches;I will also raise up its ruins,And rebuild it as in the days of old;12 That they may possess the remnant of EdomAnd all the nations who are called by My name,"Declares the LORD who does this

Amos 9:11-12

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Oracle against Edom

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640 630 620 610 600 590 580

Kings of JudahJosiah





Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed

Fall ofNineveh







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1:1 1:12 1:15

Vision against Edom Warning against Edom Israel’s Victory

Edom defeated despite her present strength and security (1-4)

Edom will be thoroughly plundered (5-7)

Edom will be cut off forever (8-10)

Do not... Gloat over your brother's

day Rejoice over the sons of

Judah Enter the gate of My people Gloat over their calamity Loot their wealth Stand at the fork of the road

to cut down their fugitives Imprison their survivors

Day of the Lord coming against the nations (15-16)

Israel will retake their own land (17)

Victorious Israel will rule over the surrounding nations (18-21)

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The Compassion of God

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The City that Turned back

to God

The One that Got Away

Chapter 2 Chapter 1 Chapter 3 Chapter 4

In the Ship

In the Fish

In Nineveh Outside Nineveh

Jonah the Reluctant Prophet

Jonah - A Man on Fire for God

The Prodigal Prophet The Praying

Prophet The Preaching

Prophet The Pouting


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• Nineveh

Joppa• Jerusalem

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Jonah 4:1-2But it greatly displeased Jonah, and

he became angry. 2 And he prayed to the LORD and said, “Please LORD, was not this what I said while I was still in my own country? Therefore, in order to forestall this I fled to Tarshish, for I knew that Thou art a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abundant in lovingkindness, and one who relents concerning calamity.

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Jonah 4:10-11Then the LORD said, “You had

compassion on the plant for which you did not work, and which you did not cause to grow, which came up overnight and perished overnight. 11 And should I not have compassion on Nineveh, the great city in which there are more than 120,000 persons who do not know the difference between their right and left hand, as well as many animals?”

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Who is like Yahweh?

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1:1 2:12 3:1 4:1 6:1 7:8

First Oracle Second Oracle Third Oracle

Judgmentof idolatry

Promise ofregathering

Judgmentagainst Rulers

Promise offuture glory

Judgment ofdisloyalty

Promise ofrestoration

1:1 God coming to judge Israel and Judahbecause of idolatry


First Oracle: Promise ofJudgment and EventualRegathering The Lord will eventually regather His

people and be their Shepherd

3:1 Judgment against Rulers and FalseProphets in the Land


Second Oracle: Judgmentagainst leaders and Israel’sfuture glory Future glory of the Mountain of the

House of the Lord

6:1 The Lord charges the nation withdisloyalty to the Covenant


Third Oracle: God’s CovenantLawsuit against Israel and theUltimate Triumph of theKingdom

The Lord will restore the nation, judgethe earth and forgive past iniquities

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Micah 6:6-76 With what shall I come to the LORDAnd bow myself before the God on high?Shall I come to Him with burnt offerings,With yearling calves?7 Does the LORD take delight in thousands of rams,In ten thousand rivers of oil?Shall I present my first-born for my rebellious acts,The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

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Micah 6:8He has told you, O man, what is good;And what does the LORD require of youBut to do justice, to love kindness,And to walk humbly with your God?

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Micah 7:18Who is a God like Thee, who pardons iniquityAnd passes over the rebellious act of the remnant of His possession?He does not retain His anger forever,Because He delights in unchanging love.

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Micah 7:19-2019 He will again have compassion on us;He will tread our iniquities under foot.Yes, Thou wilt cast all their sins Into the depths of the sea.20 Thou wilt give truth to JacobAnd unchanging love to Abraham,Which Thou didst swear to our forefathersFrom the days of old.

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NAHUMThe Prophet of Nineveh’s


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Nahum and Jonah• Both Nahum and Jonah focus upon

Assyria and their capital city of Nineveh.• Both Nahum and Jonah contain

prophecies of Nineveh's destruction.• Both Nahum and Jonah close their books

with a question.

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HABAKKUKThe Prayer & Praise of

God’s Prophet

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1:1 1:12 3:1

Habakkuk’s Problem Habakkuk’s Praise Problem #1: Why does God allow wicked practices to continue in the land?

Problem #2: Why will God use wicked people to punish others?

God's Answer: I will eventually bring judgment (1:5-11)

God's Answer: I will judge even those whom I use for judgment (2:2-20)

Praise for the Person of God (3:1-3)

Praise for the Power of God (3:4-7)

Praise for the Purpose of God (3:8-16)

Praise because of Faith in God (3:17-19)

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ZEPHANIAHJudgment against Judah

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640 630 620 610 600 590 580

Kings of JudahJosiah





Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed

Fall ofNineveh







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Coming judgment on Jerusalem (1:1-6)

Coming judgment of leaders and wealthy (1:7-13)

God’s judgment against the nation (1:14-18).

Call to repentance (2:1-3).

God’s judgment against the nations (2:4-15).

Coming judgment of leaders (3:1-7)

Coming restoration of Jerusalem (3:8-20)


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Zephaniah 3:8-10 8 "Therefore, wait for Me," declares the LORD,

"For the day when I rise up to the prey. Indeed, My decision is to gather nations, To assemble kingdoms, To pour out on them My indignation, All My burning anger; For all the earth will be devoured By the fire of My zeal.

9 "For then I will give to the peoples purified lips, That all of them may call on the name of the LORD, To serve Him shoulder to shoulder.

10 "From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia My worshipers, My dispersed ones, Will bring My offerings.

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Zephaniah 3:11-1211 In that day you will feel no shameBecause of all your deedsBy which you have rebelled against Me;For then I will remove from your midstYour proud, exulting ones,And you will never again be haughtyOn My holy mountain.12 But I will leave among youA humble and lowly people,And they will take refuge in the name of the


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HAGGAICall to Complete the Temple

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1:1-151st Sermon

2:1-9 2:10-19 2:20-232nd Sermon 3rd Sermon Closing

words to Zerubbabel

I will make you like a signet ring

Question: How can your houses be paneled while God’s house lies desolate?

Response: People came and worked

Question: How does this temple compare with the former temple?

Response: Latter glory will be greater than the former

Question: Does the unclean produce clean?

Response: A cleansing judgment & future blessings

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ZECHARIAHVisions of Restoration

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Two Burdens

Four Horsemen

Four Chariots

Joshua the High PriestZerubbabel & the Lampstand

Measuring Line: Flee BabylonHorns and Smiths: Judgment

Flying Scroll: JudgmentWoman and Basket: Shinar

A Call for True JusticeA Promise of Future Restoration

Two Sermons

Judgment on Enemies of IsraelThe Coming of the Lord





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MALACHIThe Final Message

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1:1 God says: “I have

loved you” People answer: “How have you loved us?”

God has blessed Israel above other nations

1:6 God says: “If I am a father, where is my honor?”

People answer: “How have we despised your name?”

The people have not offered their best to the Lord

2:10 People ask: “If we are brothers, why do we deal treacherously with one another?”

The people have defrauded one another, especially in the area of divorce

2:17 God says: “You have wearied the Lord with your words”

People answer: “How have we wearied Him?”

The people have asked for justice, but have not acted justly.

3:1 Promise of a Coming Messenger.

3:6 God says: “Return to Me and I will return to you”

People answer: “How shall we return?”

The people are to bring the whole tithe into the storehouse

3:13 God says: “Your words have been arrogant against Me”

People answer: “What have we spoken against you?”

They have taken the attitude that it is vain to serve the Lord

3:16 Epilogue: Promise of Coming Judgment and Restoration

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Malachi 3:1 “Behold, I am going to send My

messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the LORD of hosts

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Malachi 4:2 But for you who fear My name the

sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will go forth and skip about like calves from the stall.

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