The minor prophets

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THE MINOR PROPHETS

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The minor prophets. Obadiah. EDOM/ MT. ESAU. ZION. Obadiah. Obadiah= “Servant of Yahweh” Possible Dates: 845 BC- the Days of Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:8-10, 16-17) 586 BC- the Deportation of Babylon History of Edom: Descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The minor prophets

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THE MINOR PROPHETS

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OBADIAH

EDOM/MT.

ESAUZION

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OBADIAH

• Obadiah= “Servant of Yahweh”

• Possible Dates:

• 845 BC- the Days of Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:8-10, 16-17)

• 586 BC- the Deportation of Babylon• History of Edom:

• Descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother• Sibling Rivalry to National Struggle

• Strife between brothers (Gen. 25:22-26; Gen. 25:27-34; Gen. 27)

• National strife (Num. 20:14-21).

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LESSONS FROM OBADIAH

• Pride goes before destruction (Prov. 16:18)

• Do not rejoice when your enemy falls (Prov. 24:17-18)

• Do not mistreat your brethren (1 Cor. 8:12• You reap what you sow (Gal. 6:7-8)

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JOEL• “Jehovah is God”

• Date: 830 BC- 400 BC ?

• Outline:

1. The Judgment against Judah and the Day of the Lord (1:1-2:17)

1. Locust invasion: forerunner of the day of the Lord (1:1-20)

2. Army invasion: the arrival of the day of the Lord (2:1-17)

2. The Mercy of the Lord and Judgment against the Nations (2:18-3:21)

1. Mercy: The Lord responds by restoring his people (2:18-32)

2. Judgment: The Lord’s judgment against the nations and his dwelling with his people (3:1-21)

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JOEL“DAY OF THE LORD”

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LESSONS FROM JOEL

• The value of natural calamities

• The nature of true repentance

• The nature of God

• Gracious • Merciful

• The Day of the Lord can be averted

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JONAH:• Jonah: “Dove”

• Jonah is also mentioned in 2 Kings 14:23-25• Date:

• He prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II (ca. 793-753 B.C.)

• Nineveh was the capital of Assyria

• It was located about 220 NNW of the present city of Baghdad

• The Assyrians were noted for their cruelty, especially to prisoners

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JONAH: OUTLINE

1. Jonah forsakes his mission (1:1-2:10)

2. Jonah fulfills his mission (3:1-4:11)

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JONAH: OUTLINE

I. "RUNNING AWAY FROM GOD" (1:1-17)

1. God commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 1:1-2

2. Jonah rebels against God's plan - 1:3

3. God has a plan for Jonah - 1:4-17

a. He sends "a great wind on the sea" - 1:4-16

b. He prepares "a great fish" - 1:17

 II. "RUNNING TO GOD" (2:1-10)

1. Jonah's prayer - 2:1-9

2. Jonah's deliverance - 2:10 

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JONAH: OUTLINEIII. "RUNNING WITH GOD" (3:1-10)

1. The Lord again commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 3:1-2

2. Jonah obeys and proclaims God's message - 3:3-4

3. The people of Nineveh are moved to repent, including the king

- 3:5-9

4. The Lord takes notice, and relents of the disaster He had

intended to bring - 3:10

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JONAH: OUTLINE IV. "RUNNING AHEAD OF GOD" (4:1-11)

1. Jonah vents his anger - 4:1-4

a. Angry because he knew that God would relent - 4:1-2

b. So angry that he desires to die - 4:3-4

2. God uses a plant, a worm, and a hot east wind to teach Jonah

- 4:5-11

a. A plant to provide shade for Jonah - 4:5-6

b. A worm to destroy the plant - 4:7

c. A vehement east wind that with the sun exhausts Jonah - 4:8

3. God uses the plant to teach Jonah an object lesson - 4:9-11

a. Jonah is angry about the plant - 4:9

b. Shouldn't he have similar pity on Nineveh? - 4:10-11

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JONAH: MAP

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JONAH: MAP

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JONAH

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AMOS: INTRO• Date: Amos 1:1

• “In the days of Uzziah (791-739 B.C.) king of Judah and Jeroboam (II) the son of Joash (796 B.C.)

• “2 years before the earthquake”• 760, 755 BC?

• Who was Amos?

• A shepherd from Tekoa (1:1)• Not a professional (7:14-15)

• Outline:

• A series of "oracles" concerning sin and judgment of eight nations (ch. 1-2)

• A series of "sermons" concerning the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 3-6)

• A series of "visions" regarding the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 7-9)

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AMOS

“For three transgressions and for four”

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PLUMB LINE

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HOSEA: INTRO• Date: Hosea 1:1

• In the Days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah; (791-687 BC).

• In the days of Jeroboam II (753-746 BC)• Probably started late in Jeroboam and Uzziah’s reigns and ended early in

Hezekiah’s reign. • 750-725 B.C. (Intro to the OT- 715 BC).

• Contemporaries:• Amos- Israel• Isaiah and Micah- Judah

• Who Was Hosea?

• Son of Beeri (1:1)• Possibly a preist? • Husband of Gomer (1:3), Father of Jezreel (1:4), Lo-Ruhamah (1:6); Lo-Ammi

(1:8-9); His basic message will be illustrated through his family• Outline:

• Object Lesson: Hosea’s Family (1:1–3:5)• Hosea Spells Out His Parable with Accusations, Warnings, and Promises (4:1–

14:9)

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HOSEA

GOD

SINHARLOTRY

ISRAEL

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CHPS 1-3: CHIASTIC STRUCTURE• Examples of chiastic structures are the A,B,C...C,B,A

pattern or A, B, B1, A1 pattern.

A. n 1:2-9 – Literal Marriage FrameworkHosea and Gomer: The Children of Literal Harlotry

B. 1:10-2:1 – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption FrameYaweh and Israel: The Children of Spiritual Harlotry Restored

C. 2:2-13 – Spiritual Marriage: Present Infidelity and PunishmentYaweh and Israel: The Judgment of the Spiritual Harlot

B-1. 2:2-14-23 – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption FrameYahweh and Israel: The Spiritual Harlot Herself Restored

A-1. 3:1-5 – Literal Marrriage FrameworkHoseah and Gomer: The Literal Harlot Redeemed

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HOSEA

GOD

SINHARLOTRY

PATIENCEMERCY LOVE

ISRAEL

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“MY PEOPLE ARE DESTROYED FOR LACK OF KNOWLEDGE” • The Bible possesses the power of:

• A lack of knowledge has always destroyed the people of God- Hos. 4:6

• But the YOUNG can keep their ways pure by the Word of God- Ps. 119:9

• And the ELDERS were exhorted to keep the church by the Word- Acts 20:28-32

• The Bible possesses the power of “Salvation” and “Condemnation”

• Received properly, it can save our souls! - James 1:21• It will be the standard by which we will be judged - John

12:48

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SUGGESTIONS FOR BIBLE STUDY • SET A REGULAR TIME!

• PRAY AS YOU STUDY!

• USE A “SPOTTER”

• UTILIZE VARIOUS HELPS

• REFERENCE WORKS AND BIBLES• VINES DICTIONARY• HOLMAN BIBLE DICTIONARY• ESV STUDY BIBLE (CROSSWAY)• NASB STUDY BIBLE (ZONDERVAN)

• ONLINE TOOLS• ESWORD (FREE DOWNLOADABLE VERSION)• BIBLEGATEWAY.COM• EXECUTABLEOUTLINES.COM (MARK COPELAND-

SUBJECTS STUDIES).

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MICAH: INTRO• “Micah”: means “who is like Yahweh” (7:18)

• Date:

• During the reign of these Judean kings; Jotham (750–735 b.c.), Ahaz (735–715), and Hezekiah (715–687).

• Around 735-700 B.C.• Outline:

• The coming judgment, with a promise of restoration - Mic 1: 1-2:13

• God's condemnation of Israel, with a glimpse of the future hope – Mic 3:1-5:15

• God's indictment of Israel, with a plea for repentance and promise of forgiveness – Mic 6:1-7:20

• Summary: Present judgment, future blessing

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MICAHPRESENT

JUDGMENT FUTURE

BLESSING

DELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM

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THE MINOR PROPHETS

REVIEW

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OBADIAH

EDOM/MT.

ESAUZION

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JOEL“DAY OF THE LORD”

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JONAH

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AMOS

“For three transgressions and for four”

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GOD

SINHARLOTRY

ISRAEL

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HOSEA

GOD

SINHARLOTRY

PATIENCEMERCY LOVE

ISRAEL

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MICAH

PRESENT

JUDGMENT FUTURE

BLESSING

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MICAHPRESENT

JUDGMENT FUTURE

BLESSING

DELIVERER FROM BETHLEHEM

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ZEPHANIAH: INTRO• “zephaniah”: means “Yahweh has hidden/protected” (2:3)

• Descendant of king Hezekiah? (1:1)

• Date:

• During the days of Josiah (good king of Judah)• 640-609 B.C. • Prophesied to Judah alone, following the downfall of the northern

kingdom Israel• Contemporaries: Jeremiah, Nahum, Habakkuk

• A good summary:

• 1:1-2:3 Look within (examine sinful self and repent)• 2:4-3:7 Look around (consider punishment of nations- understand

that punishment is coming)• 3:8-20 Look beyond (future blessing)

• Theme: Day of the Lord

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ZEPHANIAH:

• WITHIN

• AROUND

• BEYOND LOOK!

THE DAY OF THE LORD:

• JUDGMENT AGAINST THE WICKED • VINDICATION FOR THE RIGHTEOUS

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NAHUM• “Nahum” meant “comfort”/ “consolation.”

• Date: 664/3-612 B.C.

• During Zephaniah and Jeremiah

• Theme: Destruction of Nineveh, Deliverance for Judah.

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NAHUM

Comfort

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NINEVEH