The minor prophets

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The minor prophets. Obadiah. EDOM/ MT. ESAU. ZION. Obadiah. Obadiah= “Servant of Yahweh” Possible Dates: 845 BC- the Days of Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:8-10, 16-17) 586 BC- the Deportation of Babylon History of Edom: Descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The minor prophets

PowerPoint Presentation845 BC- the Days of Jehoram (2 Chron. 21:8-10, 16-17)
586 BC- the Deportation of Babylon
History of Edom:
Sibling Rivalry to National Struggle
Strife between brothers (Gen. 25:22-26; Gen. 25:27-34; Gen. 27)
National strife (Num. 20:14-21).
Do not rejoice when your enemy falls (Prov. 24:17-18)
Do not mistreat your brethren (1 Cor. 8:12
You reap what you sow (Gal. 6:7-8)
Joel
Outline:
The Judgment against Judah and the Day of the Lord (1:1-2:17)
Locust invasion: forerunner of the day of the Lord (1:1-20)
Army invasion: the arrival of the day of the Lord (2:1-17)
The Mercy of the Lord and Judgment against the Nations (2:18-3:21)
Mercy: The Lord responds by restoring his people (2:18-32)
Judgment: The Lord’s judgment against the nations and his dwelling with his people (3:1-21)
Joel
The nature of God
Jonah:
Date:
He prophesied during the reign of Jeroboam II (ca. 793-753 B.C.)
Nineveh was the capital of Assyria
It was located about 220 NNW of the present city of Baghdad
The Assyrians were noted for their cruelty, especially to prisoners
Jonah: outline
Jonah: outline
1. God commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 1:1-2
2. Jonah rebels against God's plan - 1:3
3. God has a plan for Jonah - 1:4-17
a. He sends "a great wind on the sea" - 1:4-16
b. He prepares "a great fish" - 1:17
 II. "RUNNING TO GOD" (2:1-10)
1. Jonah's prayer - 2:1-9
2. Jonah's deliverance - 2:10 
III. "RUNNING WITH GOD" (3:1-10)
1. The Lord again commissions Jonah to preach in Nineveh - 3:1-2
2. Jonah obeys and proclaims God's message - 3:3-4
3. The people of Nineveh are moved to repent, including the king
- 3:5-9
4. The Lord takes notice, and relents of the disaster He had
intended to bring - 3:10
a. Angry because he knew that God would relent - 4:1-2
b. So angry that he desires to die - 4:3-4
2. God uses a plant, a worm, and a hot east wind to teach Jonah
- 4:5-11
b. A worm to destroy the plant - 4:7
c. A vehement east wind that with the sun exhausts Jonah - 4:8
3. God uses the plant to teach Jonah an object lesson - 4:9-11
a. Jonah is angry about the plant - 4:9
b. Shouldn't he have similar pity on Nineveh? - 4:10-11
Jonah: Map
Jonah: map
Date: Amos 1:1
“In the days of Uzziah (791-739 B.C.) king of Judah and Jeroboam (II) the son of Joash (796 B.C.)
“2 years before the earthquake”
760, 755 BC?
Who was Amos?
Not a professional (7:14-15)
Outline:
A series of "oracles" concerning sin and judgment of eight nations (ch. 1-2)
A series of "sermons" concerning the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 3-6)
A series of "visions" regarding the sin and judgment of Israel (ch. 7-9)
amos
Plumb line
Hosea: Intro
Date: Hosea 1:1
In the Days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah; (791-687 BC).
In the days of Jeroboam II (753-746 BC)
Probably started late in Jeroboam and Uzziah’s reigns and ended early in Hezekiah’s reign.
750-725 B.C. (Intro to the OT- 715 BC).
Contemporaries:
Possibly a preist?
Husband of Gomer (1:3), Father of Jezreel (1:4), Lo-Ruhamah (1:6); Lo-Ammi (1:8-9); His basic message will be illustrated through his family
Outline:
Object Lesson: Hosea’s Family (1:1–3:5)
Hosea Spells Out His Parable with Accusations, Warnings, and Promises (4:1–14:9)
hosea
GOD
SIN
HARLOTRY
ISRAEL
Chps 1-3: Chiastic Structure
Examples of chiastic structures are the A,B,C...C,B,A pattern or A, B, B1, A1 pattern.
A. n 1:2-9 – Literal Marriage Framework
Hosea and Gomer: The Children of Literal Harlotry
B. 1:10-2:1 – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption Frame
Yaweh and Israel: The Children of Spiritual Harlotry Restored
C. 2:2-13 – Spiritual Marriage: Present Infidelity and Punishment
Yaweh and Israel: The Judgment of the Spiritual Harlot
B-1. 2:2-14-23 – Spiritual Marriage: Future Redemption Frame
Yahweh and Israel: The Spiritual Harlot Herself Restored
A-1. 3:1-5 – Literal Marrriage Framework
Hoseah and Gomer: The Literal Harlot Redeemed
hosea
GOD
SIN
HARLOTRY
PATIENCE
MERCY
LOVE
ISRAEL
The Bible possesses the power of:
A lack of knowledge has always destroyed the people of God- Hos. 4:6
But the YOUNG can keep their ways pure by the Word of God- Ps. 119:9
And the ELDERS were exhorted to keep the church by the Word- Acts 20:28-32
The Bible possesses the power of “Salvation” and “Condemnation”
Received properly, it can save our souls! - James 1:21
It will be the standard by which we will be judged - John 12:48
Suggestions for Bible study
SET A REGULAR TIME!
PRAY AS YOU STUDY!
Micah: intro
Date:
During the reign of these Judean kings; Jotham (750–735 b.c.), Ahaz (735–715), and Hezekiah (715–687).
Around 735-700 B.C.
Outline:
The coming judgment, with a promise of restoration - Mic 1: 1-2:13
God's condemnation of Israel, with a glimpse of the future hope – Mic 3:1-5:15
God's indictment of Israel, with a plea for repentance and promise of forgiveness – Mic 6:1-7:20
Summary: Present judgment, future blessing
micah
PRESENT
JUDGMENT
FUTURE
BLESSING
GOD
SIN
HARLOTRY
ISRAEL
hosea
GOD
SIN
HARLOTRY
PATIENCE
MERCY
LOVE
ISRAEL
micah
PRESENT
JUDGMENT
FUTURE
BLESSING
micah
PRESENT
JUDGMENT
FUTURE
BLESSING
Descendant of king Hezekiah? (1:1)
Date:
640-609 B.C.
Prophesied to Judah alone, following the downfall of the northern kingdom Israel
Contemporaries: Jeremiah, Nahum, Habakkuk
2:4-3:7 Look around (consider punishment of nations- understand that punishment is coming)
3:8-20 Look beyond (future blessing)
Theme: Day of the Lord
Zephaniah:
WITHIN
AROUND
BEYOND
LOOK!
Nahum
Comfort
Nineveh