The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Fishery Certification Chain of Custody Certification The best...

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Transcript of The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Fishery Certification Chain of Custody Certification The best...

  • Slide 1
  • The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Fishery Certification Chain of Custody Certification The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • Presentation Outline Background MSC Standards Program structure and operation Fishery assessment and certification Small scale/data deficient Making a difference Program status and trends Chain of Custody certification MSC commitments & products The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • Context From 1950 to 2007, total fish production 14.3mmMT 120mmMT Global avg. seafood consumption in 1960=22lbs.; in 2005=36lbs. 200 million people depend directly on the fishing industry 25X more fishermen in small- scale than large-scale fisheries with equal production. Fish trade is US$83 billion year 2.9 billion people depend on seafood as primary or sole source of protein The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Independent, international charity established in 1997 by WWF & Unilever Aim to reverse the decline in global fish stocks Based on FAO code of conduct for responsible fishing; eco labelling Operating from 8 global offices & active in over 40 countries Primarily grant funded Manage two international standards fisheries and traceability Partnership organization Governance structure The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • Fisheries apply for certification on a voluntary basis Fisheries are assessed against the MSC Standard by 3 rd party independent certifiers supported by a team of experts Members of the supply chain apply for Chain of Custody and audits are completed by 3 rd party independent certifiers Fish from successfully certified fisheries can be marketed with MSC ecolabel once chain of custody is completed How the Program Works The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • The MSC 3 rd party process Standard setter Certification Bodies Fishery Assess Certify & Audit Compliance Supply Chain The best environmental choice in seafood Accredits Ecolabel Licensing OUTREACH Defines Standard Criteria
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  • MSC fishery standard Developed over 2-year process 97-99 Based on FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing Broad stakeholder consultation Third-party independent, accredited certifiers Scope wild capture fisheries Objective and scientifically verifiable; rigorous and comprehensive Open to fisheries of all sizes, scales, geography, & gear The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • MSC Fishery Certification Process Voluntary participation Initial analysis (confidential pre- assessment Transparent review of fishery (Full Assessment) with built-in stakeholder consultation and objection procedures 5-year certification, then re- assessment Annual surveillance audits by the certification body (on-going monitoring) Governance system for regular review The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • MSC pre-assessment Recommended Confidential Results are not publicized Quick analysis of fishery to identify if they are a good candidate and highlight areas of concern Timeframe 2-3 months Cost time and expense of certifier, based on scale and complexity The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • MSC Full Assessment Process public, peer-reviewed, published Timeframe 12-18 months Cost Time and expense of certifier, based on scale and complexity What is assessed (unit of cert) Audit 3 principles with 31 indicators Scoring (
  • Each performance indicator must score > 60 (minimum pass, automatic fail if not) Each Principle must achieve an average weighted score of > 80 across aggregated indicators (best practice) For any indicator scoring from > 60 to < 80, fishery client must agree to meet conditions to achieve specified outcomes over a defined period of time Passing the Fishery Standard The best environmental choice in seafood 6080100 20 40 6080100 20 40
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Post Fishery Certification Annual (at least) surveillance audits by the certification body Evaluate progress toward meeting any conditions of certification Evaluate if any changes in fishery performance, stock or ecosystem status, management system or new knowledge might create need for re-assessment Full re-assessment every 5 years
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Small-scale and/or data deficient fisheries MSC Policy Ensure equal access to program irrespective of size, scale, location, and intensity of program Risk-Based Framework (RBF) Developed for data deficient fisheries Pilots completed in South America, Africa, Asia, & Europe Risk Based Methodology now integrated into FAM Methodology based on ERAEF, CSIRO team
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Characteristics of RBF 1.Alternative approach to MSC scoring designed to be used in conjunction with normal fishery assessment methodology 2.Can be used for some indicators in P1 and P2 3.Is triggered when data for scoring is deficient (decision tree) 4.No prerequisites for a fishery to meet to be eligible 5.Built-in precaution of RBF methods creates an incentive to use FAM when data are available 6.Approach is two-tiered: SICA and PSA 7.Provide risk-based estimate of impact of fishery on ecological components in the PI. 8.Approach: risk based indicators->risk score->MSC score
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood RBF Method: Level 1 SICA (Scale, Intensity, Consequence Analysis) Qualitative process to identify which activities lead to a significant impact on any species, habitat or ecosystem. Uses expert knowledge of stakeholders Uses sets of tables to score the impacts of different fishing activities on defined subcomponents Final scores based on the worst plausible case scenario identified by the stakeholder group
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood RBF Method: Level 2 PSA (Productivity-Susceptibility Analysis) Risk to an ecological unit (e.g. a bycatch fish species) due to fishing will depend on: Productivity: the natural dynamics of the unit (e.g., age at maturity), that determine the rate at which it recovers from impacts due to fishing Susceptibility: the level of exposure of the unit to the fishing activity (e.g., encounterability with the fishing gear)
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood RBF schematic
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Certification: Making a Difference Market demand for independent certification is growing & driving change There is an ecological and business case Credible and robust certification and labelling programmes can compliment public policy measures and contribute to delivery of desired outcomes Clear role for consumers and the public in achieving these aims
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Positive Improvements Environmental New Zealand hoki Stock rebuilt Reduced seabird mortality Seabed impacts South Africa hake Bird bycatch reduced to very low levels South Georgia Patagonian toothfish IUU fishing Traceability Economic Pacific cod (LL) New markets Price increase at wholesale level Pacific albacore New markets Price increase at dock level
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood Positive Improvements Social Baja CA red rock lobster Political visibility of fishing community increased Policy South African hake Bird by-catch measures adopted throughout fleet EUR herring More precautionary management policies Continue to meet MSC standard
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  • Fisheries In MSC Program The best environmental choice in seafood 40-50 Fisheries in Pre - Assessment 119 Fisheries in Full Assessment 92 MSC Certified Fisheries
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood
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  • MSC-certified Supply 12% of worlds edible wild capture fisheries are now engaged. Over 5,000,000 Mt of seafood in total (>3 m MT in assessment). Species by category: 42% of global salmon catch 40% of global prime whitefish catch (cod, pollock, hake, haddock, & saithe) 85% of global cold water shrimp catch (Canada & Oregon) 18% of global spiny lobster catch
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  • The best environmental choice in seafood California Fisheries in MSC program Albacore tuna Pacific hake Others have completed pre-assessment Sussex England approach to network of fisheries Learning from other west coast fisheries Considerations
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  • Traceability MSC Chain of Custody The best environmental choice in seafood MSC products can be traced back to MSC certified source fishery through our Chain of Custody certification. Chain of Custody is a requirement for any company that wants to sell and promote products as MSC certified. Primary & Secondary Processors Distributors and Importers Retailers (Fresh Department) 3 rd Party Independent audit by Certifying Bodies. Audit to make sure that companies have systems in place to keep MSC separate from non-certified fish.
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  • Product Traceability MSC Chain of Custody Certification Certified Secondary Processor Certified Wholesaler/Distributor Certified Primary Processor 15 The best environmental choice in seafood Certified Fishery
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  • MSC Labeled products >33