The Lodis, Mughals and Sher Shah

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Transcript of The Lodis, Mughals and Sher Shah

  • THE LODIS, MUGHALS AND SHER SHAH1414 AD - 1560 ADPresented By:Ar. Shivani Kaul

  • BACKGROUND: In the early 15th century, architectural activities were stilled but political intrigues , conspiracies and murders were rife

    Khizar Khan (descendent from prophets family), governor of Multan started ruling in 1414 AD: SAYYID DYNASTY

    The last Sayyid ruler, Alam Shah retired leaving BAHLOL LODI, chieftain of an Afghan tribe, to take over the reins of power

    Bahlol was the first true blooded afghan to sit on the throne of Delhi, after centuries of rivalry with rulers of Turkish descent

  • SAYYIDS AND LODI NECROPOLIS IN DELHI

    Bahlol died in 1489 AD. He was followed by Sikander Shah (praised for his excellent qualities of head and heart)

    Under his rule, the centre of the government of Lodis shifted to Agra

    Lodis ruled from Agra during this period, their mortal were brought and buried in Delhi (monuments of lodis, largely tombs, are found in Delhi)Delhi became one vast necropolis- more than 50 fifty tombs of kings and ministers and other members of the Afghan nobility were erected in the countryside south of Firuz Shahs city of Tughlaqabad

  • TOMBS IN THE LODHI GARDENS

    Group of tombs: Lodi garden (formerly Lady Willingdon Park)

    Two distinct prototypes:OCTAGONAL in its configurationConventional CUBE WITH A DOMED ROOF

    Octagonal: royalty- association with the plan of the sacred Dome of the Rock, JerusalemInspiration : the first octagonal tomb was erected during the tughlaq period

  • Mubarak Shahs Tomb

    built in 1434 AD: the Sayyid builders proceeded to enlarge and refine the proportions of the Tughlaq prototype

    15m high dome, arches in each 9m side of the octagon, merlons along the parapet and kiosks above the verandas were more firmly organized than in tughlaq prototype. Yet the stilted dome seems to sit rather than bend over its 21m wide octagonal base

    tomb of Mubarak Shah

  • This fault was rectified in the tomb of Muhammed Sayyid built a decade (1444 AD) later- the drum of the dome along with the kiosks was several feet higher

  • The garden tomb of SIKANDER LODIThe tomb profile of Mubarak Sayyid was found to be pleasing that when 75 years later in 1518 AD, a tomb had to be erected for Sikander Lodi, almost an exact copy of the Sayyid tomb was repeated

    Only the kiosks on the verandah roof were eliminated and replaced by semi minarets or guldastas attached to the base of the tomb

  • Two significant contributions to the development of Islamic architecture in Delhi by Lodi's:

    attempt to raise the outer dome to more splendid heights, w/o allowing inner chamber to appear disproportionately tall, they introduced a second inner dome of a lower profile within the outer one (outer inner shell separated by void)

    2. Though the structure is not quite set within an ornamental gardens as later Mughal toms were- for the first time in Islamic Delhi, the tomb instead of standing dejectedin barren and flat site, became the focus of a fairly formal and elaborate arrangement

  • Sikander Lodi tomb:Arcaded surrounding well defines the square courtyard in the centre of which lies the tombAdditional: verandah to its western wall, the central court became the liwan and mosque attached to the funerary chamberImpressive gateways were installed at the cardinal points in the centres of the surrounding wallSouthern wall: large platform and elaborate in its arrangement Progress made from tomb and mosque of Sultan GarhiInitiated the idea, the Lodis that was later improved during Mughals: Garden and Tomb Architecture

  • GUMBADS for the LodhisBARE-KHAN-KA-GUMBAD (1497 A.D.)CHOTE-KHAN-KA-GUMBAD BARA GUMBAD (1494 A.D.)SHEESH GUMBAD