THE LIFE -BO AT. JOUBNAL OF THE Bational lafe^Boat Jnstitution. (ISSUED QUARTERLY.) VOL. XVI.—No. 179.] IST FEBRUARY, 1896. PEICB Sd. [WITH WRECK CHART. SOME ACCOUNT OF THE GEOWTH OP THE EOYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION'S FLEET SINCE THE EE-OEGANIZA- TION OF THE SOCIETY IN 1850. II. (1873-1885.) IN the Life-boat Journal for November, 1895, the development of the EOTAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION'S fleet is traced for the twenty-two years which elapsed between 1850, when the Society had got into regular working order, and had begun to build its own boats and place them on the coast, until 1872, when we found that the fleet had increased to 233 Life-boats, and that in that year there was a total of 261 boats on the coasts of Great Britain and Ireland; consequently there were but 28 which were not under the management of the Institution. The fleet had reached such proportions that it was hardly to be expected that it would continue to increase by leaps and bounds as it had been doing, and the " Annual Report" published in May, 1873, shows no addition to the number of the Life-boats—a check, 233 Lifeboats. no d ° Q l>t—but the places requiring the presence of a Life-boat were getting few and far between. However, 5 new boats were built, and sent to the coast to take the place of old ones since the last Eeport. The year 1872 had been one of ex- ceptional severity for gales. Three accidents to Life-boats are recorded. The first at Montrose, where a heavy sea broke over the boat when out rendering service to a vessel, washing four of the crew overboard ; they were recovered, but unfortunately one died a few days after from the effect of the exposure. The second case was of a very serious nature. The Skerries (Ireland) boat was com- pelled to anchor in broken water, and the tide sheering the boat broadside on, she capsized several times, six of her crew being drowned: this boat's pro- portions were 32 ft. X 8 ft. The third accident was to the Eamsgate boat, one of her crew being washed overboard at night, and nothing more was seen of him. This boat had for twenty years been employed in Life-boat work, and this -was the first life lost from her; she was a self - righting boat measuring 40 ft. X 10 ft. 4 in. The terrible disaster to the Northfleet occurred in January. As many will remember, she was an emigrant ship, and was run into whilst at anchor near Dungeness, and nearly 400 lives were lost. The list of stations in the " Annual Eeport" published 1st May, 1874, shows an increase of 7, 1874. 210 Life-boats.. VOL. XVI.—No. 17 ( J.—LIFE-BOAT JOURNAL.

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Bational lafe^Boat Jnstitution.(ISSUED QUARTERLY.)



II. (1873-1885.)

IN the Life-boat Journal for November,1895, the development of the EOTALNATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION'S fleetis traced for the twenty-two years whichelapsed between 1850, when the Societyhad got into regular working order, andhad begun to build its own boats andplace them on the coast, until 1872, whenwe found that the fleet had increased to233 Life-boats, and that in that yearthere was a total of 261 boats on thecoasts of Great Britain and Ireland;consequently there were but 28 whichwere not under the management of theInstitution.

The fleet had reached such proportionsthat it was hardly to be expected that itwould continue to increase by leaps andbounds as it had been doing, and the" Annual Report" published in May,1873, shows no addition to the number

of the Life-boats—a check,233 Lifeboats. no d°Ql>t—but the places

requiring the presence of aLife-boat were getting few and farbetween. However, 5 new boats werebuilt, and sent to the coast to take theplace of old ones since the last Eeport.

The year 1872 had been one of ex-ceptional severity for gales. Three

accidents to Life-boats are recorded. Thefirst at Montrose, where a heavy seabroke over the boat when out renderingservice to a vessel, washing four of thecrew overboard ; they were recovered, butunfortunately one died a few days afterfrom the effect of the exposure. Thesecond case was of a very serious nature.The Skerries (Ireland) boat was com-pelled to anchor in broken water, andthe tide sheering the boat broadside on,she capsized several times, six of hercrew being drowned: this boat's pro-portions were 32 ft. X 8 ft. The thirdaccident was to the Eamsgate boat, oneof her crew being washed overboard atnight, and nothing more was seen ofhim. This boat had for twenty yearsbeen employed in Life-boat work, andthis -was the first life lost from her; shewas a self - righting boat measuring40 ft. X 10 ft. 4 in. The terrible disasterto the Northfleet occurred in January.As many will remember, she was anemigrant ship, and was run into whilst atanchor near Dungeness, and nearly 400

lives were lost.The list of stations in the

" Annual Eeport" published1st May, 1874, shows an increase of 7,

1874.210 Life-boats..


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bringing the total to 240. The followingare the newcomers:—

Dunwich.Brancaster.New Eomney.St. Mary's


Douglas (Isle of Man),1 additional.

Longhope (Orkneys).Kogerstown


The " Northumberland Keport" showsthat at St. Mary's, Scilly, there-was in1850 a Life-boat which was built in 1828by Mr. Plenty, and whose dimensionswere 26 ft. X 8 ft. 6 in., still in goodcondition, but no mention is made ofa station there between 1850 and 1874.The other stations are all new ones.

A very efficient-sized self-righting boatwas adopted in 1873, viz., 37 ft. x 9 ft.,proportions which have given greatsatisfaction at those places where thereare sufficient men to work so large a boat.They are a sort of happy medium betweenthe small boats which have to rely almostentirely on their oars and the large boatswhich rely entirely on sail as their motivepower.

Four lives were lost through theupsetting of the Stonehaven Life-boaton the bar, and the boat was seriouslydamaged by being dashed against thepier.

In addition to the new stations 7 newboats were also sent to replace old onesat 12 other stations.

The Annual Eeport which

.™S P*blished 15th Mar>1875, shows the fleet in-

creased from 240 to 250.


(3 boats).Staithes.Hythe.

Watchet.Seascale.Balbriggan (Ireland).

A very large addition, considering howwell the coast was now protected. Andall the above, excepting Hartlepool, werenew stations.

In addition to the above, 7 new boatswere built and sent to replace old ones,but no great departure was made as tonew dimensions.

One accident took place entailing theloss of one man. This occurred throughthe upsetting of the Shoreham boat onthe dangerous bar of that harbour, butagainst this single and sad loss it ispleasing to record that 713 lives wererescued.

The list published for 1876 is in-1876. creased by four new stations,

254 Life-boats. Tjz .



It is curious to note that such animportant station as Harwich, with allthe outlying sands in its neighbourhood,should until this year have been with-out a Life-boat. The "NorthumberlandKeport" shows that in 1850 a Life-boat,28 ft. X 7 ft., maintained by theAdmiralty, existed. This boat was builtin 1845 by Mr. Thompson of Eother-hithe. Harwich is now (1895) so im-portant that a steam Life-boat is keptthere. The wreck of the Deutschland in1875 on the Kentish Knock, 24 milesfrom Harwich, of course emphasised thenecessity of placing a boat at Harwich;it will be remembered that 57 lost theirlives on that occasion.

Another frightful catastrophe in thesame year, was the wreck of the Schiller,another German vessel, on one of therocks of the Scilly Islands, when no lessthan 331 of the passengers and crewperished. These two wrecks gave riseto a vast amount of correspondenceurging the necessity of connecting lightvessels and outlying lighthouses bytelegraph with the shore. A movementonly now being really carried out intopractice.

Seventeen new Life-boats were sent tothe coast to replace old ones. So 1875was evidently a very busy year.

An addition of two in thelist, published in "AnnualReport" of May, 1877, shows

the fleet'as numbering 256.

1877.256 Life-boats.

Dartmouth. Cemlyn.

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Dartmouth apparently entered the fieldas a Life-boat station for the first time,but the often quoted "NorthumberlandBeport" shows that Cemlyn as far backas 1828 was a Life-boat station, possess-ing in 1850 a boat of 26£ ft. x 6 ft.dimensions, built by Harton after Palmer,and maintained by the National Ship-wreck Association.

Eleven new boats were despatched toreplace old ones.

Three distressing accidents entailing lossof life occurred, viz., one at Kingstown, theLife-boat (32 ft. X 7 ft. 6 in.) with thecrew of a brig on board, making 19 alltold in the boat, was capsized whilstunder sail, three of the brig's crew werelost and the 2nd coxswain was severelyinjured and died shortly afterwards.

At Whitby the Life-boat broached toand upset, and three of the crew perishedpresumably through their life-belts com-ing off. This led to an improvement inthe belts by substituting buckles insteadof trusting to tying the strings of thebelts.

The third case was at Bude, whereperhaps the heaviest broken water onthe coast of England is to be found.Here the boat was capsized, and although11 out of her crew of 12 regained herwhen she righted, the other was drowned;he was the coxswain. Against theseaccidents the list of saved for the yearappears as 600.

The 1878 " Eeport" shows268 Life-boats.that the P*8* year'liad been

one of exceptional activityon the part of the BOYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION, for we find the fleetaugmented by no less than 12 newstations:—

Claoton-on-Sea. Ackergili.Hope Cove. Nairn.Yealm River. Whitelink Bay.Ehyl Newburgh.

(1 additional). Gourdou.Port Patrick. Tralee Bay (Fenit).Huna.

All (with the single exception of Khyl,

where a second boat was placed) entirelynew to Life-boat work. In addition tothese stations, 2 new boats were sent tosupersede old ones.

The list of persons rescued by the Life-boats and shore boats for 1877 amountedto no less than 1,048, the third occasionsince the foundation of the Society that" four figures had been reached."

A very large self-righting boat measur-ing 44 ft. X 11 ft. 1 in. was sent toBamsgate; this boat, though havingvery poor sailing qualities, was verymuch liked at Bamsgate, and for thirteenyears did excellent work.

A boat whose dimensions were 37 ft. X8 ft. 6 in. was sent to the newly-formedstation, Port Patrick, where she still is,and remains a great favourite.

After such an increase in

268 Life-boats.the fleet as was shown bythe last "Beport," it was

hardly to be expected that the list pub-lished in 1879 would be much added to,and in fact it records the same numberof boats, namely, 268. However, 10 newboats were built and sent to replace oldones.

The past year had not been one ofspecial results as to the number rescuedby the Institution's boats, but it wasremarkable for three terrible calamities.First, the loss of the training - shipEurydice and 366 lives, a disaster of apeculiarly distressing nature, seeing thegreater part of the crew were young menjust beginning their career, and also thatthe ship was lost almost within sight ofmany of their homes, to which they werejust returning after a foreign cruise.Second, there was the loss of theGerman ironclad- Grosser Kurfiirst and284 lives. This disaster, as may beremembered, was the result of collisionwith one of her consorts, and took placein sight of Folkestone. Lastly, was theawful loss of the Thames river steamerPrincess Alice and no less than 600 lives.Although none of the above cases in anyway had any bearing on Life-boat work,yet they had great bearing on the

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question of life-saving apparatus carriedby vessels.

The " Annual Report" published 1880,ggo shows the list increased by

270 Life-boats.two an<* tlle ̂ eet numbering270. As a matter of fact

the following new stations were added :—

Winterton Dundalk(1 additional), (1 additional),

Southend (Essex),

but Gorton disappears, and the boatwhich was there was transferred toWinterton.

Twelve new Life-boats took the placeof old ones on the coast. There was nospecial departure in the design or pro-portions of the new boats with the singleexception of the boat sent to Southend;she was what is known as a " Wolfe'sinsuhmergible Life-boat," and was 25 ft.long by 7 ft. 3 in. bsam.

Two unfortunate accidents occurred toLife-boats in the past year. At Bacton inNorfolk the boat was upset and 4 liveswere lost; and at Ardrossan the Life-boat was upset whilst being towed beforea heavy following sea, and out of the25 persons on board 4 lost their lives.

A step of the utmost importancewas taken by the Committee in 1879 :namely, the appointment of DistrictInspectors. Hitherto the work of in-spection had been carried out by a Chiefand three other Inspectors. Now theCoast was divided into five districts

1 1 and an inspector appointed to each,'! whose business it was to pay peri-j i odical visits to each station, exercise; ' the boats no matter what the weather

! was (unless very extreme), confer withj j the coxswains and men that man the

boats, and report on each station. Therewas no step taken by the Institutionsince its foundation that has led to suchan increase of efficiency as the appoint-ment of these inspectors. They werein a position to introduce more disciplineamong the crews, a thing sadly neededthen, and by no means to be neglectedno if, and also they had the advantage

of gaining an enormous amount of usefulknowledge from the coxswains and crewswhich would be used for the benefit ofthe Institution. Also the fact that theirduties obliged them to be out in Life-boats most days in the year, and to superin-tend the launching and working of themin every conceivable way very soon putthese officers in possession of Life-boatknowledge which not even the best cox-swains had the opportunities of gaining.Life-boat work is a speciality, and theaspects under which it is carried out varyalmost at every station.

In 1881 we find two new names addedto the list, but we lose

1881271 Life-boats. Chapmans Pool in the Isle

of Purbeck. The newcomersare :—

Kobin Hood's Bay. St. Anne's.

What led to the establishment ofthe Kobin Hood's Bay station was anextremely arduous service performed bythe Whitby boat which was summoned torender assistance to the crew of a vesselin distress off Eobin Hood's Bay, the 6miles of road between the two placesbesides being very hilly were covered withvery deep snow. However the efforts ofthe Whitby boat were successful; but itwas considered advisable to place a boatat Eobin Hood's Bay.

This was not actually a new station asfar as Life-boat work is concerned, forthey had a boat there as far back as1839 ; she was built by Gale, of Whitby,was 28 feet long by 10 feet beam. Thisboat in 1843 upset and drowned 12 men.

As many as 17 new boats were sent tothe ccast since the last report.

Three accidents occurred, namely, tothe Wells, Harwich and Yarmouth Life-boats ; in the case of the former of these11 lives were lost, the greatest disastersustained since the re-organisation of theSociety in 1850, although an accidentunfortunately greater in loss to a privateLife-boat at Gorleston occurred in 1866,by which 13 lives were lost through theboat capsizing on the bar.

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1882 finds the fleet of Life-boats stillnumbering 271. Two new

271 Life-boats. names aPPear and two boats

are removed.

Hamburgh Castle, Littlelmven,

are the new stations, and Bacton, and 1boat from Lowestoft are the removalsfrom the list. The boat at Cleethorpesis transferred to Grimsby.

Eleven new Life-boats were sent toreplace old ones ; a Life -boat whosedimensions were 37 ft. X 8 ft. wasused for the first time and has sub-sequently proved herself to be a goodpulling boat.

1881 had been a terribly stormy year,and the Institution claims having paidrewards for the rescuing of 1,121 lives,the greatest number in one year with theexception of 1869, when 1,231 wererescued. Among many splendid servicesdone was one by the Bamsgate boat to avessel called the Indian Chief, which wasstranded on the Long Sand, one of thatnetwork of shoals at the mouth of theThames. This service has been fre-quently referred to by those interestedin Life-boat work.

On referring to the " AnnualETrt " PUbliShed In 1883'again a small increase to the

fleet is seen, for it now numbers 273.

273 Scats.



go to swell the total, but we lose Kogers-town from our list. The TheddlethorpeLife-boat station is transferred to Mable-thorpe. Nine new boats were sent to thecoast.

An accident occurred to the Life-boatstationed at Swansea through being sweptover a reef of rocks, on which occasionfour of her crew perished. Also one manwas lost out of the New Brighton tubularboat.

In 1882 the Society, hoping to en-courage carefulness in owners of fishingand small coasting vessels, instituted ascheme for assisting them to procure

1884.274 Life-boats.

aneroid barometers at a very small cost,the Institution making it possible for theowners to procure these instruments atone-third their retail cost.

In the 1884 "Eeport" wefind one more addition tothe number of Life-boats

on the coast :•—

Gorleston (1 additional).

Gorleston had always been an activeLife-boat centre, for long before theInstitution had a footing there, Life-boats were owned and worked by thebeach companies. The boat which wastransferred from Yarmouth was a verypowerful one of the Norfolk and Suffolktype, 42 ft. 3 in. x 11 ft. 9 in. Inaddition to this boat, 4 other new boatswere built, and sent to replace old ones.

1883 saw the opening of the Fisheries'Exhibition, the forerunner of a series ofExhibitions at South Kensington, but theonly one of importance to the Life-boatInstitution, for it is needless to say theSociety was well to the fore in its exhibit;and besides that the thoughts of thethousands of people who visited it werenaturally directed towards the sea coastand the perils entailed by fishermen intheir ordinary avocation, and from thatto life-saving is a natural sequence.

Our next "Annual Keport," namely,that published in 1885, shows an extra-

ordinary increase. The Life-boat fleet has been raisedfrom 274 to 234, and this at

a time when it was considered the guard-ing of the coast for life-saving purposeswas almost complete. The new stationsare:—•

1885.234 Life-boats.


(1 additional)."VValton-on-the-

Nuze.Port Eynon.Newport.

New Brighton(1 additional).

Port Erin(Isle of Man).


Chichester Harbour boat is moved toLittlehampton, the Alderney boat trans-ferred to Jersey, and the Cruden Life-

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boat Station is henceforth known as PortErroll.

In every respect was 1884 an activeyear, for in addition to the above newstations, 28 new boats were built toreplace old ones, this being greatly inexcess of any year since 1866.

We now come to a point in the historyof the Institution's Fleet where it willbe convenient to stop for the presentand reserve the last ten years for

another and concluding article on thissubject.

It is interesting to note, and is a signof the great activity of the Society, thatbetween 1865 and 1885 the entire fleetwith the exception of 5 boats was re-placed, and that out of the 322 Life-boatsshown to be on the coast in the wreckchart for 1884-5, 284 were under themanagement of the BOYAL NATIONALLIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION.

(To be continued.)


ANOTHER year of " Life-boat Saturday "work has closed, and notwithstandingthe great hindrance to advancement inthe shape of a General Election, andCounty Council and School Board Elec-tions, good progress has been made, up-wards of eighty of the principal citiesand towns of the United Kingdom havingin all now joined the movement. Themetropolis is busy preparing for a cam-paign, and we have no doubt that beforethe close of another year a handsome" Life-boat Saturday" collection willstand to the credit of London. If so,the moral effect on those large townswhich as yet have not shown an interestin the work is sure to be a good one,and will certainly secure adherents forthe cause. Our readers will rememberthat the Institution decided last May, inview of the growth of its Saturday move-ment and the desirability of developingit in London, that on and from the1st January last, it should be workedfrom a central office in London. Thiswas accordingly done, and business was

in full swing on New Tear's Day at the"Life-boat Saturday" Fund Offices, 3Adelphi Terrace, Strand, W.C., under theable guidance of Mr. A. P. SMITH, the" Life-boat Saturday" Fund Secretary.The immediate general conduct of theFund has been deputed by the Institutionto a Committee composed partly of a fewMembers of the Committee of Manage-ment of the Institution, but principallyof Representatives from cities and townsthroughout the country in which " Life-boat Saturday" collections have beenmade. The first meeting of the CentralCommittee of the Institution's " Life-boatSaturday " Fund was held at the Officesof the Fund on the 15th January, whenSir EDWARD BIRKBECK, Bart., the well-known Chairman of the Parent Committee,was unanimously appointed Chairman ofthe Committee of the Fund. We haveevery reason to believe that the move-ment will, as heretofore, go on andprosper. This will certainly be thecase if our readers give it a helpinghand.

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The Life-boat, Aaron Stark Syines, sta-tioned at Poolbeg, also went out but wasunable to reach the vessel.

On the following morning Mr. BASILHALL, the Institution's Inspector of Life-boats in Ireland, went out in a steam-tagwith the Poolbeg Life-boat in tow, butafter encountering several heavy seas,which half-filled the stokehold, was com-pelled to slip the Life-boat and turn back.The boat attempted to proceed alone, butwas unable to do so, and eventually run-ning back was re-taken in tow, andreturned to Poolbeg. The s.s. Tearaght,belonging to the Commissioners of IrishLights, also attempted to reach the vesselfrom Kingstown Harbour, but was com-pelled to put back. On the succeedingday (26th December) the Tearaght againproceeded to the rescue at daylight,anchored ahead of the wreck, lowered theport Life-boat, and under the command ofCaptain THOMAS McCoMBiB, the master ofthe vessel, with eight volunteers from hiscrew, and his son (aged fifteen years),saved in two trips the master, his wifeand child, and the crew of seventeen menfrom the ill-fated ship. Yery great riskwas incurred in effecting the rescue andin returning to the steamer; on the secondoccasion the boat was very nearlyswamped by the heavy breakers. ThePoolbeg Life-boat also put off again, butfound that the rescue had been accom-plished.

Her Majesty THE QUEEN graciouslydespatched a telegram to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, expressing herdeep sympathy with the widows andorphans of the Life-boat men. LadyCADOGAN visited Kingstown and person-ally delivered the message to the bereavedfamilies. Her Majesty also contributedthe sum of 30Z. to the fund for the reliefof the widows and dependents of the Life-boat men.

A public funeral was accorded tothirteen of the men whose bodies hadbeen recovered. The Institution was repre-sented by Commander ST. VINCENTNEPEAN, E.N., Chief Inspector of Life-boats. The scene was a most impressiveone, the line of carriages and other vehiclesbeing at least a mile in length, and the

and mercifully disastersresulting in the loss of a whole Life-boatcrew are very few and far between, butan accident of this character took place,alas! at Kingstown on Christmas Eve,and was the worst which had befallenthe Service for nine years. Since theestablishment of the Institution in 1824,there have only been three cases in whicha whole crew has been lost, and one ofthese happened to a life-boat unconnectedwith the BOYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOATINSTITUTION.

At 10 A.M. on the 24th December, theship Palme, of Finland, was observeddragging her anchors off Kingstown Har-bour, while a strong gale was blowingfrom the E.S.E. with a heavy sea. TheKingstown No. 2 Life-boat, Civil ServiceNo. 7, proceeded to her assistance undersail, but when about 600 yards distantfrom the vessel, which went aground1̂ miles N.N.W. of Kingstown Harbourin 15 feet of water, where she was sur-rounded by a rough, short and confusedsea, the Life-boat capsized, remaining keelupwards and the whole of her crew offifteen men lost their lives. The Kings-town No. 1 Life-boat, Hannah Piokard,put off soon after the other boat had left.She had only a crew of nine men onboard, and accordingly she went toH.M.S. Melampus, and obtained six volun-teers to complete, intending then to joina steam-tug, which had got under wayfor the purpose of towing her. The tug,however, finally declined to go out, andthe Life-boat therefore went alone undersail; she behaved well, but as she nearedthe vessel the large Life-boat was foundcapsized. This boat also capsized whileunder sail but righted immediately andall but three of the crew regained her;these three, of whom only one was reallyseparated from the boat, were promptlygot on board; she was repeatedly filledby the curling seas, from which she freedherself at once, but having lost her mizenand some of the oars, and finding theycould not make the wreck, on account oftheir leeward position, the crew returnedto the land, which was reached after asevere struggle, the boat being consider-ably damaged in landing on a rocky shore.

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inhabitants of Kingstown and the sur-rounding neighbourhood attending in tensof thousands, thronging the route andfilling the cemetery.

Steps were promptly taken to relievethe immediate wants of those who hadbeen dependent for subsistence on theearnings of the poor fellows who werelost. Thirteen of them left widows;thirty-one dependent children and eightother dependent relatives were1 left un-provided for.

The Institution granted the sum of2,200Z. in aid of the fund raised locallyfor the relief of the widows and others.All the expenses in connection with thefunerals were also defrayed by theInstitution, and each widow or otherlegal representative received the pay-ment of 1Z. 10s. awarded in respect ofeach Life-boat man who had gone in theboat.

At the request of the Institution theBoard of Trade held an inquiry into thecircumstances attending this lamentablecasualty.

The Board of Trade having, at therequest of the ROYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION, held an Official Inquiryinto the circumstances attending thiscasualty, have since issued the Keport oftheir Inspecting Officers who held theinvestigation. They find, forming thebest judgment they can under the circum-stances, " that the cause of the casualtywas the failure of the Life-boat to rightherself, owing to in juries sustained by theend air-chambers, or one of them, uponher being capsized."

The Gold Medal of the Institution,accompanied by a copy of the vote in-scribed on vellum and framed, wasawarded to Captain THOMAS McCoMRis, abinocular glass, bearing a suitable in-scription, to his son, and 2Z. each to thecrew of eight men, in recognition of theirgallantry in saving the lives of those onboard the wrecked vessel.

The Committee tendered their thanksto the captain of H.M.S. Melampus forkindly permitting six of the crew of thevessel to volunteer for service in the Life-boat, and the men were also thanked andremunerated for the services they ren-dered.

The thanks of the Committee were alsogiven to Mr. BASIL HALL, District Inspec-tor of Life-boats, for his services in trying

to get the Poolbeg Life-boat towed to thevessel. Rewards were granted to thecrews of the steam-tugs Flying Sprite andFlying Swallow, and thanks were pre-sented to the Clyde Shipping Company,the owners of the tugs, and to Mr. WATT,their agent in Dublin, for kindly allowingthe gratuitous use of their vessels on theoccasions in question.

Extra pay was awarded to the crews ofthe Kingstown No. 1 and Poolbeg Life-boats, and the thanks of the Institution,inscribed on vellum and framed, werevoted to Mr. MICHAEL DALTON, coxswainof the Poolbeg Life-boat, in recognitionof his indefatigable and praiseworthyendeavours to reach the vessel.

On the 14th January a sister-boat tothe one which met with this terribledisaster, viz., the Queenstown No. 2Life-boat Endeavour, was taken alongsideHanlbowline Island, Cork Harbour, andsubjected to some severe tests under thesuperintendence of the District Inspectorof Life-boats, Mr. BASIL HALL, and theSurveyor of Life-boats, Mr. J. LUTHEREVANS, in the presence of the LocalCommittee and numerous other spectators,amongst whom were Rear - AdmiralBUCKLE, Commander - in - Chief of theIrish Station; Mr. R. U. PENBOSE-FITZ-GEHALD, M.P., Member of the HeadBuilding and General Committees of theParent Institution ; Captain BOAEDMAN,R.N., H.M.S. Warspite; Captain EDWARDS,Principal Officer of the Board of Trade;Lieut. A. GIPPS, R.N., Admiral's Secretary;Commander GRIGGS, K.N.; Mr. THOMASMILLER ; Captain USBOKNE, R.N., HarbourMaster; and Mr. D. ANDERSON, NavalStorekeeper, Haulbowline.

At noon the Endeavour was towedalongside the northern side of Haulbow-line Island, with foresail, mainsail, andjigger set, and manned with her crew offifteen hands all told, under the commandof the Coxswain, FRED ELLIOTT. She is42 ft. long, with beam of 11 ft., and herfore and aft air-tight chambers are equalto 5 tons resistance power each, while herair-tight compartments underneath thedeck number sixteen in the aggregate,which gives the craft great resistanceagainst the water, and affords her amplepower when capsized to right herselfimmediately. She has the means of

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taking in a quantity of water, as occasionmay require, to act as ballast and steadyher when on a life-saving errand, and isequipped with drop keels which can belowered and raised in cases of emergency.

Two experiments took place. The firstwas the capsizing of the boat with hermasts standing and her sails set, and thesecond capsize occurred with masts andsails lowered and gear made fast. Alengthy 10-ton crane jutted over thestone-built northern boundary wall ofthe island on top of the Life-boat lyingunderneath. Everything was made faston board the Endeavour, particularattention being paid to the valves ofthe air-chambers, fore and aft. Allbeing ready, a 5-inch hawser was placedunder her bottom, and being brought upat the other side of the boat, was madefast to the bollards fore and aft, whilstthe other end of the rope was attached tothe hook of the winch. This rope was notequal to the strain and parted twice. Anew rope of somewhat stouter dimensionswas then procured, and the winch work-ing slowly and carefully the Life-boatgradually heeled over, but the force of thenorth-west wind filling the sails, greatlyassisted the boat against the power ofcapsizing her; however, by mechanicalforce, she was gradually overturned untilshe was keel upmost, but immediatelyafterwards, notwithstanding the heavy

topweight of wet sails and masts, sheI righted herself with marvellous rapidity,j and within half a minute afterwards all| the water had disappeared from inside.I Her masts and sails were then lowered; and stowed with other gear. When the; second test was made quickly theI Endeavour was forced to heel over, in thewater rushed, and for the second time herkeel was exhibited to the spectators; butinstantly she rolled over again, makinglike a half somersault, and came uprightin the winking of an eye, when all thewater rushed out again through the re-lieving valves in her bottom within thirtyseconds. Everyone seemed pleased withthe test—in fact, they were delighted.The crew of the Life-boat were most agree-ably surprised,and consider their craft to bethe safest they have ever boarded in theirlives. The local committee are perfectlysatisfied with the results of the experi-ments, which took place in rather calmand shallow water. Had the exhibitionstaken place in deep and rough sea, itstands to reason that the test would havebeen even more successful. Indeed, it isthought by some that the Endeavour can-not be capsized by either wind or sea, andher overturning can only be effected bymechanical force. However, it has beenamply proved that she is a thoroughlybuoyant boat, and possessed of wonderfulrighting powers.


PENZANCE.—The Life-boat stationedsome years since at Penzance has beenreplaced by a new one provided by theEOTAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION.The new boat is 36 ft. long, 8^ ft. wide,and rows 12 oars double - banked. Itpossesses the latest improvements, withall the other characteristics of the boatsof the Institution in the way of self-righting, self-ejecting water, &c. Likeall the modern self-righting Life-boatsbuilt by the Institution, this boat willpromptly self-right if capsized with allthe crew and gear in, masts up andsails set. The cost of the boat hasbeen defrayed by the Misses SMITHE-MAN, of Albury, Surrey, and at their

request it is named the Elizabeth andBlanche.

H I L B B E I S L A N D (CHESHIBE), ANDFORMBT (LANCASHIRE).—These two Life-boat Stations, the management of whichhas been transferred to the Institution bythe Mersey Docks and Harbour Board,have been furnished with new Life-boatsand transporting carriages, besides whichvarious repairs have been effected in theboat-houses. It was inadvertently statedin the last number of the Life-boatJournal (p. 7) that the Goard WilliamSquarey Life-boat is to be found at theHilbre Island Station, whereas it is reallyat the adjoining station, Hoylake. The

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Hilbre Island new Life-boat, in accord-ance with the wishes of the crew, is of anon-self-righting type, 35 ft. long, 10 ft.wide, and rowing 12 oars double-banked.She is also provided with two masts,fitted with jib, fore and mizen standinglug sails; she is furnished with twosliding keels, and when tested wasfound to possess considerable lateralstability, requiring weights equal totwenty-six men on the gunwale tobring it awash, with the crew andgear in. The expense of the new boat,with its special Trolley Carriage on Bailsdesigned and built by the Engineer andArchitect of the Institution, and equip-ment of stores, was defrayed from a legacyleft by the late Major-General WILLOUGHBYBEIGGS, C.B., and in accordance with his

from a legacy bequeathed to the Insti-tution by the late Mr. JOHN AVINS, ofMoseley, near Birmingham, after whomthe boat is named. The boat is one of theself-righting type, 34 ft. long, 8 J ft. wide,rowing 10 oars double-banked, and isprovided with a water-ballast tank. Onthe 10th December, an interesting publicceremony took place in the Rifle DrillHall, Pulteneytown, when the new boatwas formally handed over to the town onbehalf of the Institution by Mr. EUSTACESTBAOEY, late Lieut. E.N., the Inspectorfor Scotland. There was a very goodattendance of the general public, includ-ing most of the public men of both towns,nearly all the ministers, life-boat crew intheir life-belts and red caps, and a largenumber of the E.N.K. men in their

desire the boat is named after his fatherthe Admiral Briggs. The Fonnby newLife-boat is the gift of H. B., a lady whois a native of Lancashire, and is namedthe John and Henrietta. This boat isof the same type as the one at HilbreIsland, she is of the same length (35 ft.),but the breadth (9 ft.) is not so great.She is a 12-oared boat, and is fittedwith masts and sails, and furnished witha new Transporting Carriage and set of" Tipping's " Plates.

WICK,—This Life-boat establishment,which has always hitherto been managedby the Harbour Trustees, has been trans-ferred to the care of the ROYAL NATIONALLIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION, and a new Life-boat and Carriage have been supplied tothe station, the cost having been defrayed

uniform. The members of the Life-boatCommittee, including Mr. HBCTOE SUTHEB-LAND, Town Clerk, Honorary Secretary,and Mr. GEO. J. JAMIESON, HonoraryTreasurer, accompanied Mr. STBACEY tothe platform, and Mr. ALEX. GEDDES,Chairman of the Committee, presided.

The Chairman in opening the pro-ceedings, first briefly informed the audi-ence how it had come about that theInstitution had presented to Wick aLife-boat to be stationed at the harbour.Hitherto the British Fisheries Society,and latterly their successors the HarbourTrust, had kept and maintained a Life-boat here for a number of years. Thatboat was now too old, and of a type thatwas obsolete. Last year the HarbourTrustees, ever anxious for the safety ofthe lives of the fishermen and others at

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sea, resolved to have a new Life-boat, anddesiring that it should be one of the mostmodern type approached the EOYALNATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION, withthe view of ascertaining on what termsthey could obtain one, and the Trusteeswere very agreeably surprised when theInstitution informed them that theywould have pleasure in sending downa new boat free.— (Applause.) — Theboat and carriage had now arrived,and he had pleasure in introducingLieutenant STBACET as representing theInstitution.—(Applause.)

Mr. STBACEY said he felt it a greathonour to be there that day as the repre-sentative of the Institution to hand overthe new Life-boat for the harbour of Wick.After fully describing the valuable quali-ties possessed by the Life-boat, he saidthat he was glad to say that the Institu-tion found the local authorities alwaystook a great interest in their Life-boats,and he felt sure they would find thesame so far as Wick was concerned.—(Applause.)—He had no doubt the boatwould be most thoroughly taken care of.He had pleasure in handing her over, andhe expressed the hope that God mightbless her and the exertions of her crewand all connected with her. — (Loudapplause.)

At this point the Life-boat crewentered, and were warmly applauded.

The Chairman said he felt sure he onlyexpressed the wishes of the inhabitantsand fishermen of Wick when he askedMr. STBAOEY to convey to the Institutiontheir gratitude for having given themsuch a magnificent Life-boat.—(Applause.)—Proceeding, the Chairman referred tothe noble work of life-saving that wasbeing done by the Institution throughthe 303 Life-boats which it now hadplanted around our coasts. There was noInstitution, he said, that better deservedthe sympathy and support of all classes.—(Applause.)

The Provost of Wick and other gentle-men having addressed the meeting, theChairman received a cordial vote of thanksfor presiding, after which an adjournmentwas made to the outer harbour, wherethe launch of the boat took place, andwas witnessed by great crowds of people,after which she was taken out into the bayand tried under sails and oars, behavingto the entire satisfaction of the crew.

WELLS, NORFOLK, PENMON (ANGLESEY)AND AYR (SCOTLAND).— The boats onthese three stations have recently beenreplaced by new self-righting Life-boatsprovided by the Institution. They arerespectively 35 ft., 37 ft. and 34 ft. long,and are all provided with water-ballasttanks; the Penmon boat, in addition,having two drop keels. They bear thesame names as their predecessors, theWells boat being known as the Baltic,the Penmon boat as the Christopher Brown,and the Ayr Life-boat as the Janet Hoyle,

WHITBY.—The No. 2 boat stationed atthis well-known port and watering-placeon the coast of Yorkshire, having beenbrought to London to be repaired, it wasfound necessary after examination toreplace her by a new 34 ft. 10-oaredboat, which has accordingly been done,the cost being generously defrayed byJOHN A. FIELDEN, Esq., of London, whohas also permanently endowed the boat,so that a Life-boat named the JohnFielden will be maintained in perpetuityon the coast.

FENIT, TBALEE BAY.—It will be remem-bered that in January, 1894, a terribleshipwreck, that of the ship PortTarrock, ofGlasgow, took place in Brandon Bay, withthe loss of the whole of the crew of twentypersons. Gallant and repeated attemptswere made by the Life-boat on this stationto go to the help of the ill-fated men, butin vain, on account of her small size, theseverity of the wind, and the rough sea.Such is the tremendous force with whichthe sea breaks on the beach in BrandonBay that it would ba impossible to launcha small Life-boat there, and there are nomen there to work a Life-boat. Afterfall inquiry and consideration, it wasresolved to replace the Life-boat at Fenitby a large first-class sailing Life-boat, thePost Office having readily undertaken tofurnish telegraphic communication be-tween Brandon Bay and Tralee. Accord-ingly such a boat has been speciallybuilt for the Station and placed there. Itmeasures 42 ft. in length by 11 ft. inbreadth, and is fitted with three water-ballast tanks and two drop keels. Thisboat passed in the most perfect mannerthe severe tests to which she was sub-jected before she left the builder'sHands. It took the joint weight of

u 4

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45 men on the gunwale to bring itawash with the crew and gear in theboat, and she also self-righted after beingcapsized with masts and sails set, 15" deadmen " on the thwarts and 19 menin addition on the lee gunwale. Her

cost has been defrayed from a legacybequeathed to the Institution by the lateMiss J. E. KING, of Hammersmith, toprovide a Life-boat to be named the JohnWilmot, this boat accordingly bearingthat name.


THE Annual Eeport of the operations ofthe United States Life-Saving Service forthe year ended the 30th June, 1894, wasissued a few months since from the Gov-ernment Printing Office at Washington,and we learn from it that there are now247 life-saving stations in the States, 182being on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, 51on the coasts of the Great Lakes, 13 onthe Pacific, and one at the Falls of theOhio, Louisville, Kentucky. Since thelast Report four new stations have beenadded to the service, and two old stationshave been reconstructed.

During the year there had been 382disasters to vessels coming within thefield of station operations, this numberbeing 45 less than in the previous twelvemonths. There were 4,024 persons onboard these vessels, of whom 61 perished.The number of vessels totally lost was 91,being an increase of three as comparedwith the previous year. In addition therewere, during the year reported on, 214disasters to smaller craft, such as sail-boats, row-boats, &c., which had 467persons on board, only 7 of whom werelost. The total number of personssuccoured at the stations was 647.

Besides the lives saved from vessels,the life-saving crews were instrumental inrescuing 83 persons under various circum-stances, as follows:—34 had fallen fromwharves, piers, &c., and would haveperished but for the timely assistance ofthe life-saving crews; 8 who were cut offfrom shore by the tide while fishing fromoutlying rocks were rescued by the surf-men, who waded into the water andassisted them with heaving lines ; in threecases where dwellings were endangered byinundation, 27 imperilled persons wererescued by the life-saving crews, 19 by theuse of the boats; 12 men were rescued inthe Life-boat on the 18th May fromimminent peril on a crib near the southbreakwater at Chicago, while upon another

occasion 1 man was taken from theMilwaukee water-works crib, where hewas endangered during a storm; and 1man was recovered from the floatingwreckage of a fallen bridge and safelylanded.

In 439 instances vessels were workedoff when stranded, repaired when damaged,piloted out of dangerous places, andsimilarly assisted by the station crews.There were, besides, 244 instances wherevessels running into danger of strandingwere warned off by the signals of thepatrols.

The surf-boat was used 585 times,making 883 trips, and the self-rightingand self-bailing life-boat was used 102times, making 165 trips.

As usual, very careful inquiry was madeinto the 17 cases where life was lost, inorder to make sure that in no case wasthe disaster attributable to any lack ofpromptness, courage or skill on the partof the members of the Life-saving Service.In two instances it was ascertained thatthe ships meeting with disaster weredestroyed within fifteen minutes of thetime of striking, thereby excluding thepossibility of rescue by the life-savingcrews, and, unhappily, that representedthe loss of 30 persons out of 34 on boardthose vessels, where they were thuswrecked.

We notice with satisfaction that duringthe year the coast telephone lines of theService have been extended and improvedas much as possible, and now cover anextent of about 650 miles. It is stated inthe Keport that the system has provedmore emphatically than ever its indispens-able value as an aid to prompt and efficientlife-saving operations. On every necessaryoccasion two or more crews have beenassembled by this ready means of com-munication between stations, and tugsand other aids to the shipwrecked,whenever they have been needed, have

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been summoned without delay. Telephonecommunication has also been establishedbetween all stations located at importantports (as is largely the case in the lakedistricts) and the local exchanges, thussecuring the receipt at the stations of theearliest telegraphic intelligence of disastersalong the shore. Reference is made in theBeport to the personal examination ofthe system, for the purpose of testing itsefficiency, which was made in the year1893 by the Chairman of the Eoyal

National Life - Boat Institution, SirEDWARD BIRKBBCK, Bart., as a Memberof the Eoyal Commission on ElectricalCommunication with Light-houses, &c.

THE German Life-boat Institution hasnow 115 stations on the coasts, 71 beingon the Baltic and 44 on the North Sea.The number has been constantly in-creasing since the year 1871, when thetotal was 42: 25 on the Baltic and 17 onthe North Sea.


The life-boat skims the waters, the moon sailsdown the sky,

The angry wind is blowing and the waves aremounting high;

A line of clouds are floating above the ocean'sbreast,

And every geabird falters with a feeling ofunrest.

The moon upon the waters has cast her nimbleform,

And throws a searchlight from on high forsailors in the storm ;

The .lightning flashes wildly, the thunderechoes free,

Ah! bright will he the sailors' hearts whenGod comes homo from sea.

The wind is whistling shrilly upon thewhispering foam,

And sailors' hearts are dreaming of theirdistant " Home, sweet Home ; "

The life-boat on the dancing waves draws nearthe harbour bar,

While lightning flashes tinge the sky for manya mile afar.

The blinding hail is dashing down upon thesnowy surf,

Ah! many a sailors' grave to-nignt will be awatery turf,

For black and blacker grows the sky, thecluudlets disagree,

But the sailors will be young again when Godeomes home from sea.

The angry wind is moaning, and muffled is itstone,

i The stars are shooting seaward, the cloudletsJ split their gauze,For God has seen the wonderment of Nature

1 and its cause.The white sea spray is flying like wildfire o'er

I the deep,And thunder peals awaken all the fishing town

from sleep;But oh! a better hour will come, the sailors'

hearts agree,And that will be the tranquil hour when God

comes home from sea.

The hail will cease its merriment beneath thetear-stained moon,

The waves will wed their music to a seraph-sounding tune;

The life-boat will more freely along- the watersblue,

The thunder peals will float away and all theirstrength undo.

The lightning will he doubled up before itreaches earth,

The heart of many a sailor will awaken to newbirth;

And all that's bright and beautiful will singand shout with glee,

A song unto the Heaven of Heavens when Godeomes home from sea.


* Sailors, when they hear the thunder, look upon it as aystic speech from God. The title of my poem, in aiilor's way of putting it, literally means "whra thehuuder leaves the shore," but I have put my title in themi . • .1 • /• T i ^ -n i buuder leaves tbe shore, Dut l nave put my iiue in m

The waters, in their fury, die, and waken with : sallorfurmj ̂ itis more allegorical with the poem througha groan ; : out.— 0. B.

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THE pressure of work thrown on the Boardof Tiade last year was so great that theDepartment was unable to issue until theclose of the year their very valuable"Abstracts of the Shipping Casualties whichoccurred on or near the Coasts of theUnited Kingdom during the year endedthe 30th June, 1894." We were thereforeprevented giving last year according toour practice a Wreck Chart and an explan-atory article. We have now, however, beenfurnished with the admirably arrangedtables and statistics for the year in ques-tion, and have the pleasure of bringingthem under the special notice of ourreaders.

In our last wreck article we were gladto be able to report that the statisticsshowed, not only a considerable falling offin the shipping casualties during the year1892-3, but, which was more importantstill, a corresponding diminution in lossof life. We much regret that we areunable to give such a satisfactory reportfor the year 1893—4, although pleasedto be able to show that the loss of liferesulting from the shipping casualtiesduring the year of which we are treatingwould have been considerably larger hadit not been for the work of the LIFE-BOATINSTITUTION and the excellent and gallantservices of the Coastguard with theirEocket Apparatus.

In the year 1893-94 the total numberof shipping casualties round our coast was4,951, an increase of 1,452 as comparedwith the previous year, although only anincrease of 241 as compared with the year1891-2, and the total number of liveslost as a result of the casualties rose from275 to 821, an increase of 546.

The casualties for the year—4,951—included every description of casualtybefalling every class of vessel, namely,collisions, founderings, strandings, etc.As usual we classify them under thefollowing heads:—(1) Total loss; (2)

serious casualties; (3) minor casualties.Under each of these heads an increase isshown, Nos. 1 and 2 having gone up from1,282 to 1,706—an increase of 424, thetotal of the minor casualties rising from2,217 to 3,245, an increase of 1,028. Lifewas lost in 179 out of the 4,951 casualties.

The collision cases contributed a largeproportion of the casualties, the totalbeing 1,429, an increase of 144 as com-pared with the year 1892-3. Collisioncases being excluded, the cases of totalloss rose from 189 to 417, the seriouscasualties from 673 to 843, and theminor casualties from 1,352 to 2,262, achange for the worse under each head.

As regards the nationality of thevessels suffering, the Board of Tradeenables us to state that casualties befel4,366 British and Colonial vessels and585 Foreign vessels, total 4,951. TheBritish and Colonial total was 1,193larger than that of the previous year,and the Foreign total an excess of 259.

Considering the casualties from alocality point of view, we find the totalswere as follows, collision cases not beingtaken into account:—East coast of Eng-land, 1,037; north coast, 600; west coastof England and Scotland, and east coastof Ireland, 1,180; north coast of Scot-land, 149; east coast of Scotland, 236;and other parts, 320 ; total 3,522, or1,308 more than in the year 1892-3.

The lives lost as the result of casualtiesof all sorts, including collisions, were asfollows:—East coast of England 213, or177 more than in the previous year;south coast of England 78, or 42 morethan in the previous year; west coastof England and Scotland, and east coastof Ireland, 117, an increase of 19 ascompared with the year 1891-2; northcoast of Scotland, 35, or 1 more than inthe year before; east coast of Scotland,37, or 25 more than in the year 1891-2;other parts, 341; total 821.

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On the annexed chart of the UnitedKingdom a black dot will be foundagainst each spot where a serious shippingcasualty took place on the coast during

• the year ended the 30th June, 1894, sothat it can at once be understood at aglance what parts proved most dangerous.The chart further indicates the preciseposition of each of the 303 Life-boatsof the Institution.

Between 1861 and the 30th June,1894, there were 5,328 British, Colonialand Foreign vessels wrecked on our coast,all of which resulted in loss of life, thetotal number of lives so lost being 23,610.Of the 821 lives lost in the year 1893-4,720 were from British and Colonial vessels,as against 228 the preceding year, and101 from Foreign vessels, the number in1892-3 being 47. These totals showtherefore that the number of personsperishing from British and Colonial ves-sels was 546 in excess of the total forthe previous year, and those from Foreignvessels 54 in excess of the correspondingtotal for the year before. Of the 821lives lost 128 are credited to founderedvessels, 61 to collisions, 287 to strandedvessels, 218 to missing vessels as against45 in the year 1892-3, and the remain-ing 127 to explosions, washed over-board, etc.

The following Table, which gives thefigures for forty-one years, shows thatthere has been a considerable fluctuationfrom year to year in the number ofvessels meeting with casualties on thecoast of Great Britain and Ireland,partly perhaps due to the varying numberof vessels coming and going, and partlyto the differing conditions of weather.It will be seen that the total forthe year 1893-94—4,951—is the highestin the record excepting the year 1876-7,when the total was 5,017:—1854 (lastsix months), 458; 1855, l,14i; 1856,1,153; 1857, 1,143; 1858, 1,170; 1895,

1,416; 1860,1,379; 1861,1,494; 1862,1,827; 1863,2,001; 1864, 1,741; 1865,2,012; 1866,2,289; 1867,2,513; 1868,2,131; 1869,2,594; 1870,1,865; 1871,1,927; 1872, 2,381; 1873 (first sixmonths), 1,206 ; 1873-4, 2,191; 1874-5,4,259; 1875-6, 4,554; 1876-7, 5,017;1877-8,4,436; 1878-9,3,716; 1879-80,3,138; 1880-1, 4,297; 1881-2, 4,367;1882-3, 4,363; 1883-4, 4,405; 1884-5,3,764; 1885-6, 3,596; 1886-7, 4,224;1887-8, 4,004; 1888-9, 4,272; 1889-90,4,344; 1890-1, 4,198; 1891-2, 4,710;1892-3, 3,499; 1893-4, 4,951. Total,120,146.

Notwithstanding the terrible loss of lifefrom shipwreck which has taken place onour coasts during rather more than ageneration, giving the very large total of27,449 lives lost, it is well to bear inmind that in the same period the Life-boats of the BOYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOATINSTITUTION and the other means employedand rewarded by the Institution have beenthe happy means of saving 28,809 lives.The number of lives thus saved, therefore,exceeded those sacrificed by 1,360. In1894 rewards were granted by the Com-mittee for saving 790 lives.

The work performed by the Life-boatsin the year 1893-4 was admirably sup-plemented by the important help givento distressed vessels and crews by the 307rocket apparatus and other stations of theBoard of Trade, resulting in the rescue of402 lives as against 614 saved by thesame means in the previous year, the de-crease being 212.

The statistics and facts which we havenow enlarged on are in themselves thevery best argument which could be ad-duced on which to base an appeal for thegenerous support of the Life-boat Institu-tion, and we therefore, in view of thesuccessful efforts of the Institution tosave life in the past, earnestly appeal toall to give it a helping hand.

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ny the I,vfe Soot, Journai.


JouU 1.4


1893-94.j£r>©3m tiii®






ucUfeon. ^.

S F M M ARTDuring the year ended, (he 3C*Ane 78M the, ffitmb

lost or danwged on -the coasts. andin rkc- sea* of the Tinned BJicases cf minor damage wax 4fi5] <aui tke. loss of life

as far as ccm be ascertaintxl was 821 •

Page 17: THE LIF -BOE AT.

ny the I,vfe Soot, Journai.


JouU 1.4


1893-94.j£r>©3m tiii®






ucUfeon. ^.

S F M M ARTDuring the year ended, (he 3C*Ane 78M the, ffitmb

lost or danwged on -the coasts. andin rkc- sea* of the Tinned BJicases cf minor damage wax 4fi5] <aui tke. loss of life

as far as ccm be ascertaintxl was 821 •

Page 18: THE LIF -BOE AT.



. BABMOUTH.—A large vessel was seenstranded on St. Patrick's Causeway on themorning of the 24th March, 1895. A heavygale was blowing from S.W., the weatherwas thick and the sea rough. The Life-boat Jones Ctibb put off at 8.15, and onreaching the vessel found she was thefour-masted barque Andrada, of and forLiverpool, from Tacoma, with a cargo ofwheat. The boat anchored and laid closeto the ship until 1.30 P.M., being severaltimes filled by the heavy seas which brokeover her, the wind having changed toN.W. at noon, and blowing a terrific galefor about an hour, after which it moder-ated. The master of the vessel stated jthat he did not require any help from the !Life-boat men, and ultimately the coxswaingave orders to weigh the anchor and setsail. Nineteen of the barque's crew there-upon got into the boat, requested to betaken ashore, and were landed at Bar-mouth, the others remaining on boirdthe vessel, which eventually floated andwas towed to her destination by steam-tugs.

LITTLEHAVEN.—The smack Sarah, ofMilford, bound from Solva to PembrokeDock, laden with grain, showed a signalof distress, as she was dragging heranchor, while a strong gale was blowingfrom N.W., with a heavy sea at 11.30A.M.on the 24th March. The Life-boat DavidPickard promptly went to her assistanceand returned ashore at 1 P.M. with thecrew of two men. The wind fortunatelymoderated and changed to a W. direction,and the vessel, which ultimately broughtup in a dangerous position, held to heranchors; had the squall continued half-an-bour longer she would in all proba-bility have been completely wrecked.

BBOADSTAIKS.—A signal of distress wasshown by the ketch Martin Lutlier, ofCowes, bound from Poole to London, witha cargo of pipeclay, in a gale from W.S.W.,and a very heavy sea, on the 2ith March.She had anchored off the North Foreland,but had been compelled to slip heranchors in order to avoid collision withanother vessel. "With the assistance of a

steam-tug she was taken into EamsgateHarbour and safely berthed there.

ST. DAVID'S. —While a gale fromW.S.W. was blowing and a very highsea was running, on the 24th March,signals were fired by the South BishopLighthouse. At 5 P.M. the Life-boat Gemwas launched, made for St. David's Head,and found the brigantine Lily Dale, ofCork, coal laden from Newport, Mon., forCjrk, just off Abereiddy or the Sledges.She was disabled, her masts having beencarried away by a squall when about tenmiles N.W. of the Smalls Lighthouse,atd she was drifting helplessly. Onarriving withiu hailing distance the cox-swain of the Life-boat requested themaster to let go his anchors, and thishaving been done, the vessel's head wasbrought to the wind. Considerable risk,owing to the state of the wind and sea,was incurred in taking the vessel's crewinto the Life-boat, but this was skilfullyaccomplished, and the seven men werelanded at Porthgarn, •where the boatremained during the night. The Life-boat again went out on the following dayand assisted in an attempt to save thevessel, which was ultimately towed intoFishguard by a steamer. Invaluablehelp was rendered by the chief boatmanin charge of H.M. Coastguard at St.David's and by the men under his com-mand in connection with, the servicesrendered by the Life-boat.

YOUGHAL.—The Chief Officer of Coast-guard having reported that a steamer,bearing about fourteen miles E. ofYoughal, appeared to be in distress, onthe 28th March, the Life-boat MaryLuckombe was launched at noon and pro-ceeded under sail to the vessel. A galefrom the W.S.W. was blowing and therewas a heavy sea. The steamer provedto be the Sapphire of Dundee. She hadleft Queenstown in the morning, boundfor Manchester, and having lost her pro-peller when off Youghal, hoisted signalsof distress. At the master's request theLife-boat remained by her until thearrival of two steam-tugs which came from

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Queenstown about an hour after the Life-boat reached her, intelligence of the•casualty having been conveyed by anAmerican liner which had passed. Thetugs took the vessel in tow and the Life-boat set sail for home, but the windchanged to the W. blowing a whole gale,and as the heavy seas broke into the boatshe was unable, there being a strongcurrent against her, to return to Youghal,and therefore made for Ardmore, aboutfour miles E., where she was beached forthe night. On the following day she wastaken back to her station.

NEW BRIGHTON.—A telephone messagehavisg been received on the night of the28th March reporting a vessel strandedon Crosby Beach, the steam Life-boatDuke of Northumberland left her mooringsat 11.20 and proceeded through a heavysea, the wind blowing a moderate galefrom W.S.W. to N.W. with heavy squalls,to the stranded vessel which was theschooner Holly How, of Barrow, boundfrom Londonderry for Garston. Hercrew of five men were rescued by theLife-boat and landed at New Brighton.

PADSTOW.—On the morning of the29th March the schooner Lizzie Treriberth,of Fowey, was seen about three miles N.W.of Trevose Head. She was under closereefed sails, the wind blowing a stronggale from N.W. and the sea being heavy.At 9 A.M. the Life-boat Arab was launchedand proceeded to Stepper Point, so as tobe at hand should her service be required.The vessel got safely inside the Point and ianchored, the Life-boat remaining by heruntil a steam-tug arrived and towed herto Hawker's Cove.

PETEBHBAD.—On the 28th March con-siderable anxiety was felt as to the safetyof several fishing boats which had notreturned, a whole gale having sprung upfrom E.N.E. accompanied by a tremendoussea. At 11 A.M. the Life-boat GeorgePickard was launched and laid at themouth of the harbour ready to render anyhelp that might be required. At about1 o'clock one boat arrived and got safelyin. About an hour afterwards anotherboat was sighted in the offing and herprogress was watched by a crowd ofanxious spectators. She rounded thesouth head with the barest stretch ofcanvas, bat on entering the bay set a close-reefed sail, and her decks were repeatedly

washed by the cross seas. The Life-boatpulled out to her assistance and got fromher a tow line which was taken to thesouth quay, the fishing boat all the whiledrifting, apparently helpless, towards therocks. At one time it was thought thatall hope of saving the vessel must b9abandoned and that the efforts must beconfined to saving her crew by means ofthe rocket apparatus which was ready forany emergency; but about a couple ofhundred of the fishermen took hold ofthe line and, watching their opportunity,made a rush up the quay and brought theboat safely into the harbour. She wasthe Eclipse, a boat of twenty tons burden,and carrying a crew of seven men. TheLife-bDat men were kept on duty until10 P.M., the coxswain remaining in attend-ance until 4 o'clock on the followingmorning, in case further help might berequired.

SKEGNESS.—The brigantine Camilla, ofLaurvig, being seen to take the groundon the Boghead Sands on the evening ofthe 2ud April, and a few minutes after-wards burn flare-up lights, the Life-boatAnn, John and Mary was launched andproceeded to her assistance. A strongE.N.E. wind was blowing at the time andthe sea was rough. On reaching thevessel it was found that she was leakingbadly, and that her crew of six men werepreparing to leave her. Some of theLife-boat men, however, boarded the ship,and with their assistance she was ulti-mately taken to Boston, for which portshe was bound with a cargo of ice fromBrevig.

CLACTON.—A vessel having been seenapparently stranded on the Barrow Sand,and showing a signal of distress, on the7th April, the Life-boat Albert Edwardwas launched at 2.23 P.M. in a moderatesea, a strong breeze blowing from E.S.E.,proceeded under sail and oars to thevessel, and found she was the three-masted schooner Betty Russell, of Lan-caster, coal laden from Newcastle forYoughal, Ireland. At the master's re-quest the Life-boat remained by thevessel until high water, but she did notfloat. The help of the Life-boat men wasthen accepted to jettison the cargo, andafter sixty hours' work the ship was gotafloat, cleared the sands, and was taken toBrightlingsea.

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KUNSWICK.—At about 4 P.M. on the7th Apiil a pilot boat was seen makingfor the shore. A heavy gea was thenbreaking on the bar, and the boat wouldevidently run considerable danger inattempting to cross it. It was thereforedecided to take oat the Life-boat Cape ofGood Hope and inform the pilots of therisk attending an attempt to land. Theythereupon put to sea again, and the Life-boat returned to the shore.

FOBMBT AND NEW BfilGHTON. Thebarque South African, of Belfast, boundfrom Eio Grande for the Mersey with acargo of bone ash, stranded on Taylor'sBank in a strong W. wind with a heavysea on the llth April. On the vesselbeing observed from Formby it wasdecided to take out the Life-boat to herassistance, as in the probable event of thesea becoming worse she would be in adangerous position. At 6.40 A.M. theLife-boat was on her way. A message bytelephone was received at New Brightonreporting the casualty, and at 6.45 theSteam Life-boat Duke of Northumberlandleft her moorings and also proceeded tothe rescue. The Life-boats remained bythe ship until she floated and was taken intow by a steam-tug from Liverpool.

EAMSGATE,NOBTH DEAL AND WALMEB.—•In response to signals fired by the NorthSand Head and Gull Light-vessels, theLife-boats Bradford, of Eamsgate, MarySommerville, stationed at North Deal, andGivil Service No. 4, of Walmer, werelaunched on the night of the 21st April.A moderate wind was blowing and thesea was smooth. On reaching the Good-win Sands, search was made, and at about1 o'clock in the morning the barqueMadeline Rickmers of Bremerhaven, wasdiscovered stranded on the inner part ofthe North Sand. The Life-boat men lenta hand at throwing overboard about ahundred and fifty tons of her cargo of rice,a kedge anchor and warp was laid out,and at 10.15 tow-ropes were taken to thesteam-tug Bradford of Eamsgate harbour,which had, as usual, towed out the Rams-gate Life-boat,and the steam-tug Trafalgar.After towing about a couple of hours thevessel came off the sands and was takento a safe anchorage in the Downs.

HABTLEPOOL.—While a gale of windwas blowing from the N. with a high sea

on the 16th May, the brig Rudolf, ofTrelleborg, laden, with mining timber,for Hartlepool, was seen driving ashoretowards Seaton beach. The No. 2 Life-boat, Charles Ingleby, was launched at3.30 A.M., and was towed across the bayby the North Eastern Eailway Company'ssteam-tug Iron. When within three-quarters of a mile of the wreck the boatwas cast adrift so as to run before the seainto shallow water, row along the beachand then out under the lee of the vessel.On reaching her, the crew were seen onthe deck eagerly awaiting the arrivalof the boat, which experienced consider-able difficulty in getting alongside owingto the floating spars, the main masthaving been cut away. At length ahold was obtained with the grapnels foreand aft, and when the Life-boat touchedthe ship's side two children were handedover. The boat then sheered off a little,and on again, getting alongside themaster's wife was taken on board, andafterwards the master and crew jumpedinto the boat as opportunities offered. Itwas impossible to get the grapnels clearand they were therefore cut away, andthe boat with eleven rescued persons leftthe vessel. With the help of the savedcrew the oars were double banked, withmuch difficulty the boat steered clear ofthe Longscarr rocks which were closeunder her lee, pulled to the steam-tugand was towed safely into Hartlepool at4.45 A.M. Just as the boat left her, thevessel's foremast fell over and she beganto break up, so that in the absence of theLife-boat those on board would probablyhave met with a watery grave, as severalrockets which had been fired failed toreach the ship.

NOBTH DEAL.—While a moderate galefrom N.N.W. was blowing, with a veryheavy sea, on the morning of the 16thMay, a boat, containing a lieutenant, fiveblue jackets and a marine, belonging toH.M.S. Research lying at anchor in theDowns, was seen apparently making forthe shore. It was impossible for her toreach it, and as she was in a dangeroussituation the Life-boat Mary Somervillewas launched at 11.10 and went to herassistance. Having lost ground in row-ing she had anchored when the Life-boatreached her, but her occupants declinedassistance, bravely renewing again and

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again their exertions at their oars butlosing ground and again anchoring. TheLife-boat remained out, and when thetide slacked the wind and sea increased,and she once more spoke the boat. Theofficer being desirous of obtaining a towback to the vessel, the Life-boat tried totow the boat back, but as the operationwas attended with much : danger to thesmall boat, which was broadside to thesea, the attempt was abandoned; the Life-boat got alongside and told the officerand his men that their only chance forsafety was to abandon the boat or betowed by the Life-boat to Dover. Theythen got into the Life-boat, being in amore or less exhausted condition, two ofthe Life-boat men took their places inthe boat, and a start was made for Dover;on arriving off the South Foreland thepainter broke, but eventually Dover wassafely reached and the night was spentthere. In the morning the Dover steam-tug took both the boats in tow, the smallboat being taken back to the Research andthe Life-boat returning to her station.

On the 2nd October signal guns werefired by the Gull light-vessel, while amoderate gale was blowing from W.S.W.with a very heavy sea. The Life-boatwas launched at about 5.40 A.M. andfound the s.s. Fal, of Falmouth, ashore onthe North Sand Head, Goodwin Sands.The services of the Life-boat men beingengaged to assist in getting the vessel outof her dangerous position, they laid outan anchor and chain and on the flood tidesucceeded in getting her afloat. She hada crew of ten men on board.

HUNSTANTON.—The Life-boat LicensedVictualler put off at noon on the 17thMay in a rough sea and a strong N.N.W.breeze, a vessel having been reported indistress. The vessel proved to be thebrig Amelie, of Frederickstadt, laden withpit props, water-logged, dismasted, and atotal wreck on Heacham beach. Hercrew of nine men, who were in their boatalongside the ship, were taken into theLife-boat and landed safely at Hunstantonat 2 o'clock.

BEOADSTAIES. — Signals having beenfired by the East Goodwin and NorthSand Head light-vessels, the Life-boatChristopher Waud, Bradford, was launchedat 4 A.M. on the 24th May, and found the

schooner Buenos Aires, of Hamburg,stranded on the Goodwin Sands. TheLife-boat remained by the vessel untilthe tide made, when she, floated,apparently uninjured, and proceeded in awesterly direction.

HABWICH. — The Cork light - vesselhaving signalled on the 6th June, theSteam Life-boat City of Glasgow left hermoorings at 9.15 P.M., and on reaching thelightship ascertained that a vessel was onthe West Bocks. A moderate breeze wasblowing from the N.E., the sea was rough,and the weather clear and fine. The Life-boat made for the vessel, and found thatshe had lost her steering gear and wasleaking badly. Some of the Life-boat menboarded her, she was taken, in tow andwas brought into Harwich at 5.35 on thefollowing morning. She was the schoonerHans, of Kendsburg, bound for Colchester,laden with oil cake and manned by a crewof four men.

PENMON.—On the 3rd July the schoonerBrought// Castle, of Bamsey, Jaden withsalt, stranded on the Causeway Bock in astrong N.W. breeze. The Life-boatChristopher Brown went to her assistanceand attempted to heave her off, but thehawser parted, and the Life-boat returnedashore with the vessel's crew of threemen. At the next tide the boat againwent off, laid out an anchor, and bymeans of the boat's ropes succeeded ingetting the vessel off the rock and tookher to Eeaumaris.

NORTH SUNDERLAND.—The Fame light-houses having signalled a ship in distresson the Knavestone Bock, the Life-boatThomas Bewick was launched at 2.45 A.M.on the 12th July, in a moderate W.N.W.gale and a rough sea, and on reaching thevessel found she was the schooner Para-

• gon, of Inverness, timber laden from Inver-I gordon for Sunderland. She had struck on! the rock, but when the Life-boat arrivedj she had floated off. Her crew consistedof four men. Four of the Life-boat's

I crew went on board and made sail, with' the view of bringing the vessel intoharbour, but she capsized, turning keelupwards, and all the men on board herwere thrown into the water. The Life-boat men had their life-belts on and theschooner's crew were good swimmers, and

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so all the men were picked up by theLife-boat, which then returned to herstation, arriving at 5.30 A.M.

HOYLAKE. — The Life - boat OoardWilliam Squarey was launched at 11.28A.M. on the 14th July in a strong galefrom N.W. by W. and a very heavy sea,and proceeded to the yawl Sally, of Liver-pool, reaching her at 12 o'clock. Shewas at anchor on Spencer's Spit, and hadthree gentlemen on board. With verygreat difficulty, the seas then runningmountains high, the yacht was taken intow, and after a very rough passage Hoy-lake was reached at 2.30 P.M.

On the 2nd October the Life-boat wasagain called out for service, a vessel beingreported in distress near the Crosbylight-vessel. The boat proceeded througha very heavy sea, the wind blowing astrong gale from W.N.W., and on herway found the schooner The Cousins, ofBeaumaris. She had been run agroundabout three-quarters of a mile from theshore, as she was sinking. Her crew oftwo men were taken into the Life-boat,and immediately afterwards the vessel'smasts fell. The Life-boat then went tothe other vessel, which had lost her sails.She did not, however, require the help ofthe Life-boat, but was towed to Liverpoolby a steam-tug.

WORTHING.—The brigantine Halcyon,of St. Nazaire, laden with slates forLondon, being observed to be rapidlydriving ashore in a whole gale fromS.S.W. and a heavy sea on the 20th July,the Life-boat Henry Harris put off at2.45 P.M., and on teaching her found thatthere was only the master on board, thecrew of five men having been taken off bya pilot-cutter at 10 o'clock in the morning,as the vessel was in a sinking condition.The master, however, remained on board,hoping ti> be able to steer his vessel intoShoreham harbour. He was in such anexhausted condition that he could nottake the Life-boat's line, but had to belifted out of his vessel by the Life-boatmen. In the evening the vessel sank andbecame a total wreck.

SHOREHAM.— On the 20th July thebarquentine Atlantic, of Areudal, whichwas riding at anchor off the harbour, wasobserved to be dragging towards the

shore. The wind was blowing a moderategale from the S. and there was a roughsea. At 2 P.M. the Life-boat WilliamRtstett was launched. The tide was thenebbing, there being only just sufficientwater to float the boat, and it was knownthat the vessel was drawing sixteen feetof water and was perilously near theground—in fact she struck while theLife-boat was alongside her. Her crewof nine men desired to leave the vessel,and were therefore taken into the Life-boat, which then made for Brighton, asthe wind having changed rendered itimpracticable to return, to her station.

PALLING.—A vessel having been dis-cerned ashore on the Hasborough Sandwith a signal of distress flying duringsqually weather and a heavy sea on the28th July, the No. 2 Life-boat Hearts ofOak was launched at 2 P.M., and foundthe stranded vessel was the s.s. Ida, ofand from Dantzic, with a crew of sixteenhands and two passengers, bound forLondon with a general cargo. 0 wing tothe shallowness of the water, the Life-boatmen could not board her until 9 P.M. Atthe request of the captain the Life-boatremained by until 1 A.M., when theweather became very threatening, and asthe ship was fast filling it became neces-sary to abandon her. With great difficultythe eighteen persons on board were takeninto the boat, and were safely landed at6 A.M. The steamer became a total wreck.

DUNGENESS.—The ketch Appledram, ofFoole, sprung a leak and foundered onthe sand off No. 2 Battery on the 2 adAugust, while a moderate gale of windwas blowing. The No. 1 Life-boat,E.A.O.B., was launched at 9.30 A.M.,and the Life-boat men were requested totake the vessel to Folkestone harbour.The pumps were kept going, but shewas leaking so badly that it was im-possible to save her, and the crew oftwo men were therefore taken into theLife-boat and landed at 9 P.M.

BAEIIOUTH and PWLLHELI.—On the2nd August the Life-boats Jones Gibb,stationed at Barmouth, and MargaretPlait stationed at Pwllheli, proceeded tothe assistance of the barque Kragero,of Krageio, bound from Wilmington,South Carolina, for Manchester, with

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turpentine and resin, which had strandedon St. Patrick's Causeway in a strongwind from W. by S. and a rough sea.By means of anchors, which they laid out,and setting all possible sail, the Life-boatmen succeeded in getting the vessel offthe sand, and took her to a safe anchoragein St. TudwalPs Eoads. The barque hada crew of twelve men on board.

EAMSGATE, NORTH DEAL AUD BROAD-STAIRS.—In response to a telephone mes-sage and signals fired by light-vessels, theLife-boat Bradford, in tow of the steam-tug Aid, left Ramsgate harbour, and theLife-boats Mary Somerville and Chris-topher Waud, Bradford, were launchedfrom their respective stations at NorthDeal and Broadstairs shortly after twoo'clock on the morning of the llth Sep-tember, and proceeded to the GoodwinSands. On reaching the sands, on whicha rough sea was breaking, the s.s. LadyWolseley, of Dublin, was found ashore onthe North West Spit, burning flares andfiring rockets. She was bound fromDublin for London with a general cargo,and had seventy-three passengers onboard. Efforts were made by the Aidand two other steam-tugs to tow thevessel off, but they were unable to moveher. The tide having then fallen, theendeavours of the tugs were suspendedfor awhile, and it was decided to placethe passengers on board the Aid and takethem ashore. This was accomplished bythe Life-boats, and the tug proceeded toEamsgate, having in tow the BradfordLife-boat, which was filled with thepassengers' luggage. The services of theBroadstairs Life-boat not being furtherneeded she returned to her station.Having landed the passengers and luggagethe Aid and Bradford returned to thestranded steamer. Meanwhile the North

Deal Life-boat and a steam-tug laid outan anchor and steel hawser. Shortlybefore high water the three tugs madefast to the steamer, and succeeded inturning her round, bringing her head toN.N.W. Her engines were then set fullspeed ahead to assist the tugs; and not-withstanding that the hawser attached tothe kedge broke, owing to the strain putupon it, the vessel was hauled clear of thesand and was enabled to resume hervoyage to London. The Aid then tookthe two Life-boats in tow and made forEamsgate, the Deal boat being droppedwhen in a position to reach her station.

BTJBNHAM.—The ketch Eliza, of Ljd-ney, was sailing up the river on the 2ndOctober, when owing to the state of theweather—a moderate gale blowing fromthe W.N.W. with strong gusts of windand a heavy sea—her master consideredit safer to anchor. Close behind her wasanother vessel, and before the anchoredvessel could alter her lights she was runinto, and both vessels sank, only theirmasts being visible. From the pier itseemed as if some men were in therigging, and the Life-boat John GodfreyMorris therefore put off, but in passinganother vessel anchored near the spot,found that the crews had landed in oneof their own boats. The Life-boat thenproceeded to another vessel in the bay,and after a hard pull reached her, andfound she was the smack Tom, of Watchet,laden with stone. There was no one onboard her, and the boat therefore pro-ceeded to the ketch Hereford, ofGloucester, coal laden. She also hadbeen abandoned, and had lost all hersails. The Life-boat then returned tothe Tom, put three men on board thevessel, and brought her up to the pier.


THUBSDAT, 12th September, 1895.

Admiral Sir WILLIAM MONTAGU DOWELL,G.C.B., in the Chair.

Bead and confirmed the Minutes of theprevious meeting.

Also read those of the Finance and Corre-spondence, Building and Wreck and Reward

Sub-Committees and ordered that their recom-mendations be carried into effect.

Bead the report of the Chief Inspector ofLife-boats on his recent visit to the DungenessStation.

Also the reports of the District Inspectorsof Life-boats on their visits to the followingstations:—

Northern District — Ackergill, Dornoeh,

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334 THE UFE-BOAT. [1ST 1896.

Cullercoats, Tynemouth (two boats), SouthendCampbeltown, Kildonan, Workington, White-haven, Maryport and Silloth.

Eastern District—Wells, Walmer, Kings-downe, North Deal, Broadstairs, Kingsgate,Folkestone, Ramsgate, Margate, Dungeness(two boats), Sunderland (two boats), Roker,Whitburn and Seabam.

Southern District—Eastbourne.Western District—Llanddwyn, Cemlyn, Bull

Bay, Cemaes, Ehoscolyn, Fishguard (twoboats), Cardigan, New Quay (Cardigan),Watchet, Penarth, Porthcawl, Criccieth,Llanaelhaiarn and Pwllheli.

Irish District—Barrow, Arklow, Wicklow,Cahore, Wexford (two boats), Couitown,Valentia and Fenit.

Also the reports of the Organising Secretarieson their visits to Bradford, York, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Halifax, Batley, Grimsby, Sheffield,Huddersfield, Manchester, Blackpool, North-ampton, Leicester, Scarborough, Nottingham,Lincoln, Dublin, Belfast, Carlisle, Burton-on-Trent, Shrewsbury, Todmorden, Cardiff,Liverpool, Hyde, Chorley, Nelson, Burnley,Preston, Rochdale, Ashton-under-Lyne, Bristol,Harrogate. Wellingborough, Dewsbury, Ly-tham, Otley, Beverley, Greenock, Gourock, PortGlasgow, Stirling, Perth, Girvan and Aberdeen.

Reported the receipt of the following specialcontributions since the last meeting:—

£ «. d.City of London Branch, per Captain

ACLAND, R..A 350 - -Mrs. JULIA COOKES, Forest Hill . 300 - -Newcastle - on - Tyne Co-operative

Society, Limited 25 - -Mrs. C. E. L 25 - -Collected on board the R.M.S. Tan-

tatton Castle, on her last voyage,per Captain J. C. ROBINSON . . 10 - -

Collected on board the s.s. Bosetta,pei Captain G. W. F. BROWNE . 7 8 6

Life-boat Saturday Collection.

Barmouth—per B. J. ALLSOP. Esq.. 68 - -Preston—per JAMES CARTER, Esq. . 50 - -Portsmouth—(Proceeds of concert),

per FREDERICK PEARSE, Esq. . . 33 11 6Dovercourt—per Miss NALBOBOTJGH

through Harwich Branch. . . 31 4 9Southwold—per Mr. J. SINCLAIR . 22 2 -Carnarvon and Llanddwyn — per

HUGH RICHARDS, Esq 2 0 - 1 1

Life-boat Sunday Collections.Shamley Green, Christ Church—per

the Rev. A. W. LEACH, B.A. . . 4 1 -Bembridge, Isle of Wight—per the

Rev. J . N . PALMER, M.A. . . . 3 9 7Hamble, Southampton, St. Andrew's

Church—per the Rev. J.J.CURLING,M . A 2 - -

—To be teveratty thanked.

Also the receipt of the following legacies:—

£ «. d.The late Mrs. MART BUTTERWOBTH,

of Liverpool 45 - -The late Dr. FRANCIS WKIGHTSON,

of King's Norton 45 - -

£ 8. d.The late Miss W. M. MARTIN, of

Newland-Hurst 22 10 -

Voted the thanks of the Committee to THOMASBAWDBN, Esq., and W. M. RICHARDS, Esq.,,J.P.,in recognition of their valuable co-operationextending over many years as Honorary Secre-taries of the Douglas and Padstow Branches ofthe Institution.

Deep regret was expressed at the decease ofMr. G. BRAXTON ALDRIDGE and Mr. RICHARDSMITH, who had respectively long been thevalued Honorary Secretaries of the Poole andChapel Branches of the Institution, and it wasdecided to send letters of sympathy to theirfamilies.

Paid 5,5751. for sundry charges'on variousLife-boat establishments.

Voted 59Z. 10s. to pay the expenses of theDungeness No. 1, Whitby No. 2 and Broad-stairs Life-boats in respectively saving the crewof 2 men from the ketch Appledram, of Poole,and rendering assistance to fishing-boats indistress and to the stranded S.B. Lady Woheley,of London.

The Ramsgate and North. Deal Life-boatstook off some passengers from the strandeds.s. Lady Wolseky, of London, and afterwardsassisted to save the vessel, and the Pwllheli andBarmouth Life-boats saved the barque JKragerS,of Kragero, and her crew of 12 persons.

Voted also 2321.19s. 6d. to pay the expensesof the assemblies of crews or launches to dis-tressed vessels, by the Life-boats at Abersoch,Aldeburgh, Ballywalter, Caister No. 1, Dunge-neus No. 1, Gorleston No. 1, Margate, NewRomney, Orme's Head, Padstow, Poii Patrick,Skegness, Walmer and "Winterton No. 2.

The Ramsgate Life-boat was also taken outon service, but her assistance was not eventuallyneeded.

Voted the thanks of the Institution, inscribedon vellum and framed, with the sum of 31. 3s. toGunner WILLIAM MALONE, R.A., for bravelyattempting to save a man and a woman from asmall yacht, named the Pride of the Mud Flats,which had been capsized off Horse Sands Fort,Spithead, in a moderate breeze and a moderatesea on the 31st August. The two persons, how-ever, clung to him and dragged him underwater and he was rescued, in an exhausted con-dition, by a boatman, in charge of a boat withpassengers, who pulled to the scene of thecasualty. The two occupants of the capsizedyacht unhappily were drowned.

A reward of 10«. was granted to the boatmanfor his service on the occasion.

Also 21. 58. to six men for putting off in a coast-guard boat, and saving the crew of the cobleGalilee, which had been capsized off Whitby ina rough sea on the 9th August. Also 41. ) the crew of three men of the coble Eliza Jane,which proceeded to the rescue of the Galilee,but was also upset, and 31. to six men who intwo other cobles rescued the crew of the ElizaJane.

Also 41. to eight men for putting off in twoboats and saving twelve persons from the luggerZenith, which caught fire and stranded nearBaltimore, co. Cork, in a moderate N.N.E.breeze and a smooth sea, on the 28th July.

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Also 11. 15s. to seven men for rendering;assistance on the occasion of the jpundering offAberystwyth of the boat General Gordon, be-longing to that port, in a fresh S.S.W. breezeand a rough sea on (he 29th August.

Also II. to a man who rescued one of twomen from a boat which had been smashed bythe paddle-wheel of a steamer off Llandudno ina strong W.N.W. breeze and a moderate seaon the 5th August.

Also 11. to three men for rendering assistanceto the boat Clara, which had stranded on theColloway Rocks, off Greencastle, in a strongbreeze and a rough sea on the 25th August.

Also 15«. to three men for saving two men,whose boat had been capsized near ArdmorePoint, co. Galway, in a strong N.W. breeze,squally weather and a heavy sea on the 12thJune.

THURSDAY, 10th October, 1895.

Sir EDWABD BIRKBECK, Bart., V.P.,in the Chair.

Bead and confirmed the Minutes of the pre-vious meeting.

Also read those of the Finance and Corre-spondence, Building and Wreck and EewardSub-Committees and ordered that their recom-mendations be carried into effect.

Bead the report of the Chief Inspector ofLife-boats on the official trial of the newSteam Life-boat built by Messrs. Thornycroft& Co.. of Chiswick, for the South Holland Life-boat Society.

Also the reports of the District Inspectorsof Life-boats on their visits to the followingstations:—

Northern District — Balcary, Kircudbright,Whithorn, Port Logan, Port Patrick, Ayr,Girvan, Troon, Irvine, Ballantrae, and Ardros-san.

Eastern District—West Hartlepool, Hartle-pool (three boats), Seaton Carew, Eedcar,Saltburn, Ennswick, Scarborough, Withernsea,Dover, Hythe, Caister (two boats), Winterton(two boats), and Yarmouth.

Southern District — Falmouth, Cadgwith,Mullion, Church Cove, Polpear, Porthoustock,Polkerris, Mevagissey and Looe.

Western District—Porthdinllaen, Barmouth,Aberdovey, Aberystwith, Abersoch, Bude, Clo-velly, Swansea, Port Eynon, Burry Port andFerryside.

Irish District—Ballycotton, Youghal, Court-maosherry, Queenstown (two boats), DunmoreEast, Fethard, Tramore, Dungarvan, Cloughey,Ballywalter, Groomsport, Tyrella, Newcastle(Dundrum) and Carrickfergus.

Also the reports of the Organising Secretarieson their visits to Nottingham, Lincoln, Carlisle,Bnrton-on-Trent, Bradford, Manchester, Hull,Sheffield, Dublin, Dewsbury, Burnley, Preston,Halifax, Huddersfield, Blackburn, Ashton-under - Lyne, Stalybridge, Hyde, Liverpool,Plymouth, Todmorden, Bochdale, Bristol,Mexborough, Doncaster, Harrogate, Ayr, Aber-deen, Anstrather, Lerwick, Glasgow, Perth,Paisley and Kilinarnock.

Eeported the receipt of the following specialcontributions since the last meeting :—

£ «. d."I. D. W." 100 - -Bnneorn Cycling Club, Moiety of

Proceeds of a Cycling Parade andFlower Carnival on the 14th Aug.,per H. WRIGHT, Esq 20 15 5

Life-boat Sunday Collections.Worthing, per GEOKGE PIOGOTT, Esq. 59 11 3Moiety of two Sunday collections on

board the s.s. St. Sunniva, duringher recent cruise to the Baltic,per J. T. WOOLRYCH PEROWNE,Esq 4 13 -

—To be severally thanked.

Also the receipt of the following Legacies:—£ «. d.

The late GEOBSE WOOJTNDIN, Esq.,of Sharrow, Sheffield . . . . 630 - T

The late HENRY HEWETSON, Esq., ofTunbridge Wells 105 - -

The Committee expressed great regret atthe decease of Mr. QUINTIN COCHBAM, whohad for fifteen years been the esteemedhonorary secretary of the Port Logan branch ofthe Institution, and it was decided to send aletter of sympathy to his family.

Voted the thanks of the Committee to theBev. JOHN O'BEILLY BI.ACKWOOD, and to Mr.P. PASCOE, in acknowledgment of their pastvaluable co-operation whilst serving as honorarysecretaries of the Ballywalter and Littlehavenbrandies of the Institution.

Also to J. W. FIELD, Esq., in recognition ofhis valuable services, extending over manyyears, in connection with the Bideford andAppledore branch of the Institution.

The Committee also specially recognised thegood services of Mr. JOHN MARSHALL whilstserving for many years as coxswain of theSeaham life-boat.

Paid 5,700Z. for sundry charges on variousLife-boat establishments.

Voted 154Z. 17». 6d. to pay the expenses ofthe following Life-boat services:—


Cloughey . . Barque Helen, of Brevig 10Clovelly . . Two fishing - boats of

Bideford . . . . 4„ . . Brig Hadbet, of Tonsberg 10

Hoylake . . Schooner The Cousins, ofBeaumaris . . . . 2

Padatow . . Ketch William, of Ipswich 4„ . . Boat of s.s. Sicilia, of

Liverpool . . . . 16Southport No. 2 Barquentine Lattonia, of

Eiga 8

The Burnham and North Deal Life-boatsrespectively saved the derelict smack Tom, ofWatchet, and the stranded s.s. Fal, of Fal-mouth, and her crew of ten men.

Voted also 436i. lie. 3d. to pay the expensesof the assemblies of crews or launches todistressed vessels by the Life-boats at Aber-ystwith, Appledore, Broadstairs, Cudgwith,

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Cemaes, Clovelly, Fleetwood, Gorleston, HopeCove, Lytham, Margate, Newbisgin, NewBrighton, Padatow, Pakefield, Palling, Pointof Ayr, Polpear, South port, St. Anne's, bwansea,Walmer, Watchet and Weston-super-Mare.

Voted 21. 10s. to two men injured while onservice in the North Deal Life-boat on the llthSeptember.

Also 31.15«. to five men for puttrag off in aboat and saving four fishermen whose boat hadbeen capsized off Ballinskelligs, co. Kerry, in afresli N.W. breeze and a heavy sea on the 31stJuly.

Also II. 10s. to three men for saving thecrew of five men from the boat Tartar Lass,of Millbay, which had been capsized nearGreenore Point, co. Louth, in a squall on the13th of August.

Also 10». to two men who saved a man froma boat off Combinartin, Devonshire, in a moder-ate breeze and a moderate sea on the 2nd ofSeptember.

THURSDAY, 14th November, 1895.Sir EDWABD BIRKBECK, Bart., V.P., in

the Chair.Bead and confirmed the minutes of the

previous meeting.Also read those of the Finance and Corre-

spondence, Building and Wreck and BewardSub-Committees and ordered that their recom-mendations be carried into effect.

Bead the report of the Deputy Chief Inspectorof Life-boats on his recent visits to the Formby,Helbre Island and Hoylake Stations.

Also the reports of the District Inspectors ofLife-boats on their visits to the followingstations:—

Northern District—Stornoway, Nairn, Lossie-moutn, Buckle,Banff, Peterhead.Whitelink Bay,Fraserburgh, Port Erroll, Newburgh, Stone-haven, Gourdon, Johnshaven, Montrose (twoboats), Arbroath, St. Andrew's, Anstruther,Crail and Broughty Ferry.

Eastern District—Gorleston (three boats),Lowestoft (two boats), Kessingland (threeboats), Pakefield, Soutliwold (two boats), Dun-wich, Aldeburgh, Thorpe,Harwich (two boats),Clacton-on-Sea, Walton-on-Naze, Southend,New Romney and Dungeness (two boats).

Southern District—Yealm Biver, Salcombe,Hope Cove, Brighton, Selsey (two boats),Brooke. Brighstone Grange, Byde, Atherfield,Bembridge and Totland Bay.

Western District—St. David's, Angle, Little-haven, Llanduduo, Llanddulas, Khyl (twoboats), Forth Rhuffydd, Holyhead (two boats),Llanddwyn, Bhosneigir, Rhoscolyn, Cemlyn,Moelfre, Cemaes, Bull Bay and Beanmaris.

Irish. District—Portrush, Greencastle, Cul-daff, Aranmore, Carnsore, Kilmore and Bal-briggan.

Also the reports of the Organising Secretarieson their visits to Manchester, Sheffield, Halifax,Bradford, Hull, London, Leicester, Grimsby,Morley, Birmingham, Coventry, Dublin, Bristol,Preston, Mexborough,^ Ashton-under-Lyne,Liverpool. Newark, Weston- super-Mare, Roches-ter, Paisley, Lerwick, Erskine, Kilmarnock,Glasgow and Paitick.

Eeported the receipt of the following specialcontributions since the last meeting :—•

£ s. d.JOHN BENTLEY, Eeq., to recoup the

Institution the reward grantedfor a service rendered by the EllenNewman and John Bentley Life-boat at Newburgh 22 1 -

Beaders of the Christian per Messrs.MORGAN & SCOTT 7 - -

BYRON REED, Esq., M.P., unex-pended balance from sums sub-scribed by passengers on boardB.M.S. Tantallon Castle for amuse-ments 3 - -

Life-boat Saturday Collections.

Greenock, per JOHN RODGER, Esq. . 400 - —Perth, per JOHN TURNBTJLL, Esq. . 332 6 8Cardiff, per A. C. TWEEDY, Esq. .150 - -Barry Dock, per Messrs. E. W.

WAITE and T. G. DUNCAN . . 40 - -Millom, per Miss F. STOXEY . . 16 12 -

Life-boat Sunday Collections.

Cranbrook, Kent, half of collectionat Harvest Thanksgiving service,per the Kev. ALBAN H. HARRISON,M . A 8 9 2

Malta, collections in GarrisonChurches at Parade services, perthe Bev. ALFRED MAUN, M.A.,Senior Chaplain to the Forces inMalta 3 12 4

—To be severally thanked.

Also the receipt of the following legacies:—

£ *. d.The late ROBERT METHVEN, Esq., of

Cupar, Fife, further on account . 1000 - -The late Mrs. E. H. KIDD, of

Beddington 1000 - -The late Miss CLARA C. WARREN, of

Cambridge Terrace, Hyde Park . 300 - -The late Miss KATHARINE LEOKARD,

of Woodford Green . . . . 180 - -The late G. B. PLUMMET, Esq., oi

Camden Street. N.W. . . . . 100 - -The late Miss MARTHA PRICE, of

Bath 57 8 9The late RICHARD WAIN, Esq., of

Clifford Street, W. (farther pay-ment) 15 7 2

Voted the thanks of the Committee to Mr.EDWARD MAXWELL, T. BRANDRETH GIBBS, Esq.,T. H. DIXON, Esq., and THOMAS GILROY,Esq., in acknowledgment of their long andvaluable co-operation, extending over manyyears, as honorary secretaries respectively ofthe Greenock, Western Central, Chester, andDrogheda branches of the Institution.

Also to P. J. RAMSAY, Esq., of Manchester,for his valuable services in connection with theLife-boat Saturday movement in Manchesterduring the last four years.

The Committee also suitably recognised thelong and valuable services rendered by Mr.GEORGE STROWGER, Mr. ROBI:BT WRIGHT, Mr.

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ISAAC Dix, and Mr. THOMAS MILLS, whilstserving as Coxswains of the Kessingland,Fleetwood, Dunwich, and Hayle Life-boat*.

Reported tlie transmission to its Station ofthe Helbre Island new Life-boat.

Also that the Caister No. 2, Clacton-on-Sea,Girvan, and Yarmouth Life-boats had beenextensively altered and improved, and returnedto their Stations.

Decided that the Valentia Life-boat Stationbe discontinued.

Reported that a grand concert, promoted bythe City of London branch of the Institution,was held at the Guildhall on the evening ofthe 13th November, and was attended by theLord Mayor, the Lady Mayoress, and theSheriffs. All the artistes taking part in theconcert gave their services gratuitously.

Decided, that the thanks of the Committeebe conveyed to the Corporation, the City Com-mittee, and all the artistes for their kindco-operation.

Paid 8,5487. for sundry charges on variousLife-boat establishments.

Voted 2617. 4s. 9<Z. to pay the expenses of thefollowing Life-boat services :—



Blyth No. 1 .

Cemlyn . .

Gorleston No. 1


Lossiemouth .

New Quay,)Cornwall/ '

North Berwick

Ramsey . .

Scarborough .


Schooner Kate,of Chester.Landed 4.

S.S. Sindbad, of New-castle 15 i

Ketch Ruby, of Liver- jpool. Assisted to save ivessel. ;

Lugger Star of Bethlehem, ]of Cullen . . . . 8

Brigantine Nordstjernen,of Christiansand . . 6 j

Schooner Avance, ofTonsberg . . . . G !

(Ketch St. Agnes, of St.< Agnes. Remained ty( vessel.Schooner Otto, of West i

Rhauderfehn . . . 4 jSchooner Ellen and Mary,

of Port William . . 3Brig Globe, of White-

haven 7Schooner Harvest Some,

of Preston . . . . 4Fishing-boats. Rendered


The Sennen Cove and Teignmouth Life-boatsrespectively assisted to save the s.s.Harberton, ofLondon, and rendered help to the three-mastedschooner Anna, of Mariehamn.

Voted also 723Z. 6s. 3d. to pay the expensesof the assemblies of crews or launches to dis-tressed vessels by the Life-boats at Aldeburgh,Angle, Appledore, Ballywalter, Berwick-on-Tweed, Buckie, Caister, Cemaes, Clacton,Dungarvan, Dungeness, Exmouth, Formby,Gorleston, Harwich (steam Life-boat), Ilfra-combe, Kingsdowne, Llandulas, Lowestoft,Mevagissey, Montrose, New Quay (Cornwall),New Kornney, North Deal, Pulling, Point of

Ayr, Rhyl, Saltburn, Southend (Essex), Walmer,Walton-on-the-Naze and Youghal.

The Ramsgate Life-boat was also taken out,but her assistance was not required.

Voted 17. 10s. to one of the crew of the NorthDeal Life-boat who was injured on the 2ndOctober.

Also 9Z. to nine men for saving the crew ofeight men of the fishing steamer Teal Duck, ofNorth Shields, which stranded on the rocks atSpittal Point, Northumberland, in a strongE.S.E. breeze and a rough sea on the 2ndOctober.

Also 71. 10s. to ten men for putting off in twoboats and saving the crew of five men fromthe fishing-boat Robert, of Porthleven, whichstruck on the Trigg rock at the mouth of thePorthleven harbour, Cornwall, in a strong S.E.breeze, a heavy sea, and a dense fog on the lothOctober.

Also 5Z. 5s. to seven men for putting off in apilot gig and saving the crew of four men fromthe ketch Heather Bell,of Ramsey,Isle of Man,which had stranded on Bideford Bar in a strongN.W. breeze, a very heavy sea, and thick weatheron ths 12th Octobar.

Also 47. to four men for saving the crew ofthree persons from the fishing-boat Mary Ann,of Ballykeel, which was in danger about fourmiles south of Leestones, co. Down, in a moderateN.W. gale and a rough sea on the 1st October.

Also 3Z. 10s. to seven coastguardmeu forputting off in the station galley from Sutton, co.Dublin, and saving two gentlemen whose boathad been capsized in squally weather and aheavy sea on the 10th September.

Also 37. to six fishermen for saving four per-sons from the fishing-boat Venus, of Gnlway,which was disabled about a mile south of TurbotIsland, co. Galway, in a strong N.W. gale anda very heavy sea on the 1st October.

Also B7. to three men for saving two of thecrew of the schooner Rachel, of Stavanger, whichhad been in collision with a Spanish steamer,and had been capsized and partially sunk, abouta mile and a half off Walmer, in a moderatebreeze and a rough sea on the ]9th October.

Also 27. 16s. to four men for saving three offour men from the fishing-boat Dreadnought,of Londonderry, which was capsized off Green-caslle in a fresh. N.E. breeze and a choppy seaon the 16th October.

Also 27. to two men for saving a man whoseboat, the Mary of Maryport, struck on the barand filled in returning to port in a moderateN.E. gale and a rough sea on the 15th October.

Also 10s. to a man who saved another manfrom a fishing-boat which was capsized inbroken water on the Walpool rock, off theKentish coast, in a strong S.E. breeze on the27th September.

Also 10s. to a man who rendered service to acoastguard boat, with two men on board, whichwas capsized while returning to the watchvessel in Hamford Water in a strong gale fromW.S.W. and a rough sea on the 2nd October.

Also 10s. to two mf-n for saving one of thecrew of the fishing-boat Wild Duck, of Preston,who had been dragged overboard, havingbecome entangled with the trawl, off St. Anne's,Lancashire, in a strong N. breeze and amoderate sea on the 26th October.

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THURSDAY, 12th December, 1895.

Sir EDWABD BIBKBECK, Bart., V.P., in theChair.

Bead and confirmed the Minutes of theprevious meeting.

Also read those of the Finance and Corre-spondence, Building and Wreck and RewardSub-Committees and ordered that their recom-mendations be carried into effect.

Bead the report of the Chief Inspector of Life-boats on his recent visits to the Bhyl, HelbreIsland, Hoylake, New Brighton, Formby andPoint of Ayr stations.

Also the reports of the District Inspectorsof Life-boats on their visits to the followingstations:—

Northern District—Dunbar, Eyemouth andBerwick-on-Tweed.

Eastern District—Whitby (two boats), Up-gang, Staithes, Bunswick, Bobin Hood's Bay,Scarborough, Flamborough (two boats), Brid-lington Quay and Barmston.

Southern District — Hastings, Bye, Win-chelsea, Newhaven, Plymouth, Brixham andDartmouth.

Western District — Lynmouth, New Quay(Cornwall),Watcbet, Port Isaac, Padstow, Hayle,St. Mary's and St. Agnes.

Irish District—Howth, Drogheda (two boats),Barrow, Blackpool and St. Anne's (two boats).

Also the reports of the Organising Secretarieson their visits to Dublin, Morley, Castleford,London, Aberystwyth, Manchester, Preston,Liverpool, Blackburn, Eastbourne, Paisley,Kilmarnock, Dumbarton and Glasgow.

Beported the receipt of the following specialcontributions since the last meeting:—

£ 8. d.City of London Branch, per Captain

ACLAND (making a total of 1,520?.this year) 400 - -

ALEXANDER MAHO, Esq 100 - -W. A. F. POWELL, Esq 100 - -Independent Order of Oddfellows

(Manchester Unity), per THOMASCOLLINS, Esq.—Annual subscrip-tion, 501.; donation, 20Z. Is. Wd.. 70 1 10

JAMES HUTCHINSON, Esq. . . . 50 - -GEOBQE C. BAPHAEL, Esq. . . . 50 - -Collected on board the E.M.S.

Tantallon Castle, per CaptainJ. C. ROBINSON 10 - -

Moiety of collections on board theS.S. St. Sunniva, during her firstMediterranean cruise, per J. T.WOOLBYCH-PEBOWNE, Esq. . 6 13 -

Life-Boat Saturday Collections.

North of England District Com-mittee, per A. P. SMITH, Esq. (onaccount) 1400 - -

Birmingham, per C. C. SMITH, Esq. 850 - -BristoLperW. H. FRANK, Esq.. . 700 - -Bochdale, per BENJAMIN HEAPE,

Esq 163 11 ~Burnley, per A. L. GABNETT, Esq.. 110 - -Cardiff, per A. C. TWEEDY, Esq. . 80 - -Newark, per E. T. SIMMONS, Esq. . 57 17 -

Life-Boat Sunday Collections.£. s. d.

Hadnall, Salop, per the Bev. BBOOKEC. MOETIMEB, M.A 14 5 6

Sunninghill, Berks, St. Alban'sChurch, per C. D. KEMP-WELCH,Esq 13 6 -

—To be severally thanked.

Also the receipt of the following legacies:—

The late Miss S. A. HOLDEN, ofMarland, Rochdale . . . .2000

The late Miss ANNIE CHBBCH-DIXON, of Glasgow 1000 -

The late Miss HELEN GIBSON, ofEdinburgh SCO - -

The late Mr. BOBEKT STOBDS, ofGlasgow. 270 - -

The late W. A. MILL WARD, Esq., ofChapel-en-le-Frith (balance) . . 199 11 6

The late THOMAS CLARKE, Esq., ofHands worth, Sheffield. . . . 100 - -

Voted the thanks of the Committee toFRANCIS HENDERSON, Esq., in acknowledg-ment of his valuable services during theperiod in which he held the office of Treasurerof the Port of Liverpool Branch of the Institu-tion.

Also to JAMES RICHMOND, Esq., and ALEXAN-DER O'DRISCOLL, Esq., in recognition of theirpast long and valuable services whilst acting asHonorary Secretaries of the Southend (Essex)and Valentia Branches of the Institution.

The Committee also specially recognised the| good services rendered for many years past by! Mr. JAMES HAYNES and Mr. JOHN BENNETT,j late coxswains of the Port Isaac and PolkerrisLife-boats.

It was reported that H.R.H. PRINCESS LOUISE,accompanied by the MARQUIS OF LORNE, visitedManchester on the 21st November to receivepurses from ladies connected with the Ladies'Auxiliary of the Manchester and Salford sectionof the Institution's Life-boat Saturday Fund.

Reported the transmission to their stationsof the Wick new Life-boat and transportingcarriage, and the Whitby No. 2 new Life-boat.

| Also that the Port Eynon Life-boat had beenreturned to its station, after having been ex-

i tensively altered and fitted with all the latestimprovements.

Paid 3,3841!. for sundry charges on variousLife-boat establishments.

Voted 616Z. 4s. 3d. to pay the expenses of thefollowing Life-boat services :—


Blyth No. 1CastletownClaoton .

Courtown .


Cutter Sarah Seek, ofLiverpool. Landed 4.

S.S. Fairy . . . . 12Schooner Emu, of Douglas 3S.S. Vale, of Stavanger.

Remained by vessel.Fishing-boat Enterprize,

of Courtown. Savedvessel and . . . . 5

Page 29: THE LIF -BOE AT.




Gorleston No. 1

No. 2

No. 3

Gourdou .

Helbre IslandIsleofWhithornLynmouth

Mablethorpe .

North Deal .

Periarth .

Port Erin. .


Ramsey . .

•» •Salcombe .

Scarborough .

St. Ives . .

Totland Bay .

Vessel Livesvessel. Baved_

Lugger Perseverance, ofFolkestone. Assistedto save vessel and . 3

S.S..Grepenstedt, of Got-tenburg. Renderedassistance.

Dandy Coquette, of GreatYarmouth . . . . 6

Schooner Sulla, of Barn-staple 4

Fishing-boats. Remainedby vessels.

Flat Eleanor, of Liverpool 2Barque Bator. . . . 10Smack Esperanda, of

Porlock 2S.S. International, of

Newcastle. Landed 9.Boat of the barqnentine

G. L. Waters, of Work-ington 5

Schooner Michael Kelly, ofLiverpool . . . . 5

Schooner Oricell, ofIpswich. Bend, assist.

S.S. Nar, of Lynn. Be-mained by vessel.

Schooner Gauntlet, ofBarrow 5

Brigantine Somerset, ofChristiania . . . 9

Schooner Gem, of Ramsey 4Ketch Two Brothers, of

Plymouth . . . . 2Two fishing - cobles.

Rendered assistance.Lugger Good Hope, of St.

Ives. Bern, by vessel.Schooner Jane and Annie,

Carmarthen. Assistedto save vessel.

The Aldeburgh, Roker, Southend (Essex)and Walmer Life-boats respectively renderedthe following services:—Barque J.H. Schwensen,of Kragero, saved vessel; S.B. Poplar, of London,assisted to save vessel; barquentine Durango,of Hamburg, assisted to save vessel and crew,10; barquentine G. L. Waters, of WorMngton,assisted to save vessel.

Voted 8371. 10s. 5d. to pay the expenses ofassemblies of the crews or launches to distressedvessels by the following Life-boats :—Abersoch,Aldeburgh, Bull Bay, Oaister No. 2, Dover,Falmouth, Filey, Gorleston Nos. 1 and 2,Gourdon, Hasborough, Hayle, Helbre Island,Hoylake, Kingsdowne, Llanaelhaiarn, Lowes toftNo. 2, Mevagissey, New Brighton No. 1, PallingNo. 1, Plymouth, Point of Ayr, Porthleven,Porthoastock, Port Logan, Port Patrick, RhylNo. 2, Roker, Southwold No. 1, TynemouthNo. 2, Walmer, Great Yarmouth and YealmRiver.

The Ramsgate Life-boat also went out onservice, but was not eventually needed.

Voted 151. to four men injured while onservice at Gorleston, North Deal, Teignmouth,and Tynemouth.

Voted the silver medal of the Institution,accompanied by a copy of the vote inscribed onvellum and framed, with the sum of 21., to Mr.R. POCKLET, coxswain of the FlamboroughNo. 1 Life-boat, and 21. each to two other menfor gallantly saving the crew of three men whohad been washed overboard from the fishing-boat Elizabeth, of Flamborough, a heavy seastriking the boat when several miles off Flam-borough Head in a strong S.E. gale and aheavy sea on the 15th November. The boatused by the salvors was merely a 19 feet coble,and great risk was incurred in getting the men,who were greatly exhausted, into the boat.

Also 10Z. to ten men for putting off in thesurf-boat Stormy Petrel, of Southend (Essex),and saving the erew of six men from the vesselLouisa, which was stranded on the MaplinSands in a whole gale from E. and a heavy seaon the 24th November.

Also 8Z. to eight men who saved the crew ofthree men from the schooner Sarah Howe, ofLerwick, which signalled for assistance whilemoored for discharging cargo in Greetness Voe,a heavy gale having sprung up from W.N.W.with a very heavy sea on the 15th November.The vessel afterwards drifted out to sea andfoundered.

Also 61. to three men for rescuing two men ofthe Boyal Irish Constabulary, who were indanger in a boat in Blacksod Bay, co. Mayo, ina gale from N.W. and a very heavy sea on the1st October.

Also 41. 10s. to nine men for saving the crewof three men from a boat which while returningfrom fishing was capsized in a squall off Howthon the 14th November.

Also 47. to two men for rescuing the crew oftwo men from a fishing-boat capsized by asquall off Combmartin, Devonshire, on the llthNovember. The boat and gear were also saved,the salvors sacrificing their fishing for theevening by rendering the service.

Also 11. to two men for putting off in acurragh and saving two men whose boat hadbeen capsized in Mulroy Bay, co. Donegal, in astrong wind from the N. and a rough sea onthe 17th November.

Also 11. 10s. to three men for saving thefishing coble Florence, of Filey, her crew ofthree men and their gear, the boat having beencapsized by a squall while proceeding to sea onthe 8th November.

Also I/. 10s. to four men for saving two me*from a fishing-boat in Whitesand Bay, Corn-wall, in a moderate breeze from the S.W. anda rough sea on the 13th November.

NOTICE.The next number of the LIFE-BOAT JOURNAL, containing the Annual

Report, &c., will be published on the 1st Hay.

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Services of the Life-boats of the Institution during 1895.

Lives1895 saved.

Jan. 1. 9.20a.m. Boat of S.S. Kent, of London. Gorleston No. 1 Life-boat saved boatand 5

„ 1. 9.20a.m. Boat of S.S. KirTcstall, of Shields. Gorleston No. 1 Life-boat savedboat and 4

,, 2. 10 a.m. Barque Antoinette, of St. Jobn, N.B. Padstow Life-boat saved . 4„ 2. 8a.m. Ditto Port Isaac Life-boat saved. . 10,, 2. 5.30 p.m. Ditto Padstow Life-boat saved . . 5„ 5. 8.30 p.m. Danish S.S. Niord. Oullercoats Life-boat saved vessel.„ 6. 2.30 p.m. Schooner Clarence G. Sinclair, of Wick, and Isabella Stuart. Thurso

Life-boat landed 8.„ 7. 9.30a.m. Two Fishing-cobles, of Boulmer. Boulmer Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ 7. 10 a.m. Fishing-cobles. Oullercoats Life-boat rendered sssistauce.„ 7. 10a.m. Four Fishing-boats. North Sunderland Life-boat rendered assistance.„ 7. 12.15 p.m. Fishing cobles of Cullercoats. Tvnemouth No. 1 Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ 7. 4.45 p.m. Fishing cobles of Scarborough. Scarborough Life-boat rendered

assistance.,, 11. 4.45 p.m. Pilot wherry of Wexford. AVesford No. 1 Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ 12. 1p.m. Fishing-boats of Pitullie. Fraserbnrgh Life-boat remained by vessels.„ 12. 1.40p.m. Barque Brilliant, of Grimstad. Poule Life-boat saved . . . . 10„ 12. 2 p.m. Smack Prosperity, of Carnarvon. Fishguard No. 2 Life-boat landed 3.„ 12. 2 p.m. Ketch Mercy, of Carnarvon. Fishguard No. 2 Life-boat landed 3.„ 13. 6 a.m. Ketch Peter Varkevisser, of Milford. Abersoch Life-boat saved . . 3,, 13. 7.30 a.m. Brig James and Eleanor, of North Shields. Southwold No. 1 Life-

boat saved 2„ 13. 10.30 a.m. Four-masted barque Emanuele Aceame, of Genoa. Droghcda No. 2

Life-boat landed 18.„ 21. 8 a.m. Gig Robert Henry, of St. Ives. St. Ives Life-boat saved . . . . 5., 21. 8 a.m. Gig Children's Friend, of St. Ives. Ditto . . . . 6„ 21. 8a.m. Gig Soy Willie, of St. Ives. Ditto rendered assistance.„ 21. 12.20 p.m. S.S. Manliattan, of London. Eoker Life-boat landed 4, and rendered

assistance.„ 24. 3.45 p.m. Schooner Alnwick. of Beaumaris. Pwllheli Life-boat saved . . . 3„ 25. 1230p.m. S.S. Eseurial, of Glasgow. Hayle Life-boat saved 1„ 25. 9.10 p.m. Schooner Miss Hunt. Holyhead No. 1 Life-boat saved . . . . 4„ 25-26. S.S. Quantock, of London. Winterton Nos. 1 and 2 Life-boats assisted

to save vessel.„ 27. 9.30 a.m. Smack Polar Star, of Montrose. Montrose No. 1 Life-boat assisted to

save vessel.„ 30. 2.25 p.m. Ketch Nellie, of Littlehampton. Brixham Life-boat rendered

assistance.,, 30. 8.15 p.m. Ship Andola, of Liverpool. Porthonstock Life-boat saved . . . 28„ 30-31. S.S. Beacon Light, of Liverpool. Kamsgate Life-boat assisted to

save vessel.„ 31. 2.30p.m. Fishing-boats of Gourdon. Johnshaven Life-boat rendered assistance.

Page 31: THE LIF -BOE AT.


Lives1895. . saved.

T 31 2 4" (Fishing-boats Red Jacket and Ebenezer and steam trawlers South EskJan. ;u. 4.10 p.m.^ an^ ^ore_ Montrose No. 1 Life-boat rendered assistance.Feb. 4. 2.15 p.m. Fishing-boats. Berwick-on-Tweed Life-boat rendered assistance.

,, 4. 8.30 p.m. Schooner Aneurin, of Carnarvon. Falmonth Life-boat saved . . . 4„ ti. 10.30 a.m. Fishing-boats of Beadnell. North Sunderland Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ 6. 10.45 a.m. Three Fishing-boats. Holy Island No. 1 Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ G. 11.15a.m. Fishing-boats. Benvick-on-Tweed Life-boat rendered assistance.,, G. 11.30 a.m. Fishing-boats. Eyemouth Life-boat remained by vessels.„ G. 1.30 p.m. Fishing-cobles. Whitby No. 2 Life-boat rendered assistance.„ 7. 9.15a.m. S.S. Vigilant, of Liverpool. Castletown Life-boat saved . . . . 6,, 7. 9.30 a.m. Schooner Margaret and Elizabeth, of Liverpool. Ramsey Life-boat

saved 2„ 7. 10 a.m. Fishing-boat The Twins, of Giivan. Girvan Life-boat rendered

assistance.„ 7. 11.30 a.m. Two Fishing-boats. North Sunderland Life-boat rendered assistance.,, 14. 9.15p.m. Ketch Tavy, of Plymouth. Padstow Life-boat saved 4,, 14. 11.45 p.m. Schooner Isabella Helen. Guernsey Life-boat assisted to save vessel

and , 5„ 15. 10.30p.m. Schooner Ben Aigen, of Hull. Dungeness No. 1 Life-boat saved . 4„ 1C. 9.15a.m. Barque Bruckley Castle, of Glasgow. Brighton Life-boat remained

by vessel.Mar. 11. G.30 a.m. Brig Johan, of Christiania. Dunbar Life-boat assisted three men in

ship's boat.„ 23. 2.20 p.m. S.S. Salurnus, of Amsterdam. Newhaven Life-boat stood by vessel..„ 23. 5 p.m. Schooner Clarence, of Beaumaris. Bull Bay Life-boat saved . . . 3,, 23. 11.30p.m. Smack Mary Ann, of Milford. Cardigan Life-boat saved . . . . 2„ 2t. 6.25a.m. Schooner Noordster, of Alblasserdam. Brooke Life-boat saved . . 7„ 24. 8.15 a.m. Four-masted barque Andrada, of Liverpool. Barmouth Life-boat

landed 19. '„ 21. 11.30 a.m. Smack Sarah, of Milford. Littlehaven Life-boat saved . . . . 2„ 24. 2.40 p.m. Ketch Martin Luther, of Cowes. Broadstairs Life-boat assisted to

save vessel and 3„ 24. 3.10 p.m. Barquentine Isabelle, of Swansea. Gorleston No. 1 Life-boat saved . 9„ 24. 5 p.m. Brigantine Lily Dale, of Cork. St. David's Life-boat saved . . . 7„ 24. Schooner Clarence, of Beaumaris. Bull Bay Life-boat saved vessel.„ 28. 9.15 a.m. Schooner Wagrien, of Aberdeen. Montrose No. 1 Life-boat stood by

vessel.„ 28. noon S.S. Sapphire, of Dundee. Youghal Life-boat stood by vessel.„ 28. 1.80 p.m. Fishing-boat Eclipse, of Peterhead. Peterhead Life-boat assisted to

save vessel and 7,, 28. 11.20p.m. Schooner Holly How, of Barrow. New Brighton Steam Life-boat

saved 5„ 29. 9 a.m. Schooner Lizzie Trenberth, of Fowey. Padstow Life-boat remained

by vessel.Apr. 2. 7.30 p.m. Brigantine Camilla, of Laurvig. Skegness Life-boat saved vessel.

„ 7. 2.23 p.m. Three-masted Schooner Betty Russell, of Lancaster. Clacton Life-boat saved vessel.

,. 7. 4.15 p.m. Pilot-boat of Sunderlond. Eunswick Life-boat rendered assistance.,, 11. G.40 a.m. Barque South African, of Belfast. Nesv Brighton Steam Life-boat

and Formby Life-boat stood by vessel.„ 21. midnight. Barque Madeline Rickmers, of Bremerhaven. North Deal, \Valmer,

and Bamsgate Life-boats assisted to save vessel.„ 24-25. Barque Chipperkyle, of Liverpool. Winterton No. 2 Life-boat

assisted to save vessel.May 8. 4.45 p.m. A Pleasure-boat. Montrose No. 1 Life-boat saved 4

,, 1G. 3.30 a.m. Brig Rudolf, of Trelleborg. Hartlepool No. 2 Life-boat saved . . 11„ 1G. 11.10 a.m. Boat of H.M.S. Research. North Deal Life-boat saved . . . . 7„ 17. noon. Brig Amelie, of Frederickstadt. Hunstanfon Life-boat saved. . . 9„ 24. 4 a.m. S.S. Buenos Aires, of Hamburg. Broadstairs Life-boat stood by

vessel.June 6. 9.15 p.m. Schooner Hans, of Rendsburg. Harwich Steam Life-boat saved

vessel and 4July 3. 6.20 a.m. Schooner Droughty Castle, of Eamsey. Penmon Life-boat rendered

assistance.,, 3. Ditto Penmon Life-boat saved

vessel.„ 12. 2.45 a.m. Schooner Paragon, of Inverness. North Sunderland Life-boat saved 4„ 14. 11.28 a.m. Yawl Sally, of'Liverpool. Hoylake Life-boat saved vessel and . . 3

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Lives1895. saved.

July 20. 2p.m. Barquentine Atlantic, of Aiendal. Shoreham Life-boat saved . . 9„ 20. 2.45 p.m. Brigantine Halcyon, of St. Nazaire. Worthing Life-boat saved . . 1„ 28. 2 p.m. S.S. Ida, of Dantzic. Palling No. 2 Life-boat saved . . . . 18

Aug. 2. 9 .a.m. Barque Kragero, of Kragero. Barmouth and Pwllheli Life-boatssaved vessel and 12

,, 2. 9.30 a.m. Ketch Appledram, of Poole. Dungeness No. 1 Life-boat saved . . 2„ 9. 11 a.m. Fishing-cobles. Whitby No. 2 Life-boat stood by vessels and landed

3 men.Sept.ll. S.S. Lady Wolseley, of Dublin. Kamsgate and North Deal Life-boats

took off passengers and assisted to save vessel.„ 11. Ditto Broadstairs Life-boat took off passengers.

Oct. 2. 1.15 a.m. Smack Petrel, of Bideford. Clovelly Life-boat saved 2„ 2. Smack Dora, of Bideford. Clovelly Life-boat saved 2„ 2. 5.40 a.m. S.S. Fal, of Falmouth. North Deal Life-boat saved vessel and . . 10„ 2. 5.55 a.m. Schooner The Cabins, of Beaumaris. Hoylake Life-boat saved . . 2„ 2. 6.20 a.m. Barquentine Latlonia, of Kiga. Southport No. 2 Life-boat saved . 8„ 2. 6.35 a.m. Ketch William, of Ipswich. Padstow Life-boat saved 4

> 2. 6.40 a.m. Smack Tom, of Watchet. Burnham Life-boat saved vessel., 2. Barque Helen, of Brevig. Cloughey Life-boat saved 10, 3. 12.30 p.m. Boat of s.s. Sicilia, of Liverpool. Padstow Life-boat saved . . . 1 6, 4. 10.50 a.m. Brig Haabet, of Tonsberg. Clovelly Life-boat saved 10, 15. 1.30 p.m. Ketch Ruby, of Liverpool. Cemlyn Life-boat assisted to save vessel., 17. 5 p.m. S.S. Harberton, of London. Sennen Cove Life-boat assisted t j save

vessel.,, 22. 6.45 a.m. Lugger Star of Bethlehem, of Cullen. Gorleston No. 1 Life-boat

saved 8„ 23. 5.30 p.m. Schooner Avance, of Tonsberg. Lossiemouth Life-boat saved . . 6„ 26. 8.40 a.m. Six fishing cobles. Scarborough Life-boat rendered assistance.„ 28. 6 p.m. Ketch St. Agnes, of St. Agnes. Newquay (Cornwall) Life-boat stood

by vessel.Nov. 6. 9 a.m. Brigantine Nordstjernen, of Christiansand. Kirkcudbright Life-boat

saved 6,, 6. 12.40 a.m. Schooner Otto, of West Bhauderfehn. North Berwick Life-boat saved 4„ 10. 2 p.m. Schooner Kate, of Chester. Beaumaris Life-boat landed 4.„ 10. 6.1 p.m. Schooner Ellen and Mary, of Port William. Ramsey Life-boat saved 3„ 10. 7.11 p.m. Brig Globe, of Whitehaven. Eamsey Life-boat saved 7„ 10. 8.23 p.m. Schooner Harvest Home, of Preston. Eamsey Life-boat saved . . 4„ 10. 8.35 p.m. S.S. Sindbad, of Newcastle. Blyth No. 1 Life-boat saved . . . 15 '„ 10-11. Three-masted schooner Anna, of Mariehanm. Teignmouth Life-boat

rendered assistance.„ 11. 1 a.m. Barquentine Durango, of Hamburg. Southend (Essex) Life-boat

assisted to save vessel and 10,, 11. 7.30 a.m. S.S. Poplar, of London. Eoker Life-boat assisted to save vessel.„ 15. 10.40 a.m. Smack Esperanda, of Porlock. Lynmouth Life-boat saved . . . 2„ 15. 11 a.m. Barque Sator. Whithorn Life-boat saved 10„ 15. noon. Eight fishing-boats. Gourdon Life-boat stood by vessels.„ 15. 12.36 p.m. Brigantine Somerset, of Christiania. Eamsey Life-boat saved . ., 15. 5.15 p.m. Flat Eleanor, of Liverpool. Helbre Life-boat saved. 16. 10 a.m. Cutter Sarah Beck, of Liverpool. Beaumaris Life-boat landed 4., 16. 11.30 a.m. Schooner Bulla, of Barnstaple. Gorleston No. 3 Life-boat saved, 18. 12.15 a.m. Dandy Coquette, of Great Yarmouth. Gorleston No. 2 Life-boat saved, 19. 2 a.m. Schooner Emu, of Douglas. Castletown Life-boat saved . . . ., 20. 6.45 a.m. S.S. Fairy. Blyth No. 1 Life-boat saved, 20. 8.15 a.m. Barquentine G. L. Waters, of Workington. Walmer Life-boat assisted

to save vessel.„ 20. 8.30 a.m. Boat of Ditto. North Deal Life-boat saved 5„ 23. 3.40 p.m. Schooner Gem, of Eamsey. Kamsey Life-boat saved . . . . 4„ 24. 1 p.m. Fishing-lugger Perseverance, of Folkestone. Folkestone Life-boat

saved crew and assisted to save vessel 3„ 24. 3 p.m. Three-masted schooner Orwell, of Ipswich. Penarth Life-boat

rendered assistance.„ 24. 4.30 p.m. Three-masted schooner Michael Kelly, of Liverpool. North Deal

Life-boat saved crew and a dog 5„ 24. 8.30 p.m. Ketch Two Brothers, of Plymouth. Salcombe Life-boat saved . . 2„ 25. 1.30 p.m. S.S. Grepenstedt, of Gottenburg. Gorleston No. 1 Life-boat

rendered assistance.., 25. 6.30 p.m. Fishing-lugger Good Hope, of St. Ives. St. Ives Life-boat stood by

vessel.„ 25. 9.20 p.m. Schooner Jane and Annie, of Carnarvon. Totland Bay Life-boat

assisted to save vessel.

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Lives1895. saved.

Nov. 26. 5p.m. Two fishing-cobles. Scarborough Life-boat rendered assistance.„ 28. 3 a.m. S.S. Nar, of Lynn. Port Erin Life-boat remained by Teasel.„ 28. 8.10 p.m. Fishing-boat JEnterprize, of Courtown. Courtown Life-boat saved boat

and 5„ 29. 9 p.m. S.S. International, of Newcastle. Mablethorpe Life-boat landed 9.„ 30. 8 a.m. S.S. Vale., of Stavanger. Clacton Life-boat remained by vessel., iiO. 5.45 p.m. Barque /. H. Schwensen, of Kragero. Aldeburgh Life-boat saved

vessel.Dec. G. 10 a.m. Schooner Gauntlet, of Barrow. Porthdinllaen Life-boat saved . . 5

„ G-7. Three-masted schooner Renown, of Wigtown. Abersoch Life-boatsaved vessel and 5

„ 10. midnight. Steam-trawler Kymric, of Grimsby. Donua Nook Life-boat landed 9.;, 12. 1.15p.m. Two Fishing-yawls of Arbroath. Arbroath Life-boat stood by vessels.., 12. 2 p.m. Fishing-boats of Gourdon. Gourdon Life-boat stood by vessels.,. 12. 4.45 p.m. Brigantine Sir Robert Hodgson, of Fowey. Great Yarmouth Life-

boat saved 6., 12. 6.30 p.m. Schooner lAly Garton, of Peel. Peel Life-boat stood by vessel.„ 12. 8.40 p.m. Steam-trawler Balmoral Castle, of Aberdeen. Whitelink Bay Life-

boat saved 9„ 15. 7.30 a.m. Dandy Sir Alfred Gooch, of Lowestoft. Keasiugland No. 1 Life-boat

saved crew and assisted to save vessel 5. 19. 10 a.m. Ketch Lord Tennyson, of London. Kingsgatc Life-boat stood by

vessel.;. 22. 5.45a.m. Schooner Emily, of Padstow. Polkerris Life-boat saved . . . . 4

22. 12.30 p.m. Schooner Violet, of Castletown. Giles Quay Life-boat saved . . . 423. 4.30 p.m. Fishing-boats. Peterbead Life-boat remained in attendance.24. 9.45 a.m. Schooner Clara, of Belfast. Angle Life-boat saved crew and a dog . 524. Echo, of Wexford. Angle Life-boat assisted to save vessel.24. lla.m. Ship Moresby, of Liverpool. Dungarvan Life-boat saved . . . . 724. 1 p.m. Brig Robert, of Nantes. Port Patrick Life-boat rendered assistance.24. 1.45 p.m. S.S. Paragon, of Dublin. Blackrock Life-boat saved . . . . : 1124. 7 p.m. Steamer Advance, of Glasgow. Ballantrae Life-boat saved . . . 325. 10.30 a.m. Schooner Clara, of Belfast. Angle Life-boat assisted to save vessel.25. 3.30 p.m. Brigantine Citizen, of Youghal. Kilmore Life-boat landed 4.25-30. Barque Atalanta, of Hamburg'. Margate Life-boat assisted to save

vessel and 1828. 10.30 a.m. Fishing-boats. Montrose Nc. 1 Life-boat stood by vessels.28. 10.40 a.m. Fishing-boats, of Johnshayen. Johnshaven Life-boat attended boats.28. 4.35 p.m. Barque Ganymedes, of Kisor. Totland Bay Life-boat saved . . . 830. 9 p.m. S.S. Beaver, of London. Staithes Life-boat stood by vessel.31. 7.30 a.m. Yawl Love Lane, of Wexford. Wexford No. 1 Life-boat rendered


Total lives saved by the Life-boats in 1895, in addition to35 vessels 533

Howards were also granted by the Institution in the same periodfor saving: by means of Fishing: and other Boats 176

Total for 1895 709


AT the Twenty-ninth Annual Meeting ofthe Committee of this Fund, held on the17th January, and presided over by Mr.CHAS. G. TURNEB, C.B., Mr. CHAS. DIBDIN,the Honorary Secretary, reported that thenumber of the contributors now exceeded15,000, and that the Committee had paidto the KOYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT IN-STITUTION in 1895 the sum of 674Z. 11s. 6<£.to meet the payment of all expenses duringthe year connected with the maintenanceof the seven Life-boat stations, for the

building and endowing of the boats, ofwhich the Fund had already found themeans, and also a further sum of 1752.10s. to recoup the Institution the moneypaid during the year in rewarding thecrews of the Civil Servce boats forservices. The payment by the Fund forthe new boat-house and felipway, whichhave just been completed by the In-stitution for the Civil Service Life-boatat Douglas, Isle of Man, at a cost of1,450?. was also considered.

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Cfmirntan—SIB EDWAB.D BIRKBECK, BABT., V.P. jilptttj-lEjmirman—Colonel Frrz-ROY CLAYTON, V.P.


APPEAL.THK COMMITTEE OP MANAGEMENT have to state that daring the past year (1895) the

ROYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITUTION expended £58,503 on its 303 Life-boat Establishments.


Number of Lives rescued by Life-boats, in addition to £35 Vessels saved by them 533

Number of Lives saved by Shore-boats, &o 176Amount of Eewards granted during the Year 10,434Honorary Kewards:—Silver Medals and Clasps . . . 10

Binocular Glasses 13Aneroid Barometer 2Votes of Thanks on V e l l u m . . . 39Certificates of Service . . . . JO

Total . .

«. d.

4 6

. . . _74 709 £10,484 4 6

The number of Lives saved either by the Life-boats of the Society, or by special exertionsfor which it has granted rewards since its formation, is 39,354; for which services 98 GoldMedals and Clasps, 1,149 Silver Medals and Clasps, 257 Binocular Glasses, 16 Telescopes,9 Aneroid Barometers, 1,519 Votes of Thanks, inscribed on vellum and framed, 57 Certificatesof Service framed, and £158,929 have been given as Bewards.

Tlie Committee earnestly appeal to the British Public for Funds to enable them to maintaintheir 303 Life-boats now on the Coast and their Crews in the most perfect state of efficiency.This can only be effected by a large and permanent annual income. The Annual Subscriptions,Donations and Dividends are quite inadequate for the purpose. The Committee are confidenttliat in their endeavour to provide the brave Life-boat men, who nobly hazard their lives inorder that they may save others, with the best possible means for carrying on their great work,they will meet with the entire approval of the people of this the greatest maritime country inthe world, and that their appeal will not be made in vain, so that the scope and efficiency ofour great Life-saving Service, of which the Nation has always been so proud, may not haveto be curtailed.

Annual Subscript/one and Donations are earnestly solicited, and will be thankfully receivedby the Secretary, CHAKLES DIBDIN, Esq., at the Institution, 14 JOHN STKEET, ADELPHI, London ;by the Bankers of the Institution, Messrs. COUTTS and Co., 59 Strand; and by all the otherBankers in the United Kingdom.—1st February, 189G.