The Heritage of Rutland .–3 – The Heritage of Rutland Water Rutland Local History & Record...

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Transcript of The Heritage of Rutland .–3 – The Heritage of Rutland Water Rutland Local History & Record...

  • 3

    The Heritage ofRutland Water

    Rutland Local History & Record SocietyRutland Record Series No 5

    Registered Charity No 700273

    Compiled and Edited by

    Robert Ovens & Sheila Sleath

    front pages 10/3/08 08:28 Page 3

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    Contents

    Map of Rutland, circa 1840, with Rutland Water superimposed 2

    Foreword 7

    The Middle Gwash Valley before and after Rutland Water 8

    Acknowledgements 9

    Introduction and Abbreviations 11

    1 Working the Soil the Generation of Wealth 1086 to 1800 Ian Ryder 13

    2 The Agricultural Revolution and Beyond Edward Baines 25

    3 Barnsdale Sue Howlett 45

    4 Burley on the Hill Sue Howlett 55

    5 Edith Weston: A Queens Dowry Sue Howlett 93

    6 Egleton: A Glimpse into the Past Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 117

    7 Empingham: An Entire Model Village Sue Lee & Jean Orpin 133

    8 Hambleton: The Settlement on the Crooked Hill Sue Howlett 149

    Aspects of Topography: Lost Footpaths, Footbridges and Bridleways 192

    9 Lower Hambleton in 1797 Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 193

    Aspects of Topography: An Ancient Ridgeway 210

    10 Manton: A Town on a Rock Manton Millennium Group with Robert Ovens & Sheila Sleath 211

    11 Normanton Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 231

    Aspects of Topography: The Egleton to Nether Hambleton Road 282

    12 Whitwell: A pretty little village Sue Howlett 283

    13 Changing Communities Paul Reeve 303

    Aspects of Topography: Normanton Park Road 314

    14 Rutland Waters Robert Ovens & Sheila Sleath 315

    Aspects of Topography: A New Wetland Habitat 348

    15 Dont Dam Rutland Hilary Crowden 349

    Aspects of Topography: Normanton Bridge 358

    16 The Geology of the Middle Gwash Valley Clive Jones 359

    Aspects of Topography: Bull Bridge 368

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    17 Planning and Constructing the Reservoir Robert Ovens & Sheila Sleath 369

    Map of Archaeological Sites in the Middle Gwash Valley / Archaeological Timeline 402

    18 Brooches, Bathhouses and Bones Archaeology in the Gwash ValleyKate Don 403

    Aspects of Topography: High Bridge Road 414

    19 The Archaeologists Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 415

    20 Medieval Settlements at Nether Hambleton and Whitwell Tim Clough 421

    Aspects of Topography: Gibbet Lane 444

    21 Lost Homes Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 445

    Aspects of Topography: The Stamford to Oakham Turnpike 480

    22 Rutland Water: Planning and Developing a Water Supply Reservoir as a World-Class Leisure Venue David Moore 481

    23 Fauna and Flora before Rutland Water Mike Griffin 499

    Aspects of Topography: Old Barnsdale Hill 528

    24 Tim Appleton MBE Thirty Years of Rutland Water Nature ReserveSue Howlett & Robert Ovens 529

    25 The Birds of Rutland Water Terry Mitcham 575

    26 A New Home for the Osprey Barrie Galpin 587

    27 A Panorama of Activities at Rutland Water Robert Ovens & Sheila Sleath 601

    28 Rutland Water Fishing John Wadham 611

    29 Sailing on Rutland Water Rutland Sailing Club Tony Gray & Mike Barsby 625

    Aspects of Topography: New Barnsdale Hill 642

    30 Extra, Extra, Read all about it! Sheila Sleath & Robert Ovens 643

    Bibliography 665

    Index 668

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    Chapter 21

    Lost HomesSheila Sleath and Robert Ovens

    When over 3,000 acres of land in the Gwash Valley were flooded in order tocreate Rutland Water, it was inevitable that a great deal would be lost.

    A pleasant, rural landscape, containing fertile farmland and natural habi-tats, disappeared along with a way of life for those who had to forfeit theirhomes, farms and livelihoods. An entire hamlet, Nether Hambleton, and itsconnecting network of footpaths and roads to surrounding communitiesvanished, and these along with other geographical features were erased fromthe map.

    It is difficult to imagine this landscape without water, but fortunatelywhat lay beneath the reservoir is not entirely forgotten. By delving into a vastsource of archival material, it is possible to form a picture of what the val-ley, and life within it, was like in former times. Reports and artefacts fromarchaeological excavations, historical records, literature, old maps, paintings,photographs and peoples memories all help to provide a picture of whatused to be. This chapter deals specifically with homes which were demol-ished to make way for the reservoir. Particular emphasis is given to the houses and former occupants of the lost hamlet of Nether Hambleton.

    Hambleton originally con-sisted of three parts, Upper,Middle and Nether, but whenNether Hambleton and partof Middle Hambleton werelost as a result of RutlandWater, what remained becamesimply Hambleton. Thename of Nether, or Lower,Hambleton was always asource of confusion even tothose who lived there. SheilaDrake, ne Tibbert, who wasborn at East View in 1944,recorded:

    We lived in NetherHambleton which we always

    called Lower Hambleton. Im not sure of the correct term. Our address wasalways Lower Hambleton all the time that we lived there, but more recentlyothers call it Nether Hambleton. Whether East View and April Cottage [onthe Lyndon road from Middle Hambleton] were Lower Hambleton, andIvydene and Red House round the corner were Nether Hambleton, I dont know.

    Officially the village was Nether Hambleton, as on Ordnance Surveymaps dating from 1824. However, due to its geographical position, it is

    The location ofUpper, Middle andNether Hambletonon J & C Walkersmap of 1878

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    understandable that the hamlet was also referred to as Lower Hambleton. Itis interesting to note that a 1797 estate notebook (ROLLR DG 7/4/27) list-ing the 9th Earl of Winchilsea and 4th Earl of Nottinghams tenants (seeChapter 9 Lower Hambleton in 1797) refers to Lower Hambleton.

    In general the Hambleton Parish Registers do not differentiate betweenthe three settlements. There are a few references in the burial records toLower (from as early as 1859) and Middle Hambleton, but none to NetherHambleton. For the purposes of this chapter, the hamlet and its outlyingcottages on the Lyndon road will be referred to as Lower Hambleton.

    Lower Hambleton

    The location of housesin Lower Hambleton in1970 based on the OS2nd ed 25" map 1904(RO)

    Sheila Drake moving sheep fromUpper Hambletonto East View farmin 1956 (SheilaDrake)

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    Beehive Cottage

    Prior to being demolished for what was to becomeRutland Water, Beehive Cottage was considered tobe one of the oldest cottages in Rutland. It wasexamined in some detail by members of RutlandField Research Group for Archaeology and Historywho, from 1973 until 1976, were carrying out anarchaeological excavation on the site of a medievalbuilding in a nearby field. They found that Beehive Cottage was of medievalconstruction, the materials used being stone, wattle and daub. Ideally itshould have been dismantled stone by stone and re-erected elsewhere.

    It is difficult to identify the early occupants of this cottage. However the1797 notebook indicates that George Clements, his wife Mary and their sixchildren had just moved into Beehive Cottage. George Clements died in1829 and later Census Returns indicate that a Hugh Springthorpe took overthe tenancy until at least 1851. One of George Clementss daughters,Elizabeth, married Hugh Springthorpe in 1822.

    Beehive Cottage in1970, believed tobe the oldest cottage in Rutland(Jim Eaton)

    Kemmel Freestone, later of Whissendine, went to live in Beehive Cottagein 1934 when he was 14. He had moved from Trimley Marshes, Suffolk, withhis mother and stepfather, Bert West. Bert West and Kemmel both workedfor Miss Maud Tryon who farmed at Old Hall, Middle Hambleton. Kemmelrecollects:

    Beehive was very old and very, very damp . . . There was no upstairs, itwas all on one ground floor. You went in the front door into a room, thenyou went from one room into the next. There was no back door as youwent in, you had to come out the same way. We had a living room and twobedrooms one on either side of the main room and a little kitchenette you couldnt swing a cat around in it. We always called the kitchenette thebackus [back-house]. Thats where we did the washing up and all that where we put the water. You see, there was only my stepfather, my mother

    BeehiveCottage fromthe north-westin the 1960s. Inthe 1930s therooms at eitherend of the cot-tage were bed-rooms, with thekitchen inbetween.Because of theroof design, theceilings in theserooms werevery low (JimLevisohnARPS)

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    and myself and we all lived there and I had a little lean-to place for my ownroom. Of course I wasnt very old when I lived there.

    We got our water from a well in the garden. It had two doors over itwhich was covered with a large slab of stone. We had to drop a bucket downon a rope to get the water and when it came out the water would be coveredwith green slime. Sometimes there would be frogs and toads in it.

    We had a coal fire but although the coalman used to come around on theodd times, we rarely got coal, we mostly used wood. I think my mother hada three-[ring] paraffin burner that she cooked on. We had no electricity butused candles and paraffin lamps that had delicate mantles on them. The toi-let was in a hovel in the garden it was really just a bucket that had a wood-en seat placed over it. We used to have bits of newspaper on a nail on theback of the door.

    Kemmel and his family left Beehive Cottage in 1938 to live atNormanton.