The early filipinos


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2. THE EARLY MIGRATION There are several theories presented as to the origin of the Filipinos, but none is said to have been completely established. It was believed that the early people who migrated to the Philippines came during the Pleistocene period between 400,000 to 500,000 years ago. 3. HOMO ERECTUS One of the earliest inhabitants of the Asia. 4. THE NEGRITOS The first people believed to settled in the Philippines were the Negritos. Negritos have sort in height with thick lips, flat nose and kinky hair. They had black complexion. 5. THE INDONESIAN The second group of settlers who arrived in the Philippines were the Indonesian. They were 2 groups. First group, were physically tall, slender, with light skin. They had sharp thin faces, high aquiline nose, thin lips, broad forehead and deep set eyes. Second group of Indonesians were darker in complexion, shorter and bulkier in physique and had set jaws, large rectangular faces, large thick nostrils and large round eyes. 6. THE MALAYS The third group who arrived in the Philippines were the Malays, who arrived by boat known as BALANGAY. Physically, the Malays were of medium height, with fair complexion, flat nose and straight hair. 7. THE ORANG DAMPUAN A group of people came from the present-day southern Annam. They were known as Orang Dampuan or Men of Champa. 8. THE BANJARMASIN The people of Sulu were famous pearl divers and this interested the Banjarmasin merchants and adventurers. 9. THE COMING OF THE CHINESE The trade relations between the Philippines and the china started in the year 982 A.D. during the sung dynasty. The Chinese called the Philippines Mai of Moyi. 10. INFLUENCES OF HINDUS The culture of the Hindus was brought to the Philippines by Orang Dampuan and Orang Bandjar. The use of sarong and putong and loose pants came from the Hindus. 11. THE ARABS The Arabs traders brought their metals and cloth in the Philippines and traded them with Philippine products like spices, logs, and other products. 12. CHAPTER 7 Introduction of the Islam in the Philippines 13. Introduction of the Islam in the Philippines The spread of Islam to old Malaysia was the result of the activities of the Arab traders, missionaries, and teachers who introduce their religious beliefs among the Malays. 14. The Arabs in the Southeast Asia The Arabs established their relations with the Malays in the southeastern part of Sumatra. It was during the period of the dynasty when their trade flourished and they established Khanfu (Canton, China) as their trading port. 15. SULU ISLANDS During the early period Sulu became the center of the trade in the southern part of the Philippines. Arab missionaries who introduced their religion known as Islam. 16. ISLAM Islam was found by Prophet Mohammed. They believed that Allah is the one and only God. 17. GAME 18. _OR_N 19. KORAN (Qur'an) 20. The major belief of Muslims are based on the Five Pillars. Allah is the only God and Mohammed is his Prophet. To pray (Salat) five times a day facing Mecca. To give alms (Zakat) to the poor Observed fasting during the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. To make a Pilgrimage (Hadji) to Mecca once in their life time. Mecca is the sacred city of Islam where Kaaba, their sacred stone, is located. 21. GAME 22. _I_G_I_A_E T_ M_C_ _ 23. PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA At least once in his or her lifetime, each Muslims is expected to undertake a Pilgrimage to Mecca, the sacred city of Islam. 24. ISLAMIC MISSIONARIES As early as 1280 A.D. a Muslim community already existed in Jolo. As a proof, the tomb of Tuan Masha ika, the first Arab to reach Jolo, is found in Bud Datu, Sulu. As recorded in Tarsila, Sharif karim ul Makdum reached Jolo in 1380 A.D. Having a title of Sharif, he became effective in propagating Islam. 25. GAME 26. R_J_H B_G_N_A 27. RAJAH BAGINDA Before the end of the 14 century, Rajah Baginda arrived from Menenkabaw, Sumatra. He was not only a missionary but also a great warrior. 28. GAME 29. _ _U _ _KR 30. ABU BAKR In 1450 A.D. Sharif ul Hassin Abu bakr arrived and married Paramisuli, the daughter of Rajah Baginda. He established the sultanate of Sulu covering the area of Tawi-Tawi and a part of Zamboanga. 31. SULTANATE GOVERNMENT The Muslim became successful in organizing the sultanate form of government in Sulu and Mindanao. 32. The Ethic groups. later the Filipino-Muslims were divided into ethic groups. They lived in Mindanao, Palawan, Basilan, Sulu and other areas in the southern part of the Philippines. 33. The Filipino Ethic Groups Maguindanaon (Cotabato) Tausug (Jolo) Ilanum (Maguindanao) Maranaon (Lanao) Samal (Sulu) Yakan (Basilan) Badjao (Sulu) and Jama Mapun (Cagayan de Sulu) 34. Arabs Contribution The contribution of the Arab to Filipino culture: 1. The sultanate form of government and laws based on the Koran, the sacred scripture of Islam. 2. The Arabic Alphabet 35. 3. The Arabic Calendar and Muslim festivals. 4. Customs like prohibition of eating pork and drinking wine, giving alms to the poor. 36. 5. Prohibition of the Practice of slavery and divorce. 6. Annual Pilgrimage to Mecca. 37. 7. Islamic arts as seen in their architectural style of Mosque, the Maranaw Sarimanok, and Tausug Okir design. 38. 8. Maranaw literature like the Darangan, Indarapatra, Sulayman and Tuiska as inspired by the Arabic Nights. Darangan Indarapatra 9. Other forms of literature like Mauleed in Nabi (Life of Mohammad), Tutul (folktales), Tubad-tubad (Love Poem), Pananaro-on (Proverbs), Manga Antoka (Riddles), Kissa (Ballad). 39. 10.Dances like Singkil (bamboo dance) and Kandingas (Tausug Wedding dance). Singkil dance Kandingas 11.Words like Akma, Alak, Alamat, Opo, Pilat, Sulat, Salamat, Bukas. 40. THE END