The death of a legend
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Today is a day of remembrance; a great world leader has passed on to another realm. The Hero of South Africa and 27 year political prisoner Nelson Mandela has passed at 95 years old.
Transcript of The death of a legend
- The Death of a Legend: Nelson Mandela Dies at 95 Posted by Hank Klinger on December 05, 2013 Today is a day of remembrance; a great world leader has passed on to another realm. The Hero of South Africa and 27 year political prisoner Nelson Mandela has passed at 95 years old.
- Nelson was known for his soft spoken demeanor and his support of anti-racism world-wide. One of the original members of the Elders Council, this man is a man that changed lives and changed the world. There has never been a more humble sincere human being then this legend of character. Long has Mandela been a hero to millions worldwide myself included. Mandela had been facing various health problems and repeated hospital visits for some time before his unfortunate death. But I dont want to talk about that here. I want to focus on what he did for the world and for equality. Mandela had the view of a better world and he lived into it, he promoted peace and joy around the world for more than six decades after being released from his captivity during apartheid. He was giving the opportunity to be the leader of the a torn country, and out of one of the greatest displays of human compassion and forgiveness he made a choice to help run it alongside the very men who were his captors. South African President Jacob Zuma announced that Mandela, "the founding president of our democratic nation, has departed," adding that he "passed on peacefully." "Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father," Zuma said. "Our thoughts are with the millions of people who embraced Mandela as their own and who saw his cause as their cause. This is the moment of our deepest sorrow. Mandela will be accorded a state funeral, Zuma said, and national flags will be lowered to half-mast. "We saw in him what we seek in ourselves. And in him we saw so much of ourselves," he said. "Nelson Mandela brought us together and it is together that we will bid him farewell." Mandela's respiratory problems in recent years may be connected to his imprisonment, when he contracted tuberculosis after working in a prison quarry. He had been in hospital in recent months. His hospitalization on June 8, 2013, marked his fifth visit to hospital in two years. In April 2013, he spent 10 days in hospital after being treated for pneumonia. Mandela was a prominent international figure for more than half a century, first as a leading human rights campaigner in South Africa and then as the world's best-known political prisoner. Following his release, he again became the leader of the anti-apartheid struggle, and in 1994 became the first president of a democratic South Africa. On July 18, 2009, the first Mandela Day declared by the United Nations, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon spoke about how "Nelson Mandela has made a lasting imprint on our lives."
- Mandela: The birth of Leader He was born the a tribal prince on July 18, 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Transkei in the Eastern Cape Province, his then given name Rolihlaha Mandela would translate from Xhosa as Troublemaker. If you asked the White South African government this would become a fitting name. When Mandela was 9, his father died, and he was sent to live with the chief of the Thembu people. He was expelled from university due to protest activity. He in turn earned a BA from the University of South Africa years later in 1943 followed by a law degree. It was about this time that he joined the African National Congress (ANC). In his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, Mandela wrote, "I have no epiphany, no singular destiny, no moment of truth, but a steady accumulation of a thousand slights, a thousand unremembered moments, produced in me an anger, a rebelliousness, a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people." Co-founds ANCYL Founded in 1912, the ANC had been attempting to achieve a non-violent constitutional approach to winning human rights for non-whites. Mandela found the Youth League in 1944.
- It was also in this year that Mandela married his wife Evelyn Mase and together they had four children. The enforcing of apartheid in 1948 gave a sudden need to the ANCYLs movement, and by 1949 they hd completely taken leadership of the ANC. The new way was that of self-perseverance for blacks and determination which was done by boycott, striking, and public demonstrations of civil disobedience. In 1948, Mandela was elected ANCYL secretary and, in 1951, its president. In 1952 the ANC created a new program as the Defiance Against Unjust Laws Campaign. This new program led to a violent response by the government and positioned Mandela as the newly elected president of the Transvaal ANC and national deputy president that year. Four and a Half Years of Trial Apartheid was strengthened by the hostile South African government and the repression of the people of South Africa was multiplied once again. In the year of 1956 156 leaders were charged with treason among other offenses Mandela was of them. He led the defense during trial for four and a half years. It was during these years that attacks by police increased. It was during this time that Mandela was once again detained. In 1961 after years of trial the judge acquitted all the defendants due to lack of evidence and the fact that the policy of the ANC was that of non-violence. His marriage with Evelyn failed during these years and in 1958 he re-married to Winnie and fathered another two children.
- Mandela goes into hiding It was soon after the trial he went underground and in August of 1962 he was detained again. This time charged with the organization of a general strike and leaving the country without travel documents. It was during this time that a police raid uncovered the acts of a movement called Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), Mandela had helped form this movement in 1961. The 70 acts of sabotage against the government landed Nelson with the charges of treason and sabotage and he would spend the next 27 years in prison. During the trial, Mandela declared from the dock, "I have cherished the idea of a democratic and free society, in which all persons will live together in harmony, and with equal opportunities. It is an idea for which I hope to live and to see, but, my lord, if it need be, it is an idea for which I am prepared to die." He received a life sentence. 27 years of life in prison During the next 18 years he would spend time in Robben Island Prison where he would be forced to quarry limestone. It was during this time that he contracted Tuberculosis which ultimately led to his death. He would be transferred to Pollsmoor Prison outside Capetown in 1982. After six years in recovery from T.B. he would be returned to prison in 1988. In 1990 Mandela walked free It was broadcast across the world. Mandela Never Stopped Fighting Even at 71 years old he didnt stop. The reality was that this was the beginning of the end of apartheid. Mandela was instated as the president of the now legal ANC. After a tour across 13 nations. 1993 the ending of an era of oppression would end. They would hold Democratic elections in South Africa and apartheid would be no more. 1994 Long Walk to Freedom was published, Nelson Mandelas autobiography. The First President of South Africa For the first time Mandela would vote in 1994, he would also be elected the first president of South Africa. The internal war that many presumed would happen never see the light of day. Instead Mandela would oversee a surprisingly peaceful change in history promoting forgiveness and reconciliation over punishment and violence to the ones who caused the atrocious war crimes of the past apartheid years. For two years he headed a coalition government alongside de Klerk until de Klerk and his party finally left the government.
- In 1999, at the completion of one term in office, Mandela stepped down as president, "an old man who wants to go into eternity with a smile on his face," he said. International Relations Specialist Nelson Mandela wouldnt stop there. He would spend the rest of his life helping solve conflicts around the world. He would help the advancement of negotiations between Libya and the west. In 2001, he visited Canada and once again would be deemed a honorary Canadian citizen. In 2002, he founded 46664, a global HIV/AIDS campaign named for Mandela's prisoner number at Robben Island and famous for organizing benefit concerts around the world. (His son Makgatho died of AIDS in 2005.) The next year, he would establish the Mandela Rhodes Foundation to give scholarships and mentoring to African youth.
- In 2007 after retiring public life he went on to establish the Elders council. The council is comprised of former world leaders whos main focus was on establishing world peace, the ending of wrongful political imprisonment, securing humanitarian relief and womens rights. There has never been a greater man to walk the earth than Nelson Mandela. There have been others of equal merit, but none to surpass. Its because of world leaders like Mandela that the human race still goes on today. I also see the vision of a better world full of peace and harmony and can say from the bottom of my heart that I in my eyes Nelsons Mandelas vision still has color, his words will always echo, and the truth of freedom and equality for all of mankind will always be the force that drives me. To end this Article Thank You Nelson Mandela for a life time of service and an eternity of inspiration. You will always be missed. For anyone reading this looking to connect with someon