The Creation/Evolution Debate. Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing...

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Transcript of The Creation/Evolution Debate. Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing...

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The Creation/Evolution Debate Slide 2 Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures Slide 3 Thinking About Thinking! Critical thinking is the art of thinking about your thinking while you are thinking in order to make your thinking better What did he say? Slide 4 The Purpose of Critical Thinking Achieve understanding Evaluate view points Solve problems Achieve understanding Evaluate view points Solve problems The purpose of critical thinking is to: Critical thinking involves the use of questioning or inquiry techniques This is why evolutionists do not want critical thinking in the biology class Slide 5 10 tactics and logical fallacies used to discredit creation and promote evolutionism P ART 1 Slide 6 Fuzzy Words We believe, we think Given enough time, it will happen Might work Must have We believe, we think Given enough time, it will happen Might work Must have Those life forms must have evolved in the absence of oxygen, Biology, Miller and Levine, 2002, p. 426. Those life forms must have evolved in the absence of oxygen, Biology, Miller and Levine, 2002, p. 426. Could possibly have been My guess is Seems like Could possibly have been My guess is Seems like 1 1 Slide 7 Half Truth Half true and half false Often more effective than the complete lie Half true and half false Often more effective than the complete lie The Second Law of Thermodynamics only applies to isolated systems, so it is not relevant to evolution, because the earth is an open system. 2 2 Slide 8 Bandwagon All scientists accept evolution No real scientist accepts creation All scientists accept evolution No real scientist accepts creation The appeal to everyone agrees www.AnswersInGenesis.org www.ICR.org www.AnswersInGenesis.org www.ICR.org 3 3 Slide 9 Ridicule Attempting to provoke a dislike against a person or idea by name-calling Creationists are troglodytes and flat-earthers. 4 4 Slide 10 Either-Or Fallacy Presenting only one possible solution when others are justified If we teach creation then we will have to teach every other creation myth. 5 5 Slide 11 Analogy Improperly drawing parallels while ignoring pertinent differences Evolution is a fact like digestion or gravity. 6 6 Slide 12 Forgetting that it is your responsibility to prove a claim, not your opponents to disprove it. The claim that creation has no proof and therefore should not be taught, when evolution has never been proven or is even capable of proof. 7 7 Shifting the Burden of Proof Slide 13 Equivocation Confusing the issue by using vague terms or changing the definitions of words Changing the definition of science to support only evolution Not defining terms such as natural selection or microevolution 8 8 Slide 14 Bluffing Appearing to know more than you do Making the claim that the fossil record is full of transitional fossils Dinosaurs evolved into birds. 9 9 Slide 15 Appeasement The appeal that we're not really so different Most religions dont have a problem with evolution. 10 Slide 16 Lucy and the Australopithecines Slide 17 Critical Thinking What we see and read in textbooks is not always what was found or real Slide 18 Pictures and Reality Artistic conception Australopithecus africanus Australopithecus africanus What do you notice about this picture? Slide 19 Evolutionary Preconception I wanted to get a human soul into this ape-like face, to indicate something about where he was headed. John Gurche, artist, National Geographic, March, 1996 p. 109. Slide 20 Lucy: Two Questions What was found? Did Lucy walk upright? What was found? Did Lucy walk upright? Note: Lucy is our ancestor Slide 21 What Was Found? Lucy discovered in 1974 About 40% of the fossil was found Claimed to be 3.5 million years old Claimed bipedal Lucy discovered in 1974 About 40% of the fossil was found Claimed to be 3.5 million years old Claimed bipedal Slide 22 Lucy No foot bones Slide 23 Did Lucy Walk Upright 1. The rib cage 2. The pelvis 3. Leg and foot bones 1. The rib cage 2. The pelvis 3. Leg and foot bones To determine if Lucy walked upright three areas of anatomy can be examined Slide 24 Rib Cage Ape ribs are conical shaped Human ribs are barrel-like Ape ribs are conical shaped Human ribs are barrel-like Human: Barrel-like Ape: Conical shape Slide 25 Lucys Rib Cage I noticed that the ribs [Lucy] were more round in cross-section, more like what you see in apes. Human ribs are flatter in cross-section. But the shape of the rib cage itself was the biggest surprise of all. The human rib cage is barrel shaped, and I just couldnt get Lucys ribs to fit this kind of shape. I noticed that the ribs [Lucy] were more round in cross-section, more like what you see in apes. Human ribs are flatter in cross-section. But the shape of the rib cage itself was the biggest surprise of all. The human rib cage is barrel shaped, and I just couldnt get Lucys ribs to fit this kind of shape. Peter Schmid (paleontologist at the Anthropological Institute in Zurich) Quoted from Origins reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human by Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin Slide 26 Lucys Rib Cage In Lucys case, her ribs are conical, like those found in apes. Brad Harrub (Ph.D. Anatomy and Neurobiology) and Bert Thompson (Ph.D. Microbiology), The Truth About Human Origins, 2003, p. 47. Human Lucy Slide 27 Chimp vs. Human Pelvis Chimp Human Slide 28 Lucys Pelvis The marked resemblance of AL 288-1 (Lucy) to the chimpanzee is equally obvious It suggests to us that the mechanism of lateral pelvic balance during bipedalism was closer to that in apes than in humans. The marked resemblance of AL 288-1 (Lucy) to the chimpanzee is equally obvious It suggests to us that the mechanism of lateral pelvic balance during bipedalism was closer to that in apes than in humans. J. Stern & R. Sussman, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1983, pp. 291 & 292. J. Stern & R. Sussman, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1983, pp. 291 & 292. Slide 29 Knee Joint of A. afarensis 15 carrying angle (valgus) Human = 9 Gorilla = 0 Chimp = 0 15 carrying angle (valgus) Human = 9 Gorilla = 0 Chimp = 0 Orangutan = 9 Spider monkey = 9 Critical Thinking Slide 30 How Evolution Hinders Critical Thinking and Science Rib cage Pelvis Carrying angle Lucy could NOT walk upright Footprints in History Slide 31 Apes and Humans a Test Which footprint is human? Human Slide 32 Laetoli Footprints Footprints discovered in 1978 in Laetoli, Tanzania. The footprints were dated at 3.5 million years old. Who made these footprints? Slide 33 Ape and Human Footprints Ape (Lucy) Ape (Lucy) Human Laetoli footprint Human Shape Slide 34 Human Footprints The uneroded footprints show a total morphological pattern like seen in modern humans. Tim White, Evolutionary Implications of Pliocene Hominid Footprints, Science, April 1989, p. 175. Who made these footprints? Slide 35 Lucys Feet anatomist Dr. Charles Oxnard has shown that the big toe [Lucys] actually sticks out as in chimpanzees. David Catchpoole, Ph.D., New evidence: Lucy was a knuckle-walker, www.answersingenesis.org/docs2/4256news5-5- 2000.asp Slide 36 A Dilemma The footprints in Tanzania are human in shape Lucys feet are ape-like The footprints in Tanzania are human in shape Lucys feet are ape-like The footprints are 3.5 million years old therefore they cannot be made by humans What will the evolutionists do? Slide 37 Drawing from Life: The Science of Biology, Purves, Orians, and Heller, 1992, p. 604. Lucy: What Nice Feet You Have Slide 38 Lucy: Saint Louis Museum Human foot on Lucy Slide 39 Evolution Rejects the Evidence Professor Betsy Schumann, evolutionist expert, admits that the statue's feet probably are not accurate, but when asked whether the statue should be changed, she says, Absolutely not. Slide 40 Confusion about Lucy Anatomical evidence indicates that A. afarensis was bipedal some anthropologists are convinced by the anatomical evidence that A. afarensis was not a modern biped. Anatomical evidence indicates that A. afarensis was bipedal some anthropologists are convinced by the anatomical evidence that A. afarensis was not a modern biped. Robert Boyd and Joan Silk, (professors of anthropology), How Humans Evolved, 2000, pp. 331-334. Why the confusion? Why arent students told about this? Slide 41 10 Unique Characteristics 1.Fine balance 2.Flat face 3.Upright skull 4.Straight back 5.Fully extendable hip joints 6.Angled femur bones 7.Fully extendable knee joints 8.Long legs 9.Arched feet 10.Strong big toes 1.Fine balance 2.Flat face 3.Upright skull 4.Straight back 5.Fully extendable hip joints 6.Angled femur bones 7.Fully extendable knee joints 8.Long legs 9.Arched feet 10.Strong big toes Slide 42 Textbooks and Accuracy Biology: The Web of Life, 1993 1 Teeth 3 Flatter face 2 Eye socket Slide 43 Amazing Creatures That Defy Evolution Amazing Creatures That Defy Evolution Slide 44 Giraffe Slide 45 Leviathan Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. Job 41:19 Slide 46 Bombardier Beetle Chemical storage chamber Slide 47 Woodpecker Hard beak Special tail feathers Special cartilage Tongue Barbs Glue Long Hard beak Special tail feathers Special cartilage Tongue Barbs Glue Long Slide 48 Chuckwalla Lizard Slide 49 Chuckwalla Table Manners Chuckwalla and salt Pass the pepper and chuckwalla please Slide 50 Chicken Egg Each shell has about 10,000 tiny holes or pores Question: How does the chicken form a shell around a soft, messy egg and design the shell with pores? Blood vessels Each shell has about 10,000 tiny holes or pores Question: How does the chicken form a shell around a soft, messy egg and design the shell with pores? Blood vessels Slide 51 Chicken Egg Nineteenth day the chick is too big The egg-tooth Each step of the chicks development defie