The Consumer Protection Act, 1986

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Transcript of The Consumer Protection Act, 1986

  • 1.The Consumer Protection Act, 1986(Act No. 68 of 1986)1As amended byThe Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 1993 (Act No. 50 of 1993) & The Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 20022[24th December, 1986]An Act to provide for the better protection of the interests of consumers and for that purpose to make provisions for the establishment of consumer councils and other authorities for the settlement of consumers' disputes and for matters connected therewith.BE it enacted by Parliament in the Thirty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:CHAPTER IPreliminary1. Short title, extent, commencement and application: (1).This Act may be called the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. (2).It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. (3).It shall come into force on such date3 as the Central Government may, bynotification, appoint and different dates may be appointed for differentStates and for different provisions of this Act. (4).Save as otherwise expressly provided by the Central Government bynotification, this Act shall apply to all goods and services. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1Published in the Gazette of India, Extra., Part II, Section 1, dated 26th December, 1986 Pp. I-12. 2Act No. 62 of 2002 assented on 17th December, 2002 - {Passed by Rajya Sabha on 11.3.2002,by Lok Sabha ( with amendments) on 30.7.2002 and by the Rajya Sabha (the amendmentsmade by the Lok Sabha) on 22.11.2002} 3The provisions of Chapters I, II and IV of this Act have come into force vicde notification No.S.O. 390 (E)dated 15-4-1987, in the whole of India except the State of Jammu & Kashmir.The provisions of Chapter III of this Act have come into force vide notification No.S.O.568 (E) dated 10th June, 1987 published in the Gazett of India (E), Part II, Section 3 (ii),from 1st July, 1987 except the State of Jammu & Kashmir.-1-

2. 2. Definitions: (1).In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-1[(a) "appropriate laboratory" means a laboratory or organisation(i). recognised by the Central Government;(ii).recognised by a State Government, subject to suchguidelines as may be prescribed by the CentralGovernment in this behalf; or(iii). any such laboratory or organisation established by orunder any law for the time being in force, which ismaintained, financed or aided by the CentralGovernment or a State Government for carrying outanalysis or test of any goods with a view to determiningwhether such goods suffer from any defect;]2[(aa). "branch office" means-(i). any establishment described as a branch by the oppositeparty; or(ii).any establishment carrying on either the same orsubstantially the same activity as that carried on by thehead office of the establishment;] (b). "complainant" means-(i). a consumer; or(ii).any voluntary consumer association registered under theCompanies Act, 1956 or under any other law for thetime being in force; or(iii). the Central Government or any State Government, whoor which makes a complaint; 3 [(iv). one or more consumers, where there are numerousconsumers having the same interest;] 4 [(v). in case of death of a consumer, his legal heir or representative;] (c). "complaint" means any allegation in writing made by a complainant that- _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 2Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 3Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 4Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003)-2- 3. 1[(i). an unfair trade practice or a restrictive trade practice hasbeen adopted by] 2[any trader or service provider];3(ii).[the goods bought by him or agreed to be bought byhim] suffer from one or more deficiencies;4(iii). [the services hired or availed of or agreed to be hired oravailed of by him] suffer from deficiency in anyrespect;5[(iv). a trader or service provider, as the case may be, has charged for the goods or the services mentioned in the complaint a price in excess of the price,- (a). fixed by or under any law for the time being in force; (b). displayed on the goods or any package containing such goods (c). displaying on the price list exhibited by him by or under any law for the time being in force; (d). agreed between the parties;]6[(v). goods which will be hazardous to life and safety whenused, are being offered for sale to the public,- (a). in contravention of any standards relating to the safety of such goods as required to be complied with by or under any law for the time being in force; (b). if the trader could have known with due diligence that the goods so offered are unsafe to the public;]7[(vi). services which are hazardous or likely to be hazardous to life and safety of the public when used, are being offered by the service provider which such person could have known with due diligence to be injurious to life and safety;] _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 2Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003) 3Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 4Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 5Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003) 6Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003) 7Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003) -3- 4. (d)."consumer" means any person who- (i).buys any goods for a consideration which has been paidor promised or partly paid and partly promised, or underany system of deferred payment and includes any userof such goods other than the person who buys suchgoods for consideration paid or promised or partly paidor partly promised, or under any system of deferredpayment when such use is made with the approval ofsuch person, but does not include a person who obtainssuch goods for resale or for any commercial purpose; or 1(ii). [hires or avails of] any services for a consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised, or under any system of deferred payment and includes any beneficiary of such services other than the person who 2[hires or avails of] the services for consideration paid or promised, or partly paid and partly promised, or under any system of deferred payment, when such services are availed of with the approval of the first mentioned person 3[but does not include a person who avails of such services for any commercial purpose];4 [Explanation- For the purposes of this clause, "commercialpurpose" does not include use by a consumer of goods boughtand used by him and services availed of by him exclusively forthe purpose of earning his livelihood by means ofself-employment;] (e)."consumer dispute" means a dispute where the person againstwhom a complaint has been made, denies or disputes theallegation contained in the complaint; (f)."defect" means any fault, imperfection or shortcoming in thequality, quantity, potency, purity or standard which is requiredto be maintained by or under any law for the time being inforce 5[under any contract, express or implied or] as claimed bythe trader in any manner whatsoever in relation to any goods; (g)."deficiency" means any fault, imperfection, shortcoming orinadequacy in the quality, nature, and manner of performancewhich is required to be maintained by or under any law for thetime being in force or has been undertaken to be performed by_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 2Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993) 3Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.ef. 15-03-2003) 4Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.ef. 15-03-2003) 5Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993)-4- 5. a person in pursuance of a contract or otherwise in relation to any service; (h). "District Forum" means a Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum established under clause (a) of section 9; (i). "goods" means goods a defined in the Sale of Goods Act, 1930 (3 of 1930);1[(j)."manufacturer" means a person who-(i). makes or manufactures any goods or parts thereof; or(ii).does not make or manufacture any goods but assemblesparts thereof made or manufactured by others; or(iii). puts or causes to be put his own mark on any goodsmade or manufactured by any other manufacturer;] 2[(jj). "member" includes the President and a member of the National Commission or a State Commission or a District Forum, as the case may be;] (k). "National Commission" means the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission established under clause (c) of Section 9; (l). "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette; (m). "person" includes,-(i). a firm whether registered or not;(ii).a Hindu undivided family;(iii). a co-operative society;(iv).every other association of persons whether registeredunder the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860)or not; (n). "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made by the State Government, or as the case may be, by the Central Government under this Act;1[(nn). "Regulation" means the regulations made by the National Commission under this Act;]_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1Substituted by Consumer Protection (Amendment) Act, 2002 (w.e.f. 15-03-2003) 2Inserted by Consumer Protection (Amendement) Act, 1993 (w.e.f. 18-6-1993)-5- 6. 2 [(nnn). "restrictive trade practice" means a trade practice