The Compilation and Canonicity of the Old Testament

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The Compilation and Canonicity of the Old Testament. Introduction to Canonicity. Introduction to Canonicity: Defining. Hebrew: hn#q* (kaneh) Used 62 times in 38 verses in the OT Greek: kanwvn (kanon) Used four times in four verses. Introduction to Canonicity: Defining. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The Compilation and Canonicity of the Old Testament

  • The Compilation and Canonicity of the Old Testament

  • Introduction to Canonicity

  • Introduction to Canonicity: DefiningHebrew: hn#q* (kaneh) Used 62 times in 38 verses in the OT

    Greek: kanwvn (kanon)Used four times in four verses

  • Introduction to Canonicity: DefiningBut for the sake of greater accuracy I must needs, as I write, add this: there are other books outside these, which are not indeed included in the canon, but have been appointed from the time of the fathers to be read to those who are recent converts to our company and wish to be instructed in the word of true religion. These are . But while the former are included in the canon and the latter are read [in church], no mention is to be made of the apocryphal works. They are the invention of heretics, who write according to their own will, and gratuitously assign and add to them dates so that, offering them as ancient writings, they may have an excuse for leading the simple astray

    Athanasius (Bruce, 79).

  • The History of the Old Testament Canon

  • The Nature of the Bible: TimelineZondervan NIV Atlas of the Bible, p. 216-217

  • The Nature of the Bible: TimelineZondervan NIV Atlas of the Bible, p. 216-217

  • The Nature of the Bible: TimelineZondervan NIV Atlas of the Bible, p. 216-217

  • History of the Old Testament Canon: Compiling the BooksFrom God to Us, p. 11

  • The Extent of the Old Testament Canon

  • Extent of the OT Canon: ApocryphaReasons for InclusionWriters in the NT refer to its contentsSeptuagintEarliest complete manuscripts of Bible include itEarly Christian art

  • Extent of the OT Canon: ApocryphaReasons for InclusionEarly Church FathersSt. AugustineCouncil of TrentNon-catholic usageDead Sea community

  • Extent of the OT Canon: ApocryphaReasons for ExclusionWriters in the NT refer to its contentsNever cite as authoritativeSeptuagintCompiled in Alexandria, Egypt in 4th centuryEarliest complete manuscripts Follow LXX, does not mean canonicalEarly Christian artNot canonical, historical

  • Extent of the OT Canon: ApocryphaReasons for ExclusionEarly Church FathersEarly church fathers react against itSt. AugustineNot determiner of canonCouncil of TrentReaction against ReformationNon-catholic usageNot placed on same level as ScriptureDead Sea communityLibrary, not determiner of canonicity.