The civil war

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Social Studies

Transcript of The civil war

  • 1. The Civil War 1861-1865

2. Fort Sumter First Shots were fired at Fort Sumter in South Carolina starting the Civil War in 1861 3. The Union The Northern states were known as the Union, the president for the North was Abraham Lincoln 4. The Confederacy The southern states were known as the Confederacy: Jefferson Davis was the president 5. Compare and Contrast Union Military Confederate Military Strengths Give at least 3 strengths Give at least 3 strengths Weaknesses Give at least 3 weaknesses Give at least 3 weaknesses 6. Advantages/Disadvantages of the North Advantages: larger population, more money, more industry, more railroads Disadvantages: lack of strong military leadership, fighting in unfamiliar territory 7. Advantages/Disadvantages of the South Advantages: strong military leadership, familiar with the land, motivation to defend their land, homes, way of life. Disadvantages: lack of industry, lack of railways, lack of military and food supplies 8. Monitor and the Merrimac Two ironclad ships, fought to a standstill and signaled the end of wooden warships 9. Artillery 10. Artillery More powerful weapons led to a high death toll An estimated 700,000 people lost their lives during the Civil War 11. Battle of Bull Run The first major land battle of the Civil War, near Manassas, Virginia is a decisive Confederate victory, ending hopes of a quick end to the conflict. 12. The Battle of Antietam Was the bloodiest day of the war in 1862 Was a victory for the Union 13. The Battle of Antietam-Casualties 14. Casualties 15. Women support the War Supported home life and ran farms and business while the men were away Women began working as nurses, teachers, messengers, spies, and smugglers CLARA BARTON-FOUNDER OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS 16. Hospital Tents 17. Medical Care Surgeries were performed without anesthetics Thousands of soldiers died of disease and infection AMPUTATION-CUTTING OFF ONES LIMB 18. Emancipation Proclamation On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation This declared all slaves in Confederate states to be free The confederate states ignored the document 19. The Battle of Gettysburg-Union Victory Union and Confederate troops met on July 1, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17,500 Union soldiers killed 23,000 Confederate soldiers killed Was a 3 day battle 20. Gettysburg Cemetery in Pennsylvania The thousands who died at Gettysburg were buried in a new cemetery overlooking the battlefield 21. Lincolns Gettysburg Address The country should have a new birth of freedom. The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall be preserved 22. Vicksburg: A Besieged City General Ulysses S. Grant takes over as Union military commander 23. Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederacy 24. Battle of Vicksburg The Union gets control of the Mississippi River and another victory The South begins to suffer due to the Union blockade of the Mississippi 25. Massachusetts 54th Regiment African American soldiers demonstrated their courage during their attack on Ft. Wagner. With poor training and equipment, they lost half of their men and lost the battle 26. William Carney African American soldier in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, and first African American to receive the medal of honor 27. Appomattox: The South Surrenders On April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant Grants terms of surrender were generous: Confederate soldiers were to go home, keep their weapons, and were given food 28. 13th amendment Abolishes slavery 29. 14th amendment granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, which included former slaves recently freed 30. 15th amendment Gave African American men the right to vote 31. Lincolns Assassination 5 days after the Civil War was over, President Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth 32. Ku Klux Klan After the war, throughout the south, whites formed secret societies to drive African Americans out of political life.