THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells ...

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THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS

Transcript of THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells ...

Page 1: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

THE CELL

PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS

Page 2: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

CELL THEORY

All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells

Cells are the basic units of structure and function in an organism

Cells come only from the reproduction of existing cells

Page 3: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

Cell Theory

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Page 4: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

CELL DIVERSITYA cell’s shape reflects its function

Page 5: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

Cellular OrganizationIn multicellular eukaryotes, cells organize into tissues, organs, organ systems, and finally organisms.

Page 6: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

UNICELLULAR ORGANISMS

BACTERIA PROTOZOA

CONSIST OF ONLY ONE CELL

Page 7: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

MULTICELLULAR ORGANISM

ORGANISM MADE OF MANY CELLS

Page 8: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

PROKARYOTIC VS EUKARYOTIC

PROKARYOTIC Lack membrane-

bound organelles and nucleus

Genetic information in a Nucleoid

Simple Unicellular organisms Classified into two

domains Bacteria – E. Coli

EUKARYOTIC Has membrane-bound

nucleus and organelles Genetic Information in

the Nucleus Complex Multicellular Organisms Classified into one

domain White blood cells

Page 9: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

Page 10: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

THREE MAIN PARTS OF THE CELL

1. Plasma Membrane

2. Control Center

3. Cytoplasm

Page 11: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS

Page 12: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

ANIMAL CELL

Page 13: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

PLANT CELLS

Page 14: THE CELL PLANT VS ANIMAL CELLS. CELL THEORY  All Living Organisms are composed of one or more cells  Cells are the basic units of structure and function.

ANIMAL OR PLANT OR BOTH

Mitochondria Ribosome Endoplasmic

Reticulum Golgi Apparatus Vesicles Cytoskeleton Flagella Cilia

BothBothBoth

BothBothBothAnimalAnimal

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ANIMAL VS. PLANT CELLS

Only in Plants1) Cell Wall2) Large central

Vacuole3) Plastids

Only in Animals1) Lysosome2) Centrioles3) Cilia4) Flagella