The Articles of Confederation - Mr. Armentrout's Class The Articles of Confederation The Articles...

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Transcript of The Articles of Confederation - Mr. Armentrout's Class The Articles of Confederation The Articles...

  • The Articles of Confederation

  • The Articles of Confederation

     The Articles were written in 1777 by John Dickinson, a Penn. Statesman

     The original drafts of the Articles are modeled after existing state constitutions

     The Articles were accepted by Congress in 1781 and is considered the first national constitution

  • The Articles of Confederation

     The fear of having too much power in one person’s hands reflects the experiences the colonies had under a monarchy

     In the Articles the state governments limit the power of the national Congress

  • Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

     Congress had no power to raise taxes

     Congress had no power regulate foreign or state trade

     Laws had to be approved by 9 out of 13 states

     Congress did not have the power to enforce laws

  • Strengths of the Articles of Confederation

     The Treaty of Paris 1783 was signed

     The Northwest Ordinance was past

     Had the power to declare war and peace, print money, make treaties and settle state disputes

  • Strengths of the Articles of Confederation: Settling Western Lands

     The Land Ordinance of 1785, stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks

     The Northwest Ordinance assisted in the orderly expansion of the United States, it outlined a plan for applying for statehood to western territories

     5,000 free males who own 50 acres can start govt

     Population of 60,000 could become a state

  • Settling Western lands

     The Northwest Ordinance provides an orderly settlement process in the West

     It promised

     no slavery

     education

     freedom of religion

     trial by jury

  • Northwest Territory

     The Northwest

    Territory was east of

    the Mississippi River

    and north of the Ohio

    River. The states of

    Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,

    Michigan, and

    Wisconsin would be

    formed from this area.

  • Reasons for Shay’s Rebellion

     Farmers are required to pay debts in gold, they have no money because they were not paid during the war

     Wealthy lawmakers invested their money in the war too. And seek to get money from the farmers debts

  • Shays’s Rebellion

     Poor farmers are not represented in the Mass legislature and cannot pass debt relief laws

     The rebellion will free debtors from prisons and close courts that are hearing cases against farmers

  • Shays’s Rebellion

     The Mass militia is called out to stop it

     Poor farmers in 1791 elect officials who support their stance and will close courthouses and demand financial help from the Congress

     Shays’s Rebellion will prompt national leaders to create a stonger central government

  • Samuel Adams Said What?!

     “Rebellion against a king may be pardoned, or lightly punished, but the man who dares to rebel against the laws of a republic ought to suffer death”

  • Views about Shays’s Rebellion

     Adams will also write a law called the Riot Act, which prohibits 12 people or more from meeting and gives the government the power to shoot rioters!

     Samuel sure has changed since 1776!

  • Thomas Jefferson Said What?!

     "A little rebellion now and then is a good thing. It is a medicine necessary for the sound health of government. God forbid that we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion."

  • Original Presidents of the U.S.  John Hanson (1715 - 1783) - Served from November 5, 1781 until November 3, 1782,

    first President of the United States under the Articles of Confederation.

     Elias Boudinot (1741 - 1802) - Served from November 4, 1782 until November 2,

    1783.

     Thomas Mifflin (1744 - 1800) - Served from November 3, 1783 to November 29, 1784.

     Richard Henry Lee (1732 - 1794) - Served from November 30, 1784 to November 22,

    1785

     John Hancock (1737 - 1793) - Served from November 23, 1885 to June 5, 1786.

     Nathaniel Gorham (1738 - 1796) - Served from June 6, 1786 to February 1, 1787.

     Arthur St. Clair (1734 - 1818) - Served from February 2, 1787 until January 21, 1788 - He even predicted that under the vastly expanded centralized power of the state the taxing powers of bureaucrats and other unelected

    officials would eventually confiscate as much as a quarter of the income of the citizens - a notion that seemed laughable at the time but that

    has proven to be ominously modest in light of our current governmental leviathan.

     Cyrus Griffin (1736 - 1796) - Served as the nation's chief executive from

    January 22, 1788 until George Washington's inauguration as the 1st

    President under the new Constitution on March 4, 1789