The Articles of Confederation
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Transcript of The Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation
The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles were written in 1777 by John Dickinson, a Penn. statesman The Articles were accepted by Congress in 1781 and is considered the first national constitution
The Articles of ConfederationThe fear of having too much power in one persons hands reflects the experiences the colonies had under a monarchy In the Articles the state governments limit the power of the national Congress
Weaknesses of the Articles of ConfederationCongress had no power to raise taxesCongress had no power to regulate foreign or state tradeLaws had to be approved by 9 out of 13 statesCongress did not have the power to enforce laws
Strengths of the Articles of ConfederationThe Treaty of Paris 1783 was signedThe Northwest Ordinance was passedHad the power to declare war and peace, print money, make treaties and settle state disputes
Strengths of the Articles of Confederation: Settling Western LandsThe Land Ordinance of 1785, stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocksThe Northwest Ordinance assisted in the orderly expansion of the United States, it outlined a plan for applying for statehood to western territories5,000 free males who own 50 acres can start govtPopulation of 60,000 could become a state
Settling Western landsThe Northwest Ordinance provides an orderly settlement process in the WestIt promisedno slaveryeducationfreedom of religiontrial by jury
Northwest TerritoryThe Northwest Territory was east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River. The states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin would be formed from this area.
Reasons for Shayss RebellionFarmers are required to pay debts in gold, they have no money because they were not paid during the warWealthy lawmakers invested their money in the war too. And seek to get money from the farmers debts
Shayss RebellionPoor farmers are not represented in the Mass legislature and cannot pass debt relief lawsThe rebellion will free debtors from prisons and close courts that are hearing cases against farmers
Shayss RebellionThe Mass militia is called out to stop itPoor farmers in 1791 elect officials who support their stance and will close courthouses and demand financial help from the CongressShayss Rebellion will prompt national leaders to create a stonger central government
Samuel Adams Said What?!Rebellion against a king may be pardoned, or lightly punished, but the man who dares to rebel against the laws of a republic ought to suffer death
Views about Shayss RebellionAdams will also write a law called the Riot Act, which prohibits 12 people or more from meeting and gives the government the power to shoot rioters!Samuel sure has changed since 1776!
Thomas Jefferson Said What?!"A little rebellion now and then is a good thing. It is a medicine necessary for the sound health of government. God forbid that we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion."