The Articles of Confederation

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Transcript of The Articles of Confederation

  • 1. The Articles of Confederation And why they went wrong

2. Disclaimer View this presentation in chunks, dont try to do it all at once! Take notes only on bolded terms. Compare notes with your classmates. 3. THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION 4. Origins June 1776- The Second Continental Congress Richard Henry Lee (VA) proposes 3 things: A Declaration of Independence Forming alliances with other Europeans Plan a confederation of the thirteen colonies 5. Origins June 1776- The Second Continental Congress Richard Henry Lee (VA) proposes 3 things: A Declaration of Independence Forming alliances with other Europeans Plan a confederation of the thirteen colonies 6. Confederation A group of sovereign states loosely join together to provide for national defense, conduct foreign affairs and promote each others well-beings Very weak central government as the majority of power belonged to the states They are technically not one country, but a group of small nations joined together 7. Central Govt (weak) 8. Why? During colonization, the colonies were always separate from each other Therefore, they consider themselves to be their own country They viewed other states as foreign countries! 9. Also why? They were also a little weary of a strong central government after dealing with the British 10. The Articles In total, there are thirteen articles. Lets do this! (I recommend take a break here if youre doing this in one shot) 11. The First Five I. Establishes the name of the confederacy as the United States of America II. Affirms that all the states are sovereign (right to rule themselves) except for powers given to the central govt III. Commitment issues- states that the USA is not a nation, but a league of friend states IV. Establishes equal treatment of people moving from state to state V. Each state gets one vote in congress 12. The Next Five VI. Only the cent. govt can conduct foreign relations, declare war. States cannot have standing armies except if infested with pirates. VII. Colonels and ranks below are appointed by state legislatures VIII. If the US spends money, the states are supposed to pay based on the value of their land. IX. Lists powers of the cen. govt X. The Committee of the States can act as the govt when the Congress is in recess 13. The Last Three XI. If Canada wants to join, they can join XII. Confederation accepts the war debts of the Continental Congress XIII. The Articles may be amended only by full approval of ALL state legislatures 14. IT SOUNDS ALL DANDY BUT Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation 15. THE GOVERNMENT COULDNT DO ANYTHING! 16. Issue 1: Taxes The Congress couldnt levy (raise) taxes They had to ask politely 17. Issue 2: Interstate Commerce Congress couldnt regulate trade between the states States could issue their own money 18. Issue 3: Enforcement of Laws You pretty much couldnt enforce any laws the Congress passed in the states 19. Issue 4: No standing army Since the Congress couldnt tax the states, there was no money to pay for an army So really, a guys with a bunch of pitchforks and guns could probably cause a lot of trouble hypothetically. Hypothetically 20. SHAYS REBELLION! Second to last section I swear on tacos 21. Shays Daniel Shays Ill take my rebellion shaken not stirred 22. So what had happened was Economic hardship hit much of post- Revolution America, especially Massachusetts Come on, you knew it wouldve been Massachusetts them crazy people 23. Who did it hurt the most? The economic hardship hit rural farmers in Massachusetts especially hard Many were unable to pay their debts due to a lack of hard currency; this cost many to lose their farms 24. Protest and Revolt Around 1786, these farmers began protests not too different from those of the Revolution Once former Revolutionary War soldier Daniel Shays took over, things got kinda violent Massachusetts was saved once a force paid by merchants could put down the rebellion 25. Definitely not the Boston Massacre 26. Significance Showed the weakness of the central government as they could not respond with military aid to Massachusetts 27. But it wasnt all bad Land Ordinance of 1785 Set up procedures on how to survey (map out and create square borders) west of the Mississippi Northwest Ordinance of 1785 States gave up claims to land to the west in order for new states to be formed None of the states formed under the NWO became slave states 28. In Conclusion The government under the Articles of Confederation was too weak to effectively provide support to all of the states. Therefore, calls came to create a new government that could do what the Articles couldnt. This new government is the one we have today.