The Art of Photography (The Art and Science of Photography :The Evolution of Photography)

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  • The Art of Photography(The Art and Science of Photography :The Evolution of Photography)

  • To me, photography is an art of observation. It's about finding something interesting in an ordinary place... I've found it has little to do with the things you see and everything to do with the way you see them. Elliot Erwitt

  • What will be covering in this course?A brief history of photography from its simplest beginnings to todays high tech digital world and photographys impact on society.The art and the science of the photograph:Is Photography an Art form?What makes a good photograph?How have some images changed society?Is digital photography changing our views or reality?Other topics as we progress

  • Part 1: An Art Form?

  • What is the definition of ART?The Mona Lisa

  • What is the definition of PHOTOGRAPHY?

  • The works of Ansel Adams.

  • "Photography - both the craft and the art - helps me to be. It allows and enables me to live creatively, which is to honour Creation and my own existence. As I consciously pursue my craft, my concerns, anxieties, fears, loves, hopes, and dreams bubble up from my unconscious. In this meeting of the conscious and the unconscious, I can acknowledge my wounds and experience healing.Freeman Patterson, ShadowLight

  • Part 2: Defining Photography

  • What is Photography?'Photography' shall mean the Art or Science of the recording of light or other radiation on any medium on which an image is produced or from which an image may by any means be produced. Royal Photographic SocietyIn other words, Painting with light.

  • A photograph is life distilled and preserved for eternity. An expressive face, a fleeting moment in nature, an abstract shape- these are the fundamentals of photography. A photograph conveys, in a way no words can, a sense of the mystery and beauty of life, nature, and the achievements of humans.

  • Why was this chosen as one of the 100 Best Photos?

  • How did this photograph have an impact on society?

  • Part 3: The Photo EssayWhat does this story tell?

  • Your Photo Essay AssignmentDefinition of a Photo EssaySome techniques to help you create your imagesMore examples of photo essays

  • The Photo EssayWhat is a photo essay?A project that involves producing a series of photographs that work together to tell a storyNot restricted to documentary tradition or reportage style of photographyFine art, landscape, wildlifePowerful communication tool

  • Starting out:Select a subject for the projectBest to select one that holds significant personal interest for you:Captures your imaginationHolds your attention over time

  • Next:Consider how accessible the subject is Prevents project from becoming limitedProduced over time to make a significant difference in the depth of coverage that you bring to the story

  • Finally think about the visual potentialHow Important to make photographs that connect your key images and add depth to the content of the storyWill the images work together

  • Your Project:Take time to do additional research before starting to photographReading books, talking to people, spending time getting to know your subjectDevelop a deeper understanding of your subjectThis will help recognize important photographs within the story and add depth

  • Time spent without photographing offers a valuable opportunity for you to develop a comfortable relationship with your subject, while giving you a better understanding of what and how you need to photograph.Dont be in a rush to finish your project

  • Develop a shot list of all potential photographs that you want to make based on our research and knowledge of the subject.Able to see how images will work togetherConsider any specific logistics that may be important:Time of day, location, permission, special techniques

  • Keep an open mind will allow you to photograph unexpected momentUse your shot list to plan a project scheduleThis will allow you to manage your time and give you a clear sense of focus

  • Try not to work at roughly the same scale or viewing distanceUse longer establishing shots to orient the viewerClose-up shots to focus on significant visual elements within a story

  • Do not keep trying to rework successful images Will become limiting when trying to editOnce you have a successful image cross it off your list and move on

  • While it is advisable to do initial edits while you go, do not discard images until you have the full collectionAssemble the prints or digital images and move them around to establish the sequence of photographs for the finished essay

  • Think about how you want to present your photo essayVertical vs. horizontal images will affect layout optionsHaving an objective eye may help to ensure that you are telling a clear story

  • Seeing PhotographsSee the potential photographs in front of your camera:Imagine the image as a printLook for distracting backgroundsTry changing the angle

  • See how a picture communicates its visual content:Does it work better as a black and white, colour or sepia toneTransforms a 3-D event into a flat piece of paper

  • How much of a scene to show?Depends on what you want to showWhat is the photograph aboutTry getting closer, it eliminates distracting objects and simplifies the contents of the pictureTry to visualize what you want the photograph to look like

  • The frame isolates part of a larger sceneStarts with a complete and seamless world and uses the frame of the viewfinder to select a portion of a scene so everything else is discardedDifferent from paintingFraming will influence the image

  • Cropping can strengthen a picture or weaken it:Do not cut someone off at the jointLeave some space so subject does not touch edge of frame

  • Should your picture be horizontal or vertical?Hold camera horizontal for horizontal subjectsHold camera vertical for vertical subjectsOtherwise you will create empty space that adds nothing to the picture (unless you want to!)

  • The background is part of the picture:If it is distracting, try to eliminate it by blurringChange positionMove your subjectUse background if it contributes something

  • What good is design?Important to understand design concepts such as spot, line, shape, pattern, and balance as they are important in their ability to direct a viewers attention.A single element of design seldom occurs in isolationThe simpler the subject, the more important any single element becomes

  • According to some theories, lines psychological overtones:Horizontal = calm, stabilityVertical = stature, strengthDiagonal = activity, motionZigzag = rapid motionCurved = gracefulness, slowness

  • In a photograph, a shape is always two-dimensional, but tonal changes across an object can give the illusion of depthYou can flatten it out if you reduce it to one toneA single object alone draws attention to its shape

  • Ever wonder why models pose in the manner that they do?

  • Objects that are close together can be seen as a single shape:Portrait photographers try to enhance the feeling of a family as a group by posing members close together, often with physical contact

  • How do you emphasize some part of a photograph or play down another?Contrast attracts attentionCamera angle can emphasize a subjectUse surrounding parts of the scene to reinforce emphasis

  • People know when a picture is in balance even if they cant explain it:Ask yourself if the image feels balancedMove around a bitPicture needs more apparent weight at the bottom to avoid a top-heavy feeling

  • Some tension in a picture can be an asset:A centered, symmetrical arrangement will feel balanced, but may also be boringTry off-center, asymmetrical arrangements; they risk feeling unbalanced but may succeed in adding impact or dynamic energy

  • People tend to look first at the sharpest part of a photograph:You can emphasize some part of the subject by making it sharper than the rest of the pictureUse depth of field by changing aperturesMotion can be photographed either sharp or blurred

  • Contrast between light and dark draws a viewers eyeContrast between two objects may be more apparent in colour than in black and whiteLight along the edge of an object can make its shape stand out

  • Careful placement of a subject within the frame can strengthen an image;Placement can draw attention to or away from a part of a sceneAdd stability or create momentum and tensionRule of Thirds (but be flexible)Horizontal line (dividing line between land and sky) is a strong visual element

  • Stop for a moment to consider what you want to emphasizeMotion should usually lead into, rather than immediately out of, the image areaA subtler tension may be added by movement of a subject from right to left

  • Photographs are made in order to convey a certain vision or idea, perhaps the beauty of a transcendent landscape or the gritty look of a downtown streetYou may never know exactly what the photographer intended but you can identify the meaning that a photograph has for you.You can do so by asking yourself some of the following questions as a place to start

  • What type of photograph is it?What can you tell or guess about the photographers intention?What emphasis has the photographer created and how has that been done?Do technical matters help or hinder the image?Are graphic elements important, such as tone, line or perspective?What else does the photograph reveal besides what is immediately evident?

  • What emotional or physical