The American Civil War 1861-1865. The American Civil War.

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Transcript of The American Civil War 1861-1865. The American Civil War.

  • The American Civil War1861-1865

  • The American Civil War

  • Civil War Cause and Effect

  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates: 1858

  • Long Term Causes of the Civil War

  • Short Term Causes of the Civil War

  • Causes of the Civil WarSlaveryECONOMICPOLITICALSOCIALBALANCE OF POWERDIPLOMATICMORAL

  • An Appeal from Abolitionists

  • Slave from South to North

  • Distribution of Slaves, 1790

  • Distribution of Slaves, 1860

  • Distribution of Slaves, 1790 and 1860

  • The Internal Slave Trade, 18101860

  • Growth of Cotton Production and the Slave Population, 17901860

  • Value of Cotton Exports as a Percentage of All U.S. Exports, 18001860

  • Election of 1860: the Candidates

  • Abraham Lincoln - Republican Presidential Candidate: 1860

  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Election of 1860

  • Map 1860 ElectionElectors from South Carolina were appointed by the State Legislature not elected by popular vote

    Map David Leip (2000) - Used by TAH with Author's Permission

  • A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved--I do not expect the house to fall--but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other.

    A. Lincoln

  • Charleston Mercury Headline and Handbill : The Union is Dissolved!

  • Seceding States

  • Map 14.1 The Process of Secession, 18601861

  • Jefferson Davis: President of the Confederacy

  • The Bombardment of Fort Sumter, 1861 (p. 400)

  • Figure 14.1 Economies, North and South, 1860 (p. 409)

  • Opposing Armies of the Civil War

  • Men Present for Duty in the Civil War

  • Comparative Population and Economic Resources of the Union and the Confederacy, 1861

  • 1861 Springfield Rifle-Musket (p. 410)

  • Resources: North & South

  • Anaconda Plan

  • Map 14.3 The Western Campaigns, 18611862 (p. 406)

  • General Ambrose Burnside

  • General Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson (C.S.A.)

  • Map 14.2 The Eastern Campaigns of 1862 (p. 404)

  • Battle of Antietam Bloodiest Single Day of the War23,000 casualtiesSeptember 17, 1862

  • Photograph of Antietam

  • Fields of Death (p. 396)

  • Painting of Antietam

  • Lincoln Visits the Army of the Potomac, 1862 (p. 405)

  • Lincoln and McClellan

  • TheEmancipationProclamation

  • First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, by Francis Bicknell Carpenter (p. 414)

  • Emancipation in 1863

  • Emancipation of Slaves in the Americas

  • Black Soldiers in the Union Army (p. 418)

  • General Robert E. Lee (C.S.A)

  • Map 14.4 Lee Invades the North, 1863 (p. 417)

  • Map 14.4 Lee Invades the North, 1863 (p. 417)

  • General George Pickett (C.S.A.)

  • Map 14.4 Lee Invades the North, 1863 (p. 417)

  • Grant Planning an Attack (p. 420)

  • The War in the West, 1863:Vicksburg

  • General Ulysses S. Grant (U.S.A.)

  • U.S. Grant

  • Civil War GeneralsGrant and Lee

  • Map 14.5 The Closing Virginia Campaigns, 18641865 (p. 421)

  • CSS Manassas Ironclad

  • Union Party, 1864

  • The Peace Movement: CopperheadsClement Vallandigham

  • 1864 ElectionPres. Lincoln (R)George McClellan (D)

  • Presidential Election of 1864 (showing popular vote by county)

  • William Tecumseh Sherman (p. 422)

  • William T. Sherman

  • Map 14.6 Shermans March through the Confederacy, 18641865 (p. 425)

  • The Wars Toll on Civilians (p. 412)

  • Draft Riots and Anti-Black Violence in New York City (p. 408)

  • Imprisoned Confederate Troops, by Julian Scott (p. 423)

  • Inflation in the South

  • The Progress of War: 1861-1865

  • Map 14.7 The Conquest of the South, 18611865 (p. 426)

  • Extensive Legislation PassedWithout the South in Congress1861 Morrill Tariff Act1862 Homestead Act1862 Legal Tender Act1862 Morrill Land Grant Act1862 Emancipation Proclamation (1/1/1863)1863 Pacific Railway Act1863 National Bank Act

  • Surrender at Appomattox, VA CourthouseApril 9, 1865

  • Civil War Fighting

  • Soldier Group

  • Clara Barton

  • Hospital Nursing (p.408)

  • Casualties on Both Sides

  • Civil War Casualtiesin Comparison to Other Wars

  • The Assassination

    From South to NorthAbraham Lincoln, Republican candidate for president, June, 1860Map: Election of 1860A handbill announcing South Carolina's secession from the Union / Rare Book Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.Jefferson Davis, president of the ConfederacyLincoln and McClellan in the field, October 1862General Robert E. LeeGeneral Ulysses S. GrantCSS ManassasGeneral William Tecumseh ShermanSoldier groupClara Barton (1821-1912)