The ADDIE Model

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The ADDIE Model Evaluate Implement Develop Design Analyze Formative Evaluation
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The ADDIE Model. ADDIE an acronym for:  A nalysis   D esign  D evelopment  I mplementation  E valuation  ADDIE is the basis for almost all Instructional Systems Design. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The ADDIE Model

  • The ADDIE Model

  • ADDIE an acronym for:

    Analysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation

    ADDIE is the basis for almost all Instructional Systems Design. http://www.e-learningguru.com/articles/art2_1.htmIntroduction to Instructional Design and the ADDIE Model by Kevin Kruse

  • The steps do not always fall in the same order. For instance, evaluation may take place after any phase of the model. This flexibility balances the systematic linear approach.

    Go Back at any stage

  • The Instructional Designer works with

    the Instructor a subject matter expert an assessment team or an evaluator

    Together, they take into account the needs of the student and the goals of the course. Student evaluations and peer reviews may be utilized at this stage.

    http://lts.ncsu.edu/guides/instructional_design/index.htmlLearning Technologies Service 1998 Summer Workshop Series Instructional Design

  • In the 1960sefforts to find solutions for the failings of the educational system found instructionally designed coursestwice as successful as an otherwise designed course four times more successful than courses with no systematic training or design.

    http://www.pignc-ispi.com/articles/education/brief%20history.htmA Brief History of Instructional Design By Douglas Leigh

  • Almost all successful instructional design systems use some form of ADDIE

  • http://www.cogsim.com/idea/idea/isd.htm#steps

  • Other Advantages of ADDIECost effectiveSaves timePromotes effective learningConsistentEffective in training

    http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Instructional_Technology/Instructional_Design/ADDIE

  • Who WhatWhereWhenWhyBy Whom Analyze

  • Needs AssessmentWhat knowledge and skills does the learner need to acquire?

  • Audience AnalysisWho will be enrolling in the course and what do they bring to the course as far as skills, experience, equipment, etc.?

  • Content AnalysisDoes the needed content already exist?

  • Technical AnalysisEstablish minimum technological requirements for the learner

    Establish what software and hardware will be needed to develop the course Establish what course management systems and server capabilities Establish what software and hardware the instructor and developer will require

  • Structural AnalysisWhat should the structure of the course be?

  • Resource AssessmentAre there materials that can be used?

  • Our ADDIE process in action -The Analysis Phase

    Before beginning our group project, our group reiterated the task put before us by Barbara. We determined:What our task wasWho the target audience wasWhen would we work on the projectWhere we would converse and planBy whom would each part be accomplishedWhy we were following certain procedures

  • ADDIE: The Design PhaseDuring this phase of the ADDIE process, the instructional designer creates a plan to help the students learn new material. To begin doing this, the instructor needs to look back at the results of the first phase of the ADDIE process to determine what the learners already know.

  • Design Phase Step 1-Planning Instructional StrategyDuring this step of the Design Phase, the instructor makes decisions concerning the following areas:Grouping and sequencing of course materialThe instructional methods and tactics that will be used to present materialThe assessments that will be used, and how they will measure a learners achievements

  • Design Phase Step 1-Planning Instructional Strategy

    Continuing with this step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer needs to decide whether to include some or all of the following types of activities:

    DrillsApplied PracticeGroup DiscussionsGroup ProjectsModelingScenarios

  • Design Phase Step 1-Planning Instructional Strategy To conclude Step 1 in the Design Phase, the instructor needs to decide which types of assessments should be used to monitor the progress and success of students. The type of assessment chosen should fit the learning goal.

  • Design Phase Step 2-Choosing the Course FormatDuring the second step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer needs to choose the mode of delivery for the course. Possible options include:Asynchronous e-learningSynchronous e-learningInstructor-led lessonsSelf-study, paper-based materials

  • Design Phase Step 3-Creating the Instructional Design DocumentIn the final step of the Design Phase, the instructional designer creates a document that will function as a sort of blueprint guide for building the course. The complexity of the document will be determined by the number of elements to be included in each course.

  • Our ADDIE process in action -The Design PhaseOur group progressed through the ADDIE process in addressing the educational needs of the faculty. When we were deciding how to best instruct you in the use of the ADDIE process, the Design Phase our group worked through involved the following steps:

  • Our ADDIE process in action-The Design PhaseStep 1- We decided to use a PowerPoint presentation as our method of instruction.Step 2- We decided that the course would be most effective in an instructor-led format, with the faculty viewing the group presentation.

  • Our ADDIE process in action-The Design PhaseStep 3- We created an outline to use as our instructional design document. This gave us each an idea of the direction we needed to go, and it also clarified the tasks assigned to each group member. Once this step in the design phase was complete, we were ready to move on to the next phase of the ADDIE process.

  • ADDIE: Development PhaseProduction Begins: Design structure and flow of information. Utilize instructional technologies to develop exercises and activities.Prepare Presentation of information in a visually appealing way. Offer suggestions to engage the learner.

  • ADDIE: Development PhaseRemember: Technically advanced and instructionally sound products will be desired by end users solely because of their technological superiority (Surry & Ensminger 2003).

    Its all about the user.

  • ADDIE: Implementation PhasePresentation to the students:Generates the instructional interaction.Designed activities and instructional processes are performed.Creates an environment conducive to learning the designed instructional materials.

  • EvaluationThis component of the ADDIE process measures the efficiency and effectiveness of the instruction.Evaluation may be formative or summative.

  • Takes place during and after each stage in ADDIE.Identifies problems before the end of the project.Helps ensure success.Are things going as planned? Have new issues or changes occurred? Formative Evaluation

  • Summative EvaluationOccurs after final implementation takes placeThe purpose of this type of evaluation is to assess the general effectiveness of the instruction that has taken place. Results from the summative evaluation are often used to determine needs for future instruction.

  • Types of Summative EvaluationSurveysInterviewsQuality of projects or products produced by students

  • Our ADDIE process in action The Evaluation PhaseFor our group, the Evaluation Phase occurred throughout the ADDIE process, as we refined our presentation ideas and product. (Formative evaluation) The Evaluation Phase will continue as we receive feedback from you about the effectiveness of our presentation. (Summative evaluation)

  • ResourcesBraxton, Sherri, Bronico, Kimberly, Looms, Thelma. The Computer Science Department, George Washington University. Washington, D.C. Available as of 9/23/00 at:http://www.seas.gwu.edu/~sbraxton/ISD/general_phases.html. Retrieved on 9/14/2006.

  • ResourcesADDIE.Retrieved on September 18, 2006, fromhttp://www.intulogy.com/addie/design.html .Instructional Design Modelshttp://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/idmodels.html

  • Slide References http://www.e-learningguru.com/articles/art2_1.htm Introduction to Instructional Design and the ADDIE Model by Kevin Kruse http://lts.ncsu.edu/guides/instructional_design/index.html Learning Technologies Service 1998 Summer Workshop Series Instructional Design http://www.pignc-ispi.com/articles/education/brief%20history.htm A Brief History of Instructional Design By Douglas Leigh http://www.cogsim.com/idea/idea/isd.htm#stepshttp://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Instructional_Technology/Instructional_Design/ADDIE http://grayharriman.com/ADDIE.htm