The 7 Ancient and my Modern Wonders of the World

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  • 1. By Prannay Roy

2. IntroductionThere were many different ancient artefacts which weremagnificent at the time but these seven outstanding pieces ofart were the seven wonders of the ancient world according tothe leading archaeologists and historians. These sevenwonders were chosen because the wonder, in some way, wassomething made at the forefront of engineering.The seven ancient wonders are The Great Pyramid ofGiza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple ofAirtimes, Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Colossus ofRhodes, Lighthouse of Alexandria and Mausoleum ofHalicarnassus. The only standing wonder out of all of theseis the Great Pyramid of Giza. 3. 1. The Great Pyramid of Giza 4. The Great Pyramid of Giza The Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest and the biggest out of the 3 pyramids inGiza. Its proper name is The Pyramid of Khufu and The Pyramid of Cheops. Thepyramid was estimated to be around 280 Egyptian cubits tall (480.6 ft.), but witherosion and the absence of the Pyramidion (the tip of the pyramid) it is now 455.4ft.. It is also estimated that the pyramid is made from 2.3 million limestone blocks.The other reason why this is one of the seven wonders of the world is because: It is the tallest of the three pyramids of Egypt Until the 19th Century it was the tallest building in the world It is 4500 years old and it sill is upright The only Wonder out of the 7Ancient Wonders that still stands It took twenty years for a force of 100,000 slaves to build the pyramid The 2.3 million stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machineswhich was the state of art technology at the time.Therefore this was one of the ancient wonders of the world simply because of thescale of the structure, the use of the immense structures and the amount of planningand hard work that had gone into making this building. 5. 2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon 6. Hanging Gardens of Babylon The hanging gardens of Babylon is considered to be the most poetic wonder in the world. Although this wonders existence is up for dispute. It is said to be built under the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II around early seventh century BC, which he dedicated to his wife Amytis, of Media. As Amytis came from the mountains and greenery, she missed her homeland. However, there is an other story claiming that the hanging gardens were constructed by an Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five year reign, which is less reliable according to the historical sources. Thus, they are sometimes called the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis. Here are reasons for it to be a part of the 7 ancient wonders of the world: The hanging gardens were built in the city-state of Babylon, whose ancient ruins lie about50 miles to the south-west of Bagdad, in Iraq. The current location is Al Hillah, Babil. It did not really hang as being suspended. The name comes from an inexact translationof the Greek word kremastos or the Latin word pensilis, which mean not justhanging, but overhanging as in the case of a terrace or balcony. The huge variety of the plants from all over the world were planted alongside each otherand managed to survive due to the amazing garden irrigation with the use of chain pumpwhich was the latest kind of technology at that time. So, the hanging gardens became a wonder due to its magnificent design, the technology used (the pump) and the huge variety of plants that were once put on display. 7. 3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 8. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus By 600 B.C., the city of Ephesus had become a major port of trade and an architect named Chersiphron was engaged to build a new large temple with high stone columns. The Greek Artemis is the goddess of the hunt. The shrine of goddess was first built in 800 B.C. but then it was destroyed and rebuilt several times over the next few hundred years. Then in 550 B.C. King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor. During the fighting, the temple was destroyed. Theodorus built it again. Features were: About 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with and area four times the size of the templebefore using more than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. The newtemple soon became the pride of Ephesus until 356 B.C. It was Herostratus, youngEphesian, burnt the temple to the ground. Again, it was rebuild by Scopas of Paros, one of the most famous sculptors of his days.Ephesus was one of the prominent cities in Asia Minor, so no expense was spared in theconstruction. Well-known historians all over the world worshiped the construction andcalled it wonderful monument of Grecian magnificence, and one that merits our genuineadmiration. The cause of astonishment was not only the temple itself but the four bronzestatues of Amazon women. So the Temple of Artemis was a wonder because of its great heights lengths, the number of columns and the amazing way that the city has improved the temple every time it has been destroyed. 9. 4. Statue of Zeus atOlympia 10. Statue of Zeus atOlympia The Statue of Zeus is one and only creation from the other six worlds ancient wonders which was located on the Europe Continent. It was built by the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, approximately 432 BC. It was staged in honour of Zeus. Reasons why this was chosen to be a ancient wonder: It was considered to be the most famous artistic work in all of Greece. The philosophers, ancient travellers, writers were certainly astounded when theywitnessed the beauty of this statue. Its said that, If a man, with a heavy heart from grief and sorrow in life, will standin front of the statue, he will forget all these. The base of the statue was approximately 6.5 metres by 10 metres. It was probablyover a metre high. The statue was 13 metres high The statue was not made of stone, it was made of gold and ivory. The reason why this was an ancient wonder is because it was so big and grand, Zeus was sculpted in an amazing way according to the descriptions and the fact that people who visited the temple said that if you had a heavy heart and stood in front of the statue all this would go away. 11. 5. Colossus of Rhodes 12. Colossus ofRhodesThe island of Rhodes was an important economic centre in the ancient world. TheColossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios, made in the city ofRhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280BC. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes victory over the ruler of Cyprus,Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who unsuccessfully besieged Rhodes in 305 BC.The statue was destroyed by an earthquake. Before its destruction, the Colossus ofRhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft.) high, making it one of the tallest statues of theancient world.Facts about the Colossus: It was 60m high. A giant human figure constructed of bronze plates placed under a frameworkof iron. According to Plini, a historian, the construction time was 12 Years.The Reason why the Colossus of Rhodes was an ancient wonder was just because ofthe height of the statue and the different types of techniques and the state of the arttechnology that would have been used at that time. 13. 6. Light house of Alexandria 14. Light house of AlexandriaThe Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World. Itwas situated on the small offshore island of Pharos, lighting the way for many sailorsnavigating the tricky harbour. After Alexander the Greats death, in 323 B.C., PhotemySoter ruled over the Egypt made the city even more prosperous and famous for itswealth. This meant that the city harbour was very busy Photemy saw a need of a symbol,as a result he authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C. and the building wascompleted after twenty years.Reasons for why The Light house was a wonder: When it was finished it was the first light house in the world It was the tallest building in the world about 140 m with the exception of the Great Pyramid of Giza It took 800 talents ( around 3 billion pounds) This showed the impressive construction techniques used in Egypt, as Egypt had 2 wonders. (The Great Pyramid of Giza and The Light house).The reason why this was an ancient wonder is because it was very high, one of the firstlight houses, a great symbol for Alexandria. One of the most amazing features of thislight house was a mirror positioned inside it that could reproduce a light effect in excessof 35 miles, which was used to destroy and burn the enemy ships marching towards thisplace. 15. 7. Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 16. Mausoleum ofHalicarnassusThe Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BCat Halicarnassus. By that time the city of Halicarnassus was a capital of smallkingdom along the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. In 353 BC Artemisia, the wife of Mausoleus build this most splendid tombin his memory to immortalize his name for centuries. Its stucture became so famous that Mausoluss name is now associatedwith all grand tombs through our modern word mausoleum. The structure as an oblong with 36 (Ionic) columns and a pyramid on topwith a perimeter of about 440 feet. The sepulchral monument was built and adorned by the greatest architectsand sculptors of the time with statues, marble lions, and a frieze. Famed sculptors such as Bryaxis, Leochares and Timotheusjoined himtogether with other craftsmen.The reason why it became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World wasthe beauty of the building being unique rather than its size. 17. My 7 Wonders of theWorld The theme that I have set my seven modern wonders ofthe world is Man Made Islands. It is quite interestingthat how humans have made such amazing littleislands not just to live on but also to expand thearchitectural knowledge.The Seven Man Made Islands I believe to be my 7wonders of the world are: The World Islands, ThePearl-Qatar Island, The Venetian Islands, The ReefIsland, The Palm Island, The Dubai Water Front andThe Eden Island. 18.