TH Century Art Futurism Art Deco - 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE Cubism & Picasso Constantin...

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Transcript of TH Century Art Futurism Art Deco - 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE Cubism & Picasso Constantin...

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Early 20th Century styles based on SHAPE and FORM:

    Cubism Futurism Art Deco

    to show the ‘concept’ of an object rather than creating a detail of the real thing to show different views of an object at once, emphasizing time, space & the Machine age to simplify objects to their most basic, primitive terms

    20TH Century Art

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso 1881-1973

    Considered most influential artist of 20th Century

    Blue Period

    Rose Period

    Analytical Cubism

    Synthetic Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Girl Wearing Large Hat, 1901. Lola, the artist’s sister, 1901.

    Early works by a young Picasso

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Blue Period (1901-1904)

    Moves to Paris in his late teens

    Coping with suicide of friend

    Paintings were lonely, depressing

    Major color was BLUE!

    Picasso’s Blue Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Blue Nude, 1902.

    BLUE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Blue Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Self Portrait, 1901.

    BLUE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Blue Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Tragedy, 1903.

    BLUE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Blue Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Le Gourmet, 1901.

    BLUE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Blue Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso Picasso’s work at the National Gallery (DC)

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Rose Period (1904-1906)

    Much happier art than before

    Circus people as subjects

    Reds and warmer colors

    Pablo Picasso, Harlequin Family, 1905. ROSE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Rose Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, La Familia de Saltimbanques, 1905. ROSE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Rose Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, La Familia de Saltimbanques, 1905. ROSE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Rose Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Girl With a Goat, 1906.

    ROSE PERIOD

    Picasso’s Rose Period

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Much more abstract than before…

    Pablo Picasso, Composition with Skull, 1908.

    Proto-Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Constantin Brancusi, The Kiss, 1907-08. Limestone.

    Proto-Cubism

    Brancusi, one of the pioneers of geometric abstraction in sculpture, created many versions of The Kiss, further simplifying geometric forms and sparse objects in each version, tending each time further toward abstraction. His abstract style emphasizes simple geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Here, the shape of the original block of material is maintained. This version of The Kiss is one of the artists most well known works.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso Georges Braque, Musical Instruments, 1908.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso Georges Braque, Fruitdish, 1908-09.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso Pablo Picasso, Three Musicians, 1921.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles D’ Avignon, 1907.

    “I paint forms as I think them, not as I see them”

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Paul Cezanne (Post-Impressionist)

    Femme de Vert 1909

    Major influences…

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    African Zimba Mask Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907.

    Major influences…

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    African Zimba Mask Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907.

    Major influences…

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Vollard, 1910. ANALYTICAL CUBISM

    Analytical Cubism

    Little contrast in color

    Complex and systematic design

    Faceted shapes, translucent divisions of space

    Differing views of the same subject in the same work

    Invented by Picasso and George Braque - at the same time, but not really in collaboration

    Retains some sort of depth

    Analytical Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Aficionado, 1912.

    ANALYTICAL CUBISM

    Analytical Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    George Braque, The Portuguese, 1911. Oil on canvas. ANALYTICAL CUBISM

    Analytical Cubism

    The Portuguese marks an interesting point in the development of Braque’s paintings. In the top right hand corner, he stenciled the letters “D BAL” and under them, roman numerals. Although he had included numbers and letters into a still life in 1910, they were a representational element of the painting. In this piece, the letters and numbers are a purely compositional addition. Braque’s intentions at adding the letters are many, but mostly they are added to make the viewer aware of the canvas itself. In representational paintings, the canvas is there only as a surface to hold whatever image the painter desires. By adding numbers, out of context elements, and surface textures, he believed that the canvas can also hold outside elements, making the surface of the painting just as important as what is put on top of it.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    George Braque, Gillet, 1914.

    Synthetic Cubism Invented by Braque and Picasso

    Puts forms back together after breaking them apart

    “Collage” comes from French word for “glue”

    Foreign materials are pasted onto the design- makes the collage look like a real surface

    Scraps are changed and painted on, giving them a double meaning

    New Space Concept - first since Masaccio

    Synthetic Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Cubism & Picasso

    Pablo Picasso, Glass and Bottle of Suze, 1912.

    SYNTHETIC CUBISM

    Synthetic Cubism

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Futurism

    Futurism First announced on Feb. 20, 1909 Newspaper Le Figaro published a manifesto by the Italian poet and editor Tommaso Marinetti:

    We will fight with all our might the fanatical, senseless and snobbish religion of the past, a religion encouraged by the vicious existence of museums. We rebel against that spineless worshiping of old canvases, old statues and old bric-a-brac, against everything which is filthy and worm-ridden and corroded by time. We consider the habitual contempt for everything which is young, new and burning with life to be unjust and even criminal. To purposely intended to inspire public anger and amazement, to arouse controversy, and to attract widespread attention. Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of

    Continuity in Space, 1913.

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Futurism Boccioni, Dynamism of a Cyclist, 1913. FUTURISM

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Futurism Boccioni, The City Rises, 1910. FUTURISM

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Futurism Natalia Goncharova, The Cyclist. 1913. FUTURISM

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Futurism Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed + Sound, 1913-1914. FUTURISM

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Art Deco

    Art Deco Art Deco was a popular design movement from 1920 until 1939, affecting the decorative arts such as architecture, interior design, and industrial design.

    This movement was a combination of many different styles and movements of the early 20th century, including Constructionism, Cubism, Modernism, Bauhaus, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. Its popularity apexed during the 1920s. Although many design movements have political or philosophical roots or intentions, Art Deco was purely decorative. At the time, this style was seen as elegant, functional, and ultra modern.

    William Van Alen, The Chrysler Building, 1930.

    The Chrysler Building, NYC

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Art Deco The Chrysler Building, NYC

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Art Deco The Chrysler Building, NYC

  • 20TH CENTURY ART & ARCHITECTURE

    Art Deco The