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Transcript of Teaching /Learning
Teaching /LearningNU 305 DLSacred Heart UniversityTeaching or InstructionDeliberate arrangement of conditions to promote attainment of some intended goal.LearningA persistent change in human performance or performance potential.Assessing Motivation to LearnEach learner brings a diverse background that directly affects the ability to understand and master information and skills.Assessing Motivation to LearnAgeCulturePhysical CharacteristicsValues and BeliefsPast ExperiencesPreferred Learning StyleReading and Writing SkillsImportance of feelings of well-being
Assessing Motivation to LearnUntoward effectsIntellectual capabilitiesAnxietySocioeconomic factorsPerceptions of illnessAt-home support structuresLocus of controlSuccessHealth and Illness ModelsHealth Belief Model
Health Promotion Model
Chronic Illness ModelAdult Learning TheoryKnowlesAdults self concept has moved from being dependent to being a self-directed human beingExperience becomes vast reservoir for learning (need to assess this first)Adult Learning TheoryKnowlesReadiness to learn becomes oriented increasingly to the developmental task of his/her social roleearly adulthood (18-30)middle age (30-55)late maturity (55 and over)Adult Learning TheoryKnowlesAdults time perspective is immediate application of knowledge Adult Learning Theory-Conditions of Learning Learner feels a need to learnLearning environment characterized by physical comfort, mutual trust, respect and helpfulness, freedom of expression and acceptance of difficultiesPerceives the goals of the learning experience to be the learners goalsAdult Learning Theory-Conditions of LearningLearner accepts a share of the responsibility for planning and operating a learning experienceLearner participates activelyLearning process is related to and makes use of the experiences of the learnerLearner has a sense of progress toward goalsDeveloping Educational ObjectivesDomainCognitiveAffectivePsychomotorCognitive DomainKnowledge and thought processes Comprehension ApplicationSynthesisEvaluateAffective DomainAttitudes
ValuesPsychomotor DomainProcessing and demonstration of behaviorsWhats the Domain?Accept feelings concerning being responsible for her childrens nutrition.
Take his blood pressure using machine.
Demonstrate how to prepare and sterilize a babys formulaWhats the Domain?Discuss societal, health care and professional trends which will influence the future of the nursing profession
Evaluate the foods provided to determine if the diet is balanced
Whats the Domain?Utilize an ethical decision making framework that incorporates a professional code of ethics, personal values and beliefs, and moral concepts
Strong Measurable Action Verbs: Strong or Weak?StateDiscussUnderstandListCompare and contrastDemonstrateWriteLearnSynthesizeKnowSelectExplainsSo What?The level of the domain will dictate what teaching strategies you will use.
Content of the ObjectiveWhoWhatResultConditions, if anyCriterion for successTeaching/Learning PlanObjectiveDemonstrate the proper technique for coughing and deep breathing following their surgical procedureContentRationale for procedureUse of incentive spirometerCoughing techniquesTeaching/Learning PlanTeaching StrategyDiscussionDemonstration and Return demonstration of incentive spirometerDemonstration and return demonstration of coughingEvaluationWritten testObservation of use of incentive spirometer
Observation of coughingTeaching/Learning PlanObjectiveApply the principles of teaching and learning in teaching individuals and groupsContentPrinciples of teaching and learningMotivation of the learnerLearning TheoryEducational ObjectivesTeaching StrategyEvaluationTeaching/Learning PlanTeaching StrategyLecture/DiscussionReadings in BastableDevelopment of ProposalEvaluationPeer evaluation of learning proposalAssess, comment, and review teaching/learning proposal