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Teaching grammar to new learners Rachel Hawkes Assistant Principal Comberton Village College

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Teaching grammar to new


Rachel Hawkes

Assistant Principal

Comberton Village College

KS3 Key Language Skills


1 Sound/meaning 2 Visual/meaning

3 Spelling

(core language

words only)4 (improved)

speed of recall


1 repeat correctly

2 retain


3 pronounce

accurately from




1 say whole

sentences from

visual prompts

2 adapt

sentences to

make new

meanings3 Use key verbs to

build new sentences


Infer/guess meaning from

key words/cognates and

known language

Rachel Hawkes 14 January 2008

Skills not just knowledge

Present tense OR the relationship between an infinitive verb, pronouns and endings when describing current actions

How to pronounce 10 animals OR how to pronounce the key sounds of the language and how these are written

A vocabulary of 200 nouns OR a vocabulary of 30 verbs, the pronouns, conjugations of key irregular verbs, opinion phrases, expressions of time and frequency, key past and future constructions and essential modals

Rachel Hawkes 14 January 2008

Rachel Hawkes 14 January 2008

Grammar: a skills-based approach

Memorising key structures with music and


Internalising the sounds

hooks for key concepts

Consistency with gender

Using and learning core language

Sentence building


Assessment and feedback the tick grid

oxford_081007\4_singing_for_structure_french.pptoxford_081007\4_singing_for_structure_spanish2.pptoxford_081007\4_singing_for_structure_german.pptLP_Seminar_2007_CDdelegates\VAK_memory_session\1 PRONUNCATION.pptLP_Seminar_2007_CDdelegates\VAK_memory_session\Cmo se pronuncia.ppt..\Back up 090907\Resources_C\Spanish\Year 7 Lessons 1\Year 7 Lessons\Listos 1 Module 2\tienes un animal lesson 2.6.pptfile:///D:/German/Year 8/Module 1/5_alphabet_nouns_gender.ppt..\archive Sept 2007\French\Year 7\Metro 1 module 3\Clothes & uniform\rha_4_clothes presentation 1st.ppt..\Back up 090907\Resources_C\German\Year 8\4. Freizeit 2005\WO2.ppt../Back%20up%20090907/Resources_C/German/Year%208/4.%20Freizeit%202005/EEV%20Rows.mpg

Rachel Hawkes 14 January 2008

An infinitive verb

is like a bar of


Thanks to Sara Sullivan for this gem!

KS3 Spanish Core Language

yo I

t you

l/ella he/she

Usted you (polite, sing.)

nosotros we

vosotros you (fam.pl.)

ellos/ellas they

Ustedes you (polite, pl.)

tengo I have

tienes you have

tiene he/she/you have (pol.sing)

tenemos we have

tenis you have (fam.pl.)

tienen they/you have (pol.pl.)

tener to have ser to be

soy I am

eres you are

es he/she is/you are (pol.sing)

somos we are

sois you are (fam.pl.)

son they/you are (pol.pl.)

estoy I am

ests you are

est he/she is/you are (pol.sing)

estamos we are

est you are (fam.pl.)

estn they/you are (pol.pl.)

estar to be

Time words

ahora now

antes before

despus after

hoy today

ayer yesterday

maana tomorrow

otra vez - again

siempre always

a menudo often

a veces sometimes

nunca never

la semana pasada last


la semana que viene

next week

Referring to things

una cosa a thing

esto this

eso that

algo (ms) something


otro (an)other

mucho a lot

(un) poco (a) little

muy very

todo all/everything

Making links

y and

o or

tambin also

pero but

porque because

con with

sin - without

Asking questions

Por qu? why?

Qu? what?

Cundo? when?

Dnde? where?

Quin? who?

Cunto(s)? how


Cmo? how?

Referring to places

aqu here

all - there


Pienso que I think that

Creo que I believe that

Me parece que it seems that..

Sentence building

puedo/puede I can/he,she can

quiero/quiere I want to/he,she wants to

tengo que/tiene que I have to/he has to

voy a/va a + verb Im going to/he is going to

(no) me (le) gusta I (dont) like to/he doesnt like to

me (le) encanta I love to/he loves to

me (le) gustara I/he/she would like to


Saying what you did

fui I went

hice I did

v I saw

jugu I played

com I ate

beb I drank

KS3 French Core Language

je I

tu you (sing.)

il/elle he/she

on we / one

nous we

vous you (pl or formal.)

ils/elles they

jai I have

tu as you have

il /elle/on a he/she/we have

nous avons we have

vous avez you have (formal or .pl.)

Ils/ elles ont they have

avoir to have tre to beje suis I am

tu es you are

il/elle/on est he/she is/we are


sommeswe are

vous tes you are

ils / elles

sontthey are

je fais I do

tu fais you do

il / elle/ on

faithe/she /we do

nous faisons we do

vous faites you do

ils / elles font they/you do

faire to do

Time words

maintenant now

avant before

aprs after

aujourdhui today

hier yesterday

demain tomorrow

encore une fois - again

toujours always

souvent often

quelquefois sometimes

jamais never

la semaine dernire last week

la semaine prochaine next


Referring to things

une chose a thing

ceci this

cela that

quelque chose something

(un) autre (an)other

beaucoup (de) a lot (of)

(un) peu (a) little

trs very

tout all/everything

trop too (much)

Making links

et and

ou or

aussi also

mais but

parce que because

avec with

sans - without

Asking questions

Porquoi? why?

Quest-ce que? what?

quand? when?

o? where?

Qui? who?

Combien? how much/many?

Comment? how?

Referring to places

ici here

l-(bas) (over) there


Je pense que I think that

Je crois que I believe that

Il me semble que it seems that..

A mon avis.. in my opinion..

Sentence buildingJe peux / on peut I can / you/we can...

Je veux I want to..

Je dois I have to

Je vais / on va + verb Im going to/were going to

Jaime /je naime pas I like to / I dont like to..

Jaime beaucoup I love to

Je voudrais I would like to


Saying what you did

Je suis all(e) I went

jai fait I did

Jai vu I saw

jai jou I played

jai mang I ate

jai bu I drank

Jai regard I watched

Jai travaill I worked

Jai voyag I travelled

Asking questions

Wer? Who?

Wo? Where?

Was? What?

Wann? When?

Warum? Why?

Wie? How?

Wie viel? How much?

Wie viele? How many?

pronouns wohnen:

to live


to have


to be


to wear


to help


to see

ich I wohne habe bin trage helfe sehe

du you (sing.) wohnst hast bist trgst hilfst siehst

er/es/sie he/it/she wohnt hat ist trgt hilft sieht

man (every)one wohnt hat ist trgt hilft sieht

wir we wohnen haben sind tragen helfen sehen

ihr you (pl.) wohnt haben seid tragt helft seht

Sie you (formal) wohnen habt sind tragen helfen sehen

sie they wohnen haben sind tragen helfen sehen


jetzt: now

heute: today

morgen: tomorrow

gestern: yesterday

letzte Woche: last week

nchste Woche: next week

diese Woche: this week

nie: never

manchmal: sometimes

oft: often

immer: always

dann: then


das: that

etwas: something

nichts: nothing

viel: much

viele: many

ein bisschen: a bit

sehr: very

zu: too

Ich kann/man kann

+ infinitive


(at end of


I am/you are able to

Ich will I want to

Ich muss I have to

Ich werde I will

Ich mag I like to

Ich mchte I would like to

Sentence building


Ich mag (nicht): I (dont) like

Ich liebe : I love

Ich hasse : I hate

Ich finde : I find

Meiner Meinung nach : In my opinion

Ich denke/glaube, dass :I think/believe that

Saying what you did

Ich habe gemacht: I did

Ich habe gespielt: I played

Ich habe gesehen: I saw

Ich habe gegessen: I ate

Ich habe getrunken: I drank

Ich bin gegangen: I went

Ich bin gefahren: I travelled


und: and

aber: but

oder: or

denn: because/for

auch: also

weil: because


3 G




re L





estadounidense francs espaol italiano

tener hablar vivir es

peces perros gatos conejos

me encanta me gusta me gusta mucho el gusto

ahora cundo? a veces nunca

interesantes aburridos divertidos simpticos

la educacin

fsicame gusta aburridos



a veces nunca normalmente tambin

las ciencias me gustan pero el ingls

interesantes aburridos bueno es

siempre fcil la tecnologa fciles

la geografa el espaol son y

porque porque relajante odio

la msica me encanta nome gusta


verbo + sustantivo + connectador + verbo

indicativo del tiempo + verbo + sustantivo

Como hacer frases en espaol

Por ejemplo:

Odio el ingls y detesto la geografa.

A veces me encanta el espaol.

Intentad hacer la frase ms larga

Intentad hacer la frase ms corta

Intentad hacer la frase con los ms verbos

Intentad hacer la frase con los ms sustantivos


Test de vocabulario 3.3

I like English

I dont like science

I love music

I hate homework

I think that

we think that

I prefer

What subject do you prefer?



Me gusta el ingls

No me gustan las


Me encanta la msica

Odio/detesto los


Pienso que

Pensamos que


Qu asignatura


a veces



Je dteste

Je dteste faire

Je dteste faire de la danse

Je dteste faire de la danse au collge

Je dteste faire de la danse au collge parce que cest moche!

avec = withet = andmais = butparce que = because

La pyramide

sujet (je, tu..)

+ opinion

+ verbe (infinitif)

+ sport

+ extra

+ extra

Using your pyramid sheet write as long a sentence as you can!

A challenge!

Remember that you can link 2 pyramid sentences with an et or mais to extend the length & interest

Memorise one of your 2 pyramid sentences and say it to your partner or a teacher

The next challenge!

Present er

Present re/ir

Past - avoir

Past - etre

Futur proche



Questions -















Present avoir

Present etre

Present er





Links et



parce que


The French KS3 tick grids

Year 7 French Year 8 French Year 9 French

Cmo te llamas?

Cuntos aos tienes?

Cul es tu nacionalidad?

De dnde eres?

Tienes hermanos?

Tienes animales?

Write a paragraph in Spanish all

about you.

Use the questions on the right as a

guide to what you should include.

You will be marked on:

a) How neatly you write

b) How accurately you write

c) How you extend some of the

prompts (for example, when you write

about your brothers/sisters and pets.)

Make sure you show off how much

you can say here (names, ages,

nationality, colour etc)

ingls espaol ingls espaol

Im called Hes/shes called

I have He/she has

I am He/she is

I am from He/she is from

I live in He/she lives in

My His/her

Ingls espaol

Theyre called

They have

They are

They are from


Prepare the text for your PowerPoint presentation on your family. You will need 5

slides only (but you can add additional slides if you wish) and you may add in photos

or drawings at home. In this lesson, you will be planning and writing the text. Include

the following information:

a description of yourself

how many people in your family and who they are

a detailed description of one family member and a

comparison of yourself with that person

a description of the hobbies and interests you and

your family have

a description of your plans for next weekend

Year 8 End of Unit project

Present (reg &



Future 2



Verb & infinitive 2

links 3

opinions 3

reasons 2

adjectives 5

questions 2

negatives 2

comp./sup. 2

spelling errors

Use verb forms other than I and

choose some radical verbs and other

irregulars e.g.


Say a little about your plans for next

weekend and what the rest of your

family will be doing too.

You use this when you say you like

doing something i.e. me gusta bailar.

Links are ways to join sentences or

halves of sentences together e.g. y,

tambin, pero, sin embargo, despus,


As well as me gusta etc.. Why not also

include pienso que, creo que, a mi

parecer, me parece que, en mi opinin

porque =


p.2 4


booksee p.5 vocabulary book

e.g. nicer than, funnier

than, bigger than..

Modelling the tick grid a lesson resource

A Auxiliary verb required/incorrect

Adj Wrong position or agreement error

G Gender error

I Infinitive verb required

M Meaning unclear

P Plural required

PP Past participle required/error

Sp Spelling error

T Tense incorrect

V Verb required/incorrect

WO Word order incorrect

@ Incorrect use of /de

Teaching grammar to new


Rachel HawkesComberton Village CollegeEmail: [email protected]: 01223 262503 ext.222/223Website: www.talktolearn.org

Blog: www.rachelhawkes.typepad.com/linguacom

mailto:[email protected]://www.talktolearn.org/http://www.rachelhawkes.typepad.com/linguacom