Taking Kotlin to production, Seriously

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Haim Yadid / Next Insurance mapOf( taking?. kotlin to production ) Seriously!!
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Transcript of Taking Kotlin to production, Seriously

  • Haim Yadid / Next Insurance

    mapOf( taking?. kotlin to production )

    Seriously!!

  • Disclaimer

  • About Me Developing software since 1984 (Boy, am I getting old?)

    Basic -> Pascal -> C -> C++ -> Java -> Kotlin

    Architect in Mercury

    Independent performance expert for 7 years

    Backend developer in

  • Founded in the Beginning of 2016

    [email protected] Alto [email protected] Saba

    Aims to disrupt the Small businesses insurance field

    Providing online experience which is simple fast and transparent

    We started to write real code on May 2016

  • Kotlin

    Java

    JavascriptNode.JS

    Dropwizard

    RDS (mysql)

  • What is Kotlin ? Statically typed programming language

    for the JVM, Android and the browser (JS)

    100% interoperable with Java (well almost)

    Developed by Jetbrains

    Revealed as an open source in July 2011

    v1.0 Release on Feb 2016

    1.0.5 current stable version (28.11.2016)

  • Kotlin Features

    Concise

    Safe

    Versatile

    Practical

    Interoperable

  • Why Kotlin

    Java Scala Clojure

    Groovy/JRuby

    Java8

    Strongly Typed

    Loosely Typed

    OO/verbose Functional/Rich

    )))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

  • Why Kotlin

    Java Scala Clojure

    Groovy/JRuby

    Java8

    Strongly Typed

    Loosely Typed

    OO/verbose Functional/Rich

    Kotlin )))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

  • Scala can do it !! ?

    Yes Scala can do it

    Academic / Complicated

    Scala compile time is horrific

    Operator overloading -> OMG

  • Getting Started

    Kotlin has very lightweight standard library

    Mostly rely on Java collections for good (interop) and for bad (all the rest)

    Kotlin compiles to Java6 byte code

    Has no special build tool just use Maven / Gradle

  • Kotlin & Android

    Kotlin got widely accepted on the android community

    Runtime has low footprint

    Compiles to . Java 6

    Brings lambdas to Android dev and a lot of cool features

  • Trivial Stuff No new keyword

    No checked exceptions

    == structural equality

    === referencial equality

    No primitives (only under the hood)

    No arrays they are classes

    Any ~ java.lang.Object

  • Fun

    Functions are denoted with the fun keyword

    They can be member of a class

    Or top level functions inside a kotlin file

    can support tail recursion

    can be inlined

    fun funny(funnier: String) = "Hello world"

  • Fun Parameters

    Pascal notation

    Function parameters may have default values

    Call to function can be done using parameter names

    fun mergeUser(first: String = "a", last: String) = first + lastfun foo() { mergeUser(first="Albert",last= "Einstein") mergeUser(last= "Einstein") }

  • Extension functions

    Not like ruby monkey patching

    Only extend functionality cannot override

    Not part of the class

    Static methods with the receiver as first a parameter

    fun String.double(sep: String) = "$this$sep$this"

  • variables are declared using the keywords

    val (immutable)

    var (mutable)

    fun funny(funnier: String): String { val x = "Hello world" return x }

    val /var

  • Classes

    less verbose than Java

    no static members (use companion object)

    public is default

    Must be declared open to be overridden

    override keyword is mandatory

    class Producer(val name:String, val value: Int)

  • Properties

    All members of classes are access via proper accessors (getter and setters)

    The usage of getters and setters is implicit

    one can override implementation of setters and getters

  • Delegate Class

    interface Foo { fun funfun()} class FooImpl(val x: Int) : Foo { override fun funfun() = print(x) } class Wrapper(f: Foo) : Foo by f fun main(args: Array) { val f = FooImpl(10) val wf = Wrapper(f) wf.funfun() // prints 10}

  • Smart Casts If you check that a class is of a certain type no need to

    cast it

    open class A { fun smile() { println(":)")}} class B : A() { fun laugh() = println("ha ha ha") } fun funnier(a: A) { if (a is B ) { a.laugh() } }

  • Null Safety Nullability part of the type of an object

    Option[T] Optional

    Swift anyone ?

    var msg : String = "Welcome"msg = null

    val nullableMsg : String? = null

  • Safe operator ?.

    The safe accessor operator ?. will result null

    Elvis operator for default

    fun funny(funnier: String?): Int? { println(x?.length ?: "") return x?.length}

  • Bang Bang !!

    The bang bang !! throws an NPE if object is null

    fun funny(funnier: String?): String { return funnier!! }

  • Data classes Less powerful version of to case classes in Scala

    Implementation of

    hashcode() equals()

    copy()

    de structuring (component1 component2 )data class User(val firstName: String, val lastName: String)fun smile(user: User) { val (first,last) = user}

  • When

    Reminds Scalas pattern matching but not as strong

    More capable than select in java

    when (x) { is Int -> print(x + 1) is String -> print(x.length + 1) is IntArray -> print(x.sum())}

  • Sane Operator Overloading

    override only a set of the predefined operators

    By implementing the method with the correct name

    Expression Translated to a + b a.plus(b) a - b a.minus(b) a * b a.times(b) a / b a.div(b) a % b a.mod(b) a..b a.rangeTo(b)

  • Sane Operator Overloading

    data class Complex(val x: Double, val y: Double) { operator fun inc(): Complex { return Complex(x + 1, y + 1) } infix operator fun plus(c: Complex): Complex { return (Complex(c.x + x, c.y + y)) }}

  • Collections

    no language operators for construction of lists and maps

    using underlying java collections

    Have two versions mutable and immutable

    Immutability is a lie at least ATM it is only an immutable view of a mutable collection.

  • Collections

    val chars = mapOf("Terion" to "Lannister", "John" to "Snow") chars["Terion"] chars["Aria"] = Stark"

    val chars2 = mutableMapOf()chars2["A girl"] = "has no name"

    val sigils = listOf("Direwolf", "Lion", "Dragon", "Flower") println(sigils[0])

  • Kotlin 1.1

    Java 7/8 support -> generate J8 class files

    Coroutines : async / await (stackless continuations)

    Generators: Yield

    inheritance of data classes

  • Generators (yield)

    val fibonacci: Sequence = generate { yield(1) // first Fibonacci number

    var cur = 1 var next = 1

    while (true) { yield(next) // next Fibonacci number

    val tmp = cur + next cur = next next = tmp } }

  • Questions?