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16th International Symposium on Wood, Fiber and Pulping Chemistry Proceedings Vol. I +7xHtm?k mmmm^ mWs^iSL ft±M UN Tianjin, China June 8-10, 2011 Edited by LijuntWang, ShijunLKuang, Qingxi^Hou, Chunyu^Cao, Chuanling(Si and Hongjie^Zhang ^f&Htik&tLik >T CHINA LIGHT INDUSTRY^ PRESS

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  • 16th InternationalSymposium on Wood, Fiber

    and Pulping Chemistry

    Proceedings Vol. I

    +7xHtm?k mmmm^

    mWs^iSL

    ft±M UN

    Tianjin, China June 8-10, 2011

    Edited by

    LijuntWang, ShijunLKuang, Qingxi^Hou,Chunyu^Cao, Chuanling(Si and Hongjie^Zhang

    ^f&Htik&tLik>T CHINA LIGHT INDUSTRY^ PRESS

  • Proceedings ofthe 16mISWFPC

    CONTENTS

    I. ANALYTICAL METHODS - RELATED TO WOOD, FIBER, PULPING AND BIOREFINERY

    IR-SNOM ANALYSIS OF OCCLUDING SUBSTANCES IN LUMINA OF XYLEM ELEMENTS IN

    SAPWOOD OF QUERCUS SERRATA INFECTED WITH RAFFAELEA QUERCIVORA 3

    Takayuki Yamagishi*, Toshihiro Yamada, and Yuji Matsumoto

    STRUCTURAL ORGANISATION OF THE WOODPOLYMERS IN THE WOOD FIBRE STRUCTURE 7

    Lennart Salmon*, Anne-Mari Olsson, Jasna S. Stevanic, Jasna Simonovic, and Ksenija Radotic

    HSQC NMR ANALYSIS OF IMMATURE BAMBOO CELL WALLS 13

    Chen Qu, Takao Kishimoto*, Shinjiro Ogita, Masahiro Hamada, and Noriyuki Nakajima

    STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATION OF XYLAN AND GLUCANS IN THE CELL WALL OF EUCALYPTUS

    GLOBULUS L 18

    SaraA. B. Lisboa, S6nia O. Prozil, Dmitry V. Evtuguin*, and M. Rosario Domingues

    REBUILDING OF COMPOUNDMIDDLE LAMELLAANDENHANCEMENTOF PAPERBOARD

    STRENGTH BY LIGNIFICATION TREATMENT 24

    Yimin Xie*, Haitao Yang, Peng Wang, and Fang Zhao

    PYROLYSIS AND GASIFICATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ALKALINE BLACK LIQUOR 30

    Da-liang Guo, Shu-bin Wu*, Rui Lou, and Gao-jin Lv

    TOPOCHEMICAL DETECTION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN CELL WALL LAYER OF BEECH WOOD

    (FAGUS ORIENTAL®L.) VENEER AFTER HIGH DRYING TEMPERATURE AND ACCELERATING

    AGING 34

    Loya Jamalirad*, Kazem Doosthosseini, Gerald Koch, and Seyed Ahmad Mirshokraie

    PREDICTION OFWOOD FIBER LENGTH BASED ON NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY FOR BALSAM

    FIR ANDBLACK SPRUCE 38

    Qinghua Xu*, Liping Tan, andYonghao Ni

    ELUCIDATION OF THE LIGNTN CHEMISTRY AND DELIGNIFICATION MECHANISMOCCURRING

    DURING GREEN LIQUORPRETREATMENT OF SOFTWOOD BY THE USE OF IONIC LIQUIDS 43

    Yu Liu*, Feng Huang, LucianA. Lucia, Jiachuan Chen, and Dimitris S. Argyropoulos

    QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF LIGNIN-CARBOHYDRATE LINKAGES IN PINE AND BIRCH

    LIGNIN-CARBOHYDRATE COMPLEX PREPARATIONS BY A COMBINATION OF 13C AND HSQC NMR

    TECHNIQUES 47

    Ewellyn Capanema*, Mikhail Balakshin, Hanna Gracz, Hou-min Chang, and Hasan Jamee

    QUANTITATIVEDETERMINATION OF LIGNIN AND BENZENE-ETHANOL EXTRACTS IN THE

    TRIPLOID OFPOPULUSTOMENTOSA BY NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY 53

    Yuying Wu, Yongming Fan*, Xueming Zhang, and Jipeng Yan

    IMMUNOfflSTOLOGY OF POPLAR STEM REVEALS THAT MANNAN POLYSACCHARIDESARE

    ACCUMULATEDDURINGXYLEM DEVELOPMENT . 56

    Hsin-Tzu Wang, I-Hsuan Liu, and Ting-Feng Yeh*

    SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF BIO-INHIBITORS IN SULFITE LIQUOR BY ATTENUATED

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  • Proceedings ofthe 16,hISWFPC

    TOTAL REFLECTION (ATR) ULTRAVIOLET SPECTROSCOPY 60

    Weiwei Qin, Hao Liu, Hui Li, Xinsheng Chai, and Shiyu Fu*

    STUDIES ON THE LINKAGES BETWEEN LIGNIN AND CELLULOSE DURINGKRAFT COOKING BY

    CARBON-13ISOTOPIC TRACERMETHOD 65

    Haitao Yang, LanYao, Meng Zhang, Lei Wang, and Yimin Xie*

    CELLULOSE CRYSTALLINITY OF "WOODS, WOOD PULPS, ANDAGRICULTURAL FIBERS BY

    FT-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY. 69

    Umesh P. Agarwal*, Richard R. Reiner, and Sally A. Ralph

    CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF WOOD EXTRACTIVES AND LIGNIN IN THE OAKWOODOF THE 380 YEAR

    OLD SWEDISH WARSHIP VASA 75

    Dina Dedic*, Tommy Iversen, Teresia Sandberg, and Monica Ek

    RAPID PREDICTION OF WOOD EXTRACTIVES CONTENT USING NEAR INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY... 79

    Wenming He*, Huiren Hu, Yi Nie, and Chongyun Xue

    CHARACTERISATION OF FEEDSTOCK BIOREFINERY RAWMATERIAL BY NEAR INFRARED

    SPECTROSCOPY 83

    Denilson da Silva Perez*, Audrey Guillemain, and Francoise Laballete

    II. CHEMISTRY OF WOOD AND NON-WOOD SPECIES

    CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF CONDENSED TANNINS FROM 8 DIFFERENT TREE SPECIES STUDIED

    BY NMR TECHNIQUES 93

    Liming Zhang*

    CHEMOTAXONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF THE GALLOYL GLUCOSES FROM JUGLANSSIGILLATA

    DODE 98

    Chuan-Ling Si*, Jie Xu, Yi-Yuan Lu, Dan Wang, and Byung-Ho Yoon

    SPRUCE BARK HEMICELLULOSES AND PECTINS: EXTRACTION ANDCHARACTERIZATION 103

    Myriam Le Normand*, Ulrica Edlund, and Monica Ek

    STUDY ON DEBARKING OF BROUSSONETIA PAPYRIFERATRUNK VIA ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS..... 107

    Mengjiao Yu, Rendang Yang*, and Zhi Liu

    EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TREE AGES OF JAPANESE LARCHES ON THE PULP AND PAPER PROPERTIES 111

    Huiren Hu, Hongjie Zhang, Xiaomei Sun*, and Junhui Wang

    EXTRACTION OF BIOACTIVE CHEMICALS IN SPRUCE WOOD RESIDUES 117

    Marianne Bjorklund Jansson*, FredrikAldaeus, Anders Reimann, Pierre Ljungquist, Hannah Schweinebarth, and

    Mikael Boklund

    FLAVONOIDS DISTRIBUTION INPAULOWNIA TOMENTOSA (THUNB.) STEUD. VAR. TOMENTOSA 120

    Chuan-Ling Si*, Yi-Yuan Lu, Lijun Wang, Peng-Tao Liu, Byung-Ho Yoon, andYoung-Soo Bae

    GC-MS ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS ANDHYDROXYL RADICAL SCAVENGING

    ACTIVITY OF TRIPLOID POPULUS TOMENTOSA 124

    Chuan-Ling Si*, Yu Zhang, Pan-Pan Qin, Ju-Zheng Jiang, and Yong-Hao Ni

    SCREENING OF SECONDARYMETABOLITES FROM XYLEM OF EUCOMMIA ULMOIDES. 129

    Chuan-Ling Si*, Pan-Pan Qin, Yu Zhang, Hai-Yan Hu, Yan-Fang Su, and Zhong Liu

    POSIDONIA OCEANICA, DATE PALM RACHIS AND ALFAFROM TUNISIA AS SOURCES OF

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  • Proceedings ofthe 16mISWFPC

    CELLULOSIC FIBRES.

    ;. 133

    Ramzi Khiari, Zied Marrakchi, Evelyne Mauret*, Naceur Belgacem, Farouk Mhenni, and Habib Oueslati

    ASTRAGALUSARMATUS AS SOURCE OF FIBRES FOR PAPERMAKING 139

    Faten Ferhi, Youngs Moussaoui, Ramzi Khiari, Evelyne Mauret*, and Naceur Belgacem

    CHARACTERIZATION OF THE ETHANOL-SOLUBLE FRACTIONS OF BAMBOO: EFFECT OF

    ULTRASONIC IRRADIATION ON THE DISSOLUTION OF LIGNIN 144

    Mingfei Li, Bailiang Xue, Yongming Fan, Feng Xu*, andRuncang Sun*

    RESEARCH ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF MINERNAL ELEMENTS IN WHEAT STRAW 150

    YunNa*

    RELATIONSHIPS BETWEENHEMICELLULOSE COMPOSITION AND LIGNIN STRUCTURE OF LCC

    FRACTIONS 154

    Yu Huang*, Zhi-Guo Wang, Lin-Shan Wang, Yue-Sheng Chao, TakuyaAkiyama, Tomoya Yokoyama, andYuji

    Matsumoto

    TANNINS CHARACTERIZATION BY 31P-NMR 159

    F. Melone, and C. Crestini*

    III. LIGNIN - CHEMISTRY AND UTILIZATION

    UTILIZATION OF AMPHIPHILIC LIGNIN DERIVATIVES.. 165

    Yasumitsu Uraki*, Harumi Homma, Chihiro Oikawa, Tomohiro Aso, and Keiichi Koda

    LIGNIN QUANTITATION BY FT-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY 170

    Umesh P. Agarwa*

    N-MODMEDORGANIC MATTER FOR SOIL IMPROVEMENT: STATE OF RESEARCH ON NITROGEN

    BINDING IN AMMONOXIDISED LIGNINS 174

    G Pour, L. Tyhoda, E. Brendler, A. Potthast, T. Rosenau, and F. Liebner*

    ISOLATON AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNIN IN THE PRE-HYDROLYSIS LIQUOR OF KRAFT

    BASED DISSOLVING PULP PRODUCTION PROCESS 178

    M. Sarwar Jahan*, Z. Liu, H. Wang, A. Saeed, and Y.M

    EFFECT OF SODIUM DITHIONITEADDED XYLANASE PRETREATMENT ON STRUCTURE OF

    ENZYMATIC/ACIDOLYSIS LIGNIN IN SODA-AQWHEAT STRAW PULP 184

    Chaojun Wu*, Chuanshan Zhao, and Kefu Chen

    STUDY OF LIGNINFROMBLACK LIQUOR BY ULTRAFILTRATIONFRACTIONATION. 190

    Junfeng Shi, Jinghui Zhou*, Guangwei Sun, andYunjie Sun

    EQUILIBRIUM OF LIGNIN PRECIPITATION 195

    Weizhen Zhu, and Hans Theliander*

    PREPARATIONAND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNOSULFONATEFROM ALKALI EXTRACTED

    LIGNIN.... 200

    Huiran Wu, and Fangeng Chen*

    CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARISON OF ETHANOL ORGANOSOLV AND ALKALINE

    ORGANOSOLV LIGNINS ISOLATED FROM CARAGANA SINICA 204

    Lingping Xiao, Zhengjun Shi, Feng Xu, and Runcang Sun*

    CHANGES OF LIGNIN STRUCTURE DURINGALKALINE PEROXIDE BLEACHING OF ASPEN CTMP 208

    3

  • Proceedings ofthe 16,hISWFPC

    YingjuanFu*, Yanzhu Guo, Menghua Qin, Fengshan Zhang, and Jianhua Li

    CHARACTERISTIC TRANSFORMATIONS OF POPLAR LIGNIN DURING THE ORGANOSOLV

    FRACTIONATION PROCESS 212

    K. Wang, H. Y. Yang, R Xu, J. X. Jiang, and R. C. Sun*

    COPPER POLYPYRIDINYL COMPLEXES AS CATALYSTS FOR NATIVE LIGNIN OXIDATION BY

    OXYGEN••••••

    218

    Nathalie Marlin*, Basile Gueneau, Matilte Halma, Dominique Lachenal, Alain Deronzier, and Fabrice Thomas

    IMPROVEMENT OF THE ABILITY OF LIGNIN TO FORMANALUMINUM COMPLEXANDTO REDUCE

    THE TOXICITY OF ALUMINUM BY OZONE TREATMENT 223

    Hikaru Aimi*, Yasuji Kurimoto, and Shigeru Yamauchi

    PREPARATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON BY KOH ACTIVATION ON STRAW LIGNIN 228

    Xiaojuan Jin*, Ting Zhang, andYing She

    OXIDATION OF BETA-OA LIGNIN MODEL DIMERS BY H202 CATALYZED BY COPPER

    PHENANTHROLINE 233

    Matilte Halma*, Dominique Lachenal, Alain Deronzier, Nathalie Marlin, Mikhail Zarabin

    A PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION ON ENZYMATIC OXIDATIVE POLYMERIZATION OF LIGNIN 238

    Hongli Zhu, Dimitri Areskogh, Mikaela Helander, and Gunnar Henriksson*

    CHEMICAL STRUCTURE CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNIN FROM POPULUS DELTOEDES 242

    Ali Abdulkhani*, Ahmad Mirshokraie, Alinaghi Karimi, and Yahya Hamzeh

    PREPARATION OF THERMO-SENSITrVE HYDROGELS FROMACRYLATED LIGNINAND

    N-ISOPROPYLACRYLAMIDE THROUGHPHOTOCROSSLINKING 247

    Qinghua Feng, Fangeng Chen*, and Xuesong Zhou

    NOVEL LIGNIN BASED BARRIER MATERIAL FOR PACKAGING 253

    Eva-Lena Hult*, Klaus Koivu, Pauli Wrigstedt, Jarmo Ropponen, Janne Asikkala, Jussi Sipila, Tarja Tamminen,and Kristiina Poppius-LevlinDIRECT LIGNIN FUEL CELL FOR POWER GENERATION 257

    Raquel Bohn Lima, Jiebing Li*, Mikael E. Lindstr8m, Rizwan Raza, Haiying Qin, Liangdong Fan, and Bin Zhu

    THE UNIQUE FEATURES OF LIGNIN IN CARBOXYMETHYLATION 263

    lao Ren, Shang-Ning Chien, Thomas E. Amidon, and Yuan-Zong Lai*

    IMPROVE THE SYNTHESIS OF LIGNO-PHENOLS FROM WOOD BY SOLVENT PRETREATMENTS 267

    Hao Ren, Thomas E. Amidon, and Yuan-Zong Lai*

    STRUCTURALCHANGES OF MILLED WOOD LIGNIN IN TREATMENT WITH IRON-BASED

    BIOMIMETIC COMPOUND 270

    Mingyu Ma, Yimin Xie*, Haitao Yang, and Peng WangLIGNIN STRUCTURAL CHANGES DURING TCF BLEACHING OF THE KRAFT PULP OF THE TRIPLOID

    OF POLULUS TOMENTOSA 273

    Zhen Wang*, Yu Liu, Guihua Yang, Lucian Lucia, and Hongyan Cui

    LIGNIN MORPHOLOGY TUNING BY OXIDATION UNDER HIGH ENERGY MILLING 278

    S. Decina, F. Melone, M. Pentimalli, F. Padella, L. Pilloni, and C. Crestini*

    IN DEPTH STRUCTURAL ELUCIDATION OF MILLED WOOD LIGNIN BY QQ-HSQC AND 31P-NMR....... 281Claudia Crestini*, and Marco Sette

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  • Proceedings ofthe 16,hISWFPC

    TRAPPING OF P-COUMARYLAND CONIFERYL ALCOHOL DURING SODA/AQ TREATMENT - A

    MEANS OF ESTIMATINGUNCONDENSED£0-4 IN NATIVE LIGNIN 285

    E. F. Alves, S. K. Bose, and R. C. Francis*

    ORTHOGONAL EXPERIMENT-BASED ANALYSIS ON CATALYTIC WET AIR OXIDATION OF

    BAGASSE ALKALINE LIGNIN 293

    Xiangrong Yao*, Huaiyu Zhan, and Shiyu Fu

    MODIFICATION OF LIGNIN STRUCTURE BY AMINE GROUP INTRODUCTION 298

    Xueyu Du, Jiebing Li*, and Mikael E. Lindstrom

    PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LIGNIN-BASED EPOXY RESINS 304

    Pan Feng, Fangeng Chen*

    CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF DIFFERENT PARTITIONS DURING THE ISOLATION OF

    CELLULOLYTIC ENZYME LIGNIN FROM ACACIA CONFUSA MERR. HEARTWOOD 308

    Mao-Ju Chang, Shang-Tzen Chang, and Ting-Feng Yeh*

    THE PRESENCE OF LIGNIN IN DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER OBTAINED FROM PEAT SWAMP

    WATER 311

    Kyoko S. Katsumata*, Zhenfu Jin, and Kenji Iiyama

    PECULIARITY OF HYDROGEN BROMIDE AS A CATALYST OF THE fi-O-A BOND CLEAVAGE DURING

    ACIDOLYSIS OF LIGNIN 315

    Takaaki Imai, Tomoya Yokoyama*, and Yuji Matsumoto

    ON THE DETERMINATION OF LIGNIN CONTENT IN NON-WOOD TISSUES AND PLANTS (2)

    QUANTITIVE EXAMINATION OF PRE-EXTRACTION TREATMENT 322

    Morikazu Toda*, TakuyaAkiyama, Tomoya Yokoyama, andYuji Matsumoto

    SIGNIFICANCE OF SIDE CHAIN OXIDATION IN THE REACTION OF fi-OA TYPE LIGNIN MODEL

    COMPOUNDS WITH ACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES UNDER OXYGEN BLEACHING CONDITIONS 327

    Satoshi Ohmura*, TomoyaYokoyama, and Yuji Matsumoto

    EFFECT OF SOLVENT ON THE 0-0-4 BOND CLEAVAGE OF A LIGNIN MODEL COMPOUND UNDER

    MILD BASIC CONDITIONS USING mr-BUTOXIDE 333

    Kineo Takeno, Tomoya Yokoyama*, andYuji Matsumoto

    LIGNIN STRUCTUTAL VARIATION IN HARDWOOD SPECIES 337

    Ricardo B. Santos, EwellynA. Capanema, Mikhail Yu. Balakshin, Hou-min Chang*, and Hasan Jameel

    EXTRACTION OF LIGNIN FROM BALL-MILLED HYBRID POPLARWOOD IN DMSO/LICL

    DISSOLUTION SYSTEM INDUCED BY MICROWAVE-ASSISTED IRRADIATION 343

    Lingyan Meng, Xueming Zhang*, Yuying Wu, Feng Xu, and Runcang Sun

    A SPIRODIENONE COMPOUND WITH A LINKAGE FORMED BY OXIDATIVE CROSS COUPLING

    OF SINAPYL ALCOHOL y-ACETATE WITH A SYRTNGYL LIGNIN MODEL COMPOUND 349

    TakuyaAkiyama*, Jun Kikuchi, Tomoya Yokoyama, and Yuji Matsumoto

    APPLICATION OF WHEAT-STRAW ALKALI LIGNIN IN LPF RESINS AFTER ULTRASONIC

    ACTIVATION 353

    Hai L. Lian*, Ming J. Cheng, and Tao Li

    LIGNIN PURIFICATION WITH GREEN SOLVENTS 358

    Raquel Prado, Xabier Erdocia, Rodrigo Llano-Ponte, and Jalel Labidi*

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  • Proceedings ofthe WhISWFPC

    PINORESINOL STRUCTURES IN SOFTWOOD LIGNIN: SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF

    NEW MODELS 363

    Fachuang Lu*, Fengxia Yue, Runcang Sun, and John Ralph

    IV. CELLULOSE AND HEMICELLULOSE - CHEMISTRY, DERIVATION AND APPLICATION

    SYNTHESIS OFREGIOSELECTIVEFUNCTIONALIZED CELLULOSICMATERIALS 371

    William Z. Xu, John F. Kadla*

    THE INFLUENCE OF PROPERTIES IN CELLULOSE PULPS ONTHE REACTIVITY IN VISCOSE

    MANUFACTURING ...... 377

    Peter Strunk*, Bertil Eliasson, Curt Hagglund, and Roland Agnemo

    NOVEL INVESTIGATIONS ON CELLULOSE HETEROGENEOUS CARBANTLATION USING

    SEC/RI/LS/VISCOMETRY 384

    G Mortha*, N. Marlin, S. Das, D. Dallerac, D. Lachenal, B. Berrima, L. Elaloui, and S. Balaguer

    ASSESSMENTOF 28-YEARS OLD CELLULOSE TRICARBANILATE SAMPLES: MOLECULAR WEIGHT

    DISTRIBUTIONAND VISCOMETRY MEASUREMENT 391

    G. Mortha*, C. Arnoldi ,

    COMPARISON OF PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATIONS OF CARBAMOYLETHYL

    HEMICELLULOSES IN DIFFERENT MEDIA 397

    Jun L. Ren*, Xin W. Peng, Feng Peng, and Run C. Sun

    THERMAL SENSITIVE HYDROGELS PREPARED FROMHEMICELLULOSES ULTRASONICALLY

    EXTRACTEDFROM CORNCOB... 402

    Ju Fang, Xuesong Zhou*, and CuicuiXue

    EFFECTS OF pH CONTROL WITH PHTHALATE BUFFERS ON HOT-WATER EXTRACTION OF

    HEMICELLULOSESFROM SPRUCE WOOD. 408

    Tao Song*, Andrey Pranovich, Bjarne Holmbom

    SURFACE MODIFICATION OF NANOCRYSTALLINE CELLULOSE AND ITS APPLICATION IN

    RETENTION.

    413

    Qinghua Xu*, Kaili Wu, Liping Tan, and Menghua Qin

    PREPARATION OF DISSOLVING PULP FROM COMMERCIAL BAMBOO PULPBOARD 418

    Yongjian Xu *, Lingyun Tang, and Xuefeng Yin

    ACTIVATION OF CELLULOSE FIBER IN IONIC LIQUID MEDIA FOR HETEROGENEOUS CHEMICAL

    MODIFICATION. 422

    Lasse E. P. Kyllfinen*, Antti S. LahdenperS, Tuomas P. S. Kulomaa, Alistair W. T. King, and Ilkka Kilpelainen

    RESEARCH ON THE PROCESS OF CELLULOSE PURIFICATIONFROMWHEAT STRAW ETHANOL

    PULP ;..» ..; 427

    Jinbao Li*, Meiyun Zhang, Yinshan Liu, Baohong Yang, and Yun Zhang

    STUDYON THE SYNTHESIS AND SELF-ASSEMBLY BEHAVIOR OF HYDROPHOBICALLYMODIFIED

    HYDROXYETHYL CELLULOSE 432

    Yanzhu Guo, Dong Li, Xiaohui Wang1*, and Runcang Sun* i

    MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FILMS MADE FROMDIALCOHOL CELLULOSE. 436

    Wakako Kasai, Toshiro Morooka, Monica Ek*

    6

  • Proceedings ofthe W"ISWFPC

    ISOLATION AND FRACTIONATION OF HEMICELLULOSES FROM SALIXPSAMMOPHILA.. 439

    Feng Peng, Ning Jia, Jing Bian, Pai Peng, Feng Xu, and Runcang Sun*

    A FACILE APPROACH TOWARDS SURFACE SULFONATION OF NATURAL COTTON FIBERS 445

    Junlong Song*, Yongcan Jin, Guangshuai Fu, Aijian He, Wenjia Fu, Shuang Xia, and Daorui Liu

    PRODUCTION OF NANO- CELLULOSE FROMNATIVE CELLULOSE - VARIOUS OPTIONS UTILIZING

    ULTRASOUND 451

    Shree P. Mishra*, Anne-S. Manent, Bruno Chabot, Claude Daneault

    INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT FACTORS ON THE ALKALINE DEGRADATION OF CELLULOSE 457

    Wenhui Ding, Qun Li*, and Zhenzhen WangEFFECT OF TEMPO OXIDATION SYSTEM ON KINETIC CONSTANTS OF COTTON FIBERS 461

    Lu Dai, Hongqi Dai*, Yangchun Yuan, Xuan Sun, and Zhengjun Zhu

    DIFFERENT NANOFIBRILLATED CELLULOSE AND INNOVATIVE STRATEGIES DEVELOPED FOR

    THEIR USES IN COATING OR EXTRUSION 467

    Mien Bras1*, Karim Missoum, Nathalie Lavoine, Artur Klamczynski, Isabelle Desloges, Naceur Belgacem,William J Orts, and Alain Dufresne

    APPLICATION OF FT-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPYTO STUDY CHANGES IN CELLULOSE I

    CRYSTALLINITY THROUGH THE DISSOLVING PULP PROCESS 472

    Viren Chunilall*, and Tamara Bush

    SPRUCE GLUCOMANNAN; PREPARATION, PURIFICATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND

    DERTVATIZATION 478

    Yujia Zhang1, Jiebing Li*, MikaelE. LindstrOm,Agnes Stepan, Paul Gatenholm

    SYNTHESIS, PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF CELLULOSE LAURATE ESTER OBTAINED BY

    HOMOGENEOUS REACTION 484

    Qiang Song, Yiqin Yang*

    PARTICIPATION OF COUNTER ANION IN ACID HYDROLYSIS OF GLYCOSIDE.....

    490

    Phan Duy Hung*, Tomoya Yokoyama, andYuji Matsumoto

    REACTIVITY OF ACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES TOWARD C-2 POSITION OF CARBOHYDRATEAND ITS

    DEPENDENCE ON THE ORIGIN OF ACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES UNDER OXYGEN BLEACHING

    CONDITIONS 494

    Akihiko Nakagawa*, Tomoya Yokoyama, andYuji Matsumoto

    THE PREPARATION OF HIGH CARBOXYLATENANO-CRYSTALS BY TEMPO OXIDATION IN

    ULTRA-SONIC SYSTEMFROM FULL BLEACHED BAMBOO KRAFT PULP 499

    Zhongyan Qin, Yun Qian, Guolin Tong*, Y. C. Frank Chin, and Zhongzheng Li

    IONIC LIQUIDS PRETREATMENT OF CELLULOSE FIBER MATERIALS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF

    REACTIVITY AND VALUEADDED APPLICATIONS 503

    Dongfang Li, Olena Sevastyanova, and Monica Ek*

    DETERMINATION OF DS AND PURITY OF FATTY ACID ESTERIFIED CELLULOSES USING 31P-NMR... 511

    Tuomas Kulomaa*, Alistair King, Lasse KyllOnen, Sara Labafzadeh, Jarno Jalomaki, Pirkko Karhunen, and Ilkka

    Kilpelainen

    THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF THE ADSORPTION OF CELLULASE ON BLEACHED AND

    UNBLEACHED PULP.. 516

    7

  • Proceedings ofthe 16,hlSWFPC

    Greta V. Radeva*, Ivo V. Valchev, and Eva T. Valcheva

    V. PULPING AND BLEACHING

    STRUCTURES OF CHROMO- PHORES ISOLATED FROM DIFFERENT CELLULOSICS,MOLECULAR

    MECHANISMS OF CELLULOSE AGING AND YELLOWING AND IMPLICATIONS FOR BLEACHING... ... 525

    Thomas Rosenau*, Thomas Dietz, Alfred D. French, Ute Henniges, andAntje Potthast

    PREVENTION OF PAPERS PHOTO-INDUCED YELLOWING BY FLUORESCENT WHITENING AGENTS

    - MOLECULAR MODELING OF THEORETICAL SPECTRA VS. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 529

    A. M. Beaulieu, P. Bourassa, L. Mhaya, and S. Robert*

    THE INFLUENCE OF PREHYDROLYSIS PROCESS ON PULP WHENPRODUCINGDISSOLVING PULP.... 535

    Weijun Lv*, Dingjun Zhang, Chunyu Cao, and Yong ZhangSTUDY ON THE REACTION KINETICS OF SALT-CATALYZED ETHANOL-WATER PULPING OF ASPEN -539

    JingWang, Jinghui Zhou*, Haiming Li, and Xuefeng Ding

    INVESTIGATION ON BRIGHTNESS STABILITY OF ACETYLATED ANDBLEACHED HORN BEAM CMP

    PULP FOLLOWING THERMAL AND OPTICAL AGING., 544

    Ramin Vaysi*

    IMPROVING PROPERTIES OF POPLAR APMP BY MODIFIED PULPINGPROCESS. * 549

    Peng Liu, Guihua Yang*, Jiachuan Chen, MinminYu, and Kai ZhangSTUDY ON DIRECT SODA-OXYGEN PULPING OF EULAIIOPSTSBINATA :.. 553

    Wei Zhu, Xueqin Zi, and Keli Chen*

    USE OF TAED AS ACTIVATOR TO INCREASE PEROXIDE BLEACHING - LIGNIN MODEL COMPOUND

    AND OPTIMIZED CONDITIONS..... 559

    Q. Hu, C. Daneault, and S. Robert*

    TOTALLY CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHING OF SODA-AQ PULP WITH LOWKAPPANUMBERMADE

    FROM TRIPLOID OF POPULUS TOMENTOS... 566

    Xingxiang Ji, Jiachuan Chen*, Guihua Yang, Zhongjian Tian, and Zhiqiang Pang

    HEMICELLULOSE EXTRACTION OF HERBACEOUS BIOMASS AND THE EFFECT ON THEIR

    PULPABILITY 571

    Chunhui Zhang, Troy Runge*, and Pamella Wipperfurth

    INSIGHT OF METHANOL FORMATION IN KRAFT PULPING PROCESS OF BAMBOO 575

    Qiujuan Liu*, Haixue Liu, Yuqiao Qiu, and Weiping Ban

    BLEACHING OF MULBERRY BARK FIBER AND PREPARATION OF TEA BAG PAPER 579

    Sufeng Zhang, Chunlei Kang*

    PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF A SPENT SULFITE LIQUOR ORIENTED TO ITS

    VALORIZATIONOPTIONS 584

    Cristina Rueda, Javier Lopez-Alvarez, Tamara Llano, Natalia Quijorna, Alain Blanco, Javier R. Viguri, andAlberto

    Coz*

    CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND KRAFT PULPING RESPONSE OFPHYLLOSTACHYS PUBESCENS

    STEM, RECYCELED BAMBOOAND E. GRANDIS WOOD 588

    Guangfan Jin*, Lijun Wang, Shiho TakahashLAkiko Nakagawa-izumi, and Hiroshi Ohi

    OXYGEN DELIGNIFICATION AND D!(EOP)D2 BLEACHING OF MLXED PULP BLENDED BY PINUS

    8

  • Proceedings ofthe 16mISWFPC

    MASSONIANA PULP, EUCALYPTUS PULP AND BAMBOO PULP 592

    Huiming Fan, Yaqi Ma*, Jian-an Liu,Wenrui Bai, Fanna Meng, and DaoxuanWangWAYS TO TAILOR-MAKE XYLAN FOR KRAFT PULPING 596

    Gunnar Henriksson*, Jiebing Li, Chao Shi, and Mikael E. Lindstrom

    ALKALINE EXTRACTIVES AND ITS EFFECTS ON BAMBOO SCMP PULP PEROXIDE BLEACHING 600

    Chen Liang*, Huaiyu Zhan, and Bingyun Li

    EFFECT OF HOT-WATERPRE-EXTRACTION OF WHEAT STRAW ON ALKALINE PULPING 605

    Sufeng Zhang, Heng Yang*

    EFFECT OF NONIONIC SURFACTANTS ON CMP PULPING OF 6-YEAR-OLD POPLAR WOOD 608

    Yahya Hamzeh*, Massoud Kamarei, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi Najafi, Saeed Mahdavi Feizabadi, Ali

    Abdolkhani, Kamyar Salehi, Sahab Hedjazi, and Mohammad Azadfallah

    PREDICTING CTMP BLEACHABILITY USING WOOD SHAVINGS.

    613

    Helena Fjellstrom*, Per Engstrand, Thomas Granfeldt, and Louise LogeniusRESEARCH ON SILICON REMOVAL WITH OXIDES ADDITION IN KRAFT PULPING OF BAMBOO 617

    Shunxi Song*, Meiyun Zhang, Peiyi Li, and Lin Zhao

    TOPOCHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION OF LIGNIN AND CELLULOSE IN POPULUS NIGRA DETERMINED

    BY MICRO-RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY 621

    J. F. Ma, Z. H. Zhang, J. Z. Mao, and F. Xu*

    IMPROVE WOODCHIP PROPERTIES WITH CARBONATEPRETREATMENT BEFORE SODA PULPING... 626

    Orrawan Panichjarern*, Piyaporn Aromdee

    OPTIMIZING THE PERFORMANCE OF H202 ACTUATORS ON PO STAGE OF STRAW SODA-AQ PULP

    WITH RSM , 631

    Sheng Guo, Zhong Liu*, Chuan-Ling Si, Lan-Feng Hui, Peng-Tao Liu, and Jin-Jiang PangSTUDY ON THE SODA-AQ SEMI-CHEMICAL PULPING PROPERTIES OF CATALPABUNGEIC. A. MEY.

    LOP WOOD..... 636

    Junhui Wang*, Hongjie Zhang, Shulan Shi, Huiren Hu, Wenji Zhai, and Qiuxia Wang

    DIFFERENT SODIUM ION CONCENTRATION PROFILES DURING KRAFT COOKING - IMPACT ON

    DELIGNIFICATION AND CARBOHYDRATE REMOVAL 641

    Binh Dang*, Harald Brelid, Johannes Bogren, and Hans Theliander

    STUDY ONTHE KRAFT PULPING PROPERTIES OF SHORT-ROTATION POPLAR 646

    Hongjie Zhang*, Ming Lei, Huiren Hu, Qinjun Huang, and Xiaohua Su

    PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSIC PULP BY SUBCRITICAL WATER EXTRACTION FOLLOWED BY MILD

    ALKALINE PULPING 651

    Marc Borrega*, and Herbert Sixta

    THE RESEARCH ON PARTIALLY SUBSTITUTING MgO FOR NaOH AS THE ALKALI SOURCE IN THE

    HIGH-CONSISTENCY RETENTION STAGE OF TRIPLOID POPLAR P-RC APMP 655

    Qingxi Hou*, Zhi Liu, Linyong Ye, Wei Xu, and Jiangpeng Zhao

    ALKALINE PULPING AND TCF BLEACHING OF HOT-WATEREXTRACTED BAGASSE 661

    Jiang Li, Yichao Lei*, Xiaowen Deng, and Zepeng Liu

    STEPWISE HOT WATER AND ALKALI EXTRACTION OF BIRCH SAWDUST TO PRODUCE XYLAN

    AND CELLULOSE 666

    9

  • Proceedings ofthe 16mISWFPC

    MarjattaA. Kleen*, Marjo H. MaattSnen, Sari A. Asikainen, Tiina M. Liitia, and Mia M. Tehomaa

    RESEARCH ON PULPING PROPERTIES OF MIXED WOODCHIPS OF POPLAR AND EUCALYPTUS IN

    CTMP PROCESS 672

    Chao Tian*, Bin Chen, Chunyu Cao, Yimin Li

    MEW POSSIBILITIES FOR RECYCLED PAPER BLEACHING 677

    Ivo V. Valchev*, Petar I. Bikov, Ventcislav N. Blyahovski, and Petya B. Tsekova

    USE OF CHELATING SURFAC- TANTS AS COMPLEXING AGENTS FOR REMOVAL OF MANGANESE

    FROM MECHANICAL PULP FIBRES PRIOR TO HYDROGEN PEROXIDE BLEACHING 682

    Ida Hogberg, Anette Karlsson, Bengt Wikman, Dariusz Zasadowski, FredrikAndersson, Erik Hedenstrom, Hakan

    Edlund, and Magnus Norgren*

    ACID-CATALYZED ORGANO-SOLVENT PULPING PROCESS IN THE PRESENCE OF PHENOL 687

    Jie Han*, Xiaofan Zhou, and Jinxia Ma

    ESTIMATING DEGRADATION BEHAVIOR ANDMASS DEACIDIFICATION OF BAMBOO PAPER 691

    Khine Khine Win, Masaaki Ariyoshi,Masazumi Seki, and Takayuki Okayama*

    VISCOSITY REDUCTION OF BLACK LIQUOR FROM WHEAT STRAW SODA PULPINGBYHEAT

    TREATMENT WITH OXYGEN 695

    Jin Zhang, Zhulan Liu, Yunfeng Cao*, and Lingen Xiong

    TOWARDS IMPROVEMENTS OF KRAFT PULP BLEACHINGBY ADDITIONAL TREATMENTS 699

    Maria E. Eugenio Martin, Xueyu Du, and Jiebing Li*

    TAED ACTIVATED HYDROGEN PEROXIDE BLEACHING OF HARDWOODKRAFT PULP WITH

    ADSORBED BIRCH XYLAN AND ITS EFFECT ON PAPER PROPERTIES 705

    Lizi Li*, Sanghoon Lee, Haklae Lee, and Hyejung Youn

    STUDY ON BLEACHING BAMBOO APMP AND ITS MECHANISM 711

    Chengrong Qin*, Zhihan Li, Zhongbin Deng, Lei Jiang, and Shuangfei WangNOVEL INVESTIGATIONS ONHYDROGEN PEROXIDE BLEACHING CATALYSIS BY COPPER-

    PHENANTHROLINE COMPLEX... 715

    Nicoleta-Ioana Vladut*, Vanessa Durrieu, Joel Albet, Jerfime Blanc, Christophe Calais, and Gerard Mortha

    CHARACTERIZATION OF PAPERMAKING PULPS FROM RICE HULL 721

    Yong Joo Sung*, Min-Tack Oh, Dong Seop Kim, and Soo-Jeong Shin

    APPLICATION OF AQ IN OXYGEN DELIGNIFICATION OF WHEAT STRAW SODA PULP 725

    Zhulan Liu, Shuangshuang Chen, Yunfeng Cao*

    ETHANOLAMINEPULPING - AS A NOVEL OPPORTUNITY TO OVERCOME RICE STRAW PULPING

    CHALLENGES 729

    Sahab Hedjazi*, Amirhossein Heidari Adli, Ahmad Jahan Latibari, Yahya Hamzeh, Othar Kordsachia, and

    Mohammad Ahmadi

    ON THE ROLE OF XYLAN IN THE FINAL BLEACHING OF EUCALYPT KRAFT PULPS WITH

    HYDROGENPEROXIDE AND CHLORINE DIOXIDE 733

    Pedro E. G. Loureiro, M. GracaV. S. Carvalho, and Dmitry V. Evtuguin*APPLICATION OF Mg(OH)2 AS ALKALI SOURCE IN ONE-STAGE APMP PROCESS. 737

    Shoujuan Wang, Wei Zhang, Lin Wei, Meifang Zhang, Fangong Kong*, Guihua Yang, and Yu Liu

    IMPROVED HYDROGEN PEROXIDE BLEACHING OF MECHANICALPULPS USING CARBON DIOXIDE

    10

  • Proceedings ofthe 16th ISWFPC

    IN COMBINATION WITH SODIUMAND MAGNESIUM BASED ALKALI SOURCES 741

    Louise Logenius*, Per Engstrand, Anders Karlstrom, and Magnus Paulsson

    EFFECT OF SUBSTITUTION OF Mg(OH)2 FOR NAOHAS ALKALI SOURCE IN P-RC APMP PROCESS ON

    OXALATE FORMATION 746

    Minmin Yu, Shoujuan Wang, Fangong Kong*, Xuejun Shao, Gecang Zhang, Jiachuan Chen, and Peng Liu

    THE ROLE OF WOOD PECTINS IN CHEMIMECHANICAL PULPING 750

    Andrey V. Pranovich*, Jonas N. Konn, and Bjarne R. Holrabom

    APPLICATION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE IN EPD2 OF D^pD;, BLEACHING 756

    Lei Xu, Hongdan Zhang, Shoujuan Wang, Lin Wei, Fangong Kong*, and Jiachuan Chen

    PROGRESS IN POST BLEACHING FOR HIGHEST BRIGHTNESS 761

    Petya B. Tsekova, Jordan A. Gaidarov, Ivo V. Valchev*, and Ventsislav N. Blyahovski

    ANTI-PHOTO-YELLOWING OF HYP BY BP-3/CATIONIC /3-CD INCLUSION COMPLEX 766

    Lan Zhang, Zehua Liu*, and Xujiao Yang

    XYLANASE BLEACH BOOSTING OF POM-CATALYZED PULP OZONATION IN ORGANIC SOLVENT

    MEDIA 770

    AnatolyA. Shatalov*, and Helena Pereira

    MINIMIZING THE EFFECT OF UNDESIRABLE REACTIONS IN ECF BLEACHING 773

    Dominique Lachenal*, Delphine Delmas, Yahya Hamzeh, Nicolas Benattar, Christine Chirat, and Gerard Mortha

    SIMULTANEOUS PRODUCTIONOF ETHANOLAND SOFTWOOD KRAFT PULP: ADAPTED

    OPERATING CONDITIONS 778

    Christine Chirat*, Lucie Boiron, Frederic Pouyet, Dominique Lachenal, John Lloud, and Ian Suckling

    FUNDAMENTALS OF PEROXIDE BLEACHING OF MECHANICAL PULPS 784

    Yonghao Ni*, and Zhibin He

    11